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And made the wanton spring more gay Some wound inflicting or some smart, With fascination's frenzied lay,

That stole, but ask me not, whose Soft chanting to the scented gale

heart. (h) Songs of the rose and nightingale.

Ah! gay coquettes, grief now disarms But ah! no more the echoed sound The fairy magic of those charms, Dwells in the breeze and floats around; Nor moles, nor ringlets can delight, No more sweet music's charms beguile, Which lur'd before the ravish'd sight. Nor sportive laugh, nor dimpled smile ; One joyless scene now all appears, No more the luscious cup invites

Where sorrow mingles tears with tears. With darling pleasure's warm delights; Weep, Shiraz, with Mosella weep! In vain the rose displays her bloom, Where shall the virgin's eye find sleep? Hafiz is gone, and all is gloom :

No love-lorn votries now adore, In vain her fragrant stores are shed, Hafiz is gone, and love's no more. Hafiz is gone, and joy is filed :

Your groves a lawless hoard infests, In vain her warbler's notes we hear, Hafiz is gone, and thieves are guests. (i). Hafiz is gone, and all is drear.

Ah! thou Belle Idol, (j) once divine, Theme of thy bard, lov'd Rocnabad, (6) Hafiz is gone, and where's thy shrine ? Ah! ask me not, who now is sad:

Yet spare the cypress (k) round that Whose banks, what crystal stream,


bust, grot,

Hafiz sleeps there, awe guards his dust. Grief, are thy haunts, O ask me not : Curst be the hand, thou ruffian train, Nor ask Mosella, (c) now forlorn, Which dares the hallow'd spot profane; Who from his fav’rite bow'rs is torn, And curst the sov'reign of that land,

Why name Bukhara, Samarcand, (d) Who saves the sacrilegious hand! Or all the treasures they command ? But oh! unthink the fancied thought ! These, these, and more would Shiraz give, The deed remains, thank heav'n, unCould but her native poet live.

wrought. Then, beauty, bid thy soul to take Then, blush not, thou yet brilliant gem, His lays, and love them for his sake, To grace the Monarch's diadem, . To him be worship daily paid

Benignant as the star of day For ever thy Bel Idol made; (e)

Still shed thy tutelary ray: An emblem of his love for thee

Around, ye moon-beams, vigils keep, The mole upon thy cheek (1) shall be, Till light-aw'd darkness learns to weep : To which he sung, charm’d by the spell,

Ye friendly Zephirs, that pass by, As to the rose does philomel.

O leave a tributary sigh ! Speak not of pastimes, frolic, mirtlı, Ye virgin pilgrims, off'rings bring, That, Nuruz-like, (8') to love give birth, Due to his lyre's once love-smit string : Of am'rous rapine, syren wiles,

And, O thou rose-charm’d nightingale, Art's tempting looks, insidious smiles, With dirges swell the mournful gale : Of plund'rers, whose once prowling eyes Fair cypress, round the poet bloom, Glanc'd, like a Tartar's, at their prize,

Thou vestal guardian of his tomb,

Dwell with the bard, whose lyric fire, tion to that work, (Notes, p. 11, 21, 22, and 34, 43, 50.) connected with the local and general

(h) See Shiraz Gazel. history of the bard. Through the whole of this

(i) The venerable monuments of ill-fated Perelegy, the Hafizian style has been imitated, as

sia, as in the days of Sadi, remain still a prey to will more particularly be seen in the repetitions,

tbc armies of contending chieftains, or the temso common in the Persian poetry. (6) See the Gazel of the Maid of Shiraz.

porary and casual abode of rapine and faction ;

that wretched country, in the words of the poet, (c) See Introduction to Hindley's Versifications of Hafiz, Notes, page 21.

being yeu thick entangled with tumult, like the hair (d) See Gazel of the Maid of Shiraz.

of an Ethiop. (e) See the Belle Idol Gazel.

() See the Belle Idol Gazel, where Hafiz ad(f) See the mole, alluded to here, in the Maid

dresses his mistress under the deified character of of Shiraz Gazel.

one of the Divinities of the temple, to whom he (g) Herbert tells us, that " at the Nuruz or

pays his amorous adoration. Spring, they send vests to each other, that then (k) See Captain Franklin's description of the also the gardens are opened for all to walk in. new tomb of Hafiz, raised by Kerim Khan, shaThat the women likewise, for fourteen days have dowed by the poet's beloved cypress, and of the liberty to appear in public, who when loose, like fine copy of the works of Hafiz continually placed birds enfranchised, lose themselves in a labyrinth there, as well as Kæmpfer's account of his old of wanton sports," &c. &c.-See Herbert's Travels, tomband Epitaph. See also Hindley's IntroducP. 139,

tion to his versifications, p. 91.

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From heav'n first caught, shall ne'er ex- Oft cheats the ear and gains ephemeral pire :


[strel's lays. Dwell with the bard, whose matchless lays To crown with showers of gold the minStudded with star-bright beauties blaze: Though here my flight prove vain, I still Dwell with the bard, whose wide-beam'd

shall do fame

The best I can, like bards of Waterloo, Spreads a pearl'd halo round his name: And fearless die amidst poetic fire, Dwell with the bard, for ever be

Rather than leave unstrung this rastic lyre. As sacred as his poesy. (?)

Alas! one sombre theme appears in view, Come, memory, then, around his head A dreary blank, which all lament for you. Love's choicest, sweetest incense shed, Since worth, content, the purest mines of Fame, bring thy pen, and let it be,


[health? 0, dipt in immortality,

Are, Fanny, thine, why not as rich in Write, write, record his deathless doom, What baleful planet o’er thy frame hath And leave this scroll upon his tomb.


[blast ! EPITAPH. (m)

Its influence fell, thine earthly joys to “ Within this sainted dome doth lie

This loss of Paradise let me deplore! “ As much perfection as could die,

Kind heaven may yet that precious gift; “ Which, when alive, did spirit give

restore : “To

And I in grateful notes still higher strained as much sweetness as could live :

Shall sing such bliss below for thee reBe proud, thou glorious plot of earth,

gained, “ Which gave this peerless genius birth ;

[you fly, “When wonder asks,-where did he

By change of air ; though now from friends

Tlieir healing wishes are for ever nigh. dwell ?

In which, though the most tender ties “Let Shiraz, let Mosella tell.”.


[thao mine. Verses lately addressed to an amiable They cannot breathe one more sincere

Then go, dear maid! but may you soon young Lady, in a dangerous illness,

retrace who desired the Author to write a few

[place; Lines in her Poetic Album, previous

With rosy health thy footsteps to this to her departure for the Country in

Where love parental opes the genial door, search of that health which had been

To bid you never wander from it more. ?":

Then should you deign to scan this sober. lost in Town.

lay, When a mild maid requests, with gentle


Give me one thought at least, when far look,

But never in a fit of critic rage [page. An humble poet to adorn her book With some few lines, where rhyme and Forgive the weaker head, and, in good part,

Tear out these lines, with their offensive reason may,

[display ;

Accept the dictates of an honest heart, On various forms, their matchless charms

Which in its zeal, a prophet fain would be How can the Bard, with a good grace

Of tidings glad to all thy friends and thee. decline

Fear not thy guardian angel in the sky, So sweet a task untried, and thus resign

Who ne'er will let thine early seeds thus All hope of future favours from the Nine? No, Frances ! he will not thy prayer refuse, till full of years a pobler seat be given, Though long deserted by his faithless

To ripened virtue, panting then for heaven; muse,


Where Christians meet, but not to part Who loves on Scotia's plains alone to And seldom wanders from her native


A faith and hope, to which I say amen! [combine

AMICUS Where rocky shores and kindred hills

Westminster, DecemWith echo's aid to form the swelling line.

ber 1815. In which, mere sound, without the least

* The kind heart and poetic talents of this pretence

young lady acquire an additional lustre when reTo thought, or wit, or even common sense,

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die ;*


flected, as they are, from daily acts of benevo

lence to the children of the virtuous poor in her * (1) Allusive to the poems of Hafiz placed upon neighbourhood, whom she not oply instructs in

the duties of religion and moralily, but provides (m) See the Epitaph of Hafiz, Hindley's Intro- suitable employment for them, as they advance, daction, p. 91, Notes, where it is given more at in life, in the respectable families of a numerous large than in Kæmpfer.


his tomb.


Paul's Letters to his Kinsfolk. 8vo. moral state of France, and his dis

pp. 468. Edinburgh, Constable and criminating and philosophical estiCo., 1816. 12s,

mate of the moral characters of ** Paul's letters are sixteen in the French and English nations, number, and severally addressed Leaving these longer passages to to his sister Margaret, his cousin be sought for in the work itself, the Major, the Laird, his cousin we extract only a short anecdote Peter, and the Minister. 66 The for the immediate entertainment of Major," says Paul, page 5, "shall

our readers. The scene is in hear of more and bloodier battles France :-than ever were detailed to Young

A friend of mine met with an interestNorval by his tutor the Hermit. ing adventure at one of these deserted The Laird shall know all I can tell villages. He had entered the garden of him on the general state of the

a cottage of somewhat a superior appearcountry. Peter shall be refreshed ance, but which had shared the fate of with politics, and the Minister with the rest of the hamlet. As he looked polemics." In a word, Paul has around him, he perceived that he was Ieft Scotland for Flanders at the

watched from behind the bushes by two

or three children, who ran away as soon very nick of time for adding to the usual gleanings of tourists, a rich

as they perceived themselves observed.

He called after them, but to no purpose. harvest of the campaign of 1815, and the battle of Waterloo. Paul The sound of the English accent, howalso visits Paris; and a portion of ever, emboldened the mother to show the volume, at the same time, is herself from a neighbouring thicket, and devoted to French and Flemish

at length she took courage to approach

him. My friend found, to his surprize, politics.

that she understood English well, owing This work, concerning which to some accident of her life or education some pains appear to have been which I have forgotten. She told him taken, that it should be considered her family were just venturing back from as the production of Mr. Walter their refuge in the woods, where they Scott, is well written, in a light had remained two days without shelter, style, and contains an abundance and almost without food, to see what of entertaining materials. Embra- havock the spoilers had made in their cing, as it does, so great a number cottage, when they were again alarmed of the topics of modern conversa- by the appearance of troops. Being astion, the latter merit will be easily sured that they were English soldiers, credited.

she readily agreed to remain, under the

confidence which the national character In our cursory survey of its pages, we have been more parti- sistance her visitor" had to offer her, as

inspired; and having accepted what ascularly arrested by the comparison the only acknowledgement, she sent one instituted between Scotland and of her children to pull and present the Flanders, in the first letter;

the only rose which her now ruined garden anecdotes of the Duke of Wel- afforded. It was the last,” she said, lington and of Buonaparte respec- “ she had ; and she was happy to bestow tively, on the day of Waterloo ;' it on an Englishman.” It is upon occa the author's statements of the bar, sions such as these, that the French wobarities of the French troops; his men, even of the lowest class, display a most just denunciation of the Pa- sort of sentimental delicacy, unknown to lais Royal ; his picture of the those of other countries. Asiatic Journ. No. IV.

VOL. I. 3 A

In the invention of her nume. lume (page 142) the word “ civi- rous symbols, Miss R. has dislian" in the sense of citizen" played no small portion of industry orktownsman ;

a barbarous and dexterity. Her narrative is Scotticism, as we suppose, which conveyed in language which is is at least in general use in our written with ease and freedom, and colonies." A civilian, we need not generally correctly. Her book is add, is a professor of civil law; handsomely printed, and the enwhile the opposition between the gravings well executed in their terms soldier and citizen, is never kind; and, on the whole, we doubt mistaken in England. We have not that the publication will always it' thus, even in the modern bal- be regarded as a gift of a very su, lad:

perior class, when put into the Little thinks the tournsman's wife,

hands of youth; and that it will While at home she tarries,

be the means of fixing the attenWhat must be the lass's life

tion of many an intelligent English Who a soldier marries.

pupil, upon the history of the country in which he was born.

On this latter point, however, Symbolic Illustrations of the History we speak with some degree of of England, from the Roman Invasion caution; because we are less santo the Present Time ; accompanied guine than Miss R., as to the sucwith a Narrative of Principal Events. cess to be hoped for in overcoming Designed more particularly for the In- the listlessness so commonly obstruction of Young Persons. By Mary served in young minds, upon the Ann Rundall, of Bath ; Author of the subject of our national history, Grammar of Sacred History. 4to. pp.

“ It is a fact,” says Miss R., " well 680. London: Black, Parbury and known to those engaged in the Allen. 1815. £2. 2s.

education of youth, that the his“ Objects that are seen,” says tory of England is considered by our fair author, in her preface, their pupils less amusing than any “ make a more lasting impression other that is usually put into their on the mind than the mere recital hands. Why is this?And of facts: it has, therefore, been Miss R., after drawing parallels my aim, in the composition of the (not always, as we think, with sucsymbols or hieroglyphics, to em- cess), between the incidents of body, as it were, the most striking English and of Greek and Roman incidents recorded in the annals of history, resolves her question, by our country; and as the ingenuity representing the absence of paintand penetration of the student is ings, for conveying the matters of exercised in discovering the mean- an history, as the cause of our ing of the symbolical representa- youthful indifference to it. We do tion, the fact itself, with all its not wholly agree with our author connecting associations, becomes wę grant the value of historical more forcibly impressed upon the painting under this view ; but we memory. Principles of patriotism cannot allow that the indifference may also be excited as powerfully complained of is to be ascribed, as by words. Who, when he be either wholly, or in even any great holds a national banner trampled part, to the want of it. Our early on by the conqueror, will not ex- indifference to English, and to all claim, may such never be the modern history, is produced by fate of Britain !-or, who, when the small share which it contains he beholds a French invading stan- of any thing that can feed the imadard supported by a French noble, gination, that can take us away will not experience a feeling of from things familiar, and open the indignation ?

door to mental excursion. A fürther development of this position two successive religious reformers, might be misplaced; but we have the later of whom new modelled thought it right to say so much, the fabric of his predecessor, as lest, should the book of Miss R. the first had new modelled that of be found to effect less than this the Abadians. By some writers, lady appears to anticipate, its pos- the first Zoroaster appears to be sessors might suspect any defici- mentioned under the name of Om. ency in its plan or execution, in- The second is him alone of whom stead of those real and radical the Parsees or modern worshippers obstacles which it is absolutely im- of fire pretend to give a particular possible to remove.

All that can

account ; or, in their own terms, be done is to find what means we

it is of his second appearance only can to interest the imagination, in that they speak. The date of the too earth-like story of our coun

that event they place in the try; and this, in truth, is the scope reign of Kishtasp or Gushtasp, of Miss R’s. undertaking, and that about the 486th year before the which she has certainly done much Christian era, and during the time to accomplish.

of the Jewish captivity. The reMiss R. apprizes us, that the puted father of Zeratush, as we are idea of her work was first suggest- told by Mr. P., who repeats the ed to her by a figure in Mr. Von verbal and fabulous tradition of Feinaigle's publication on Mne- the present Parsees, was a modeller monics.

or maker of the images worshipped

in his time by the Persians. He The Ardai Viraf Nameh ; or, the was without issue, and extremely Revelations of Ardai Viraf. Transla

poor, when, from the uprightness ted from the Persian and Guzerata Ver- make choice of him to be the re

of his life, God was pleased to sions. With Notes and Illustrations. By J. A. Pope, 8vo, pp. 123.-London, angel was accordingły sent to him,

puted father of the prophet. An Black, Parbury and Allen, 1816.

who presented him with a glass, ; Persia has adopted, within re- which he persuaded him to drink ; cord, at least three successive sys- and, after this, his wife bore him tems of religion ; that of the Sup- a son. passes or Abadians ; that of Zoro

About this time, a tradition led aster; and that of Mohammed. the Persians to expect a prophet;

The theology (or mythology) of who should be the founder of a the Suppasses or Abadians appears new religion ; and as the father of to have been no other than that Zeratush had been vain enough to also called Sabian, or the worship boast of his having received the of the stars. The Abadians attri- glass of wine from the angel, the butę divinity to the planets, to the priests or wise men fixed upon his stars, to all terrestrial bodies, and to son as the prophet so expected. 'light and fire. The system of Zoro- This coming to the ears of the aster or Zeratush was no more than king, he ordered the infant to be a modification of this, accompani- destroyed; but, the attempt being ed by a reformed and extended made, the hands that were lifted moral code. The followers of that against him were arrested by divine prophet speak of two Zoroasters, power. The king was still unconand profess to be the disciples of vinced. The infant was then exthe second in order of time. In posed to the fury of wild beasts ; the fabulous language of supersti- but these did him no harm. The tion, they describe the two Zoro- king, still unsatisfied of the diasters as two successive incarna- vine nature of the infant, became tions, at long intervals, of the same more enraged against it, and orperson, They were, in reality, dered it to be taken to a narrow

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