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If it is neither practicable nor reasonable to place on a vessel the minimum number of sets of davits required by the rules, the Board of Supervising Inspectors, with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce, may authorize a smaller number of sets of davits to be fitted, provided always that this number shall never be less than the minimum number of open boats of the first class required by the rules.
If a large proportion of the persons on board are accommodated in boats whose length is greater than fifty feet, a further reduction in the number of sets of davits may be allowed exceptionally, if the Board of Supervising Inspectors, with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce, is satisfied that the arrangements are in all respects satisfactory.
In all cases in which a reduction in the minimum number of sets of davits or other equivalent appliances required by the rules is allowed, the owner of the vessel in question shall be required to prove, by a test made in the presence of an officer designated by the Supervising Inspector General, that all the boats can be efficiently launched in a minimum time.
The conditions of this test shall be as follows:
Second. The time is the time required from the beginning of the removal of the boat covers, or any other operation necessary to prepare the boats for lowering, until the last boat or pontoon raft is afloat.
Third. The number of men employed in the whole operation must not exceed the total number of boat hands that will be carried on the vessel under normal service conditions.
Fourth. Each boat when being lowered must have on board at least two men and its full equipment as required by the rules.
The time allowed for putting all the boats into the water shall be fixed by the Board of Supervising Inspectors, with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce.
MINIMUM NUMBER OF DAVITS AND OF OPEN BOATS OF THE FIRST CLASS
MINIMUM BOAT CAPACITY.
The following table fixes, according to the length of the vessel
(A) The minimum number of sets of davits to be provided, to each of which must be attached a boat of the first class in accordance with this section.
(B) The minimum total number of open boats of the first class, which must be attached to davits, in accordance with this section.
(C) The minimum boat capacity required, including the boats attached to davits and the additional boats, in accordance with this section.
980 1, 220 1,550 1, 880 2,390 2, 740 3, 330 3, 900 4, 560 5,100 5,640 6, 190 6, 930 7,550 8, 290 9,000 9, 630 10, 650 11, 700 13,060 14, 430 15, 920 17,310 18, 720 20, 350 21, 900 23, 700 25, 350 27,050 28, 560 30, 180 32, 100 34, 350 36, 450 38, 750 41,000 43, 880 46, 350 48,750
When the length of the vessel exceeds one thousand and thirty feet, the Board of Supervising Inspectors, with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce, shall determine the minimum number of sets of davits and of open boats of the first class for that vessel.
EMBARKATION OF THE PASSENGERS IN THE LIFEBOATS AND RAFTS.
Suitable arrangements shall be made for embarking the passengers in the boats, in accord with regulations by the Board of Supervising Inspectors, with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce.
In vessels which carry rafts there shall be a number of rope or wooden ladders always available for use in embarking the persons onto the rafts.
The number and arrangement of the boats, and (where they are allowed) of the pontoon rafts, on a vessel depends upon the total number of persons which the vessel is intended to carry: Provided,
sixty-one to eighty-five persons, the minimum number of certificated lifeboat men shall be four; if the boat or raft carries from eightysix to one hundred and ten persons, the minimum number of certificated lifeboat men shall be five; if the boat or raft carries from one hundred and eleven to one hundred and sixty persons, the minimum number of certificated lifeboat men shall be six; if the boat or raft carries from one hundred and sixty-one to two hundred and ten persons, the minimum number of certificated lifeboat men shall be seven; and, thereafter, one additional certificated lifeboat man for each additional fifty persons: Provided, That if the raft carries fifteen persons or less a licensed officer or able seaman need not be placed in charge of such raft: Provided further, That one-half the number of rafts carried shall have a capacity of exceeding fifteen persons.
The allocation of the certificated lifeboat men to each boat and raft remains within the discretion of the master, according to the circumstances.
By “certificated lifeboat man is meant any member of the crew who holds a certificate of efficiency issued under the authority of the Secretary of Commerce, who is hereby directed to provide for the issue of such certificates.
In order to obtain the special lifeboat man's certificate the applicant must prove to the satisfaction of an officer designated by the Secretary of Commerce that he has been trained in all the operations connected with launching lifeboats and the use of oars; that he is acquainted with the practical handling of the boats themselves; and, further, that he is capable of understanding and answering the orders relative to lifeboat service.
Section forty-four hundred and sixty-three of the Revised Statutes as amended is hereby amended by adding the words “including certificated lifeboat men, separately stated," to the word "crew wherever it occurs.
MANNING OF BOATS.
A licensed officer or able seaman shall be placed in charge of each boat or pontoon raft; he shall have a list of its lifeboat men, and other members of its crew which shall be sufficient for her safe management, and shall see that the men placed under his orders are acquainted with their several duties and stations.
A man capable of working the motor shall be assigned to each motor boat.
The duty of seeing that the boats, pontoon rafts, and other lifesaving appliances are at all times ready for use shall be assigned to one or more officers.
MUSTER ROLL AND DRILLS.
Special duties for the event of an emergency shall be allotted to each member of the crew.
The muster list shows all these special duties, and indicates, in particular, the station to which each man must go, and the duties that he has to perform.
Before the vessel sails the muster list shall be drawn up and exhibited, and the proper authority, to be designated by the Secretary