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of the application, I prescribed for parts than one of his book, speaks him no internal medicine whatever. with horror of this malady, and At the end of twenty-four hours, 1 with much regret at the so frea was happy to perceive that the quent want of success in the masphacelous parts were beginning to nagement of it. Many of the slough off; by the third day the ulcers in the Naval Hospital at face of the sore was quite clear, Madras, were dreadful to look at. and, in a day or two more, fine new In some, large portions of bones granulations being every where of the leg were exposed ; and, in seen rising up on its surface, I spite of the most humane care and found my purpose effected, and laid attention, not a few of the patients aside the balsam, for which I sub were rendered lame for life; in stituted simple cerate dressings, others, amputation became neceswith a tighter bandage. The sore, sary, and all, who had ulcers of thus reduced to the state of a sim any extent, seemed evidently to ple ulcer, healed up kindly in a

suffer from the absorption of ichor, short time.

and from putrifaction.t. What Mr. About a fortnight after this, I Underwood found most benefit had the good fortune to experience from, was Tincture of Myrrh and equal success from the balsam, used Venice Turpentine, in the way rein the same way, in a case of irri commended in the Edinburgh Practable phagedenic ulcer, upon the tice of Medicine (vol. iii; p. 304). foot of a soldier in the second bat- He also used occasionally a solution talion of Artillery, and which was of lunar caustic and red precipicommunicated to Dr. Berry in my tate; but he seemed, above all, to Medical Journal for December 1805. place reliance on the most strict To this man, I must observe, as he attention to diet, which he ordered complained of most excruciating to be light and nourishing. I did pain, I gave a bolus every night of

every night of not hesitate to inform bim of the gr. ij opium and gr. iij camphor; great advantage I had found, in but to these medicines I did not, cases of sphacelous sores, from the in any degree, ascribe his recovery. external application of the Balsam

It was at this period that I visited of Peru, and advised him, by all the Naval Hospital at Fort St. means, to try it in his hospital ; George, accompanied by the Sur- but he has never informed me with geon in charge (Mr. Underwood), what success. who was so obliging as to shew me However, I was not suffered to every remarkable case at that time remain long in doubt regarding the under his care. Out of about three powers of this remedy in cases of hundred sick seamen, there were malignant ulcers after a long sea nearly two hundred afflicted with voyage. The fleet of Indiamen malignant ulcer, such as we see that arrived at Madras about three mentioned by Home, Lind, and months ago from England, had most particularly by Dr. Trotter, in

154, 155; Medicina Nautica, Vol. II, his valuable work, entitled Medicina Nautica.* This gentleman, in more + Mr. Underwood informed me, that

he sometimes found, after amputation, * See Home's Treatise on Ulcers, page the sphacelous affection attack the stump 106; Lind's Treatise on the Scurvy, pages


page 179,

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been nearly nine months at sea,

which has been advised by any late and having on board three hundred writer whether external or internal, recruits for the Coast Artillery, I that I did not try, without, I must found several amongst them scor• say, the smallest lasting good effect. butic, though in a slight degree. It is true, that the tincture of myrrh, Some little time after their reaching turpentine, the solution of lunar the Mount, and coming under my caustic, the camphorated spirit and care, it was necessary to punish alcohol, did, occasionally, for a two men, and though the punish- time, operate in clearing away part ments were moderate (neither of of the corroding matter, and the them having received more than bark, wine, and tinctura ferri muritwo hundred lashes), I soon saw ate, gave, I thought, a degree of supwhat I had to expect from the port to the sufferers ; yet the effects event. Their backs, in place of of all these were but transitory: healing up kindly, as is commonly the sores increased daily, and no the case, shortly put on an ugly relief was gained in regard to the aspect, and towards the end of the general feelings of the patients. third day from the flogging, two

Before I began to apply the Ballittle ulcers made their appearance,

sam of Peru, the ulcers on each of on the parts that were most bruised, the men's backs were as large as each about the size of a rupee, with

a common sized hand, deep, frighta white viscid matter inside, and ful, and most offensive to the smell uneven edges. Before I had re (in spite of frequent washings with course to the Balsam of Peru, I decoction of bark, tincture of myrrh, was resolved to see what could be and the nitrous acid). The patients done with other remedies ; and otherwise extremely weak, languid, with the exception of the gastric and spiritless, their pulses quick and juice of granivorous animals (which, Auttering, appetites gone, nights in cases of this nature* has been restless ; in fact, labouring under the recommended by Dr. Harris, as most wasting hectic diathesis, and well as Dr. John Harness, Physi- to all appearance hasteaing to dissocian to his Majesty's fleet in the lution. To the ulcers of these two Mediterranean)t, there is nothing recruits, the Balsam of Peru was * The late Mr. Justamond, we are

first applied on the same day, but told by the author of the Edinburgh Prac

to the one man I continued the tice of Medicine, used this remedy, in

use of bark and wine internally, similar cases, many years ago.

from the other they were stopt ; + See Home's Treatise on Ulcers, page but both went on with their ripe 107 ; and Medicina Nautica, Vol. II, fruit and light farinaceous diet.

I shall not detain you with more Mr. Henderson, in the Medical and Physical Journal, has given an excellent particulars; suffice it to say, that account of this ulcer to the world, as it from the first day's application of appeared in the Naval Hospital at Anti the Balsam, the sores put on a gua, in 1780. He mentions it as one of favourable appearance ;

the misthe greatest scourges amongst our sea

chief was, in fact, arrested, and men, and it would appear that he placed the patients seemed to feel an alhis chief reliance in treating it on the hydrargyr. nitrol. rub. and camphorated most immediate relief. By the end spirit, as external applications, with the of the third day, the sores were bark internally.

clean, and by the end of the fifth,

page 223.


new granulations were every wliere the balsam was discontinued for seen rising up; their pulses, appe- more simple dressings, and the men tites, and spirits, returned to their soon discharged for duty. natural state, and they again en These two cases were detailed at joyed sleep without an opiate, which full length in my Medical Journal they had not done for many nights for March 1806, forwarded to the before. The ulcers being thus re Medical Board at Fort St. George. duced to the state of simple sores,

(To be continued.)

To the Editor of the Asiatic Journal.

yours, &c.

SIR: – The accompanying paper, may be qualified, to rise under proper purporting to be the Principles regulations.

That strict seniority be the rule of upon which the Commanders and

promotion in the Company's own ships, Officers of the East-India Company's

as far as the office of third mate inclusive, own Ships are to be appointed,” has

supposing good character and conduct. been privately handed about amongst That the second mates be chosen from those immediately concerned by the the class of third mates according to seniarrangement of the new shipping

ority, where there is no decided superio

rity of character and talent ; such supesystem ; but as it

be of some may

riority, when perferred to seniority, interest to the generality of your being determined by the signatures of readers, I enclose a copy for inser two-thirds of the whole Committee who tion in your Journal, and remain recommend the officer, and by the sig

NAUTICUS. natures of sixteen members of the Court.

That the chief mates be appointed from

the class of second mates by seniority, Preliminary General Resolutions. and if any deviation is made from this That one general preliminary declara principle of seniority, it be under the tion and resolution do precede all others

same rules as the preceding. on this subject, namely, that whatever That the commanders be appointed from regulations the Court may lay down for the chief mates belonging to ships at the appointment of commanders and offi home, by seniority. If any deviation is cers to ships in the Company's own ser

made from this principle of seniority, it vice, are to be understood principally as

be under the same rule as the preceding. rules which are to guide the conduct of If there be no chief mate at home, or fit the Court in making such appointments, to succeed to the command, the selection but are not to be construed as invest be made from the second mates belonging the officers with any strict rights of ing to ships at home, according to the appointments or succession in those foregoing rules; but the second mate apships : they are rules which the Court pointed incidentally to a command, shall imposes on itself for limiting and direct be considered only as an acting coming its discretion, not rules settling any

mander, and not be entitled, after the rights on the officers.

conclusion of the voyage, to be fixed in

the command; but he shall, if a chief With respect to Oficers now actually in mate obtains the command, have the opthe Company's Service.

tion of succeeding to the birth of such That those officers who are now in the chief mate, taking his rank as chief mate Company's own shipping service, whether from that time. actually employed, or not, having come That the strict principle of seniority be into that service with an expectation of not followed so as to entitle a person rising in it, have a claim, so far as they who has served only as a midshipman in

the Company's own ships, and duly risen certificate may affect the interest of others in the Freight service, to the command besides the parties claiming indulgence, of a Company's own ship, when a vacan they are to consider themselves as giving cy happens ; but that those persons who it under the sanction of a solemn obliformerly held the situation of Midship- gation. man, which is a station of instruction, That no plea, except that of ill health, and who have not continued in the ser certified as prescribed in the preceding vice of the Company, are not to be con clause, shall entitle a commander or offisidered as in that service, or entitled to cer to remain at home a voyage, unless any preference beyond officers in the foot permitted so to do by the recommendaservice.

tion of the Committee to whom his case That the rise be from the officers of may be referred, and the unanimous vote the ships at home in the same season, of the Court before whom the report of and not in the individual ships in which such Committee shall come. That this vacancies may occur.

perinission shall not extend beyond one That an officer quitting the Company's voyage ; after which he may be eligible to own service, finding the promotion slow proceed again to sea on a vacancy, but in it, shall have no claim to return. only with the rank he had before.

That officers who shall henceforth quit That the commander and officers to the Company's own service, without ask any ship contracted for by the Company, ing permission to do so, and also to re for their own account, be selected from tain their hold on the service, and who the Company's own ships at home, in have entered the Freight service, be con the season wherein the new ship is to sidered as entirely on the footing of off be launched, and that the said comcers in the Freight service.

mander and officers be appointed between That officers who have quitted the Com- the 1st of September and the 1st of Ocpany's own service with permission, hava tober in that season. With respect to ing advanced to the rank of a fourth or ships purchased for the Company, the sworn officer in it, and who have after- commander and officers be appointed acwards risen in the Freight service to any cording to the same rule. station under that of a commander, be That with respect to ships building, eligible to be taken again into the Com or to be built, for the Company in India, pany's own service, either with or under the commander and sworn officers to the rank which they have held in either them be appointed in sufficient time to service, below that of commander, as join them respectively before they are aforesaid.

launched. That a commander retiring by choice That with the view to give the comfrom the Company's own service, shall manders in the service additional encouhave no claim to return to the service. ragement, when a vacancy happens in a

That an officer staying at home from ill 1200 ton ship, or a ship of superior class, health, be permitted to proceed in the in any one season, and any ship of an infirst vacancy that happens after his re ferior class shall be at home in that seacovery, of no higher rank than he had son, it shall be at the option of the combefore, but this indulgence to extend on mander of the ship of the next class, to ly to two following seasons.

succeed to that of the ship which has That commanders staying at home one become vacant, or if he declines, at the voyage on account of ill health, be rein- option of the commander of the third stated each in his own ship the following class, to take the command of the ship voyage ; but this rule to extend only to of the superior class ; aud in like manone voyage.

ner at the option of the commander of the That commanders and officers desiring third class, to take the command of the to stay at home on account of ill health, ship of the second class, so that the offdo produce a certificate from the Com cer next in succession, whether chief or pany's examining Physican and Surgeon, second mate, may be appointed to the clearly declaring the indispensable neces command of the smaller ship, subject to sity of that measure : the said Physician the approbation of the Recommending and Surgeon being apprized that as their committee, and the Court.

of age.

of age.

With respect to Officers of Packets. Company's own ships be from the general

That officers employed in the Packet mass of officers in the Freight service. service shall have no claims beyond what

That when a commander of the service they may have derived from previous ser

is introduced into the Company's own vice in the Company's own ships, accord

service, he should not be above fifty years ing to the proposed regulations.

That the master of a regular extra ship, With respect to the Situation of Cap

on his entrance into the Company's own tains and Officers for the Company's

service as chief mate, be not above forty own Ships, when their own Stock of

years Officers is not sufficient.

That a chief mate of the Freight service, That where the Company's actual stock upon his entrance into the Company's of officers is not sufficient to fill the ap

own service, he not above thirty-five pointments in the Company's own ships,

years of age ; nor a second mate above the selection of officers in such case be

thirty years of age. from the regular Freight service.

That in all selections of commanders That officers under the rank of con and officers from the Freight service, good mander in the Freight service, on en characters and conduct be indispensable tering the Company's own service, shall

qualifications. not come in immediately to all the privi

That on occasion of selecting any comleges of those who have been brought up

mander or officer from the Freight serin the Company's own service ; but that

vice, reference be had hy the Recomtheir appointments be subject to the re

mending Committee to an account abgulations hereafter detailed.

stracted from the records of this house, That officers taken from the Freight of the character and conduct of the service into the Company's own service, candidate. shall be eligible to come in with the same

That, for the better answering the purrank they held in the Freight service,

pose of the preceding resolution, and for dating it from the time of their entrance

the guidance of the Recommending Cominto the Company's service ; but the

mittee in future, a distinct record of the Court may accept the services of such offi

conduct of each individual commander cers willing to come in a step below

and officer in the Freight service be now that which they held in the Freight ser

formed, and henceforward kept; and that vice, provided that if they come in as

the same do also comprehend the Compasecond mate, they do not exceed the age

ny's own commanders and officers. prescribed for entering into the service

That any commander to be now introwith that rank.

duced from the Freight service to comThat an officer appointed from the

mand one of the Company's own ships, Freight service as chief mate in the Com

be not allowed to continue as commander pany's service, shall perform two voyages

in the Company's service more than three as chief mate before he is eligible to a

voyages. command, unless he has served as master of a regular extra ship; in which case,

That any officer who shall henceforafter serving one voyage as chief mate in

ward be promoted in the Company's

own service to the command of one of the Company's own ships, he may be

their own ships, be not allowed to coneligible to a command in them.

tinue a commander in that service more That the Company's own service be

than five voyages. In the case of Capopen to all commanders of the Freight tains Patterson and Adam, now in acservice who stand eligible for commands,

tual command of Company's ships exclusive of those who have voluntarily abroad, their five voyages do commence retired from the service ; but that a com

from their next outfit from England. mander actually in charge of a Freight ship, be not, while so circumstanced, eli With respect to the Mode of appointing gible to command one of the Company's Commanders and Officers to the Comown ships.

pany's own Ships. That the selection of officers for the That the recommendation of the comAsiatic Journ.-No. 1,

Vol. I.


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