Sivut kuvina
PDF
ePub

tween these several streams and the many other commodities I have Boora-Gunduçk, by means of ca “ not yet got the knowledge of.?' nals, and the nature of the soil, so It must be owned, however, that well adapted to the easy execution this is an exaggerated account of the of such a work, it will be evident natural riches of the Turrye disthat there are no difficulties opposed tricts. The quantity of gold dust by nature to the accomplishment of found in the Gunduck, and other so useful an object, which an active rivers in this quarter (for mines are and intelligent government might totally out of the question), is very not speedily remove. Attempts have inconsiderable, though it is preheretofore been made to transport tended that the sanctified stones fir or pine-trees from different parts called Salligrams contain that preof the Nepaul, and even of the cious metal. Rolilcund Turrye, but they have At Hettowra there is a grove of always failed, because a mountain very fine Saul-trees, in which we ous country, as well as rapid and pitched our tents; there are but rocky rivers, opposed their success. few pines in the environs of this In the quarter here pointed out, we town ; nor do they abound greatly meet with every thing calculated on the banks of the Rapti, as you to encourage the undertaking, viz. proceed up its course. The mineral vicinity to a navigable river passing contents of the hills through which over the borders of Chemparun, a this river descends appear to be vaforest by no means much elevated rious. We collected many stones ; above the subjacent country, and and some ores in the bed of it in: the declivity, such as it is, being dicated the presence of iron, copgentle : communicating streams, per, and other metals. Among neither rocky nor rapid, and the others was a stone which appeared means of reducing the land-carriage to be an ordinary iron ore, but of considerably, if not of precluding which I was told they made a magthe necessity of it altogether. net by wrapping it up in a fresh buf

Sir Robert Barker wrote to Lord faloe bide, and depositing it in this Clive in 1766, concerning the pro

state, for a certain time, in the ductions of the tract in question, as earth. I transmitted to Mr. Blake follows :

specimens of all the metallic ores Bettyah (be meant the north- and fossils we met with, both in this

ern parts, or Nepaul borders) and other situations, but he has not “ will, I think, be of considerable yet had leisure to examine them

consequence to the Company ; its with attention. The natural pro« firs will afford masts for all the ductions of the vegetable kingdom

ships in India, which must pro- most common between Hettowra “ duce a new and considerable and Bhimpore, are the Saul, Sissoo, 66 trade with the other nations in and Simul trees; the nettle, wild “ India, as well as advantage to our wormwood, raspberries, and mul

own shipping. Gold and cinna. berries ; we also found here a cu• mon are also here (the latter we rious shrub called Khaksi, the leaf

gather in the jungles); timbers of which answers the purpose of “ as large as any I have seen, musk, emery, or sand-paper, giving a fine " and elephants' teeth, besides polish to the barder woods. Asiatic Journ.-No. 1.

VOL. I. F

AN ACCOUNT OF THE SEYCHELLE ISLANDS AND BANK,

AND ADMIRALTY ISLANDS. As very little is generally known must warp or tow in, should you relative to the Seychelle Islands, not have a leading wind. 'and as their interest and import Three only of the islands are in. ance to England is considerably in- habited, Mahé, Praslin, and La creased by the Treaty of Peace of Digue. 1814, we have great satisfaction in Mahé, named after Monsieur subjaining an accurate account of Mahé de la Bourdonnais, is the them, taken on a survey in the largest, most populous, and of year 1811, by a most intelligent course best cultivated of the whole and enterprizing officer of His Ma- it is sixteen or seventeen miles in jesty's Navy:

length, and generally about four This archipelago derives its name broad. It lias two good harbours ; from Monsieur Moreau de Sey- that of Mahé on the N.E. side of thelle, a principal officer of the the island, where is the principal, French East-India Coinpany at the indeed, the only village, and the time of its discovery, and consists residence of the commandant ; and of about a dozen small islands, and another on the S.W. side, both peras many more islets and rocks, fectly secure. Its population ascattered upon a large coral and mounts to about 2,648 persons. sand bank, extending S. E. and Praslin (from the minister of that N. W. full seveoty leagues ; its name), is the next island, in size breadth various, being broadest to and population, to that of Mahé ; the N.W., wbere it may be about and it has an excellent barbour on thirty leagues ; and thence gradual- its north side, sheltered by the Isle ly diminishing to the S.E., where Curieuse. The population of this it does not exceed as many miles. island amounts to about 261 per: There are soundings and anchorage sons. on almost every part of it, the for. La Digue, so called from a ship mer very irregular, but, generally of that name, has only seventy-one speaking, between twelve and forty inhabitants. fathoms, except on the eastern edge, These three islands are high and in the parallel of the middle of rocky, and, generally speaking, Mabé, where there is only seven poor, steril, and barren, save only and a half, and on the western limit, where a small valley or sheltereď in the latitude of Silhauet, where glen may have secured the soil from there is only three fathoms and a being washed down its steep

declihalf; at least, less than that has vities, by the heavy rains, in the pot yet been discuvered. There are scarcely any dangers on it that There are about six decked vesdo not show themselves.

sels belonging to the inhabitants' of : The harbour of Mahé is very these islands ; the largest about good, and no sea nor wind can hurt eighty, and the smallest about twenyou, when in the entrance; to the ty tons; by means of which they inner harbour it is Darrow, and you exchange their productions'with the

wet season.

inhabitants of the Isles of France weighing about 300 pounds, and the and Bourbon, and trade to Mada islands are not capable of producing gascar and the Mozambique coast, more than twenty per cent. above and occasionally to either coast of this, nor are they capable of proIndia.

ducing any thing else as a matter of To give an idea of the present commerce.

The inhabitants have state of the population and cultiva. begun to plant coffee, and will have tion of these islands, at one view, sufficient for their own consumption I transcribe a general return for in twelve or eighteen months; there the last year :

it must rest, as it never can be an White Population.-Men, 97 ;

article of exportation, Cloves and Women, 59; Boys, 107; Girls,

cinnamon thrive here uncommonly 77

340 well, and, were there any soil to Free People of Colour.—Men, plant them in, would turn to ac18; Women, 39; Boys, 54 ;

count. Girls, 30

141

There are no kitchen vegetables Slaves, Males, 3,533; Females, 2,533 .

6,066
here of

any kind, unless you so call

the sweet potatoes of Mameck, or Total...,.. 6,547

some bad French-beans. There is Cultivation. Acres in provisions,

no reason for this, but the negli2,432;

ditto in cotton, 2,720; ditto in gence of the inbabitants, and the sugar canes, 220 ; total, 5,372.-Feet in little intercourse they have with the coffee, 4,000; ditto in cloves, 3,000; world, which renders them extreme total, 7,000.

ly indifferent about most comforts Cattle, &c. — Horned cattle, 300 ;

of this kind. sheep, 200; goats, 150; hogs, 800; total, 1,450, Besides turkeys, geese, ducks,

Fruit does not appear to be plenfowls, pigeons, vegetables and fruit in tiful or good ; pine apples, plan, great abundance.

tains, and bad mangoes seem to be You may purchase stock at the the principal; there are a few grapes following prices : four fowls a and a few melons: this must be Spanish dollar ; two ducks a Spa- owing to the extreme indolence of nish dollar ; eight turkeys for twelve the inhabitants. dollars ; a sheep for four to six There is some very good wood dollars. Good beef was killed and for furniture and different purposes, sold, ten pounds, for one Spanish such as have building, sheathing for dollar.

ships, and shipbeams, all of which These islands do not appear fit would be at a very moderate price, for the cultivation of any article of but for the difficulty of transporting export but cotton, and but for very it out amongst the rocks to the little of that. There is not an acre water side. of level ground upon the whole Turtle are all large, in general island, and hardly any soil ; it is about five to six hundred weight; all mountainous, full of rocks and the price of these is five dollars each, trees, and the heavy rains wash smaller ones three each, but there down the mountains the principal is no demand for them ; were they part of the mould.

wanted in quantity, you would have The annual produce of cotton occasion to give them some days upon Mahé and Praslin at present notice to catch them. is about 350 to 400 bales, each bale The inhabitants say, that they

used to have very fine land-turtles, coming to settle at these islands in great abundance, but that they was, to live retired from the world, are nearly all consumed, and only and gain a bare existence ; some of now and then can be got, two or them unfortunate, and had lost all three at a time.

their property, and were disgusted Oysters are here in abundance, with the world. After remaining and the inhabitants say they are some time, they found the cottonvery wholesome, but they are too plant grow very luxuriant, and have small to take the trouble to eat carried on the cultivation of it to a them; they are picked off small certain extent; and some of them trees within the flood mark ; there now have from 150 to 200 slaves are likewise sea-crabs here, very at work, and will be soon men of large, but not very good.

fortune. The climate is such that Tortoise shell, there is a few they have little occasion for clothes ; pounds to be picked up occasional their principal wants are some white ly, but not sufficient to consider it cloth and some blue dungaree, or as an article of commerce.

blue cloth (Pondicherry). The slaves These islands have been inha

wear nothing but a small piece of bited about forty years, and the old blue cloth ; I should think one yard ést inhabitant says, that he does would serve them a year ; they pay not remember a gale of wind : it is no kind of respect to dress ; you a phenomenon unknown to them; will see the most respectable athey therefore afford security, at amongst them going without shoes, particular season of the year, to and some of them with half-shoes vessels that might be otherwise ex tied on their feet with strings : all posed to the destructive hurricanes this is from custom, and having no off the Isles of France and Bourbon. communication with the world.

Cuts and even gun-shot wounds Notwithstanding, the people in heal uncommonly well here, and general live very well, are rather the climate, though necessarily hot, hospitable, and have abundance at from its proximity to the equator, their tables ; but it is chiefly the may be reckoned very healthy. produce of their own plantations. 1. The inhabitants have very few That these islands were of great wants, and are in general very poor; importance to France, while that they have no money, and the little power possessed those of France traffic they bave is carrying on in and Bourbon, there cannot be the cotton, at so many pounds to the least doubt, not only as affording dollar ; consequently, they do not facilities for the annoyance of our care about selling it, and there is trade in the East, but, also, as only two or three inhabitants that being admirably placed to keep up can collect it in any quantity, and a constant communication between they are the only people that ever those islands and the Court of Percan realize property upon these sia, if the latter should, at any time, islands. It seems of little conse have entered into the hostile views quence to them, as I do not think of our enemy, against the British there are any five men of the whole power. But, that any

material ad: who have an idea of ever quitting vantages are likely to accrue, either the island. The principal people to the colony of the Isle of France, bere say, their only reason for or to Great Britain in general,

from intercourse with or possession could spare, to ships in distress, of the Seychelle Islands, other than about twenty bullocks, and about that of keeping the enemy out of sixty sheep ; it would take some them, I cannot possibly foresee. years to replace the latter. ADMIRALTY ISLANDS.

Poultry.-One hundred dozen of Before I close, I shall beg leave ducks, fowls, and turkeys might be to call your attention to the Admi- procured here. There are no other ralty Islands, lying a small distance animals of any kind upon these to the S.W. of Seychelle Islands. islands, but rats, which are in a.

This groupe is so exceedingly ill bundance; there is no game of any placed in all charts, both with res

kind, and but few birds ; pigeons, pect to longitude, and their bear- doves and perroquets, seem the prinings from each other, that no vessel cipal. There is no wheat grows in ‘can navigate the sea with safety in these islands; they raise Indian that neighbourhood; whereas, if a corn, cassada-root, and a sufficient couple of small schooners were quantity of rice, just to supply their employed by Government a few own wants, and feed their slaves ; 'months, in surveying them, their but I do not think at

any
time

yoự actual position would be easily as could purchase ten bags of rice : certained; and, if an European the whole of the inhabitants might vessel, in consequence of such sur collect ten thousand pounds weight vey, be preserved from shipwreck, in grain, out of their different more than the expense of the sur stores, to ships in distress. vey (independent of preserving There is a great variety of fish at men's lives) will have been saved. all these islands, and seemingly

Live Cattle. - There are about two very fine ; salt is very scarce, con'hundred head of bullocks and about sequently they are only for immeone hundred sheep ; the inhabitants

[ocr errors]

diate use.

SAN-YU-LOW;

[ocr errors]

OR, THE THREE DEDICATED ROOMS. A. Tale, translated from the Chinese, by, J. F. Davies, Esq. of the

Honourable Company's China Establishment. [The Editor has great pleasure in intro longs, the tale is eminently charac

ducing to the readers of the Asiatic teristic; and the value of such works,

Journal the following translation from i as picture national manners, has tog - the Chinese, by Mr. J. F. Davies, son often been asserted, to be argued here.

of Samuel Davies, Esq. the Director, The succeeding portions of the “ Three The translation places the talents and Dedicated Rooms,” will follow in un. industry of Mr. Davies in a favourable interrupted order.) point of view, and is in itself a lauda

Section 1. ble example of useful zeal, in a gen· tleman placed on the Chinese Estab- ARGUMENT.-The garden and pavilion - lishment, to become acquainted with are sold before they are finished. The

the language of the country. As a purchasers greedily desire to possess romance of the people to wbom it be the whole property.

« EdellinenJatka »