Sivut kuvina

should imagine that all reasonable which I hope your pages will afford men would unite : but I am not so it, take the liberty of pressing on forward as some of my Asiatic the advocates of missionary exer: friends in supposing that the time is tions the two following consideranot only come, but that the expe. tions; first, the desirableness of endiency or rather the necessity of the deavouring to ascertain whether the measure is of such a pressing pature time for prosecuting this important as to justify us in forcing by any and delicate work is yet arrived, and means rather than none, the Chris. whether we ought not to wait the tian religion on the consciences of further progress of civilization ; and, the Hindoos. It is perhaps true that secondly, the urgent necessity there the horrors of idolatry ought never is, if the time is already come, that to be regarded with complacency by the utmost temper, prudence, and a Christian legislator, but it surely judgment should influence the connothing derogates from bis religion, duct of those who may be appoint. that he should act as a cautious and ed to labour in a soil which can be prudent general in unfurling the full of promise to those only. who banners of the cross amongst the act with caution, and who are never votaries of a religion, the principles weary in well doing. of which so strongly militate against I beg you to accept my best the one he has been taught to wishes for the success of the work adopt.

you have undertaken, which proI will now, Mr. Editor, in leaving mises much utility, and that you the question to the calm discussion will believe me, Sir, &c. &c.


To the Editor of the Asiatic Journal.

Ad generum Cereris sine cæde et vulnere pauci rank, elevation or degree, should Descendunt reges, ac sicca morte tyranni,

be amenable to its laws.

These reflections have been sugFew are the tyrant homicides that go Unpierc'd and bloodless to the realms below.

gested to me by the disposal of NaSir,When Brutus, animated poleon Buonaparte after a breach by a regard for his country, stifled of his parole, a violation of his enevery other consideration but that gagement and his oath to abdicate of terminating the reign of Cæsar, the thrones of France and Italy for the noble Romans approved his ever, and finally a treasonable usurdeed, and though, of late years to pation. This culprit, through the deprive a tyrant of the further pow. weakness of the King of France, er of doing mischief, by assassica, and the artifices of Fouché, has tion, has been discouraged, yet no been spared a public trial for his one has been found prejudiced offences ; and is now consigned, enough in favour of despotism to without the slightest punishment, deny that justice ought to hold over to a larger, more productive and all “ the balance and the rod," and more inviting island for his resi. that every member of the body po dence, than he was before allowed litic, whatever may be his birth or to inhabit.


The island of St. Helena appro- sidious as the serpent, there is a priated for his reception, naturally remorseless cruelty in his actions, attracts our notice as a part of the and a perpetual danger in his wiles. East India Company's possessions, Had he learnt from calculation, and on many accounts a most use- that all Europe would array against ful and valuable part. Whatever him, and over-match his power'; advantages it possesses as a place had he reasoned as a politician and of refreshment for the homeward- felt as a Christian, he would have bound ships from India, and a ren- taken advantage of the quiet per dezvous for convoys in time of war, mitted him to atone for past nisare now to be cancelled by the deeds by penitence and prayer. transfer of this Island to the His last attempt confirmed what Crown, and the prohibition of all the whole tenor of his reign has intercourse with it, extending to shown, that to depend on his proevery class of “ foreign and mer- fessions or bis oath, was to deceive cantile shipping." The

one's self. quences of this transfer, owing to The blood of thousands bas been the political arrangements connect- sacrificed before the mischief occaed with the attention shewn to Na- sioned by this false generosity, to a poleon Buonaparte, are to St. He- man declared by his own senate to lena, wretchedness and ruin. It be out of the pale of all civilized will be seen hereafter in what de- society, could be repaired. Say ye, gree these misfortunes operate; but who mourn your sons or husbands at present it may be worth our slain;

į say, if their innocent blood while seriously to consider whether

does not rest upon the head of that a single subject of His Majesty, in guilty miscreant, who was the sole any part of our colonies or settle

author of your afflictions ? Does he ments, ought to be visited with a deserve our notice or respect, who public evil, owing and attributable only conquered to destroy? Does solely to this very man, who has the usurper of a throne, of which already been the means of so ma- on solemn oath he signed his aòdi. terially injuring thousands of their

cation, and again abdicated, merit fellow-subjects and relatives in Great

the countenance of a country whom Britain, and nearly the whole of he laboured to annihilate ? Is not Europe beside. I fear that the in

the receiver of the rebel, who fails. terests of the good people of St. to deliver him over to public jusHelena have been entirely postponed tice, a culpable party? and ought in the consideration shewn to a cri. we to compromise treason by prominal, whom we cannot forget as viding a safe 'retreat for the conthe bitter enemy of every people spirator ?-This too, at England's that opposed his designs. But it cost! Proh pudor ! Is this the remay be urged that I carry my re- sult of a protracted war, attended sentments against the fallen too far. with inconceivable burdens to the Not so. Consigned as he was to community, caused by the very quiet at Elba, I had hoped to have man who became their sole author heard no more that name,

in refusing to listen to accommo66 at which the world grew pale ;"

dation ? - Is it thus we are to acquit but restless as the tiger, and in

ourselves to posterity, for an act Asiatic Journ.No. 1.

Vol. I.


unparalleled in any age or country? Murat's, which, so long as it exists, Would this have been the treate must carry with it the perpetual ment exercised towards our good condemnation of thinking men. But King had he fallen into the Tyrant's the evil does not rest here ;-hopes hands ? For, flying from public of his return are fostered pretty gejustice in one's own country to an nerally among his infatuated votaries enemy in another, is literally falls in France; which, unfortunately, ing into an enemy's hands, and form a numerous proportion ; and entitles a man to no other treat- so long as these ideas are cherished, ment, whatever his expectations it is in vain to expect loyalty and pamay have been, than that of being triotism among Frenchmen. Not handed back again to account for that I apprehend he will ever again his conduct, especially if that ene- succeed in repossessing himself of my be an ally of the power against the throne ; yet, the effect is miswhom the aggression has been com- chievous, and far out-balances any mitted, and the act, a notorious consideration of sparing his life. public wrong.

St. Helena has been peculiarly It has been laid down by an emi- the scene of repeated mutiny, and nent Chief Justice, that “ it seems even so late as three or four years a gross perversion of terms to say since, a most serious disturbance of that a man comes to settle, because this nature arose. Is it not likely he takes shelter for the purpose of then, that the injury sustained by concealinent without the knowledge the community of that island, in of the landlord, and the wife in ob- consequence of its loss of trade, or servance of her duty, does not turn the intemperate conduct of a comhim out. There is no communica- mander, may impel some arm more tion, no hiring, no right to settle ; daring than the rest, to set the exit is a mere intrusion of a fugitive, ample of rebellion ? In such a crisis a mere hiding-place in the course of what would be the influence prohis flight. There is no pretence for duced on the condition of the state asserting that a legal settlement has prisoner? -Undoubtedly most athus been gained.”

larming. Were his release at all This decision is altogether analo- likely to turn the scale in favour of gous to the case of Buonaparte. one party, assuredly it would not be Had the laws of national justice heeded, and in the desperation of been consulted, we maintain that the moment, some frantic hand this man should have been delivered might perhaps be found over to the King of France, for the “ To set the Monster loose to scourge mankind.” purpose of a public trial, in some of Well disciplined as the British solthe islands off the French coast, dier may be in England ; abridge where it would not have been possi

his.comforts abroad, and you excite ble, by means of our navy, for his the whole vengeance of his characnumerous proselytes in France to ter. There is a remarkable instance have interposed. There he might of this in the annals of St. Helena, have been arraigned at his own fa. as related in the interesting work of vourite bar, viz. the military tribu- Mr. Brooke, page 259. For the de. nal, and unquestionably conviction tails, I must refer you to the work would have followed, when a life itself, contenting myself with stamight have been terminated like ting, that in the year 1783, a mutiny having broken out in the gar- I have entered into these details, rison, the disorderly troops, to the more with a view to shew the innumber of two hundred men, trigues and discontents that arise in planned the seizure of the post on à confined settlement like St. HeleLadder Hill in that island, where na, together with the consequences there were field-pieces, mortars, resulting from them, than to lay and various ammunition, and ac- any stress upon the probability of tually gained possession of the their occurring in such a degree as alarm-house, turned their arms upon to excite any serious apprehensions. their officers, and were not subdued

I am, &c. Cato. but by the regular means of war.

To the Editor of the Asiatic Journal.

To the Editor.

point out how far, in every case, SIR,— It has afforded me much what


have been recommended satisfaction to find, that we are at as advantageous in the cure of them last to have, what has been so long in cold climates, has been thought wanted, an Asiatic Journal, and I beneficial in

warmer latitudes; have not the least doubt, but that though I must confess, that the yours will prove a very valuable and field is a very fair one for ingenious interesting work.

and useful discussion, and unquesAs, in your Prospectus, you have tionably, one hitherto but little set apart a division for medical sub- trodden. I shall, therefore, withjects, I take the liberty of now out further delay, proceed to lay sending you copy of a paper which before you the immediate object of I some time ago transmitted to the this report, in communicating to Honourable Court of Directors from you what has come within my own Madras, on the virtues of the Bal

notice, regarding some of the worst sam of Peru. Should


think it kind of ulcers in this country, with deserving of a place in your Jour- an account of a mode of treatment, nal, it is altogether at your service. which, as it is uncommon, may remain yours, &c.

perhaps be in some measure inteWHITELAW Ainslie, M.D. resting; and, from its having, in Edinburgh, Nov. 22, 1815.

every instance in which I have had

recourse to it, been attended with I believe, few dis- success, may at least be deemed eases to which the human frame is worthy of a more extensive trial. liable, that have oftener baffled the Whilst I had charge of the Field skill of our surgeons in all parts of Hospital at Hurryhur, in the months the world, than those called ulcers, of March, April, and May 1803, and which form a very numerous

which received the sick of the Geneand multiform class. It is not my ral Army under the command of his purpose, however, at this time, to Excellency General Stuart, it was particularize the different kinds with peculiar uneasiness that I witwhich have been treated of by nessed the great havock committed many late able writers, nor to by what is called the sphacelous or

There are,

care ;

phagedenic ulcer. It was at that time tleman from whose professional reconfined almost entirely to the Na- search I have on many occasions tive Corps, and especially to such experienced the most flattering supas had been recently exposed to port. His feeling of anxiety on this great fatigue, cold, and moisture, occasion, he informed me, was not and poor living in unhealthy dis- less than mine ; and he was at much tricts. Most of the Sepoys who pains to explain to me all that had were so afflicted, ascribed their been done in such lamentable cases misfortunes to slight causes, such by several of the surgeons of his as scratches, bruises, &c. but which, extensive circuit. After my return in place of healing up kindly, soon to the Carnatic, about, I think, the became foul and painful ulcers; the end of August 1803, it was not discharge ichorous and offensive, for many months that I had a case the edges rugged, and attended with of a sphacelous ulcer under my a degree of inflammation for several when one occurred in a Lasinches round. These sores, for car of the second battalion of Arthe most part spread rapidly, not tillery, at St. Thomas's Mount. unfrequently laying the bones bare, Aware that if something, more and were accompanied with the powerful than any thing I had forgreatest debility and anguish in the merly used, was not applied, I patients, whose appetite for food should, in a few days, witness a soon became impaired, their pulses repetition of all the sad symptoms quick and feeble, and in fact a hec- that had caused me so much untic diathesis was induced, from the easiness at Hurrybur, I was deterabsorption of a 'morbific matter, mined to try what could be done ; evidently of a most dangerous na- and bethought me of the Balsam ture. Every external application, of Peru, a medicine for many years and every mode of bandaging and past almost entirely neglected (exmanagement, was had

cept indeed in the composition of to at different times, as recom- the lac virginale) ; but as I knew it mended by Messrs. Bell, Home, &c. to be stimulating in a bigh degree, but with, I am concerned to say, and at the same time balsamic, I little or no good effect. Bark and could suggest nothing from which wine seemed to do most good ; but I could more reasonably look for the cures were at best tedious, advantage. The Lascar's sore, never without great loss of sub- when I first saw it, was not larger stance, if not the limb itself, and than a crown piece, situated near but too frequently they left the the inner ankle of his left leg, and patient emaciated and drooping. I first brought on, he said, by a slight could not help feeling for the suffer. blow : it was foul, offensive to the ing of many valuable men, and re- smell, and evidently phagedenic. gretting that some more efficacious The patient was weak and irritable, remedy had not been discovered, to his appetite gone, nights restless, arrest the progress of this terrible and his pulse weak and fluttering. disease; and this regret I oftener I immediately ordered the sore to than once expressed to Dr. Berry, be dressed twice daily with lint the Superintending Surgeon of the moistened in the Balsam of Peru ; division to which I belong, a gen- and the better to judge of the effects


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