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Reign of Queen EL I Z A B E T H,
HE new league offensive and defensive between England and France was now, on the 16th of May 1596, after many difficulties, conclud. ed and lign’d by the queen's commissioners, the lorü Treaturer, lord
HUNSDON, lord BUCKHURST, lord COBHAM, fir John Fortescu, and fir ROBERT Cecil, on the one side, and the duke de BOUILLON, and monf. de Sancy on the other; affifted during the course of it by mons. D'Ancel, who, after having been employ'd in several negotiations in Germany, was design'd by the French king to go ambassador to the princes of the empire, and monf. du VAIR, master of the requests, and lately promoted to be of the council to that king, who happening to be in England for his own pleasure, and without any public commission, yet was very serviceable to the French commissioners in the management of the treatyø. The English commissioners open'd it with high complaints of France for not having perform'd the conditions of former treaties; which the French endeavour'd to excuse, by alledging, that the king their master had executed them to the utmost of his abilities, tho' not to the degree, which he desired. These altercations being past, and the particulars of the supplies demanded being enter'd upon, the English urg'd the queen's loan of 1,500,000 crowns to Henry IV, and her prodigious expence in the assistance of the Low Countries, in men, money, and provisions sent to Ireland, in the late unsuccessful expedition to the West-Indies, under
a THUANUS, Tom. v. 1. cxvi. cap. xi. p. 609.
HAWKINS and Drake, and in the vast armament preparing against Spain; and infisted so strongly, that her majesty was incapable of lupplying the succours requir'd by France, that the French appear'd several times determin’d to break off the treaty and depart". But the queen unwilling to suffer Henry IV. to be forced by his necessities to a peace with the enemy, lent him 20,000 crowns on the security of the duke de BOUILLON and mons. de Sancy, and consented to the nineteen articles following' : That all former treaties should be mutually confirm’d, and a new league offensive and defensive against the king of Spain be now made: That all other princes and states, who were desirous of defending themfelves againft the ambition and tyranny of Spain, should be invited to accede to this league: That as soon as the affairs of the king and queen would permit, an army shoud be forin'd at the common expence of them and their allies, to invade the king of Spain and his dominions : That neither the king nor queen should treat of peace with the king of Spain, or any other person employ'd by him, but by mutual consent express d under the hand of the said king or queen; nor should any truce or cessation of arms be made without such consent; and that after the expiration of the truce in-Bretagne, no new one should be made by the king without comprehending in it the queen and her dominions: That as France was now attack'd by the king of Spain, the queen should send to its assistance 4000 English foot, to be paid at a rate to be settled in an instrument to be affix'd to this treaty, and these troops to be employ’d by the king in Picardy and Normandy: That these 4000 English should serve the king only fix months in that year, and then return to England ; and that if they should be wanted longer, it should be left to the conscience of the queen, to be determin’d as the situation of England should permit: That she might increase the number of these troops, if the rebellion in Ireland should be suppress’d, and no commotion break out in any of her other dominions: That the 4000 foot should be receiv'd into the pay of the king from the time of their landing in France till the day of their departure, and during their fay there to be mufter'd every month, and to be paid according to the number so muster'd: That the queen should from time to time fupply those, who should be wanting to complete that number of 4000: That she should advance the money for their payment monthly, which money should be repaid by the king after six months, as a security for which he should send to England four hostages, men of rank and quality: That if the king should have occasion for a greater number than these 4000 foot, and the circumstances of England would permit, he should be allow'd to levy there three or four thousand more at his own expence: That the English soldiers should be subject to the authority of the king's officers, and be punish'd by them; but that the English captains should be present and assist upon such occafions : That if the queen should be invaded, the king should, in two months after the demand, affist her with 4000 French foot, to be fent to England at his expence, and serve fix months in a year, but not to be employ'd beyond 50 miles within that kingdom ; and to be paid by her from the time of their landing, according to a rate annex'd to this treaty: That these French foldiers be subject to the authority of the queen's officers, and punilh'd by them, but that the French captains should allist on such occasions : That the king should
> Ibid. 1. 610 612.
and Vol. x. fol. 257. See likewise THUANUS, • Ans. Bacon's MSS. Vol. xi, fol. 65, 81, 37, p. 613. and Meteren, fol. 393.
keep up and supply the said number of 4000 French foot: That the king and queen should allow powder and other warlike provisions to be exported freely out of each others dominions, as their own exigences should permit: That a free commerce should be granted mutually to their subjects, and the armies and forces of each affifted with provisions and other necessaries; and that neither the king nor his succeffors should permit any subject of England to be injur’d in person or goods by inquisitors, or in any other manner, on account of the religion now establish'd in England : And that, if any person should by any authority attempt this, the king should by his royal authority forbid and prevent him, and procure satisfaction to be made to the party injur'd.
There was likewise a private treaty agreed to on the roth of May', that only 2000 English should be sent to France, and that they should serve only at. Boulogne and Monstreuil, except the king should be in person in Picardy, in which case they should serve him any where in that province : That the said 2000 soldiers should remain in the service of the king, in those towns only, for six months after their landing in France, unless the queen should consent to a longer period: That the king at the end of the said six months should pay, or cause to be paid, to the queen in London, all the charges which she had been at in sending away, paying, and maintaining the said 2000 soldiers, and all extraordinary charges; for the payment of which the king was to give her an obligation : That after the first of March in the year ensuing, if the king should require a greater number of English troops, the queen should not be oblig'd to grant above 2000 more to complete the number of 4000; nor should that succour be granted, except the rebellion in Ireland should then be suppress’d. That if the king should not pay the queen her expences, at the end of six months, for the said 2000 foldiers, the should not be oblig'd by the former treaty, or the present agreement, to furnish him for the future with any more fuccours. The duke de Bouillon and monf. de Sancy engag'd, that the sum of 20,000 crowns, lent them on the 7th of May, should be paid before the end of four months from that day; tho' they had obligʻd themselves, by a paper under their hands, to pay it at the end of twelve months, and not before ; to which anticipation of the said payment they confented, in consideration of the great expences of the queen against the common enemy: That notwithstanding any preceding clause for the sending 2000 foldiers into Picardy, the queen would not consent to it, till the should understand, that the king was come thither with his army for the defence of his towns in that province.
Upon the conclusion of this league the duke De Bouillon and monf. de SANCY left England, and return’d to France, accompanied with monf. du VAIR; while mons. D'Ancel pass’d over to Holland with a copy of the treaty, and in the company of LAVINUS CALVART, the Dutch embassador to the French king, at whose defire he had attended the negotiation of that treaty, which was not ratified till August following:
Vol. xi. fol. 37.
France on the 18th of May 1596. THUANUS, : They were at Gravesend in their return to p.615. B 2
Mr. Bacon's indisposition, and his retirement on account of it to Twickenham lodge, having prevented him from waiting upon the duke de Bouillon and monie DE SANCY during their stay in England, tho' he had been visited by the latter, he wrote to each of them letters 5 of excuse, with professions of his regard for them, and zeal for the interest of their king; and mons. De Sancy, in his answer “, expressed great concern for mr. Bacon's ill health, and regret for his absence from London, which prevented him from seeing and taking leave of him; and his desire to entercain a correspondence with him sometimes by letters.
The conversation, which the duke de Bouillon had just before his departure with mr. REYNOLDES, the earl of Effex's secretary, was written immediately by the latter to his lordship in a long letter, dated May 18, 1596', in which he related, that the duke had sent for him that morning, and told him, that he purposed to write to the earl a letter of great importance, which he desir'd might fall into no other man's hands, because he meant to deal freely in it with his lordship: but that he could not dispatch it till his coming to Gravesend. To which, in order to save himself some part of his labour, being not able suddenly to enlarge on every particularity by writing, he desired mr. REYNOLDES to add this, first, to clear him of all jealousy and doubt concerning any complaint or speech, that might be carried to his lordship. What might have escaped others before his coming or since, he knew not; but for himself, and monf. de Sancy, since his arrival, he protested, that knowing his lordship’s refolution, he had never fought to hinder his voyage, nor accused him of flackness or unkindness concerning his own negotiation.
He faid indeed, that he had no opinion or conceit of the expedition, which he had delivered to the earl in person ; and would not deny, that he could have wilh'd, that either it had not been undertaken, or that it might have been broken off without any dishonour, lofs, or disappointment to his lordship. But finding him resolute, and that he had so far engaged his honour, fortune, and hopes in it, (which he thought the earl would never have done, without some greater reason and assurance of success). he would not do his lordship that wrong to go about to cross his honourable design, honouring him above all the lords in the world. He therefore desir'd the earl not to impute to him the humorous speeches of any discontented man in his train; for upon his honour he had never forgot himself and his love to his lordship so much, as either to seek to impeach the course of his enterprize (whatsoever it was) or give out unkind speeches, or complaints of any slackness in his lordship to advance the service of his master the French king; tho he had not found any fo great an impediment in his treaty with her majesty and the Iords, as the infinite charges, which, the said, she had been at in the preparations for this voyage, and her weakness at bome by reason of the absence of so many of her ships and subjects: with which reasons he had been check'd in every audience, and they were an excuse, why so little was granted. The duke, in order to give the earl some farther argument of his love, told mr. REYNOLDES, that tho' he had received letters from the king to follicit her majesty, and to press her to yield to some better assistance, with express charge to diffuade his lordship’s voyage, and to remonstrate many inconveniences, that might arise from it, yet he had not infifted upon it any further than by shewing her the
Vol. XI. fol. 164 and 5.
• Vol. XI. fol. 171.
į VOL XI. fol. 75.