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river attracted our attention, being raised like any other baggage ; our horses also on platforms, supported by strong posts, crossed in boats. The elephants alone twelve or fifteen feet high. We were swam, to the great astonishment of the told they were meant to take refuge in people of the country, who, probably, during the inundation, when the country had never seen an animal of the kind for ten or twelve coss (twenty.or twenty- before. From the ferry to Dera Ismael four miles), from the banks were under Khaun was thirty-five miles. The counwater.

try was covered with thickets of long The people were remarkably civil and grass and thorny shrubs, full of game of well-behaved. Their features were more all kinds, from partridges to wild boars, pleasing than those of the people at Ba and leopards. hawulpore and Moultan ; and their ap The cultivation was flourishing, but pearance and complexion continued to not extensive, though water is abundant ; improve as we got northward, till we and the soil to appearance;. enjoys all reached the ferry: their dress improved that richness and fecundity, for which in the same manner. Even towards the inundated countries are so famous. south, the men were all dressed in gowns We reached Dera Ismael Khaun on the of white or blue cotton, and had no part 11th of January. Before we entered of their bodies exposed, which, with Dera, we were met by Tutteh Khaun, a their beards, and the gravity and decency Beloche, who governs this province as of their behaviour, made them look like deputy for Mahommed Khaun, to whom Moulavees (or doctors of Mahommedan it, as well as Leia, is assigned by the law), in Hindostan. Even there, they King. He was splendidly attired, and wore brownish-grey great-coats of coarse accompanied by a few infantry, and woollen cloth; and that dress became

a troop of ill-dressed and ill-mounted more common towards the north, where horse, armed with long spears. He and all the people wore coloured clothes, his companions expatiated on the greatblue, red, or check : the turban also is

ness of their master ; on the strength of there exchanged for caps of gilted silk, his twenty forts, the number of his cannot unlike Welsh wigs, and certainly not the forty blacksmiths who were emhandsome. Our halting places were ge- ployed night and day to make shot for nerally at large villages. One was, at

them, and other topics of the same kind, Leia, which although it gives its name to

In the course of the day, Tutteh Khaun the province, is a poor place, containing

sent us a present, including six bottles about five hundred houses.

of Caubul wine, and two of the essence The passage of the Indus, and of a plant, much vaunted in the East, some other interesting particulars and called the bedee mishk or musk

willow. next occur :At the ferry on the Indus, we met

At Dera Ismael Khan, the missome silk-merchants, who had gone as

sion remained near a month waitfar as Demaun to purchase madder. ing for a Mermandar, or master of They described the Afghaun tribes as ge the ceremonies. At this place we nerally kind to travellers, and honest in begin to form an acquaintance with their dealings; but one tribe (the Vizeerees), they said were savages, and eat

the Afghans : human flesh.

The town is situated in a large wood of We crossed the Indus at the Kaheree date trees, within a hundred yards of the ferry, on the 7th of January. The main Indus. It has a'ruinous wall of unburned stream was there 1010 yards broad, though bricks, about a mile and a half in circumits breadth was diminished by several ference. The inhabitants of the town parallel branches, one of which was two were chiefly Beloches, though there were hundred and fifty yards broad. We pass also some Afghauns, and Hindoos ; the ed in good flat-bottomed boats, made of latter have a temple in the town. The

fir, and capable of carrying from thirty country people are Beloches and Juts, to forty tons. Our camels had their feet resembling those on the opposite bank of tied, and were thrown into the boats the Indus. We saw many Afghauns from

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Demaun, who differed much from the man in particular, who stood, and stared Beloches. They were large, and bony in silent amazement, had exactly the comen, with long coarse hair, loose turbans, lour, features, and appearance of an Irish and sheep-skin cloaks; plain and rough, haymaker. They had generally high nobut pleasing in their manners. We had ses ; and their stature was rather small often groupes of horsemen round our than large. Some had brown woollen camp, who came from a distance to look great coats, but most had white cotton at us, and visitors who were prompted by clothes; and they all wore white turbans ; curiosity to court our acquaintance. they were very dirty. They did not seem

There were several hordes of wan at all jealous of their women. Men, wodering shepherds encamped in different men, and children, crowded round us, parts of the vast plain where we were. felt our coats, examined our plated stirWe went on the day after our arrival to

rups, opened our holsters, and shewed examine one, which belonged to the Kha great curiosity, but were not troublerotees, the rudest of all the pastoral

Scarce one of them understood tribes. We rode about ten miles to this any language but Pushtoo ; but, in their camp, over a plain of hard mud, like manners, they were all free, good hu. part of the desart, but covered with moured, and civil. I learnt that they had bushes of jaund and kureel, and evident been there three months, and were to re ly rich, though neglected. On our way, turn in two more, to pass the summer we saw some Afghaun shepherds, driving near Ghuznee. They said, that was a a herd of about fifty camels, towards far superior country to Demaun. I could Dera; one of the camels was pure white, make out little even of what the linguist with blue eyes.* The Afghauns spoke said, and there were were too many, both ño Persian, nor Hindoostanee. They of English and Afghauns, to admit of any were very civil; stopped the white camel attempt at a regular conversation. till we had examined it, and shewed us We must here take our leave, for their swords, which we were desirous to look at, because the hilts differed from

the moment, of this interesting those both of Persia and India; they were

but not before we have most like those of the latter country, but added, to what has been said of neater. At last, after a ride of ten miles, the doubts entertained by the Afywe reached the camp. It was pitched in han monarch and the provinces, of a circle, and the tents were coarse brown

the objects of the British mission, blankets, each supported by two little

an anecdote' which conveys the poles, placed upright, and one laid across for a ridge polé. The walls were made

humbler suspicions of the villagers, of dry thorn. Our appearance excited

to which, as it proceeded, the per: some surprise ; and one man, who, ap sons forming it were exposed peared to have been in India, addressed

The notions entertained of us by the me in a kind of Hindoostanee, and asked

people were not a little extraordinary! what brought us there? whether we were They had often no conception of our nanot contented with our own possessions, tion or religion. We have been taken for Cawnpore, and Lucknow, and all those Syuds, Moguls, Afghauns, and even for fine places ? I said, we came as friends, Hindoos. and were going to the King. After this

They believed we carried great guns, we soon got intimate ; and, by degrees, packed up in trunks; and that we had we were surrounded by people from the certain small boxes, so contrived as to camp. The number of children was in- explode, and kill half a dozen men each, credible ; they were mostly fair, aud without hurting us. Some thought we handsome. The girls, I particularly ob could raise the dead ; and there was a served, had aquiline noses, and Jewish

story current,' that we had made and features. The men were generally dark, animated a wooden ram at Mooltain ; though some were quite fair. One young that we had sold him as a ram, and that

it was not till the purchaser began to eat It was afterwards bought by a gentleman of the mission, who gave it away in India ; and

him, that the material of which he was it is now, I understand, exhibited in London. made, was discovered.

(To be continued.)

work ;

DEBATES AT THE EAST-INDIA HOUSE.

A Quarterly General Court of Pro those, functions on themselves, which prietors of East-India Stock was held at properly belonged to the executive body. the Company's House in Leadenhall street, And he had no doubt that the measures on Wednesday, Dec. 20, 1815.

adopted on their part were consonant

with the views of the proprietors, so unHALF-YEAR'S DIVIDEND.

equivocally expressed in that court. Now, The usual previous business being dis on the last occasion, he requested to patched,

know what measures had been taken, The Chairman (Charles Grant, Esq. The proprietors were then aware, that M. P.) acquainted the court, that they the papers connected with the proceedwere then assembled for the purpose of ings were to be laid before them ; but considering of a dividend on the capital he believed he was correct in stating, stock of the company, for the half year, that a desire existed, on the part of the commencing on the 5th of July last, and directors, to have the whole transaction ending on the 5th of January next. The

brought to a conclusion, before the pacourt of directors had come to a resolu

pers were produced. If so, he wanted to tion thereon; which was read by the learn what had been done in the busiproper officer, as follows

ness, and when the documents would be " At a court of directors, held on forthcoming. He should be gratified Monday the 18th of December, it was the hon. chairman would give the proresolved, in pursuance of the act of the prietors some little general outline on 33d of his Majesty, cap. 55, that a divi the subject of the proceeding which had dend of 54 per cent. should be declared taken place with respect to Mr. Cooke, on the capital stock of the company, for since the question was last before the the half year commencing on the 5th of court. July last, and ending on the 5th of Ja The Chairman said, he was well sanuary next.”

tisfied that he had given way to the hon. The Chairman then moved, “ That gent. on this occasion. A communicathe court do confirm the said resolution.” tion on the subject to which he alluded

The Hon. D. Kinnaird expressed him would form one part of the proceeding self anxious to put a question to the of the day. If the hon. gent. would chairman,

permit him to pursue the usual course The Chairman observed, that the court of business, in the usual way, he would, was assembled for the purpose announced at the proper period, make a statement in the regular advertisement; and he of the situation in which that affair at apprehended such a question took pre present stood.-(Hear! hear !)

It was cedence of every other subject. At the noted down amongst his memorandums same time, he had no objection to answer as one of the matters to which he had any thing the hon. gent. might propose, to call the attention of the court.

The Hon. D. Kinnaird rejoined. In The motion was then carried. that, as in every other assembly, of a similar nature, it was competent for any

PENSION TO SIR DAVID OCHTERLONY. member, when a motion was submitted, The Chairman stated, that the court to ask a question. He took occasion, at was made special, for the purpose of the last general court, to request the laying before the proprietors a resolution hon, chairman to state to the proprietors of the court of directors, granting to at large, what had taken place, with major-general sir David Octerlony, bart. regard to Mr. Cooke. After what had and knight commander of the bath, a fallen from the hon. chairman himself, pensio: of £1000 per ann. when he acquiesced in the vote as it The resolution was read by the clerk, regarded Mr. Sherson, he had a right to as follows:do so. The hon. chairman then stated “ At a court of directors, held on Weddistinctly, that “it was his wish thence nesday, the 6th of December 1815, a forward, to obey the wishes of the ge report from the committee of corresponneral court on that subject, without giv- dence, dated this day, being read, it was ing any opinion of his own; and he resolved unanimously, in consideration expressed a desire, as the matter had of the eminent and most beneficial serbeen taken up by the court of proprie vices rendered to the company by majortors, that it should be continued, as general sir David Ochterlony, bart, and much as possible, in their hands.” But K.C.B. in the war against the state of the proprietors felt so much confidence Nepaul, by which the honour of the British in their directors, when they passed a arms was upheld, and the enemy, after resolution of such importance as was the capture of extensive provinces, imcarried on the occasion he alluded to, portant to them, were obliged to sue for that they could not feel a desire to take peace, on terms favourable to the comAsiatic Journ.-No, l.

VOL. I.

K

pany—that a pension of £1000 per an a brave and experienced man, was capnum be granted to him, to commence tured—the provinces of Goorkah fell into from the date of the victory over the Na our hands -and a convention, leading to paulese army, the 16th of April, 1815– terms of peace, was entered into. These The said grant being subject to the appro circumstances, and the recommendation bation of the court of proprietors." of the government of India (for the earl

The Chairman then proceeded to ad of Moira himself and the council of Caldress the court. The papers connected cutta, have given a particular prominence with ibis subject had beeu, he observed, to the character and services of sir David before the proprietors and the most mate Ochterlony, and pointed him out to our rial of them were published in the news earliest consideration) have induced the papers; it therefore would not be neces court of directors to accede, unanimously, sary for him to take up much time in sta to this resolution. But, if they wished to ting the merits of sir David Ochterlony. take a more general view of the subject, They were of such a nature as not to for the purpose of delaying the expression need any laboured panegyric from him. of their opinion on the conduct of sir DaThey appeared so clear-they stood so vid Ochterlony, they could hardly have completely by themselves, that they waut done so with propriety—because the goed not any adventitious assistance to sup vernment of this country had already port them. He should do no more, there marked their high sense of his services, fore, than venture to state a brief outline by conferring on him a very great honor. of those services which the company were His pecuniary concerns were extremely now called on to reward. Gentlemen moderate. Sir David was said to be a would be aware, that the enemy which soldier, who had literally lived on his we had to cope with, in the Napaulese, pay, and who, consequently had saved was one of a new description-one whom nothing. Under these circumstances, we never had to combat before. The Na the court of directors, to enable him paulese were different in character from to live in a style commensurate with those native forces with whom we had the dignity bestowed on him by the formerly to contend-and their country, Prince Regent, have passed the resolualmost inaccessible, was different from tion now before the proprietors. It was any into which our arms had previously not necessary for him to take up their penetrated. The war was therefore, a attention further the motion was one very arduous undertaking from the be that recommended itself.—The honourginving. A very great part of the enter able Chairman concluded by proposing, prize rested on sir David Ochterlony. It " That the court do confirm the resohad happened, that several of the opera

“ lution.” tions, conducted by other officers, had Mr. R. Jackson wished to ask, whefailed; but sir David was uniformly suc ther the papers, connected with this cessful—his measures, in every instance, subject, were open to the inspection of were judicious and proper—and they were the proprietors ? Some persons undoubt. crowned by a success continued and pro- edly had seen them—but, he believed, a gressive. While other divisions of the far greater number had not been so forarmy were repulsed, that commanded by tunate. Were they noticed in the public him attained every object it sought to advertisement ? achieve, although opposed by a deter The Chairman said, they certainly mined enemy, and having at the same were open to the inspection of the protime to contend with the disadvantages of prietors. It would have counteracted the a country, most difficult of access. By purpose of the directors, if they were not. his conduct, he upheld the military cla Mr. R. Jackson took it for granted, racter of this country, when reverses had from the respectable officer near him not taken place in almost every other quarter. saying that the papers were advertised, Thear ! hear !) The great weight of the that they had not been. When this business war rested on him—and the part he acted came to be finally settled, no man could was of the utmost importance, both in be found, whose heart and feelings would its effects on the enemy-in its operation go farther to reward the services of sir on the character of our own troops--and David Ochterlony, than his. No man above all, in its influence on the minds would be more disposed to retrace every and feelings of the natives of India, ge- step of his gallant march, or to point out nerally. Having supported the character the most prominent parts of his brilliant aud cause of his country, in this manner, conduct, than he would be. But he he compelled the enemy to have recourse thought it was not right, when the comto negociation—which he (the Chairman) pany were burdened with £40,000,000 of trusted had, ere this, terminated in peace; debt, to make a grant of £1000 a year, but of this fact they had not yet received per saltum, -those papers which ought intelligence. The battles of the 14th, to guide the judgement of the pro15th and 16th of April, on the Mallown prietors, in their decision, not having hills, ended in the complete discomfiture been formally, and in the regular course of the Napaulese forces. The principal of business faid before them.- (hear ! officer of the enemy, Ummer Sing Thappa, hear !) He, herefore, hoped, thai those

necessary documents would be produced hear !) This was done at the very mo—and that the time for acceding to this ment when the intelligence of peace was pension would be fixed for some future likely to arrive; for the court must be day, when the proprietors had read and aware, that the last advices from that studied them. They would then be able eminent man stated, that a person had to do that, from the conviction of their proceeded to his camp, to treat for peace judgement, which now, perhaps, would on any conditions. Thanking the noble only be executed from the impulse of lord as they had done ju their dispatches, generous feeling. No person could doubt appreciating his services as they must of the gallantry, courage, ability, and, cha necessity appreciate them; surely this racter of sir D. Ochterlony—they were public record, which would manifest a as much above suspicion, as they were neglect of his talents, might be put off superior to praise. But, in proportion for a short time, until that could be done, as the character of this meritorious of in his case, which had been done in that ficer stood high in their estimation, did of lord Moruington, of marquis Corn-, it not become more incumbent on thein wallis, of sir Hector Munro-in short, to confirm the resolution of the court of in the case of every individual, exdirectors, not from the enthusiasm of the cept the earl of Moira! (Hear ! hear !) moment, but from a principle of convic- In every society, it was an undoubted tion, after having made themselves ac maxim, that he who was placed at the quainted with every particle of his head of it, should, if great achievements conduct ? Impressed with this feeling, were performed, be hailed with grateful he conceived it would be better for applause. But this principle was not actthem

to postpone proceeding, until ed on towards lord Moira. He, whose those papers were laid before the pro- genius had laid those plans by which prietors, on which the committee of such great results had been produced, apcorrespondence had founded their report. peared to be forgotten; and nothing, he. Having stated this, he must observe, that was persuaded could prevent such conhe had read the papers, and was disposed duct operating as an affront to the noble to pay as high and as sincere a tribute lord, unless the hon. chairman, or some to the valour and wisdom of sir Da of his colleagues, rose in their place, and vid Ochterlony as the warmest of his explained why their views and feelings admirers could possibly do. Before he were different. What he (Mr. Jackson) sat down, he hoped he should be allowed principally desired, was, that the grantto ask two questions. Why, he should ing of this peusion be deferred until the like to know, was there a departure, in court had time to read the papers, that this instance, from the course usually they might be satisfied of the propriety pursued on similar occasions ? The or of it. When the name of Moira was dinary course was, first, to move a vote next mentioned in that place, he hoped of thanks to any individual who had de- ample justice would be done to his transerved such an honour, and some little scendant merits. (Hear ! hear!) That time afterwards to propose a grant of it might be so, he should move, when the money, where it was deemed necessary. present motion was disposed of, for the This was the line adopted in the case of production of all dispatches from earl the present marquis Wellesley, in that of Moira, from the commencement of the the late marquis Cornwallis, and in many war in India, until the last, except such others. The services of the individual as were of a private nature. To that mowere discussed, when the vote of thanks tion, he conceived, there could be no obwas moved, and, at a subsequent period, jection. Those who had read, as he had the pension was proposed. He was not done, the hostile declaration of lord anxious that the pension, in this instance, Moira, and the joyful and glorious conclushould be deferred beyond the next ge sion of the war, as detailed in the last neral court, yet this departure from es advices, would perceive the conduct of tablished precedent ought not, in his able statesman, impelled by true opinion, to be suffered. But that to English feeling-and, what was better, which he would now call the attention acting on pure English maxims. (Hear ! of the court seemed to him to be a still hear !) He met the enemy on his own greater departure from the customary threshold-he gave him no time for presystem, and one that must interest every paration! But let not those publications man who was anxious to support the be credited, which have described Lord fame of absent commanders, and who Moira as eager and anxious for a war ; felt of what importance it was to pre as seeking to quarrel with the Napaulese vent that fame from being compromised. Rajah, by giving a new interpretation to In this case, the court of directors had points, which for years had remained overlooked the commander in chief, the settled and decided. This was not the great cause of all those splendid succes fact. Lord Moira took temperate, moses. They thanked and remunerated the derate, and conciliatory measures ; nor subordinate officer, without at all noti was it until that awful moment arrived, cing the noble lord (earl Moira) now at when the name of England appeared to the head of the Indian government. (Hear! be disgraced, when our officer was

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