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ally nearer to the kingdom of God than the professing Pharisees? But here is the reason. The Pharisees thought they had something to cling to; they held on to their Church privileges as matters of justification; they would not be persuaded that they too were sinners, and therefore, when the truth came to their hearts, they found a brazen coat of mail. Whereas, when truth reached the bosoms of those who knew they had no such refuge to cling to, it pierced their souls at once, and they fall down and cry out, “Lord, what shall we do to be saved ?" And so of lukewarmness; it has on its coat of mail; the arrows of conviction are sent, and their armour resists; the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God, comes and it is turned aside. From lukewarmness the cause of religion must look to meet continual opposition; the elements of war are within and without, and it makes a difficulty found not elsewhere. It is by reason of this, that in the heart of the lukewarm there is such a concentrated purpose of resistance, that our Saviour uses such strong and emphatic language—“I will spue thee out of my mouth.” There is no condition so awfully dangerous.

If this be so, perhaps you may, if the situation of the lukewarm is so almost hopeless, what then shall we do? Brethren, if those who are in this condition could be really convinced; if instead of crying peace, peace, while there is no peace, they would mourn in bitterness over the delusion which otherwise must ruin their souls; then on this dark and dismal cloud, one beam of hope might be painted, as encouraging to the spiritual eye-sight as that bright rainbow-beam of material sun-light which sometimes sits on the darkest cloud of the summer as it retreats away. Dark and dismal, and almost desperate as is this condition of lukewarmness, it is not a condition from which hope is to be utterly shut out; for I take the bright example of my doctrine from the lips of the Saviour, who thus addressed the lukewarm Laodiceans—“Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked; I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.

Let it ring in your ears till they are paralyzed, or till they drink in the exhortation with the avidity of conscious need. Be zealous and repent. There is your remedy. Return ye backsliding children; amend your ways


your doings; give yourselves to God in the bonds of a new and eternal covenant; repent and believe the Gospel; so shall the curse be exchanged for the blessing, and instead of the awful and agonizing declaration—“I will spue thee out of my mouth”—“he that putteth his hand to the plough and looketh back is not fit for the kingdom of heaven”-you may hear that rich promise which in infinite grace concludes this epistle—“To him that overcometh, will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne.”





REVELATION iii. 14-22.

I TRUST it will be remembered, my friends, because it was one of the strongest positions taken in my last discourse to show the awful condition of lukewarmness, that there is in this sin a peculiarity of danger, inasmuch as the very existence of this state of mind and heart renders the access of truth more difficult, and seems to put the most insurmountable obstacle in the way of repentance. It was remarked, that a lukewarm professor is apt to be satisfied with his condition, and thus think himself safe. Every false confidence of this kind has, of its own nature, a hardening effect, and becomes more and more hopeless, because the heart in its ill-founded security rejects the application of Gospel truth. Thus it was with the Laodiceans. They were lukewarm; they had none of the real life and spirit of religion; they were in such an awful state, that our Saviour tells them they could not possibly be worse. “I would that thou wert cold or hot.” They were in such a state, that he saw fit to employ the most disgusting figure in all the circle of nature to express his utter abhorrence of them and their condition—“I will spue thee out of my mouth.” And yet they had the most exalted opinions of their own spiritual state; they thought themselves in a very excellent and safe condition, and it was this self-deception which constituted the chief danger of their situation. Now, let us see what this opinion was which they so erroneously and fatally entertained. This subject is embraced in the

IVth general division of my subject, the pride and ignorance of the lukewarm Laodiceans, with Christ's severe rectification of the error—"Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked.”

Here the first particular to be noticed is, that these lukewarm professors of religion deceived themselves in the supposition that they were rich and had need of nothing. The term rich here must evidently apply to their estimate of their spiritual condition. It had nothing to do with the external circumstances in which they were as a Church; for the whole of this epistle relates to the particulars of vital religion. When they considered themselves as rich, then, it means that they looked upon themselves not only in a good and safe state, but in a very remarkably

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excellent spiritual condition. They were proud of their religious attainment; they thought that they had reached the very acme of all that was required, for they appear to have imagined themselves so good that they had no further need of advancement. They seem to have been—as multitudes of the present day most unfortunately are—they appear to have been vitally mistaken as to the real nature of religion itself. One of the old writers seems in his plain and quaint, but nervous manner, to have expressed their true condition. “Perhaps they were well provided for as to their bodies, and that made them overlook the necessities of their souls; or they thought themselves well furnished in their souls, and that made them careless about a deep examination. They had learning, and they took it for religion; they had gifts, and they took them for grace; they had wit, and they took it for true wisdom; they had ordinances, and they took up with them instead of the God of ordinances. How careful should we be," he remarks, “that we put not the cheat upon our own souls; doubtless there are many in hell who once thought themselves in the way to heaven.”

Now, with all the high opinions which the Laodicean Christians had of themselves, they were utterly mistaken; they were building on a foundation of sand; they were feeding on ashes; it was a deceived heart that had turned them aside so that they could not discover the lie which was in their right hand; the god of this world had blinded their eyes, so that they did not consider their real condition. There appears not to have been one single spiritual excellence about them, and our Saviour, after placing before them the erroneous estimate which they



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