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fortune to others; do you then go and poor ; nor did my immediate predeces recognize it, and thereby save the man's sors accumulate any thing. I, therefore, life."

cannot unjustly lay claim to the treasure; Ke-woo answered, “ There is some- for by so doing, I should acquire a bad thing more to be said on this subject.

There must be something else in Such an idle story as this, is not fit for this affair ; nor is it necessary to assert the mouth of a respectable personage ;

that it is a hord accumulated by a nest of and when I talk about a white rat to the thieves. I entreat, Sir, that you will Höen, who knows but he will suspect still continue a clear investigation, and that I covet that large sum of money ; 'effect a decision of the business. If you and not liking to take it myself, have can bring the crime home to the prisoner trumped up this story, in order to im- Tang, then well and good. pose upon simple people. Besides, nei

The Hëen said, “ At the period when ther was this white rat seen by the eyes your father departed this life,* you your, of my father, nor was this idle story re- self, Sir, were still a child, and therelated by my father's mouth. The more frre, perhaps could not be fully acI consider it, the more empty does it ap- quainted with former circumstances. pear; it may indeed be called the dream

Why should we not ask your mother, of an ideot. If this were the property whether or not, before the property was of my family, my father should ha disposed of, she heard of any thing partiit ; or how happened it, that I myself cular ?" perceived nothing of the kind, but that

Kee-woo answered, “ I have already it should appear to another? The busi

asked my mother, but she talks a little at ness is entirely without foundation ;

random;

and I never heard it from my there is no occasion to believe it. Still, father. As I am now, Sir, speaking behowever, it will be proper to consult with

fore you, it is not proper for me to talk the Hëen, and to clear up this doubtful idly. I will therefore, keep it to myself.” case, in order to save a guiltless plebeian. The Hëen, hearing this, pressed him to This will be acting like a virtuous officer. speak out; but Ke-woo was determined Just as he had done speaking, a servant

to say nothing. suddenly announced that the Hëen had

His mother was fortunately standing arrived to pay his respects.

Ke-woo

behind the screen, and wishing sincerely said, “ I was just wishing to see him ;

to do a good action, desired her steward make haste, and request that he will

to go out, and taking the story in questicome in,” When the Hëen had paid his

on, recount it minutely for his master, respects, and talked a little on general

When the Hëen heard it, he considered subjects, he waited not till Ke-woo had

silently for some time, and then said to opened his mouth, but took up the doubtful affair, and requested his instruction, in and ask, where is the dwelling house

the steward, “I will trouble you to go saying, “ Tang such a one,* the possessor

of him who saw the white rat; whether of the hoard, has again and again been closely examined, but the truth could not

he is at present alive or not; whether huis be obtained. He yesterday made a depo- family is rich or poor ; on what terms of sition saying, that the place, where the intimacy was your master with him durhoard was discovered, originally belonged ing his life time ; and whether they were to your family; and that, therefore, the in the habit of rendering each other mutreasure must have been left by your an

tual assistance? I have to request that. cestors. I accordingly came, in the first

your lady will speak with precision ; as place, to pay my respects ; and secondly

the present day's inquiry may serve in the to request your instructions, not know. place of a formal trial; and, perhaps, in ing whether such be the case or not."

the course of the discussion, this obscure Ke-woo said, “ My family, for several

case may be cleared up." successive generations, has been very

The steward went in for a while, and

• The Héen was acquainted with merely his Sing, or his surname, which, among the Chinese is always, placed before the Ming or the Tsze, the name or the epithet. He therefore, said, Tang mow, « Tang such a one."

The Chinese, like the ancient Romans, have a superstitious aversion to mentioning any per. son's death in direct terms. The expression here used, is Sëen she, « to pass over to immortality, or become immortal,”.

coming back, answered, My mistress Ke-woo said, “What are your reasons says, that the person who saw the white for so doing? I still have to intreat, Sir, rat was from afar; and lived in such a

that you will make the matter clear to Foo, and such a Hëen.

He is not yet

me." The Hëen answered, “ These dead, and his fortune is very large. He twenty pieces of treasure were neither is a man of great virtue, who sets a small left by your ancestors, nor were they value on riches, and was on terms of stolen by the prisoner Tang. The fact is strictest friendship with my former mas

just this.

That excellent personage ter. Seeing that he had sold his plea- wished to redeem the property for your sure ground, and that he must hereafter father ; but as your father possessed a part with his rooms, he wanted to pro- very independent disposition, and tenaciduce the money and redeem it for him. ously refused, his friend on this account As my former master would not consent, deposited the money, conferring it on his friend therefore went no farther. him as the means of redeeming the proThe words in question are those he utter- perty hereafter. As he could not tell him ed at the period of his departure.” The this plainly, he pretended the agency of Hëen having considered a little, directed some spirit; with the idea that, having the steward to go in and ask, saying, waited till he was gone, your father would “ Did he, after your lord's death, come dig up the treasure. When he came to to pay his vows to the deceased, and then

pay honours to the deceased, seeing that meet with your ladyship? Pray mention he had not recovered the pleasure-ground, any expression which you might have heard but had also sold his dwelling, your friend him utter."

then knew that the treasure was in the The steward went in, and returned, hands of the enemy, and was vexed saying, “ When my master had been beyond measure.

At his departure, dead for upwards of ten years, his friend therefore, he left an anonymous, petition, then knew of it, and came on purpose to with the intention of waiting till the fapay honours to his memory. Seeing that mily was broken, and the property disthe apartments were sold, he was very persed. As the truth is now plain, your much surprised ; and asked, “ After my

original possessions ought to be restored, departure, did you obtain that unlooked

and presented back to you, . What is for treasure (which I predicted) ? My there to say against this?" mistress answered, that indeed they did Ke-woo Laving beard this, though in .not obtain it. He then sighed, and said,

his heart he applauded him, still had an “It is a fine thing for those who bought objection to the measure, from the susthe property. Deceitful in their hearts, picion which might accrue. He did not and contriving plots to get possession of wish to thank the Hëen in too great a the buildings, they have acquired wealth

hurry; but making him a bow, said, which they did not deserve. By and by, that “ he had formed an excellent conhowever, they will meet with an unlook

clusion, and must be possessed of admied for calamity.A very few days after rable wisdom. That though Lung-too* his departure, some persons brought an himself were to re-appear, he could not accusation against the family of Tang, equal this. At the same time, (said hey) and gave rise to this business.

My mis

though you conclude this treasure must tress constantly praised and admired him, have been left by our generous friend, still saying " That he was one who could see

there are no persons to bear witness to into futurity.”

it, and it is not well for me to put in a The Hëen having heard thus far, claim rashly. I intreat, Sir, that you laughed heartily, and going towards the will keep it in your treasury, to supply screen, made a low how, saying, “ Many the wants of the people during famine." thanks to your ladyship for your instruc- While he was still declining the accepttion, which has enabled me, a dull magis

ance of it, a servant came in, with a red trate, to make out this extraordinary ticket in his hand, and in a whisper, anbusiness. There is no necessity for fur- nounced to his master, saying, “the perther inquiry." I will trouble yonr messenger to bring a receipt, and will then * A famous magistrate of ancient times. Lungo send the twenty pieces of treasure to your

too-ta-heo-sze was his title ; his real name being

Paou-wanching. He is now deified, and has tem. house."

ples to his memory.

19

On ac

son of whom you have just now been barrassment, he said in answer, How talking,* is at the door. He says that should such a rustic as I perform any act be has come from the distance of above a. of great virtue!

What, Şir, can you thousand Lent to pay his respects to my mean by your question ?" mistress. As the Hëen is present, I Ke-woo said, “ Some expressions resought not to announce him; but since pecting a white rat, were heard to prohe is acquainted with the business, and ceed, Sir, from your mouth. has arrived at a very lucky moment, I count of a certain suspicious affair, they therefore let you know, Sir, as you may were going to impute the crime of har. wish to request his entrance for the pur

bouring thieves, to a worthy person. As pose of questioning him." Ke-woo re

I could not bear this, I requested the joiced greatly, and informed the Hëen.

Höen to set him at liberty. While we The latter was ready to dance with joy,

were talking about it, we, by degrees, and desired that he might quickly be re

got a clue to the subject: but, since we quested to enter.

are not certain, whether the story of the He appeared to be a venerable person- white rat be true or false, we have to age, with a round face, and white locks.

request a word from you, Sir, to setHe paid his respects to his friend, but tle it." only slightly regarded the Hëen, who was

The old gentleman determinedly rea stranger to him; and having made a

fused, and would not speak; till a mesbow, advanced onward, saying, “ The

sage came from the lady, begging him to object of my coming to-day, was to see

give up all the truth, in order that a worthe wife of my deceased friend.

I came

thy person might be exculpated. He then not to court the rich and powerful ; nor

laughed, and taking the circumstances do your affairs concern me, a person from

which had been profoundly secreted in the country. I presume not to visit you;

his breast for upwards of twenty years, so shew me the way into the house, that

let the whole out. They agreed, to a I may go and see the lady.”

tittle, with what the Hëen had said. Ke-woo said, “ As my venerable friend Having directed the people to bring the has come from a distance, it is not right treasure, in order that they might exato treat him as a visitor. Since the Hëen, mine the letters and marks upon its surhowever, is concerned in a difficult affair, face; all these particulars agreed exand wants to ask you some questions; actly. and as it is a great occurrence to find The Hëen and Ke-woo admired the old you here, we intreat you will not object

gentleman's great virtues ; Ke-woo expato sitting down for a moment."

tiated with the old gentleman,' on the The old gentleman hearing these words, penetrating genius of the Hëen ; while made his obeisance and sat down. The the Hëen, again, with the old gentleman, Hëen took some tea with him ; and then, dealt' out their praises on the conduct of bowing, said, “ About twenty years since, Ke-woo, who had conferred benefits inyou performed, Sir, an act of great vir- stead of cherishing resentment.

« Such tue. No person at first knew of it. It

actions as these,” said they, “ would be has just now fallen to my lot to bring the hereafter talked of far and wide ; one matter to light. With respect to that might know this without divination.” treasure, which was given to your friend,

They went on with their praises of each without the least notice, except by some other without ceasing; and the attendreference to the agency of spirits, pray, ants who were present put their hands Sir, was not you the author of it ?".

to their mouths in order to repress their When the old gentleman heard this, he laughter, saying, that “ The Hëen had was taken by surprise, and for some time issued orders to apprehend him, who had did not speak; having recovered his em- presented the anonymous petition. Now,

when he had found him out, instead of This servant must have waited at the conference. It is customary among the Chinese to have

giving him a beating, he was sitting down a number of attendants present on all occasions

and conversing with him. This was quite of ceremony.

a new thing !"...ple is to. Sinn. of to * In the Maps of China, drawn by the Jesuits,

When the Hëen returned to his office, 250 Le are allowed to a degree.

he sent a messenger to deliver the twen.

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mourn."

MORAL

ty pieces of treasure, as well as to procure band and wife, having engraved a tablet, a receipt for the same. Ke-woo, how- wishing him long life, took it home and ever, would not receive it. He wrote back made offerings to it. Though they could a letter to the Hëen, requesting that he not prevail upon him to receive them into would give this money over to the family his service, they recognised him as their of Tang, and redeem the property with master. They not only endeavoured to it. That, in the first place, this would recompense his past favours, but also be fulfilling the intentions of his father; wanted every body to know that they secondly, it wonld accord with the belonged to the family of Yu; for then wishes of his generous friend; and last- no person would venture to molest them. ly it would enable Tang's family to pur- In order to remember these circumstanchase some other residence. Thus, neither ces, every one had a stanza of verses, the the givers, nor the receivers, would be object of which was to advise persons of injured in the least.

opulence, not to be contriving schemes All parties praised such unexampled for the acquirement of their neighbours" generosity. The Hëen, in compliance property. The lives were to this effect. with the words of the letter, released the “ By want compellid he sold his house and land, prisoner Tang from his confinement, and

Both house and land, and purchasers, return;

Thus profit ends the course by virtue plann'd, delivering to him the original price, re

While envious plotters their misfortunes ceived from him the two deeds, by which the property had been sold. A messenger being sent off with these, the plea- The clear judgment of the Hëen, the sure-ground, and the apartments, were disinterested generosity of the old friend, delivered into the possession of their and the moderation of Kee-woo, in live original master.

ing retired, without cherishing resentOn the same day, in the highest of the ment, are all three deserving of everlast“ Three Dedicated Rooms,” he offered ing remembrance. Those who are maup wine, in token of gratitude to heaven; gistrates ought to make the Hëen their saying, Thus amply has my father's example: Country gentlemen ought to virtue been rewarded ; thus bitter has take a lesson of Ke-woo. Those people, been the recompense of Tang's crimes. however, who possess great wealth, O ! how is it, that men are afraid of vir- should not altogether copy the old friend, tue ; or how is it, that they delight in because his conduct in presenting the being vicious !"

anonymous petition, cannot be held forth Tang Yo-chuen's son and his wife for imitation. As to the actions of such made out a deed, as before, delivering up generous friends hitherto but very few their persons, and, together with the are worthy to be imitated. Those few price of the house, which they had re- whose conduct can be recommended, have ceived from the Hëen, offered it to Ke- been men of justice. With respect, then, woo, intreating that he would accept of to such generous friends, the difference, their services for the remainder of their between those who are just, and those "lives. Ke-woo resolutely refused the who are only generous, consists, in the acceptance ; but at the same time quieted conduct of the one being worthy of imithem with kind words. Then the hus- tation, and that of the others not.

For the Asiatic Journal.

A DISCOURSE Delivered to the Literary and Scientific Society at Java, on the 10th of

September, 1815, * BY THE HON. THOMAS STAMFORD RAFFLES, PRESIDENT. GENTLEMEN,A series of domestic that, until the present hour, I have felt afflictions, alas! but too well known to myself every way unequal to the trying you all, have followed in such quick suc- task of announcing to you the death of our cession the melancholy event which it late noble and enlightened patron, the was long since my duty to communicate, Earl of Minto ; an event so uulooked for and so painfully calamitous in its immedi- the present condition of its inbabitants, ate effects, that, to use the energetic as well as to deduce plans for their pro-, language of Mr. Muntinghe, “ it ob- gress and advancement in civilization and liged us, as it were, to close our lips be- happiness.* fore the Almighty !”

It is only during the late periods of the Strong, and extensive in their opera- European establishments, that Banca tion, were the ties which attached that has attracted notice. The discovery of poble person to this colony—to the whole the tin-mines about the twelfth year of community of Java—and especially to our the last century, first gave it celebrity 3 society! A tender and parental care for but we can only date the commencement the island of Java was publicly declared of scientific investigation, or European on different occasions, and proofs of it controul, from the time of its cession to were received. The European commu- the British government, in 1812. The nity was saved by his humanity, and on Dutch government, it is true, set on foot, his responsibility; for the native admi- at different periods; and some account of nistration, principles on which the whole the population and produce of the counof the present structure has been raised, try is contained in the earlier volumes of were laid down ; and, in every instance, our transactions; but those views being the wish was evinced, to employ the suc- confined to commercial objects, and the cesses of war as much in favour of the despotic sway of the native government conquered as of the conqueror.

of Palambang still remaining absolute, It would not be proper, on this occasion, but little was known of the country, beto enter into particulars; but who does yond the extent of the produce in tim not gratefully recollect the general tenor which it could annually export.+ of his Lordship’s conduct and demeanour In aid of the geographical description, while in Java, administering assistance and to point out the places referred to in with his own hands to the maimed and the descriptions of the mines, and in the wounded among the enemy; setting, in detail of the mineralogical and botanical the midst of his victories, an example of remarks, Dr. Horsefield has constructed moderation, and of simplicity of manners; the outlines of a map, on which are laid dever missing an opportunity of doing down the principal rivers, the mountains even a momentary good; and conciliat

and ridges of hills, with the settlements ing, by these means, the mind of the pub. of the Malays and Chinese, and the local lic in such a degree, that enemies were subdivisions adopted by the original inharendered friends, and that the names of bitants. conqueror and subduer were lost in those After completing a detailed geographiof protector and liberator.

cal account of the island, and furnishing Having paid this humble tribute to the statistic tables of the population and promemory of our departed patron, I pro- duce, Dr. Horsefield proceeds to a narraceed to notice those scientific and literary tive of the mineralogical appearances, as acquisitions which have either resulted explanatory of the constitution of the from the inquiries set on foot by the So

* The island of Banca intended in the text, ciety, or have otherwise fallen under its

lies off the north-eastern coast of Sumatra, opobservation, since I had last the honour

posite the mouth of the river Palambang, and of publicly addressing you.

forms the eastern shore of the straits called after BANCA.

its name. It is estimated at one hundred and At that period, Dr. Horsefield had just

thirty miles in length, by thirty-five in average

brcadth. Banca is also the name of a very small commenced, under the instructions of island, surrounded by a cluster of islands still government, his laborious researches in smaller, lying off the north eastern extremity of

Celebes.-Edit. Banca. We have since seen those exer

+ The tin-mines in Banca are said to have tions brought to a close; and I have to

been discovered in 1610, through the accidental report a collection of the most complete burning of a house. Former writers have described information regarding the position, geo

them as worked by a colony of Chinese, of twenty. logical structure and natural productions tion of the Rajah of Palambang, but for the ac

five thousand persons, under the nominal direcof that important island: the state of count and benefit of the Dutch company, which society has not been omitted in that in- endeavoured to monopolize the trade, and ac

tually obtained two millions of pounds annually. vestigation ; and satisfactory data have

The island and mines, according to some, were been furnished, from which to estimate taken possession of by the British in 1819.-Edita

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