Sivut kuvina


guarantees for civil rights in the
Constitution, 245; Herr Braun's
motion rejected, ib.; Prussian cha-
racter of the Constitution, 246 ;
importance of the negotiations at
Nickolsburg, 247 ; German States
incorporated by Prussia after 1866,
248 ; contemplated accession of
Southern States to the Union,

249; evil policy of Bismarck, 250
Germany, final exclusion of Austria

454; provisional
nature of the North German Con-
federation, ib.; prospects of the
Southern States since 1866, 455

unity in 1813 and 1870 com-
pared, cxxxii. 414; Prussian army
influence in, after the Danish War,
489; her independence established,
586 (see Franco-German War);
prospects of coercive service in, ib.;
future position of, in Europe, 587;
temptations to warlike policy, 588.
See German Empire

tenacity of national cha-
racter in, cxxxvi. 401
religious movement

cxxxvii. 529; works relating to,
ib.; conflict re-opened by Pius
IX., ib.; attitude of the State,
530; position of Roman Catho-
lics, ib. ; vast field for speculation,
ib.; religious and political ele-
ments of the movement, 531; the
Old Catholic body, ib.; speeches
at the Cologne Congress, ib. note;
results of the dogma of Infallibi-
lity, 532; anti-Romanist writings
of Döllinger, 533; former triumphs
of the Jesuits, 535; their meagre
system of education, ib.; Univer-
sity of Ingolstadt, ib.; influence
of French Catholicism of Port
Royal, 536; contagion of secular
elements from France, ib.; spirit
of territorial autonomy, 537 ; State
control in the last century stretched
against the Pope, 538; conduct of
Maria Theresa, ib.; treatise of

Febronius,' 539; conference at
Coblence in 1769, 510; remon-
strances against Papal pretensions,
ib.; powers of Nuncios, 511 ; their
antagonism with diocesan bishops,
ib. ; the Nuncio at Cologne, 542;
punctations of electors at Ems,
ib. ; local autonomy of electors,
543; policy of Frederick the
Great, 544: the elector of
Mayence, 545; nomination of
Dalberg, ib.; conflict with the
Nuncios, 547 ; Memorials' of the
Assembly of 1788, ib.; Count
Jerome, Archbishop of Salzburg,
549; Bishop of Würzburg, 550 ;
Dalberg and Wissenberg, 552;
affairs in Bavaria, 556; the Con-
cordat, 558; John Michael Sailer,
559; movement of Martin Boos,
561; Dr. Hirscher, 564, 566;
Prince-Bishop Hohenlohe and
Silesia, ib.; Schimonsky, 567;
Count Sedlnitzky, 568; indigen-
ous opposition to Papal system,

Germany,relations of, with the Church

of Pome, cxxxix. 360; recent works
on Church and State, ib.; Roman
Catholic subjects in, 365; the Bull
De Salute Animarum, ib. ; the
Catholic clergy after 1848, 367 ;
Papal Constitutions of 1864 and
1870, 370; abolition of the Catho-
lic department of the Ministry of
Public Worship, 372; resistance
to Papal pretensions, ib. ; oppres-
sive nature of the Falk laws, 375,
377; the Royal Court for eccle-
siastical affairs, 379; protest of
clergy at Fulda, 380; State per-
secution of the Church, 381 (see
Bismarck, Prince); law on civil

marriage, 383 note
Geyser, the Great, eruptions of,

cxiii. 537; theory of the pheno-
mena, 544 ; early history of, 546

the New, description of, cxiii.

Geysers, mechanism of, cxxii. 452 Gheel (Belgium), colony of the in

sane at, cxxxi. 438, 443 Ghent, besieged by Philip of Bur

gundy, cxix. 537; tumult in, at the 'Joyous Entry' of Charles the Bold, 549; he restores the city's privileges, 550; their charter an

nulled by him, 559 Ghiberti (Lorenzo, 1381-1445),com

petes for the Gates of Florence, cxxi. 535; his exquisite design, 537; heathenised Christian sculpture, 538; inferiority of his statues, ib.

Rumohr's criticism of his style, cxxii. 94 Ghirlandaio(Domenicho,1449-1493),

his education, cxxii. 100; his

frescoes criticised, ib. 101 Gholab Singh, made sovereign of

Cashmere, cxxxviii. 132; intrigues

of Lal Singh, ib. Gibbon (Edward, 1737-1794), his

connexion with the Board of Trade, cxv. 32

supposed by Windham to have been “Junius,' cxix. 308; his description of society at Lau

Canon of Vitruvius,' cxl. 168 ; his

mode of measurement, 184 Gill (Major), his photographs of In

dian cave-temples, cxxii. 387; his

benevolent life, 388 Gilray (James, d. 1815), his carica

tures of Count Rumford at the

Royal Institution, cxxxv. 335 Gioberti (Vincenzo, 1801-1852), his

work' La Riforma Cattolica,' cxiv.

237 Giotto (1276–1336), his exact imita

tion of nature, cxxii. 87; Boccaccio's estimate of, ib. 88; his frescoes at Assisi, 89 ; supposed visit to Avignon, 90 ; his frescoes at Padua and Florence, 91; designs the Campanile, 92 ; represents the Florentine school, ib.

universality of his genius, cxxxv. 131; his connexion with

art at Padua, 141 Gipps' Land (Australia), its luxuriant

fertility, cxvi. 11 Gipsies, colony of, at Yetholm, in

Roxburghshire, cxii. 512 Giraffes, successful introduction of,

into Englazu, cxi. 179 Girardin (M. Émile de, b. 1802),

his book on polyandry, cxv. 208

his strictures on French taxation, cxxxi, 373

(Madame Émile de), Bonstetten's description of, cxix.

440 Gisborne (Mr.), his reports on the

Darien canal scheme, cxv. 23 Gist, the word explained, cxxviii.

78 Glaciers theories of the motion of,

cxiii. 227, 230; their transporting pover, 231 ; the theory of dilatation, ib.; disproved by Dr. Forbes, 234; the phenomenon of regelation, 236; their motion in winter, 242; theory of their liquefaction by pressure, 243; veined structure of glacier ice, 245

sanne, 425

on his family arms, cxxi. 336

his controversy with Warburton, cxxii. 22 Gibbon (Edward), Landur s rəmark

on his cynicism, cxxx. 246 Gibraltar, bishopric of, created, cxviii.

566 Gibson(John, R. A.,1790-1866), Life

of, by Lady Eastlake, cxxxi. 392; his gentle and equable temper, 393; excessive love of antique models, ib.; his refined art, ib.; the • Hunter,' his best work, 394; his theory of tinted statues right, ib. ; his parentage and simple life, ib.; compared with Eastlake, 395

his 'Proportions of the Human Figure, according to the

Glaciers, geological importance of,

cxviii. 301
Gladstone (Right Hon. William

Ewart, b. 1809), his evidence on
Colonial Defence, cxy. 115

his defence of the classical
system of public school education,

CXX. 163

bis powers


his translation of the first
book of the Iliad, cxxi. 142

becomes leader in the House
of Commons, cxxiii. 276 ; his de-
claration on individual rights to
the franchise, 285 ;

classical translation, 373; speci-
men from the Agamemnon of
Eschylus, ib.; his versions of
Homer in Scott's metre, 375; trans-
lations into Greek and Latin, 376

the proper leader of the
Liberal party, cxxv. 587 ; his pru-
dent opposition poliey in 1867,
588; his genuine sympathy with
popular interests, 589

his majority in 1869, cxxix.
270; unfairly accused of revolu-
tionary designs, 291; composition
of his ministry, ib.; his judicious
secondary appointments, 300; his
opportunities of useful legislation,

his speech on the New
Zealand Constitution Act, cxxxi.
114 ; his views of colonial policy
therein, ib.

compared, as a party leader,
with Mr. Disraeli, cxxxiv, 569;
his able administration in 1871,
598. See Parliament

his rejection in 1865 by
Oxford University, cxxxv. 251

his splendid speech on
University Education in Ireland,
cxxxvii. 569; his principles of
civil equality to Roman Catholics,
574; his pledges to Irish Catholics
redeemed, 578 ; his defeat and re-
sumption of office, 579; merits
of his administration, 581; his

well-deserved tenure of power,

Gladstone (Right Hon. W. E.),

bis Address in 1874 to the Elec-
tors of Greenwich, cxxxix. 544;
his resignation on the Irish Uni-
versity Bill, 545; break-up of his
admiuistration in 1874, 546; his
legislative triumphs, 548–554; his
fall ascribed to deviation from
Whig principles, 560; his earlier
politics, 561; his tendencies to
the Manchester school, ib.; stages
and duration of his career as a
minister, 563; his ministry of
1868, 571

his defence of the Endowed
School Commissioners in 1874,
cxl. 561 ; bis resolutions on the
Public Worship Regulation Act,

his partial retirement from
Parliamentary life, 587
Glanvil (Joseph, 1636–1680), his

"Sadducismus Triumphatus,' cxxi.

Glasgow, ancient bishopric of, cxii.

ancient canoes found on the
site of, cxviii. 290

improred water-supply of,
cxxxiii. 418, 420
Glass-painting, modern, cxxv. 154;

contest between English and
Munich glass, 155; enamel coat-
ing of Munich glass, 156; purity
of the Glasgow windows, ib.;
works on the subject, 157; con-
ditions of success, 158; old paint-
ings purely ornamental, ib.; and
extremely simple, 159; the Cologne
windows, ib. ; search for effects
fa'al to the art, 160; vicious imi-
tation of oil-painting, ib. 161; re-
quirements of light, 162; secret of
old painters, 163; views of M.
Bontemps as to colours, ib.; quality
of the glass, 165; use of white glass,
166; German claims to superiority,
167 ; thinness of modern German

glass, ib.; Munich specimens, 168;
religious difficulties at Glasgow,
169; defects of Munich artists,
170; vulgar taste for depth of
colour, ib. 171; false tone pro-
duced by dulling or scumbling,
ib.; Mr. Winston's vicious theories,
ib. ; prospects of English eminence,
172; the mosaic, enamel, and
mosaic-enamel methods, 173; pre-
paration of the cartoon, ib. ; trac-
ing, 174; potmetal and coated
glass, ib.; colouring matter, 175;
manufacture of ruby, ib.; process
of painting, 170; enamel brown,
ib. ; the yellow stain, 177; burning
the glass, ib. ; process of leading,
178; mechanical impediments, ib.;
rival theories, 179 ; windows in
modern churches, 180; windows at
Doncaster, 181 ; and Lincoln, 182;
labours of Mr. Winston, 185; de-
picted by chromo-lithography, 186

note. See Winston, Charles
Glencoe, massacre of, Macaulay's ac-

count of, cxiv, 296
Glenelg (Charles Grant, Lord, 1778–

1866), misstatement of his official

retirement, cxxxi. 579 note
Globes, geographical, value of, com-

pared with maps, cxii. 306
Globe Theatre (the old), M. Taine's

sketch of, cxxi. 305
Globigerina mud, theories of, in the

Atlantic, cxxxv. 470
"Gloire, La,' French ironclad, com-

pared with the Warrior,'cxviii.185;

her trials in the Gulf of Lyons, 189
Glorer (Richard, 1712–1785), ex-

cellence of his song “Hosier's

Ghost,' cxiii. 106
Gloves, historical specimens of,cxxiv.

God, radical identity of names em-

ployed for the Deity by various

nations, cxxxix. 430
Godavery Annicut, the, cxix. 128;

opening of the river for navigation,

Godley (Mr.), his report on colonial

defence, cxv. 105; on the with-
drawal of troops from the colonies,

Godolphin (Sidney, Earl of, d. 1712),

his treachery respecting the in-
tended descent on Brest, cxiv.

his violence on surrendering
office, cxviii. 415
Godwin (Dr. Thomas, 1587-1643),

his alleged figurative worship of
Christ's body, cxxxix. 252; his
fanatical demeanour, 256; anec-
dote of, by Burnet, ib. ; Calamy's
account of, ib. ; his biographer
“Thankful Owen,' 257; his works,
ib. ; specimens of his spiritual
rhapsody, 258; similarity between
bis treatise and the so-called
revelations of Marie Alacoque,

Godwine (Earl), perplexities in the

tradition of, cxxx. 193; his burial,
200; bis character, by Mr. Free-

man, 201

Goethe (John Wolfgang von, 1749–

1832), his Christianity attacked
by Sir A. Alison, cxi. 159

Mendelssohn's visit to, cxv.

his appearance described by
Mr. Crabb Robinson, cxxx. 515
Gogerly (Rev. D. J.), his works on

Ceylonese literature, cxv. 387
Gold, Michel Chevalier on the pro-

bable fall in the value of, cxii.
1 899.; results of gold discoveries
in Mexico, 2; in California and
Australia, 3; tendency to alter the
distribution of wealth, 4; annual
yields of gold in the present cen-
tury, 5; average earnings of miners,
ib. ; prospects of gold mining in
Australia, 8; effects of continued
production on the value of, 9;
what is meant by 'a demand for
gold,' 10; causes tending to neu-
tralise excessive supply, 11 ; paper

currency as a medium of exchange
in commerce, ib. ; resources of
credit in this country, 12 ; unde-
veloped in India, 13; retail circula-
tion, 14; increased wealth chiefly
among industrial classes, 15; civili-
sation checks consumption of pre-
cious metals, 17; effect of deprecia-
tion on gold manufactures, 18; tests
of depreciation difficult, 20; rela-
tions of gold and silver, 21; depre-
ciation not injurious to working
classes, 26; but chiefly to holders
of fixed incomes, 28; and profes-

30; evil tendencies of
gold movement, 32; probable ex-

tension of political franchise, 33
Gold, its effects on the rate of in-
terest, cxxi. 240, 242

value of, in proportion to
silver in 1800 and 1863, cxxiv.
381; monetary systems disturbed
by excess of, 386.

See Coinage,

comparison of amount circu-
lated in France and England,

cxxvii. 253
Gold discoveries in Australia, cxvi.

influence of, on mankind,
cxvii. 82; their enormous progress
since 1847, 81; confined to Silu-
rian rocks, 90; effects of volcanic
action on gold deposits, 95; the
aqueous and igneous theories, 96 ;
systems of mining in Victoria, 105,

effects of, on ocean naviga-
tion, cxix. 456

in Great Britain, cxx. 481
Gold Coast, French claims to its

discovery disproved in favour of
Portuguese, cxxviii. 210, 212

official papers on affairs on,
cxxxviii. 569; recent Ashantee
invasion, 570; impolicy of a mili-
tary expedition, ib. ; questions
connected therewith, 571; Col.
Ord's report, ib.; revenue of, 574;

the present Ashantee king, 576;
Mr. Winwood Reade's sketches of,
ib. ; Dutch cession of Elmina,
577; irritation of the Ashantees,
ib.; Mr. Plange's niission to Coo-
massie, ib. ; detention of German
missionaries, ib. ; protectorate of
the Fantees, 578; arrest of the
King of Elmina, ib. ; Col. Harley's
measures, ib. 579; Ashantee at-
tack on Elmina, ib. ; reconnais-
sance of Captain Commerell, ib.;
outrage on him, ib. ; his destruc-
tion of Chamah, ib.; war ren-
dered inevitable, 580; obligations
to native tribes, ib. ; the treaty of
1831, ib.; Mr. Cardwell's despatc
to Governor Pine in 1864, ib.;
agency of Mr. Simpson disavowed,
ib.; select committee of 1865, 581;
question of missionary enterprise
and civilisation, 582; responsi-
bilities of England, 583; Sir Gar-
net Wolseley's probable campaign,
ib.; two lines of operation against
Coomassie, 584; political diffi-
culties, ib, ; future condition of
protected tribes, ib. ; the protec-
torate one-sided, 585; the wisest
course after the war, ib. ; question
of fugitive slaves, 586; Governor
Pine and the Duke of Newcastle,

ib.; our present duties, 588
Gold Coast, success of the Ashantee

expedition, cxl. 580; debates there-

on, in Parliament, ib.
Golden Island, suggested occupation

of, cxv. 11
Goldsmith (Oliver, 1728-1774), his
habits described, cxvi. 179

M. Taine's estimate of, cxxi.

Windham's opinion of the
· Vicar of Wakefield,' cxxii. 573
Good (Dr.), his translation of Lu-

cretius, cxxii. 254
Goodall (Dr.), his evidence on the

revenues of Eton College, cxiii.

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