The Sociology of Philosophical Knowledge
This volume brings together a number of authors that see themselves as contribu tors to, or critical commentators on, a new field that has recently emerged within the sociology of knowledge. This new field is 'the Sociology of Philosophical Knowledge' (SPK). Studying philosophers and their knowledge from broadly sociological or political perspectives is not, of course, a recent phenomenon. Marxist writers have used such perspectives throughout the twentieth century, and, since the sixties, feminist authors have also occasionally engaged in sociological analysis of philosophers' texts. What distinguishes SPK from these sociologies is that SPK is not engaged in a political struggle; indeed, SPK remains, in general, neutral with respect to the truth or falsity of the doctrines it studies. In doing so, SPK follows the 'strong programme' in the sociology of scientific knowledge. In 'Wittgenstein as a Conservative Thinker', David Bloor draws on the work of the sociologist Karl Mannheim in order to situate Wittgenstein's philosophy. Mannheim distinguished between two important styles of thought in the nine teenth century. The first, the 'natural law' ideology was associated with ideas of the Enlightenment and the French Revolution. It emphasized individualism, progress, and universal reason. The second style of thought was 'conservatism'.
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JARMO PULKKINEN Why did Gottlob Frege and Ernst Schroder Fail
Gaston Bachelard and
BARRY SANDYWELL The Agonistic Ethic and the the Spirit
MATTHEW CHEW Politics and Patterns of Developing Indigenous
RANDALL COLLINS Reflexivity and Social Embeddedness
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abstract academic accounts activity algebra analysis ancient argue arguments attempt authors Bachelard beard became become called century chair changes China Chinese philosophy claim concepts concerned conservative considered context course critical culture debate discipline discussion early emergence established ethics example explain expressed fact Frege German give Greek historians history of philosophy human Husserl ideal ideas important indigenous individual institutions intellectual interest interpretation Japan Japanese kind knowledge language laws lives logic London mathematics means method moral myth natural object organizations origins particular period philosophical knowledge political position practices presented Press problems produced psychologism published pure question rational reasons reference relations religious result role scholars Schroder sense social society sociological symbols systematic texts theory thinkers thinking thought tradition understanding University views Western philosophy Wittgenstein writings