Sivut kuvina


(No. V.)


and the most southern in the 8th, the EUROPEANS understand by the East distance from the northern to the southern Indies, all the countries and empires, extremity is more than 1,620 geographiwhich lying to the south of Tartary, cal miles ; the greatest extent from east extend from the eastern frontiers of Per

to west is about 1,500 miles. sia to the eastern coasts of China. The islands of Japan are likewise included in

Parsees. this denomination, as are all the Malay

When the emigration of the Persians islands, in which the Dutch liave such

took place in the seventh century, soon valuable possessions, and which extend to the southward as far as the coasts of Mahomedans, a number of these people

after the conquest of their country by the New Holland, and to the eastward to

found their way to India, and landing on lands unknown. The dominion of the Great Mogul, to

the western coast, near Danoo and Cape which the name of India can only with Sejan, commonly called St. John's, were

admitted by the Hindoo rajah, to settle propriety be applied, are designated in Asia as well as in Europe, by the king- at the village of Oodwara, which is still

in the adjacent country, and particularly dom of Indostan ; and although the Mo

the chief residence of their priests, and guls are not masters of all the countries

the depository of their sacred fire brought wliich are accepted under this denomination, yet there are very few tracts which by them from Persia. These people have

now increased to about one hundred and have not formerly been, or which are not at present, subject or tributary to Maho-fifty thousand families, dispersed in the

cities and villages on the coast of western medans.

India, from Diu to Bombay, of which That part of the western side of In- about six thousand reside in Bombay ; dostan, which is not bounded by the sea, which, reckoning four to a family, makes is separated from Persia and the Usbeg the Parsee population of Bombay about Tartary by desarts, and by those moun

twenty-four thousand. Cultivating only tains which were known to the ancients

the arts of peace, they may be said to be under the pame of Paropamisus. The

a distinct race from their ancestors ; and course of mount Caucasus forms its bar- though they have been settled for more rier to the north, and separates it from

than a thousand years, yet have hitherto various nations of Tartars, from the refrained from intermeddling with poliGreat and Little Thibet. Where mount

tics ; consequently they are the best of subCaucasus ceases, marshes and rivers di

jects, and demean themselves so as to vide it from the kingdoms of Tepra, As- give the governments under which they sam, and Aracan, and circumscribe to

reside the utmost satisfaction. the eastward the dominions of the Mogul,

With the Hindoo dress they adopted until they reach the sea at Chittagong. many of their customs, forgot their own The sea, from Chittagong to the cape of language, and adopted that of their wives, the peninsula of India, and from this cape (the language of Guzuret), which is now to the dominions of Persia, forms the re

so general that not one in a thousand maining boundary, and embraces more

can speak any thing else. than one half of the kingdom of Indos

The young men of good families are, tan so there are few empires of which

however, taught to read and write nature has more strongly marked the

English, but few of them think of learnoutline.

ing Persian, or of paying much attention The most northern parts of this em

to their ancient history. pire laying in the 35th degree of latitude,

The opulent amongst them are merSee Tavernier, also Mr. D'Anville's Map of chants, brokers, ship-owners, and ex

'tensive land-holders. The lower orders


are shopkeepers, and follow most of the The tribe of Chureegurs being amongst mechanic arts, except those connected the foremost of those who adopted the with fire; thus there are neither silver new computation, those who still adhere smiths, nor any workers of the metals to the old method are stiled Rusmee and among them; nor are there any soldiers, Sher si, and still form the bulk of the pothe use of fire-arms being abhorrent to pulation. their principles ; nor are there any sai Some of their ancient ceremonies have, lors; the bulk of their population are however been preserved inviolate ; and weavers and husbandmen, and cultivators particularly those concerning the rites of of the date, palmira, and mowa; and sepulture, which are correctly described the distillers and venders of their pro- in “ Lord's Account of the Parsees,” if duce in the sea-ports; many of them are we except his statement about the remoship and house carpenters ; and in Bom- val of the body. No person of a different bay many of them are in the service of sect is allowed to approach, or any stran-. Europeans as dubeshs, and domestic ger allowed to witness the obsequies ; servants.

but it does not appear that the bodies Their charities are munificent and un should be exposed to any thing but the bounded, relieving the poor and distres- elements ; a private sepulchre, built some sed of all tribes, and maintaining their few years ago, having an iron gate at top own poor in so liberal a manner that a to prevent the ingress of birds of prey. Parsee beggar is uo where seen nor They have a few plain and unornaheard of.

mented churches, where they assemble Anxious to know every thing respect- for the purpose of prayer ; they are ing the religion their ancestors, the crowded every day by the clergy, but the opulent Parsees of Bombay and Surat, laity only attend on certain days. have from time to time sent persons into It has been already said that there are Persia to collect books and notices res no sailors amonst them ; but the Persipecting it ; aud have also invited many ans were never a maritime nation ; they of the sect from Persia, Wome few of profess, however no abhorrence to a sea. whom reside occasionally in Bombay. life, for many of them embark as traders, The Parsee population is divided into

on the most distant and perilous voyages, clergy and laity (Mobed and Bedeen). and take part in all shipping speculations, The clergy and their descendants are very and are bold and enterprising merchants, numerous, and are distinguished from the though few of them settle out of their laity by wearing of white turbans, but own country, (so they call the western they follow all kinds of occupations, ex- part of India, from Diu to Bombay,) yet cept those who are particularly selected there is not a place where they do not.ocfor the service of the churches, though casionally visit, and often reside in for they have no distinction of casts. A re years; thus they are found in China, cent innovation, respecting the com- Bengal, Pulo Pinang, Pegu, Madras, Ganmencement of their new year, has form am, Ceylon, and at most places on the ed them into two tribes, one celebrating Malabar coast, but have no settlement to the festival of the new year a month be- the south of Bombay. fore the other, which causes their religi

Though they follow not the profession ous ceremonies and holidays to fall also of arms, yet they have no hesitation in on different days. This at present is following the armies into the field in only subject for merriment, but may in quality of sutlers, shopkeepers, and sertime cause dissention and separation, as

vants to the officers. each party have an opulent family at To conclude they are a highly interesttheir head.

ing people. The philosopher will conThose who adopted the new æra (in template in them the descendants of a compliance, I believe, with Molna Fi- mighty nation, whose empire once exraun, the high priest of Bombay, who tended from the shores of the Mediterrahas himself been in Persia), are styled nean to the frontiers of India, and reKudmee, and jocularly Chureegurs, i. e. joice to find them neither deficient in bangle makers, , workers in ivory, and virtue or morality.* other materials for women's Qruaments.

* Pope's Revelations of Ardai Viraf.



When he again shall glad my hours,

Then, girl, I'll take thy blooming flowers; By E. A. Kendall, Esq. F.S.A.

But, now my love is far away, Pleased I behold thee, rover of the deep, Where should I place thy Busunt gay ?* That brav'st the terrors of this raging world,

ILLS OF LIFE. And follow still, with curious eye, thy

From the same. sweep, O’er emerald waves, with snowy heads,

Your beast perverse ; your man a rogue ; y-curl'd;

Your heart to amorous courses given ; Pleased I behold thee o'er the expanse

Your friend a fool ; your master mean ; ride,

Can greater plagues be sent by heaven? Now pois'd aloft amid the lurid skies ;

Dinner to seek abroad; a house Descending now the watery valleys wide,

Built in some little dirty town; Now rising slow, as slow the billows

Long journeys on cold rainy days ; rise ;

Are miseries all mortals own. Pleased I behold thee; and think blest it were,

Yourself with wantons sporting oft, Like thee the dark seas dauntless to While wife at home to love is given; explore ;

An itch to cheat, oppress, or rob; Like thee, to toil unwearied, and to dare, A child, whom from your love you've Nor with a coward's haste to seek the

driven ; shore : Tempt, while I please, the fortunes of Folly, old age, a sickly frame,

A lack of means, a memory gone ; the day, Then spread the wing, and bear, at will, These, these are hell

, a present hell ; Talk not of others still to come!



From the same.
From Broughton's Specimens of the

[It is usual for the Buniyas, or merchants, to Hindoo Poetry.

distribute alms to beggars, by giving a handful

of flour to each as he passes their door. A frugal [The pangs of absence are sung in this little poem

Buniya, who had a beautiful young daughter-inby a woman, who observes the general joy dif.

law, appointed her to deal out this daily pitfused around her, upon the approach of the

tance, pleasing himself with the idea, that as Busunt or Spring.)

her hands were much smaller than his own, he The lively drum is heard around;

should at once save his grain, and not lose his

reputation for charity. The event is told in the The tamborine and cymbals sound :

following stanza : and it is common to this day, I in the flames of absence burn,

when a man gives charity with an ill grace, to * And languish for my love's return.


"“ he gives it by his daughter in law.”] The women all around me sing,

The frugal Father's sage commands And own th' inspiring joys of spring;

Dealt by his daughter's smaller hands,

His daily pittance to the poor. While I, from darts of ruthless love,

Bad'thrift ;-her beauty to behold, Never ending torments prove.

In beggar's guise both young and old, The amorous Kokil strains his throat, Comethronging roundthe crowded door. And pours his plaintive pleasing note; My breast responsive heaves with grief,

is usual on the day of the Busunt, the 20th Hopeless and reckless of relief.

of the month Mang, from which the commencement of spring is dated, for the Maulins, or

gardners' wives, to bring to their mistresses little The Kokil, the ring-dove of Hindoo


is offerings of early flowers, fruits, 'tafts of green a small green bird, whose note is peculiarly me. barley, &c. ; which are also termed Busunts, and lodious in the spring, and is supposed to be a which the ladies commonly present to their huspowerful incitement to love.

bande. Asiatic Journ. -No. V.

VOL. I. 3M

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Travels in Beloochistan and Sinde, the governor general of India, the accompanied by a Geographical and Earl of Minto, as envoy to the Historical Account of those Countries, Persian monarch; and about the with a Map. By Lieutenant Henry same time, Sir Harford Jones was Pottinger, of the Hon. East India Com- dispatched from England, in a sipany's Service ; Assistant to the Presi- milar character, but furnished with dent at the Court of his Highness the credentials from his Majesty ; a Peishwa; and late Assistant and Sur

measure adopted to afford him, in veyor with the Missions to Sinde and his negociations, a weight and digPersia. 4to, pp. 423. Longman and nity to which the representative of Co. London, 1816. £2. 12s. 6d.

a secondary government, however The decided manifestation, in distinguished and exalted, could the years 1807 and 1808, of the have no pretension. . views of the French government

The instructions with which Geagainst British India, led to consi- neral Malcolm was provided, pointderable diplomatic activity, both ed out to him in general terms, the at the Court of London, and at advantages to be anticipated from Fort William, in attempts to se- making every possible exertion to cure the friendship, or provide ascertain the nature and resources against the hostility of the powers of those countries through which to the west of the Indus; that route an invading European army might presenting the only practicable advance upon Hindustan, and likeopening for any assaults to be wise sanctioned his employing, in performed or prompted on the the capacity of political assistants side of Europe. It is to this poli- and surveyors, any number of offitical state of things that we owe

cers he should deem requisite, to the information acquired concern- give full effect to this suggestion. ing Persia, by Mr. Morier and Sir Subsequentevents, to dwell upon Gore Ousely; and the account of which is needless here, induced Cabul by Mr. Elphinstone, and the the supreme government of India history of Persia, by Sir John Mal- to recal Sir John Malcolm at that colm; both reviewed in the first time ; nor was his mission renewand second numbers of this Jour- ed till the latter end of the year nal;* and from the same source 1809, when he arrived, a second we receive the present volume by time, 'at Bombay, on his way to Lieutenant Pottinger.

the Persian capital. Lieutenant At the close of the year 1807, Pottinger, and Captain Charles an embassy from France was re- Christie, of the 5th regiment, Bomceived at the court of Persia with bay native infantry, were then just distinguished marks of friendship returned from Sinde, whither, on and attention; and the emissaries the former mission of Sir John, of the former nation were diligent- 'they had accompanied him ; and, ly employed in the acquisition of on being now made acquainted with all such local information as could, the proposed plan, of exploring in any way, tend to secure the ul the regions between India and Pertimate success of the object in sia, they volunteered their services view. In the month of February, to attempt the tour which is de1808, Sir John, then Brigadier tailed in the volume before us. General, Malcolm, was deputed by

Their services being accepted,

and the sanction of the govern* See above, pp. 49, 155, 160. ment of Bombay being obtained;

Lieutenant P. was directed by follow such route as circumstances General Malcolm to place himself should point out to them; and, in under the orders of Captain Chris-' the extreme case of being forced tie, who received his instruction to fly, they could take a different from the General. The instruction road, toward the sea coast, from was of an indefinite tenour, suited that which they had travelled in to the nature of the service to going, and thereby secure, almost be proceeded upon. It called the beyond a doubt, a sight of a great attention of the adventurers to such portion of the country. Bills and leading points as were most likely letters were accordingly given to merit the attention of govern- them, and, for greater plausibility, ment, and meet the intention of an actual agent of the merchant the policy in which the measure was appointed to accompany them had originated; but at the same as far as Kelat. Captain Christie time fully authorized them to act, and Lieutenant Pottinger also sewith regard to their progress, mode lected two Hindus, who were bound of travelling, ultimate destina

to secrecy by promises of large tion, and, in fact, all minor points, presents, and whose fidelity and hoas the circumstances they were nesty proved most exemplary. In placed in might render advisable ; every other respect, the most li and was only peremptory in direct- beral provision was made for the ing them to regard their personal travellers, and in this state of pre ' safety beyond every other consi- paration they embarked in Bombay deration.

harbour on the 2d of January, It has been generally remark 1810, and landed on the 16th of ed, that a principal obstacle to the same month at Sonmeany, at the accomplishment of similar un the mouth of the Poorally, on the dertakings to that on which Cap coast of Sinde.

In this manner: tain Christie and Lieutenant P. commenced Lieutenant Pottinger's were bent, had sprung up at the journey through Beloochistan and very commencement of them, ow a part of Persia ; a portion of ing to the great difficulty attendant which, however, he performed in upon an advance from thesea coast, the disguise of a Mahommedan where most Asiatics are known to pilgrim. be more suspicious of, and uncivil Our limits not permitting us to to European strangers, than at accompany him through the amussome distance inland. An arrange ing and interesting account of his". ment, therefore, to effect their progress, we hasten to the first first outset from the port at which chapter of the second part of his they might land, was considered volume, the part which contains of the last importance; and they one of the two divisions of the conwere fortunate enough to make tents ; namely, the geography, one to which no possible objection statistics, and history of Beloocould exist.

chistan and 'Sinde. In this first A Hindu merchant, of great re- chapter, we find the following brief spectability and wealth, who had account of Beloochistan and its inbeen for many years preceding, habitants :the, contractor for supplying the Belüochistan, or the country of the governments of Madras and Bom- Belooches, comprehends all that space bay with horses, offered (upon being within latitudes 24° 50', and 300 401 consulted) to furnish them with

north, and longitudes 58° 55', and 670** letters and bills, accredit them as 30'east ; in addition to which there are bis agents, and as dispatched by one or two of its provinces stretching far him to Kelat, the capital of Beloo east and west, whose exact longitudinal chistan, to purchase horses. From limits cannot be defined, until I come to that city, he observed, they could treat of them respectively.

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