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As a necessary part of this ceremony, he of Azim Khan, and by virtue of a destroyed a number of Hindoo temples, firman of the Emperor Shah Jehan, and with their materials 'erected mos the English first obtained permisques, colleges, and caravanseries, on their tion to trade with Bengal, but ruins.f

were restricted to the port of Although elated by success, and abso- Pipley (Pipali) in the province of lute master of an extensive dominion, he

Orissa, where they established a did not assume to himself independence, factory. but continued to stamp the coin with the

It is not our intention to follow name of the sultan of Ghor ; and sent a

the course of our valuable author great portion of the elephants and trea

through the continued progress of sure to Cuttub Addeen, the viceroy at

his work. Having brought before Dehly.

our readers the commencement of The Mohammedan conquest of the Mohammedan government of Bengal was effected in the

year Christ 1203. From that period till rapid outline, by conducting him

Bengal, we hasten to close our the year 1340, it was governed as

to the date of the ascendance of a province of the Mohammedan

Great Britain. In this rapid stride, Indian empire, of which the capi

nevertheless, we are arrested by tal was Delhi. In

340, Faker

the respectable and amiable chaad Deen, having assassinated his

racter of the Nuwab Aly Verdy master, revolted, and erected an

Khan the last, but one of the effiindependent monarchy in Bengal. cient Mohammedan sovereigns of In 1533, Mahmood Shah, the

Bengal ; and, among

the numerous reigning sovereign of Bengal, was expelled by Shere Shah, the Ati personal anecdotes which enliven

Mr. S's history, we shall make a ghan, and Bengal became again a dependent of the throne of Delhi. part of those which relate to that, The Afghan monarchs of Delhi prince the subject of our final ex

tract: possessed Bengal till 1576, when

Aly Verdy Khan from his early youth the generals of the Emperor Acbar

was not addicted to idle pleasures, as conquered it, and it was constitut- wine or opiates*, music, or the company ed a Subah or viceroyalty of the

of courtezaps. He was regular in his deMoghul dominions.

votions, and assiduously abstained from In 1634, under the viceroyalty all things forbidden by the divine law... a mosque lined with black marble, elaborately

He generally rose two bours before day, Wrought ; and two gates of the citadel, which are and after ablution and prayer, drank cofstrikingly grand and lofty. These fabricks, and fee with his select companions. At daysome few others, appear to owe their duration to the nature of their materials, which are less

break he gave public audience ; when marketable, and more difficult to separate, than the commanders of his army, the civil those of the ordinary brick buildings; which officers, and persons of all ranks who had have been, and continue to be, an article of merchandize ; and are transported to Moorshedabad,

any applications to make, were admited Mauldah, and other places, for the purpose of

without reserve, to set forth their busibuilding. These bricks are of the most solid ness, and receive satisfaction from their texture of any I ever saw; and have preserved

bounty. At the expiration of two hours the sharpness of their edges, and smoothness of their surface, through a series of ages. The si

he retired to a private apartment, where tuation of Gour was highly convenient for the

such only as were invited came. These capital of Bengal and Behar, as united under one were generally his nephews, Nuazish government: being nearly centrical with respect

Mohammed and Sayid Ahmed, his grandto the populous parts of those provincess and pear the junction of the principal rivers that

son Seraje ad Dowlah, and particular compose that extraordinary inland navigation, friends. Pieces of poetry were now refor which those provinces are fained ; and, more. over, secured by the Ganges and other rivers, on

cited, or history or anecdotes read to him; the only quarter from which Bengal has any

and sometimes he even amused himself. calise for apprehension."

with giving directions to his cooks, who + In consequence of this conduct, which was imicated by his successors, many Hindoo figures

prepared victuals before him according to and inscriptions are tu be found in the ruins of

his palate. The officers of different de

† Commonly used in India to intoxicate,

these Mosques.

partments, if necessary, also attended, the French general, Bussy, after the death for orders. He then sat down to eat of Nasir Jung, wrote to him in pompouš with his friends, and many shared the terms of his victory, and recommended bounty of his table. When the meal was the factory of Chandernagore to his proover the company retired to repose. At tection, he reflected upon the similarity this time, a story-teller always attended, of disposition between his intended sucto relate some amusing narrative. He cessor, Seraje ad Dowlali, whose enmity generally rose about an hour after mid to the English he was apprised of, and day, performed his devotions, and read the unfortunate Soubalıdas of the Dekin the Koran till near four. After saying kau ; at the same time saying, “ He the prescribed prayers, and drinking a

feared twat after his death the Europeans draught of water cooled with ice or salt

would become masters of many parts of petre, he received several learned men, Hindoostan.” Mustapha Khan, his prinin whose company he daily spent an hour; cipal general, had endeavoured to prevail hearing them discuss points of divinity upon him to expel the English from and law, for his information. When they Calcutta, and seize their wealth ; but retired, the officers of the revenue, with receiving no answer to his advice, urged Juggut Seat his banker, were admitted, it again, through the Nuwab's nephews, and gave him the intelligence received Nuazish Mohammed and Sayid Ahmed. from Debly and every province of the Aly Verdy Khan returned no answer : but empire, also of each district of his own

shortly after said, in private to the latter, government; after which he issued his “ My child, Mustapha Khan is a soldier, orders to them, as the nature of the bu- and wishes us to be constantly in need of siness required. An hour passed in this bis service; but how came you to join in manner, and sometimes his near relati

his request ? What have the English ons were allowed to be present. By this

done against me, that I should use them time night set in, lights were brought, ill? It is now difficult to extinguish fire and with them certain jesters and buf

on land ; but should the sea be in flames foons, who entertained him with their

who can put them out* ? Never listen repartees on each other for a short time. to such advice as his, for the result He then retired to prayers ; after which

will probably be fatal.” he sat in private with his own Begum, to The advice of Aly was not l'eceive the visits of near relations, till followed by his grandson and nine o'clock. The women then departed; successor, Seraje ad Dowlah. and men were admitted who had busi This prince, in 1756, captured ness with him, till he retired to sleep, Calcutta, an

event which was generally carly, and without eating. In attended with the celebrated this manner he passed his time having

tragedy of the Black Hole. In stated hours for every employment. He 1757 Calcutta was retaken by was unequalled his benevolence to his Admiral Watson, and Colonel relations, friends, and former acquaint Clive ; and from this era may

be ances in his lower fortunes, particularly dated the commencement of the to those who had shewn him the smallest British government in Bengal, alkindness when he was distressed at

though the dewany was not obDehly in his youth, sending for them or

tained till 1765. Native Nuwabs their children to his court, and conferring of Bengal have continued, and favours upon them beyond their expecta- still continue, to succeed each tion. The people at large, during his life, experienced such care and satisfac

other, but without the possession tion from his gentle administration, as

of real sovereignty. Their resicould not be exceeded by the indulgence

dence is at Moorshedabad. Zyn of a parent; while at the same time the

Addeen Aly Khan (the present lowest of his officers grew rich in his Nuwab) succeeded Nazir al Moolk service. He was intelligent in all affairs; in the month of April 1810. He and encouraged the deserving of every receives a pension from the Eng. profession. Affable in manners, wise in lish, but has nothing to do with state affairs, courageous as a general, he

the

government. possessed also every noble quality. When # An allusion to the fleet.

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Professor S. closes his narrative destructive of present happiness and fuwith the year 1757, from which ture prospects. date he appears to consider the se The intention, in the plan adopted, veral events as belonging rather to was to produce a work, which with respect English than to Bengal history. to reference, should possess the utility of a The value of his work must be too gazetteer, while by connected description : apparent to our readers to admit of it might bear a continuity of perusal. our adding comments

How far we have succeeded in this athead.

tempt, we must leave to the unerring judgment of the Public; we, however,

owe it to ourselves to premise that a Maritime Geography and Statistics; portion of its imperfections are attribuor, a Description of the Ocean and its

table to accident, a part of the manuCoasts, Maritime Commerce, Naviga- script having been lost on the disastiou, &c. &c. &c. By James Hingston trous march which, as a prisoner of war, Tuckey, a Commander in the Royal

we were obliged to make through France · Navy. In four volumes. London.

at the commencement of the past year, 7 Black & Co. 1816. 8vo. pp. 2461. and which we have been only able to sup£2. 168.

ply in a lasty and consequently imperfect * MR. TUCKEY, the author of this

The notes are not offered to the natu- : work, is the gentleman whose de

ralist but to the seaman, in the hope of parture from England, in command of the expedition to explore the drawing him from his too general apathy, source of the Niger, has been re

and of inspiring him with the desire of cently announced to the public; various objects of natural history, which

noticing; examining, and comparing the : and we are led to believe, that the

he is constantly meeting with, and pasabilities displayed by Mr. T. in the

sing by with indifference. volumes before us, have contribu

The sources from which we have cometed in no small degree to his selec- piled are so many, that the enumeration tion for that arduous and interest-. would swell the work without any coring undertaking: The Maritime

respondent utility. We must however Geography and Statistics bespeaks' notice the “ Précis de la Géographie Unia comprehensive, methodical, and verselle” of Malte-Brun, the statiætical indefatigable turn of mind, ca

works of Catteau Calleville on the North pable both of conceiving and exe of Europe, from which we have largely cuting much. Mr. T., in his pre- translated in the first volume. In the sefạce thus explains the design and cond our chief sources have been the great . history of his work. We have national statistical work uow publishing : learned, that in what he says of his in France ; La Borde’s Spain ; Murphy's situation as a prisoner of war, he Portugal ; Thornton, Eton, &c. on Turmust be considered to pass very key. For the third volume, Mr. Horslightly indeed over the peculiar burgh’s India Directory and Mr. Milafflictions which he experienced in burn's Oriental Commerce have afforded. that state, to say nothing of the se us considerable matter : and in the fourth rious obstacles which it ultimately volume, Morse, Volney, Beaujour, and raised to the satisfactory con

Humboldt, have been our chief authori. clusion of a work which his me

ties for America. lancholy leisure had induced him To the extensive and various into commence :

formation contained in Mr. T's. Vo

lumes, we know no way of doing If it should be asked how a naval offi- justice, but that of presenting to cer could, during she activity of war, find

our readers, a brief enumeration of leisure to compile a work requiring the their numerous heads of contents: perusal of many thousand volumes, the

Vol. 1.-Explanation of marine geogra-'. answer is unfortunately too ready: it phical terms-Latitude and longitude was undertaken to pass away the tedi- Hydrographical division of the Globeons hours of a hopeless captivity, alike of the Ocean-General utility--Coasts ;.

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depth; bottom-Level, saltness-Colour of Madeira, Azores, Cape Bojado--Cape -Lumiuous appearances— Temperature. Verd, Senegal, Cape Mesurado, river -Oceanic ices-Greater cold of the Zaire-Cape of Good Hope, arrived atsouthern hemisphere--Springs of fresh Cape of Good Hope doubled : India, arriwater in the sea-Waves-Surf-Tides ved at-Discovery of America-Discove-Currents, polar currents-Equatorial ries of the Portuguese in the Indian seas currents-Tropical current of the Atlantic -Voyage of Magellan ; Patagonia-Strait, -Gulph Stream-Current on the coast of of Magellan, Ladrones, PhilippinesBrazil-Current on the east side of the Discovery of New Guinea ; New Holland Atlantic-Tropical current in the Pacific -Solomon's Island-Discoveries of Qui-Currents of the Indian sea-Superior ros and Torres-Voyage of Drake—Preand inferior currents ; whirlpools-Depth datory voyages to the Grand Oceanand velocity of currents-Changes caused Voyage of Le Maire-Cape Horn-New by the sea on the coasts-General effects Holland ; Tasman, Van Diemen's land -Formation of new lands—Changes in -New Georgia-Southern land of Davis, the Mediterranean-Changes on the coasts New Britain-Falkland's Islands—Voyof the Atlantic-Changes in the English age of Roggewein-Cape Circumcision, channel-Changes on the coast of Hol voyage of Anson-Voyages to the North, and-Changes on the west coast of Den chiefly in search of a northern passage-mark-Changes in the Baltic-Changes Voyages of Cabot, of Cortreal, of Ponce on the coast of America-Changes on the de Leon-Voyages of Willoughby, of coast of Asia—Diminution of the Ocean Burroughs-Voyages of Frobisher, Ba-Marine vegetation; fucus natans-200 rentz, and Davis-Voyages of Heemsphites Mollusca—Fishes : cetacious and kirk, Hudson, and Button-Hudson's amphibious animals — Oceanic birds bay, and Baffin's bay—Voyages of Wood Portion of land and sea: southern Con and Hawes-Voyages of the Furnace and tinent-Ofrivers-Ofwinds, &C.--Causes Discovery-Discoveries of the Spaniards of winds; velocity; division - Trade on the NW. coast of America-Fourth winds; in the Atlantic-Deviation on the period : from the ascension of George the coast of Africa - Sea of rains; trade third to the year 1814_Voyages to the winds in the Pacific-Deviation on the Grand and Great Southern Ocean-Voyacoast of Peru - Monsoons Variable ges of Byron, and Wallis—Voyages of winds-Influence of the Moon-Other Wallis and Carteret, Otaheite, New Iscauses of variable winds; land and sea land, &c.—Voyages of Bougainville breeses—Squalls—Hurricanes, Tyfoons Voyages of Surville — First voyage of Tornado, peculiar winds-Water spout Cooke, New South Wales-Voyage of Mirage, Aurora Borealis— Zodiacal light, Kerguelan - Second voyage of Cooke, magellanic clouds, fire of St Elmo-Mag Sandwich land, New Caledonia—Voyages netism-An historical essay on the rise to the North-Voyage of Phipps-Third and progress of Maritime Geography— voyage of Cooke, Sandwich Islands, NW. First period : from the earliest ages, to America_Voyage of Vancouver, NW. the decline of the Roman Empire-Voya- America—Voyage to the Frozen Oceanges of the Phenicians–Cosmography of Kamtschatka–Voyage of Behring—VoyHomer and Hesiod—Voyages Argonautes age of Billings-Voyage of De Vries to the -Greek colonies-Geography of Herodo Jesso Islands—Voyage of Spilbergen, la tus—Voyages of the Carthagnian Hanno Perouse, and Broughton to the land of

Voyages of Hamilcar-Atlantides of Jesso— Voyages of Baudin and Flinders Plato-Itinerary of Sylcax; Eudorus ; to New Holland-Voyage of Krusenstern Aristotle-Voyage of Pytheas ; Thule to Japan, &c.—Maritime GeographyExpedition of Alexander-Commercial Frozen Ocean; geographical positionvoyages of the Greeks-Geography of Ip- Ices-Climate-Meteors, tides, currents parchus, southern Continent-Geography Drift wood, fish-Quadrupeds, birds, ri. of Polybius, voyage of Eudorus-Geogra vers-Siberia-Nova Zembla-Russia in phy of Strabo-Discoveries of the Romans; Europe-Russian Lapland—Danish LapCanary Islands-Periplus of the Erythrean land—Iceland—Spitzbergen-Greenland, sea-Pliny-British Isles--Second peri- Lapland and Norway—Islauds and Mounod : of the decline of the Roman empire, tains-Fiords-Currents, whirlpools, Sea to the first voyages of the Portuguese monsters-Rivers, islands, and inounInvasion of the Barbarians--Cosmography tains—Finmark-West coast of Norway-of the sixth century-Chart of the eighth South coastof Norway--Commerce of Norcentury-Voyages of the Arabs-Disco- way-Navigation of Norway, The Baltic veries of the Scandinavians, Terræ ís- Progress of Geography—Entrance of the lands-- Iceland, White Sea, Greenland, Baltic-Extent, formation—Gulf of FinWinland-Estotiland-Asia of Marc Paul land-Depth, level-Irregular elevationsThird period : from the first voyages Currents-Waves, whirlpools, saltness of the Portuguese to the ascension of Meteors-Ices-Atmosphere, diminution George the Third Voyages of the Por of the Baltic Marine plants-Zoophites, tuguese to the coast of Africa Discovery smollusca, crustaceous-Fish-Cetaccolis

and amphibious animals-Aquatic birds- Saltness--Springs of fresh water in the
General aspect of the coasts, rivers, and Sea—Winds—Climate--Marine produc-
inland navigation-South coast of Nor- tions, coral, shell fish-Fish-Cetaceous
way and Sweden-Gulf of Bothnia-Da- and amphibious animals--Turtle, Sea birds
nish peninsula--Mecklenburg Pomerania-- -Spain-Coasts-Rivers-Port towns-
Prussia-Russia-Rivers and inland na Spanish Islands-Majorca-Dragonera ---
vigation of Sweden-of Denmark - of Cabrera, small Islands--Minorca--Pityuses
Mecklenburg and Pomerania, of Prussia, —Oyvica—Formentera-France-Coasts
of Russia, and of Finland--the ports, is -Rivers -- Port towns --Italy- Nice
lands, &c. of the Baltic-Sweden-Den- Principality of Monaco_Territory of Ge-
mark—Lubeck-Mecklenburg-Pomera-' noa—Principality of Lucca Toscana--State
nia-Prussia--and Russia-Historical es of the Church on the Adriatic Republic
say on the rise, progress, and present of Venice, Italian Islands, Corsica-Elba
state of the commerce of the Baltic-First-Capreja, Pianosa, Monte Christo, &c.
period, to the Crusades-Middle period Sardinia-Sicily-Lipari Islands-Pante-
from the Crusades to the decline of laria, Lenonsa, Malta-Gozo, Lampe-
the Hauseatic league - Third period, dosa-Istria--Croatia-Dalmatia--Ragusa
from the decline of the Hanse con --Cattaro-Turkey in Europe, Albania-
federation to the end of the seven Morta-Greece-Turkey in Asia-Asia
teenth century -Fourth period; Com- Minor-Syria-Ionian Islands - Turkish
merce and maritime affairs of the Bal- Islands, Archipelago-Cyprus—Barbary,
tic, from the beginning of the Eighteenth Morocco-Algiers--Tunis~ Tripoli-Is-
century--Denmark, commerce-Colonies, lands and reefs on the coast of Barbary-
Ferroe Islands, Iceland-Greenland Egypt-Black Sea, Name, Extent, forma-
West coast of Africa-West Indies-East tion-Rivers, currents-Climate, fish-
Indies—Marine institutions-Merchant Hellespont --- Propontis --Bosphorus-
Marine - Fisheries -Navy-Commercial Coasts of the Black Sea-Crimea-Coasts
treaties-Sweden commerce-Swedish of Anatolia-Laziens, Guriens, Mingre-
colonies-Fisheries—Navy-Consulate Jians“Abasses-Sea of Azof--Nogay Tar-
Commercial treaties—Prussia-Dantzic-- tary-Commerce of the Mediterranean-
Swedish Pomerania, and Mecklenburg- Ancient commerce-Spain-- Italy, Genoa,
Russia, commerce-Merchant Marine- Venice-Leghorn-Naples-- Sicily-Sar-
Commercial treaties_Trading compa- dinia--Rome, Malta, Trieste-- Istria, Cro-
nies-FisheriesNavy-Tables of the va atia, Dalmatia-Turkey, Greeks-Alba-
riation and nature of the Baltic trade- nia, Greece, and Morea-Anatolia, Syria
the British Sea-Banks—Currents-- Tides-Egypt-Turkish navy-Barbary states :
-Coasts of Jutland-of Sleswick and Algiers, and Tunis-Naval forces-com-
Holstein-of Germany—and of Holland merce of the Black Sea-Ancient com-
Port towns-of Germany-of East Friez merce-present commerce--the West coast
laud--of Holland of Dutch Flanders--and of of Africa-Divisions--Coasts, Rivers, surf
Austrian Flanders-Commerce of Holland-- -Climate, Winds, currents-Description
· Fisheries-Colonies--and Navy-Notes-- of the Natives of the West coast of Africa
· Appendix.–Table 1.—Monies, weights, -Moors of the Desert-Negroes-Caffres
and measures Comparative linear mea -Rise and progress of the European es-
sures-Comparative Itinerary measures tablishments on the West coast of Africa
--Comparative value of coined monies - Portuguese- French - English-Dutch
Correspondence of ancient and modern -Danes, Spaniards-Articles of Trade
Epochs-Names of Winds ancient and of the Slave trade-African associations
modern-Comparison of Thermometers, -Coast of Morocco-Trade of Morocco
and of the Barometer of the Elevation Coast of the Desert of Sahara-Senegam-
of Mouutains, &c.-Geographical posi- bia-Bissagos Islands-Sierra Leone
tions.

Quoja coast-Grain coast-Ivory coast-
Vol. 11.-France Extent, coasts-Ri- Gold coast-Slave coast-Coast of Benin

Canals-Port towns Islands -Gobbicoast--Loango coast--Congo coast Commerce-Colonies-Commercial trea -Angola, Benguela-Caffraria- Islands ties-Consuls-Home fisheries-Foreign in the Gulf of Guinea-Notes---Monies, fisheries--Navy-Prizes Spain-Coasts weights, and measures - Geographical poand capes-Rivers, canals, Port towns- sitions. -Commerce of the Northern provinces Vol. III.-Territory of the Cape of -Navy-Portugal-Coasts and Headlands Good Hope-Fish, Sea birds Animals, -Rivers--Port towns-Commerce-Co- climate-Hottentots-Cape curent-East lonies-Azores, Madeira-West coast of coast of Africa-Natal--Soffola-MosamAfrica-East coast of Africa—East Indies bique--Zasguebar--Ajan--Samaulies Soand Brazil-Commercial treaties-Fish cotra Island-Madagascar Island-Co eries-Navy-The Mediterranean-Ex moro Islands-Bourbon Island Isle of tent, straits of Gibraltar, formation - France-Roderigue Island--Scattered IsGulfs-level, depth-Currents, Tides lands and reefs in the Indian ocean the Irregularelevations, Whirlpools--Meteors, Red Sea ; name, extent-Gulfs, ancient

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