Sivut kuvina

Our camp in the Doona valley Thankote, across these hills, not was pitched on a rising ground, exceeding five miles. I incline to which, though not sufficiently ele- think, however, that what seemed vated above its bottom, to disclose to be separate ridges were in fact to us the sublime scenery of the no other than so many steps or riAlpine regions in front, was, ne sings of the same range, divided vertheless, abundantly favourable to severally by gentle sinkings bethe view of one of the most de- tween, a physical disposition which lightful prospects that occurred in I often observed in this mountainthe course of our journey, and the ous region, and which always, in a milder beauties of which I should certain point of view, exhibited the in vain attempt to describe. It appearance of so many distinct hills. must not be omitted, however, that With regard to the western extree the romantic and rural situations of mity of the Doona valley, I can some of the hamlets with which say nothing positive, because though this pleasing landscape was studded, it seemed to be partially bounded did not constitute the least striking very soon in that quarter by some of its charms; the soil of the nearer low hills crossing it in a north-west bills, as well as of the valley, ap- direction, yet the view beyond those peared to be very rich, being, it is was, for this country, uncommonly probable, mostly composed of de- distinct and extensive. But whatcayed vegetables and decomposed ever may be the western limit of lime-stone. On the eminence upon this valley, there is no doubt that which our tents stood, there was a one may travel hence to Noakote lofty Champah-tree, which mea without crossing any hills, and, sured in girth eleven feet, though consequently, turn the west point in Bengal this is a shrub of incon- of Koomhara mountain, by pro• siderable bulk. The Shujh, or milk- ceeding occasionally through the tree, also called in this country beds of rivulets...... Sukoor, grew here to a very un The whole of the way from common size.

Thankote to Noakote (excepting, The valley of Doona is divided indeed, between the former place from that of Nepaul by an irregu- and Doona-baisi, where the delar ridge of hills of no great height, scent must be rather abrupt) would which runs across the eastern head seem to be a gradual declivity lying of it, issuing apparently from that entirely through valleys and the part of the Bheerbundy mountain beds of rivers, each successively adjoining, towards the elbow form- lower than another, the valley of ed by the Chandraghiri and Doona- Noakote being deeper still than that baisi mountains. In passing from of Doona. The first part of this Khatmanda to Patn, this ridge pre- route being westerly, the middle sented the appearance of four or northerly, and the latter easterly, five separate ranges, one rising it is evidently so extremely circuit. above the other in amphitheatrical ous, as to require several days for order. If they are really distinct its performance, whereas, it is only ranges, the intervals must be very one good day's journey from Khatinconsiderable, the horizontal dis. manda to Noakote, by the direct tance, even from Pisan-keel to road over Bheerbundy mountain,

For the Asiatic Journal.


The existing disputes between the the Chinese by his Majesty's ship Viceroy of Canton and the Commit- Doris. Early in May, a boat betee of Supracargoes of the East- longing to that vessel proceeded to India Company, which the latest Whampoa, and boarded an Ameriaccounts leave unsettled, and the

ap can schooner lying in the river. proaching departure of the British This act was immediately impeached embassy to Pekin, naturally invite by the Viceroy as an unwarrantable the public curiosity concerning the injury, and reparation for it decauses of quarrel. These are given manded from the Committee. The with different circumstances, more Committee, in various discussions or less favourable to the one side or with the Hong-merchants and the the other. Upon a perusal of the chief magistrate of Macao, urged, following counterstatements, it ap- that they could not be in any way pears, that the principles of gene- answerable for the conduct of his ral maritime and municipal law are Majesty's ships, over the officers of involved in the questions to be de- which they possessed no sort of cided ; principles concerning which controul. This fair and candid the reader will probably conjecture statement appears to have at first that it must be difficult to negociate produced its due effect, and to have with a government like that of Chi. opened a prospect of a speedy adDa, at once so removed from Euro- justment of the difference. This pean habits and maxims ; so haugh- appearance of moderation was howty in its demeanour, and so substan ever of short duration. The Chitially independent on our intercourse. nese government advanced in its There seems reason even to fear, that demands, and addressed the Comthe day may not be far distant, when mittee, in a memorial explanatory of the United States of America will various supposed grievances, and find the means to unite their interests insisting on the immediate departure with the politics of China, to 'the of the Doris. Its displeasure with disadvantage of England, as they the commander of that ship was have already done, and are prepared greatly increased by a subsequent to do, with those of any enemy whom transaction, which, although adwe may possess in Europe. Where judged by it, an infraction of neushould we be, if the Court of Pekin tral rights, appears to be perfectly were to forbid the approach of our justifiable. The Arabella of Calmercbant-ships, and reduce us to cutta having been captured by the receive Chinese goods through the American privateer Rambler, was aid of United States' bottoms? proceeding with her to Whampoa,

On the one side, it is represent- when she discerned the Doris, and ed that the point upon which the took refuge in the barbour of Ma. local government at first, chiefly cao. The governor of that settlerested its complaints, was an alleged ment, agreeably to existing treaviolation of the neutral rights of ties, ordered the Arabella to quit

violation of the neutral rights of given ; but the commander at length the Portuguese limits, and sent a seemed sensible, that the American guard for her protection until bem vessels of war ought not to ride in yond them. She was immediately

a situation which enabled them to afterward boarded by the Doris, intercept and take English traders when three British subjects were while entering the river. Nevers, found on board of her. The Chi- theless, this circumstance was in. nese government construed this stantly reported to the provincial search of a prize vessel into the cap- government, in terms calculated to ture of an American in Macao roads, impose on it the belief of a serious and strictly prohibited its subjects disturbance having been created by from supplying his Majesty's ships the Doris. Several representations with provisions. It was fully ex on the subject were transmitted to plained to the officer deputed to Canton, but invariably returned uninvestigate this affair, that the Ara- opened. About the middle of Sepbella was an English vessel, captured tember, the Viceroy issued an order, during her voyage from Bengal to prohibiting all subjects of China Sumatra, and that part of the crew from entering the service of the were then on board the Rambler, British resident in the factory, and by which she had been taken. To enjoining punishment on all persons the demand of the Viceroy for the violating this institution. In reply removal of the ships of war the. to this vexatious and unmanly regu. Committee urged, that the measure, lation, the Committee stated that for could not be resorted to, without more than a hundred years, the serendangering the fate of many va-, vants employed in the factory were luable Indiamen, and private traders chiefly Chinese, and that the factory hourly arriving in the river; which, houses were incapable of containing if deprived of protection, would im- the number of Europeans requisite mediately fall a sacrifice to nume for the due performance of the varous American privateers on the rious duties of the factory. These station. They further insisted, that and some other representations were it was manifestly unjust to admit made in the Chinese language, and American privateers, some of them. immediately after presentation refilled with prize-goods, without turned unopened by the Viceroy, question or demur, while English with a declaration, that he would vessels of war were excluded from receive addresses from the English, all the privileges of the port. Mean- only in their native language. To while, the Doris, while conveying the adoption of this practice a most two English vessels up the Bocca, serious objection presents itself; for and protecting them from the at it is evident, that the sole reason tacks of four American privateers for the Viceroy desiring all papers lying there, was fired at by the Chie addressed to him to be couched in nese ships of war. Capt. O'Brien, English, is that he may be enabled, having answered their fire from one through the medium of false transgun without shot, and boarded the lations, to forward to Pekin partial Chinese ship, demanded an expla- and garbled accounts of their connation of this unprovoked insult. tents. To add to these insults, and At first, no satisfactory answer was glaring marks of contemptuous disAsiatic Journ.-No. 1.

Vol. I.


respect, the police-magistrate, act- Canton within four days. These ing by the Viceroy's order's, violated orders were however suspended, that the privileges of the factory, by a final attempt at adjustment might suddenly and without previous no be made by the mission of Sir G. tice, entering its precincts. Imme. Staunton. Having failed in this, diately after this, all intercourse the Committee acted on their orders between the Company's ships at on the 27th October. In the beginWhampoa and those of his Majesty ning of November, Sir G. Staunton, at Chumpee was vigorously en- who, during the whole of the negoforced; boats proceeding up or ciations had acted as the represendown the river were stopt, and se tative of the Company, left Canton, veral English ships, provided with accompanied by all the British subregular port clearances, were fired at jects, the English colours and ships, by Chinese men of war. But the and the treasure. Previously to fesentment of the Committee ap- departing, he left with the local pears to have been roused to the

government a sealed letter, to be greatest pitch by the seizure of a forwarded to the Imperial Court at person bearing a box with the Prince Pekin. This bold and decisive step, Regent's portrait, sent out by the together with the receipt of the Court of Directors to his Excellency letter which it was unsafe either to the late Viceroy of Canton, who, transmit or intercept, intimidated while in office, had distinguished the Viceroy ; who, dreading a defalhimself by kindness to the English. cation of the revenue and the conIt was by them suspected, that the sequent displeasure of his royal Viceroy had ordered this person to master, immediately deputed the be apprehended, in the hope of Hong-merchants to follow Sir G. forcing from him the avowal of some Staunton, and re-open the conferpretended conspiracy on their part, They reached him after be against the safety of the Chinese had crossed the second bar, and, af. empire. This conjecture does not ter producing the Viceroy's instrucseem ill-founded, when it is remem tions, prevailed on him to returi. bered, that at this time, the Viceroy This happened about the middle of contemplated an open rupture, and November, at which period the was willing to show that he was written documents stop.

Some justifiable in adopting these mea- important concessions were subsesures of hostility against the Eng- quently made by the Viceroy; the lisb.-After mature deliberation on most momentous of which seems to these and numerous other instances be, an acknowledgment of the right of oppression, all of which betrayed of the Company's servants to write a striking hostility to the English, their chops, or official letters, in the and strong partiality for the Ame- Chinese language. On the other ricans ; and after making various band, it is understood, that the Comineffectual trials to be heard by mittee withdrew their interference the Viceroy, the Committee de. in the affair of the Chinese wbo termined on appealing to his Im- bad been seized by the local governperial Majesty; and, accordingly, ment, and who, it is believed, was in the beginning of October, issued afterward put to death. Still later orders for all British subjects to quit advices, however, are less favour


able. An answer to the Commit a button of high rank,* for the sum of two tee's memorial to the Emperor has

thousand'five hundred tales, orthereabout : been received, in which the English Mandarins at the time.—In consequence

--this however was not known to the are charged with litigiousness, their of the mission he has ever since been commerce reproached with unprofit- looked on by the Mandarins with a susableness, and their departure from picious eye. China pointed out as the most easy

His arrest followed soon after this; and,

on examining his house, the button that way of remedying their pretended

he had purchased at Pekin was found. grievances.

It also appeared, that he had six wives, It is in the manner described, that and twelve other women, belonging to his the discussions are stated by the ser- establishment, beside a retinue of servants of the Company. But the

vants, &c. wholly unsuited to a person of private British traders at Canton, cused of keeping them for the use of fo

his low condition. He was therefore aca third party in this case, yet not reigners. The purchase of a button, by a the more entitled to implicit belief, person that has ever been in a menial endeavour to place the subject in a capacity, is a high crime according to the different light. The following is Chinese laws; but, beside this charge,

there were others of a treasonable nature part of a letter from a merchant resident at Canton :

brought against him; such as obtaining

copies of official papers from the public Canton, Nov. 10.--Here is a business! records, and giving them to the English --the whole British trade with China is mcrimes that it is said have been fully completely at an end,--for many months proved, and for the commission of which at least. . I have put off writing to you he has forfeited his head. The Comuntil the very last moment, that I may mittee, I believe, set out with demanding give you the latest and best intelligence. that he should be delivered up to them ; The Supracargoes have been negociating but, finding the Mandarins determined, with the Chinese, ever since the depar- and knowing that their grounds were ture of the Emma; and Sir G. Staunton,

untenable, soon changed them, and refinding that he could make nothing of quired that they should give a chop or them, left town last night with Sir Theo- writing, stating that he was not to be philus Metcalfe and Mr. Davis, the only pnnished in consequence of any concerns members of the factory that were up here. with the English. This the Mandarins The causes of complaint and subjects of would not consent to do, and the result remonstrance on their part, are said to is that they are at variance. The Combe numerous; but, I believe, none have mittee stopped all the Company's trade come under discussion, as the point, on

from the first, and prevented all countrywhich they have split with the Manda- ships, as well as those of the Company, rins, is said to relate solely to a Chinese, from coming higher up than Lintin and of the name of Ayen, that has recently Chumpee-during the negociation the been arrested, andcondemned to death by business of the ships at Whampoa has the people in power here. He was for- been occasionally interrupted by the merly a servant to the foreigners that fre Chinese-but, three days ago, a Mandarin quent this place, and was made a linguist was sent down to board them, and say, about three years ago, and sent the sea that the trade was open to them, and all son before last to Pekin, on a mission to others that chose to come there, and a Mandarin who is one of the Emperor's conduct themselves in conformity with privy-counsellors, and who, some years

the Chinese laws and customs. The port back, was viceroy of the province, and is certainly as free now to all nations as thought to be friendly to the English. it ever has been ; and the Company's He was there arrested, admonished, and people might trade if they liked, but say sent back with the presents that he car they will not, unless the Chinese give in ried, after committing a most egregious

* A ball or button, attached to the act of folly, namely, that of purchasing honorary part of the Chinese costume,

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