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pel. This evening on going towards an Pundit himself as well as many of the idok temple, was met by three Hindooș, anxious crowd, requested me to state W ho promissd last week to take me to a how man was formed, how sin entered village where many assemble to hear the into the world, and what was the reHindoo Scriptures. I accompanied them medy which God had appointed. I did to the place, and sat by the side of the not immediately comply, till
. I had stirred preacher, while he read and expounded up their anxiety: then I related cheereThe, Shasters in the Bakha language. In ation of man, and that God had made the course of an hour, I interrupted him him holy, just and good; and instead of two or three times, by putting questions making God the author of sin, as the to him on ridiculous things which he re Hindoos do, I spoke to them at large on lated. One was respecting one of their the origin and fall of Satan, his tempting incarnate deities (Khrisna) with his our first parent, and, sowing the seed of 16,000 wives : another respecting the all manner of wickedness in him; and goddess, the river Jumna, which he en.. from hence proved all, without exception, deavoured to defend ; but, blessed be to be under the wrath and displeasure of God, not to the satisfaction of his hearers: God, and heirs, of hell. After speaking after which he proceeded for a few mi on these subjects upward of an hour, I nutes longer. On hearing the guns fire left him to consider of them till next for eight o'clock, I thought it high time Monday, when I promised, God willing, to say something more to the purpose ; to speak to them on the salvation of and began by asking him, what benefit God. They all appeared highly pleased, the crowd; of about sixty or eighty, could and not willing I should depart. We derive from all that he had read and said, separated on good terms. I joined one for it all appeared more like novel tales who was going to an idol temple, read than any thing religious, and conse ing a book. After some conversation, he quently tended to do more harm than accompanied me to my residence, where good. The Pundit was then kind enough he began to read, and to explain to me to close up his Shaster, and prepared what he read. I interrupted him by himself to withstand me. I told him, in all asking how he could, for a moment, that had dropped from him that night, I suppose what he was then reading to be had not observed a word of salvation ; true : viz. “ If we but pay adoration to and asked him how the people were to
a Gooroo* only for an hour, it is of more obtain it? He replied, it would do them
avail for the salvation of our souls, than good to hear of the transactions of their if we worshipped God for sixteen years. deities. I questioned him on the origin Finding he could not well answer me of man, of sin, death, &c. He gave a this set him on thinking, although he most ridiculous account of the creation, proceeded to read on till I left him ; and said that prayers and good works when he told my Pundit, that I had put were the appointed means whereby a him to a stand, and that it was a thing sinner might escape the temporal (for he
that never struck him before. I bad acknowledged not eternal) punishment of given him a Tract to read : he returned helt; and said, that, after the period in the evening with the Tract, and told limited, the sinner would be re-created my Pundit that there was too much of into some animal. He was, however,' death in it; and that he himself was so closely questioned, that he was con going on pilgrimage to Baldao, nearr strained to acknowledge that he could Bindrabund. not answer what was asked. Then the
4 Convention to regulate the Commerce foreigners are permitted to come, to enter into between the Territories of the United
the same and to remain and reside in any paris"
of the said territories respectively, also to hire States and of His Britannie Majesty.
and occupy houses and warehouses for the pur[From a United States' Paper.]
poses of their commerce; and generally the mer
chants and traders of each nation respectively, Article 1.-There shall be between the territo-, shall enjoy the most complete protection and series of the United States of America, and all the
curity for their commerce, but subject always to territories of his Britannic Majesty in Europe, a
the laws and statutes of the two countries respecreciprocal liberty of commerce. The inhabitants
tively. of 'the two countries respectively shall have liv berty freely and securely to come with their ships and cargoes to all such places, ports, and A spiritual guide ; called, in the Roman rivers in the territories aforesaid, to which other Church, a Director, Ed,
"Article 2.-No higher or other duties shall be the provisions of this article, but each party shalt
and from the said territories, shall not be enUnited States, or to his Britannic Majesty's terri tirely prohibited, provided only, that it shall not tories in Europe respectively, than such as are be lawful for them in any time of war, between payable on the exportation of the like articles to the British government and any state or power any other foreign country, nor 'shall any prohi. whatever, to export from the said territories,' bition be imposed on the exportation or impor without the special permission of the British tation of any articles the growth, produce, or government, any military stores or naval stores, manufacture of the United States, or of his Bri or rice. The citizens of the United States shall tannic Majesty's territories in Europe, to or from pay for their vessels, when admitted, no higher the said territories of his Britannic Majesty in or other duty or charge than shall be payable on Europe, or to or from the said United States, the vessels of the most favoured Enropean na.. which shall not equally extend to all other na- . tions, and they shall pay no higher or other dutions.
No higher or other duties or charges shall ties, or charges on the importation or exportation be imposed in any of the ports of the United of the cargoes of the said vessels than shall be States on British vessels, than those payable in payable on the same articles when imported or the same ports by vessels of the United States ; exported in the vessels of the most favoured Eunor in the ports of any of his Britannic Majes ropean nations. ty's territories in Europe, on the vessels of the But it is expressly agreed, that the vessels of United States, than shall be payable in the same the Vuited States shall not carry any articles from ports on British vessels --The same duties shall be paid on the importation into the United States place, except to some port or place in the United of any articles the growth, produce, or manufac. States of America, where the same shall be un. ture of his Britannic Majesty's territories in Eu laden. It is also understond, that the permission rope, whether such importation shall be in vessels granted by this article, is not to extend to allow of the United States or in British vessels, and the vessels of the United States to carry on any the same duties shall be paid on the importation part of the coasting trade of the said British ter. into the ports of any of his Britannic Majesty's ritories ; but the vessels of the United States ha territories in Europe of any article the growth, ing, in the first instance, proceeded to one of the produce, or manufacture, of the United States, said principal eettlements of the British domiwhether such importation shall be in British vos nions in the East Indies, and then going with sels or in vessels of the United States. The same their original cargoes, or part thereof, from one duties shall be paid and the same bounties allow of the said principal settlements to another, shall ed on the exportation of any articles, the growth, not be considered as carrying on the coasting produce, or manufacture, of his Britannic, Ma trade. The vessels of the United States may also jesty's territories in Europe, to the United States, touch for refreshments, but not for commerce, whether such exportation shall be in vessels of the in the course of their voyoge to or from the United States, or in British vessels ; and the British territories in India, or to or from the same duties shall be paid and the same boun. dominions of the Emperor of China, at the Cape ties allowed, on the exportation of any articles, of Good Hope, the Island of St. Helena, or such the growth, produce, or manufacture, of the
other places as may be in the possession of Great United States to his Britannic Majesty's territo. Britain, in the African ot Indian seas, it being ries in Europe, whether such exportation shall be well understood that in all that regards this artiin British vessels, or in vessels, of the United
cle, the citizens of the United States shall be States. It is further agreed, that in all cases subject, in all respects, to the laws and regulawhere drawbacks are or may be allowed, upon the tions of the British government, from time to re-exportation of any goods, the growth, produce, time established. or manufacture of either country, respectively, Article 4.It shall be free for each of the two the amount of the said drawbacks shall be the contracting partiss, respectively to appoint consame, whether the said goods shall have been suls, for the protection of trade, tu reside in the originally imported in a British or American ves. dominions and territories of the other party, but sel; , but when such re-exportation shall take before any consiu shall act as such, he shall, in place from the United States in a British vessel, the usual form, be approved and admitted by or from the territories of his Britannic Majesty the government to which he is sents, and it is in Europe in an American vessel, to any other hereby declared, that in case of illegal or impro. foreign nation, the two contracting parties reserve per conduct towards the laws or government of to themselves, respectively, the right of regulat the country to which he is sent, such consul may ing of diminishing, in such case, the amount of either be punished according to law, if the laws the said drawback. The intercourse between the will reach the case, or be sent back, the offenda? United States and his Britannic Majesty's posses. sions in the West Indies, and on the coulinent
ed government assigning to the other the reas of North America, shall not be affected by any of
sous for the same. It is hereby declared that
that in consequence of such party shall judge fit to be so excepted. events which have bappened in Europe subse
Article 5.--This Convention, when the same quent to the signature of the convention aforesaid, shall have been duly ratided by the President of
it has been deemed expedient and determined, in the United States, by and with the advice and conjunction with the allied sovereigns, that St. cansent of their senate, and by his Britannic Ma Helena shali be the place allotted for the future jesty, and the respective ratifications mutually
residence of General Napoleon Bonaparte dinder exchanged, shall be binding and obligatory on the such regulations as may be necessary for the per* said United States and his Majesty for four years
fect security of his person; and it has been refrom the date of its signature, and the ratifica. solved, for that purpose, that all ship and vessels tions shall be exchanged in six months from this whatever, as well British ships and vessels as time, or sooner if possible.
others, excepting only ships belong ng to the * Done at London, this sd day of July in the year
East-India Company, shall be excluded from all of our Lord 1813,
communication with, or approach to, that island.
It has therefore become impossible to comply (Signed), John J. Adams — H. Clay - Albert Gallatin-Fred. J. Robinson Henry
with so much of the third artiele of the treaty as
relates to the liberty of touching for refreshment Goulburn-William Adams.
at the island of St. Helena, and the rarifications DECLARATION.
of the said treaty will be exchanged under the The undersigned, his Britannic 'Majesty's explicit declaration and understanding, that the Chargé d'Affaires in the United States of America, vessels of the United States cannot be allowed to is commanded by his Royal Highness the Prince touch at, or liold any communication whatever Regent, actir.g in the name and on the behalf of with, the said island, so long as the said island his Majesty, 'to explain and declare, upon the ex. shall continue to be the place of residence of the change of the ratifications of the convention con. Said Napoleon Bonaparte, cluded at London on the 3d of July of the present
(Signed) Anthony St. Jno. Baker. year, for regulating the commerce and navigation Washington, Nov, 24, 1815.
should have been much better without ABOUT the end of June, the Lady Bar
them. low auchored at Calcutta, froni China, the “ We thought, two months ago, that 15th April, and Penang the 3d June, all the cotton of the season had arrived bringing letters to the 11th April, the but seeing these ships come, and hearing · contents of which, (say the Calcutta pa- that two others, the Katharine and Hope,
pers) when compared with the gloomy were to sail for this place soon after accounts last received from that quarter, them, we are led to believe with the are very consolatory. The disputes ex Chinese, that there will be no such thing isting between the Viceroyalty of Canton as shutting the door, and that supplies of and the Honourable Company's. Supra- cotton may be expected constantly. The cargoes, which, in the beginning of the consequence of which is, that the price year, had risen to such a height as is down, and will probably continue low. threatened the annihilation of all amica. Opium, on the contrary, is nominally ble relations, seem latterly to have greatly high ; say dollars 1,320 ; but, I might subsiided; and friendly intercourse to almost as well quote you any other price have been established on 'its ancient as this, inasmuch as there is no possibility"* footing. In consequence, however, of of selling even a chest, either at Wampoa some oppressive edicts against the opium or Macao. 'About a month ago, all the venders, and of the market being over principal dealers in the article, were stocked with cotton, the trade in those seized by the Casa Branca Mandarin, (a staples was exceedingly dull... We have town of that name near Macao) with a not been able (continue these papers) view of extorting money from them; and to ascertain the degree of credit, which they, hoping to buy themselves off at as is due to the current story of the exist- cheap a rate as they had been accustomed ence of civil war in the empire of China; to do, would not come to his terms, ands but cannot believe the disturbances, if were, therefore, sent to this place. They any such there were, to have been of a still held out in expectation of an evenserious nature, as the letters we have tual accommodation, but unfortunately perused from intelligent residents at too long, as the business having got to Canton, are silent on the subject. The the ears of the viceroy and high mandafollowing extracts sufficie: tly explain the rins, could not be hushed up, and has causes of the dull state of the market for proceeded to the utmost extremity-the Bengal produce :
dealers have been put to the torture · Canton, March 28.--The appears obliged to confess all, and perhaps more ance of the Ladies Sophia and Barlow, than they had even done to name the has put us into such confusion, that we persons that they had been in the habit
of buying from and finally sentenced to icans named above, are the Drotrigen, a banishment. "Added to this, one or two Swede, loading for Europe ; the Hope have been lately detected in smuggling and Success, English country ships, loadamall quantities of the drug: and alto- ing for India, and the Trader, just argether such a panic has been struck, that rived. At Macao, are his Majesty's those persons concerned in the traffic, ships Revolutionnaire, Captain Woolwho were not apprehended, have been combe; Alpheus, Captain Langford; and - glad to run away, so that no sales can be the Elk, Captain Reynolds. Capt. Curran, made in the usual manner. There are at late of the Élk, is posted into the Volage, least 700 chests now on hand at Macas, which ship is named to aeturn to Eng. that will remain, and be there when the land; Captain Reynolds was promoted new opium arrives ; as the watch and from the Doris. The Cuffnels and Royal persecution is so great, that they cannot George are hourly looked for from Pulo even remove it from the godowns in Penang; they were both there, all well, which it is lodged, to get it on board 20 days since. ship. How the matter will end it is im
BENGAL. possible to say. It appears to me, how Calcutta, July 1, 1815.-Yesterday ever, that there is but one way of getting se'nnight the Helen, Capt. Ambrose, rid of that which is expected, which is passed 'Kedgeree, from the west coast of to deliver it among the islands ; if Sumatra : the only intelligence commupeople can be found bold enough to pur nicated by her is comprised in the followchase it, and take it from the ships, which ing extract of a letter from a Gentleman I much doubt."
on board the Helen, dated Kedgeree, the • * Canton, April 11.-We have now
23d ult. :got rid of all the Company's ships, and • We are just arrived in the Heleri, Canton is dull and quiet in every sense, from the west coast of Sumatra, last from as the fate of several of the Hong mer. Annalabo, left the 5th instant, having chants is uncertain, and whether the brought back iome of her outward cargo, younger Hongs will be made bankrupt or dollars and piece goods, after a cruise of not. If the latter, I have no doubt but seven weeks on the coast from port to they will succeed in paying off their cre port. “A number of French vessels had ditors in seven years ; if the former, there been there for cargoes ; but the whole is is no saying what may be the conse line of Acheen ports are in such an unsetquence to the general trade. Some incon tled statē, owing to the King of Acheen venience is at present experienced in the being on the spot, carrying on the war to sale of opium, owing to some of the prin bring them under subjection to him, that cipal dealers having been apprehended, trade is out of the question, and tho and sentenced to be banished to Elee. people are afraid to bring their peppar The attempt to stop the use of opium can down from the hills :- a ship is not alno more be carried into effect, than an lowed to trade without the King's chop, edict for preventing the consumption of and the commander being made collector spirituous liquors in Great Britain." of the King's duties :-on this account,
Macao, July 6, 1815.-Yesterday the the ports who do not acknowledge his American schooner Trader, arrived in authority refuse to trade. The King's 108 days from Philadelphia, bringing ac feet consists of five vessels, carrying some counts of the conclusion of peace with four and others six guns, . Commodore America. In consequence, the American Fenwick is the King's Prime Minister ships Beaver, Levant, Brutus, and Lellia and naval commander ; their military Bird, which have remained here two force is sixty or seventy sepoys; they years, dismantled, are preparing for sea had besieged Sooso seven weeks, but at with cargoes for America.
last were obliged to leave it. The ship American prize made by his Majesty's Argo, on her way down the coast, run ships in this quarter, is the schooner aground on the rocks off Passage Island, Viagente, of 170 tons. She was fitted and was obliged to heave a great part of out by some Dutch agents at Batavia, her cargo overboard. The vessels on the under English colours, for a voyage to the coast belonging to this port, are the brigs N. W.coast of America. The Elk, Captain Gloucester and Helen, bound to Penang. Curran, fell in with her, bringing a cargo The Clara had just arrived and sailed to of furs from Kamschatka, ten days be the southward; and the Sultana, of fore the period prescribed for making Bombay, Capt. Kemp, with no cargo on captures had expired. We have accounts board, was left at Annalabo. The King from Manilla, of about 20 days date, of Acheen's et and army were about to when there was nothing new there. proceed down to the ports of Sabraddic They were greatly in want of specie, and and Trumain to destroy those places, had been so for a considerable time. Mr. Prince, Resident of Tapanooly, had There was much anxiety expressed for been obliged to seize on a schooner of the arrival of their galleon from South the King of Acheen, off that port, which America. The ships lying at Whampon had been committing many depredations (to the Canton river), besides the Amer- in plundering boats of all descriptions....
July 14.-Though the regular troops tance of two and three miles. They are returning from the scene of their desired not to be re-posted in the scene late operations, the corps of Sikhs still of their late defeát, which they averred remain iņ the hills. Though a handsome to be (and with some appearance of truth) race of men, they are far inferior, as sol a haunted and most unlucky place. The diers, to the Goorkbas: of this a proof loss of the chief who was killed in the was given on the 19th of March in the stockade was the chief subject of regret. stockade at Jiheend when they receiv He had, while under the command of ed å handsome lesson from the moun Lieutenant Ross, distinguished himself taineers. The Sikhs were in number on the heights above Belaspoor, and was about 1200, in a good position on the a few days previous to this disaster inS. W. bank of the Gumbha. They are vested with an lìonorary dress. tall fine looking men, armed with sabres We learn from good authority that the and matchlocks, and to use the words of Right Hon, the Governor-General, theour correspondent, on viewing their Lady Loudoun, their family, and suite, long flowing beards and large sabres, and will leave Futtigurh for the Presidency, hearing their assertions, one might think
between the 20th and 30th of this month. they would eat the devil.” The General The following is a list of the officers of had very good information of the inten
tlie General Staff, and composing the tion of Umar Sing to try to dislodge personal Staff and suite of his Excellency these people, and particular cautions were the Right Hon. the Governor-General and given them to prepare for the attack. the Commander in Chief, who are to atThis injunction they despised, under the tend his Lordship on his return by water impression that it was suggested hy a to the Presidency :-laudable desire to keep them alert. Per
General Staffi-Col, Macmahon (King's troops), haps too they thought that any extraor Adjutant-General; Col. Nicolls (King's troops), dinary precautions would have the appear Quarter-Master-General; Lieutenant-Col, Fagan,
Adjutant-General ; Lieut. Col. Paton, Quarter ance of fear, a feeling, which in the
Master: General ; Major Nicoll, Deputy-Adjutant. sequel, they evinced in no trifling degree. General; Major Casement, Deputy-Quarter-MasA party of Goorkhas, in number about ter-General ; Lieut.
, Acting Assistan
Adjutant-General. 400, descended from Maloun in the dusk
Prrsi nal Staff and Suite of his Excellency the of the evening, and approaching the Right Hon. the Governor General and Commander stockade remaineil quiet till the moon
in Chief.-Major Doyle, Military Secretary to
the Gvernor-General and Commander in Chief ; I had gone down. The Sikhs were in per Major the Hon. L. Stanhope, Aide.de-Camp to fect security, not more than 300 occupied the Governor-General and Commander in Chief; the stockade, which was intended to be
Major Forsteen, ditto ditto ; Captain Macra, ditto ;
ditio; Captain Stanhope, ditto ditto; Captain the night post of the whole párty; and Fitzclarence, ditto ditto ; Lieutenant Dwyer, the rest, like their companions on duty,
ditto dirto; Lientenant Cobhe, ditto ditto ;
Lieutenant Caldwell, ditto ditto com, the escort; enjoyed a comfortable state of repose,
Captain Stewart, Assistant Commissary General scattered about in their adjoining can and extra Aide-de-Camp to the Governor-Genetooment. The Goorkhas divided into
ral and Commander in chief ; Captain Huth
waite, Persian Interpreter : J. Hare, Esq. Surthree bodies, gave the assault. One divi
geon; Rev. J. R. Henderson, Chaplain. sion discharged a volley, another stormed On the 31st of last month, his Lordthe stockade and put the Sikhs to the ship reviewed the camel corps, under the sword, while the third fired the canton command of Major Lumsdane, at Futtiment. The surprise was complete: all gurh. The following account of this miwas flight, confusion and dismay. The litary spectacle is from the pen of an inappalling shouts of the Goorkhas, which telligent correspondent :when uttered by large bodies, and re “ His Lordship was received on his echoed by the mountains, seem fit to arrival with the usual salute. The ma“ rend hell's concave," prevented the nual and platoon exercise was then'orpossibility of any formation or attempt to dered
after which the camel-corps rally. The Sikhs within the stockade wheeled into open column of : troops, made a feeble resistance; their chief was formed column in rear of a flank troop, slain at the first onset, and 250 men felt and deployed into line. The corps then the Goorkha sabre. Of these about 60 formed a hollow square and dismounted. wretchés survived and were brought to After several discharges of musketry the Colonel Arnold's camp the next day. No men remounted, and the corps formed succour could be sent from Ruttingurh, an ambuscade in a tope, and kept up a or the adjoining posts, nor could any de surprising fire from the swivels. ’It then tachment have been useful in the dark- changed position, and performed several ness of the night and the confusion of the other cavalry evolutions, which gained fugitives, The Goorkhas burnt the great applause. " stockade, carried off the trophies, and “ During the cannon-salute, the wad were seen at the dawn of day slowly from one of the swivels struck the camel ascending to Maloun. In the course of on the head and killed him. This accithe morning, -scattered parties of the dent oceasioned some little interruption, Sikhs were seen all around at the dis. His lordship was much pleased with the Asiatic Journ_No. II.
VOL. I. 2 B