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species is known in some parts of the mountains by the name of Alum-root, on account of the astringent taste of its roots, which are very successfully employed in curing the flux among children, which is a disease

very prevalent in those countries.
2. G. diffusum, pubescens ; foliis oppositis 5-lobis, lobis carolinianum.

trifido-incisis, peduncu!is bifloris subfasciculatis, pe-
talis emarginatis longitudine calycis aristati, arillis vil-

losis.-Willd. sp. pl. 3. p.711.
G. lanuginosum. Jacq. hort. scheenb. 2. t. 140.
Icon. Cavan. diss. 4. t. 84. 8. 1. & t. 124. f. 2. Dill.

elth. t. 135.f. 162. In fields : Virginia to Georgia. 8. June, July. v.v.

Flowers small, white, with red veins.
3. G. diffusum, pubescens ; foliis oppositis 5-partitis, lobis

dissectum.
3-fidis incisis linearibus, pedunculis bifloris elongatis,
petalis emarginatis longitudine calycis aristati, arillis

pilosis, pilis glandulosis.-Willd. sp. pl. 3. p. 712.
Icon. Cavan. diss. 4. t. 78. f. 2.
In fields : New York. 0. June, July. v.v. Flowers

rose-coloured, larger than the foregoing one.
4. G. diffusum, hirsutum ; foliis oppositis ternatis quina- robertianum.

tisque trifido-pinnatifidis, pedunculis biforis, petalis
integris calyce aristato duplo longioribus, arillis reti-

culatis.-Willd. sp. pl. 3. p.714.
Icon. Fl. dan. 694. Cavan. diss. 4. t. 86. f. 1.
In shady moist places, on rocks : New York to Virgi-

ginia ; rare. 8. June-Aug. v. v. Flowers pale
red. It is singular, that the American plant has not
that heavy scent the European is so well known by,
though its other characters agree exactly.

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III. POLY ANDRI A.

tetraptera.

547. HALESIA. Gen. pl. 814. 1. H. foliis ovatis acuminatis argute serratis, floribus dode

candris, fructu subæqualiter rhomboideo-tetraptero.-

Willd. sp. pl. 2. p. 849.
Icon. Bot. mag. 910. Cavan. diss. 6. 1. 186. Catesb.

car. 1. t. 64.

diplera.

In shady woods, on the banks of rivers : Carolina. .

April, May. v. v. A handsome small tree; flowers white, resembling those of Snow-drops, from which

it has been called Snow-drop Tree or Silver-bell Tree. 2. H. foliis oblongo-ovatis obtuse-acuminatis membranaceis,

floribus octandris, fructu subelliptico, alis alternis ma

joribus.-Willd. sp. pl. 2. p. 849. Icon. Cavan. diss. 6. t. 187. In shady forests of Georgia. Ñ . April, May. v. v. s. fl.; v. s. in Herb. Lyon. Flowers larger than the

preceding species.
3. H. fructu inæqualiter subtetraptero clavato foribusque

parvulis.-Mich. fl. amer. 2. p. 40.
In Florida near Matanza. Michaux. . t

parviflora.

grandifo

lium.

pulverulen.

tum.

548, STYRAX. Gen. pl. 753. 1. S. foliis lato-obovatis acuminatis subtus tomentosis, ra

cemis multifloris elongatis, pedunculis inferioribus

axillaribus solitariis unifloris.-Willd. sp. pl. 2. p. 622.
S. officinale. Walt, fl. car. 140.
S. grandiflorum. Mich. f. aner. 2. p. 41.
In woods, on the banks of rivers : Virginia to Georgia.

n. June-Aug. v. v. A fine ornamental shrub, as

the two following likewise are; Rowers white. 2. S. foliis subsessilibus ovalibus s. obovatis obtusis subtus

pulverulento-tomentosis, floribus axillaribus et subterno-terminalibus brevissime pedicellatis.- Mich. fl.

amer. 2. p. 41. S. lævigatum. Bot. mag. 921. In woods of Virginia and Carolina. h. June-Aug.

Resembles the foregoing one. The figure referred to represents the present species, S. lævigatum or the following species has to my knowledge

not yet been introduced into Europe, 3. S. foliis ovali-lanceolatis utrinque acutis glabris, pedun

culis axillaribus unifloris solitariis binisve. -Cavan.

diss. 6. t. 188. f.1.
S. lævigatum. Willd. sp. pl. 2. p. 624.
S. americanum. Lam. encycl. 1. p. 82.
S. læve. Walt. ft. car. 140.
In the swamps of Virginia and Carolina. ħ. July, Aug.

Not above three or four feet high ; the number of stamina is from six to ten,

V.V.

glabrum.

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tinctoria,

549. HOPEA. Gen. pl. 1222.
1. H. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis glaucis, floribus axillaribus

aggregatis brevissime pedicellatis.- Linn. mant. 105..
Symplocos tinctoria. Willd. sp. pl. 3. p. 1436.
Icon. Mich. arb. t.... Catesb. car. I. p. 54.
In low woods of Virginia and Carolina. h. April, May.

v. v. A small tree or shrub, variable in size, of
which there is a variety with leaves pubescent under-
neath; flowers yellow, small, very sweet scented.
The leaves dye a very fine yellow, and have a sweet
taste ; from which circumstance it is known by the
inhabitants under the name of Sweet-leaf.

550. GORDONIA. Gen. pl. 1144. 1. G. foliis lanceolato-oblongis glaberrimis nitidis coriaceis, Lasianthus.

floribus longe pedunculatis, capsulis conoideis acumi

patis.-Willd. sp. pl. 3. p. 840. Hypericum Lasianthus. Sp. pl. 1101. Icon. Bot, mag. 668. Mich. arb.t.... Cavan, diss. 6.

t. 161. Catesb. car. 1. t. 44. Pluk, analth. t. 352. f. 3. lo cedar-swamps, near the sea-coast : Virginia to Flo

rida. . Aug-Sept. v. v. A beautiful small ever

green tree; flowers white, the size of a rose. 2. G. foliis obovato-lanceolatis subtus pubescentibus sub

pubescens. membranaceis, floribus subsessilibus, capsulis sphæri

cis.-Willd. sp. pl. 3. p. 841.
G. Franklinia. Willd. sp. pl. 3. p. 841.
Franklinia Alatamaha. Marsh. arb. 48.
Lacathea florida. Parad. lond. 56. cum icone,
Icon. Cavan. diss. t. 162. Mich. arb. t. ...
On the banks of the Alatamaha, near Fort Barrington,

Georgia. h. Aug. Sept. v. v. This elegant tree,
whose large white flowers with yellow anthers have
a most agreeable appearance, though a native of a
very southern latitude, is able to stand a considerable
northern climate.

551. STUARTIA. Gen. pl. 1142 1143. 1. S. foliis ovatis acutis, floribus axillaribus subbinis, caly

cibus ovatis obtusis, petalis integris, stylis coalitis. S. Malachodendron. Willd. sp. pl. 3. p. 840.

virginica.

na.

pentagyna.

Stewartia virginica. Cavan. diss. 5. t. 159. f. 2.
Stewartia marilandica. Bot. rep. 397.
Icon. L'Herit. stirp. 1. t. 73. Catesb. car. 3. t. 13.

Duhan, arb. 2. 6.78.
In swamps in the lower counties of Virginia and Caroli-

h. July-Sept. v.v. From five to seven teet high, very ornamental; flowers large, white. There are a number of varieties, with more or less serrated

leaves, more or less pubescent, &c. 2. S. foliis ovatis acuminatis, floribus axillaribus solitariis,

calycibus lanceolatis calyculatis, petalis undulato-in

cisis, stylis distinctis.- Willd. sp. pl. 3. p. 840. Malachodendron ovatum. Caran. diss. 5. 1. 158. f. 2.' Icon. Exot. bot. 101. L'Herit. stirp. 1. t. 74. J. Mil

ler. ic. 3. In the mountains of Carolina and Georgia. 5. Aug.

This beautiful shrub, whose large flowers are of a cream colour, deserves a place in the collection of every admirer of ornamental shrubs. It has generally been considered as a distinct genus ; but I follow Dr. Smith's observations in Exotic Botany, considering it always unnecessary to split a small genus on slight differences, though the same differences might be sufficient reasons for establishing a distinction where the genus is numerous.

V. V.

spinosa.

552. SIDA. Gen. pl. 1129. 1. S. caule patulo, axillis subspinosis, foliis longe petiolatis

ovato-lanceolatis obsolete cordatis dentatis, peduncuJis solitariis axillaribus, stipulis setaceis pedunculo lon

gioribus, capsulis birostratis.-Willd. sp. pl. 3. p. 736. Icon. Cavan. diss. 1. t. 1. f. 9. Pluk. alm. t. 9. f. 6. Among rubbish and on road-sides : Pensylvania to

Carolina. 0. July, Aug. v. v. Flowers yellow,

small, 2. S. bispido-pilosa ; foliis lanceolatis serratis, pedunculis

solitariis axillaribus longitudine petiolorum, calyce ex

teriore filiformi. In sandy plains of Georgia. Lyon. 4. v. s. in Herb.

Lyon. Flowers yellow. 3. S. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis dentatis basi cuneiformibus

integerrimis, pedunculis petiolis multo longioribus,
capsulis bicornibus.

Willd. sp. pl. 3. p. 740.
Icon. Cavan. diss. 1. t. 3. f. 12. Dill. elth. t. 172. f. 212.

hispida.

Thombifolia.

!

crispa.

Abutilon.

2

Napea.

In cultivated grounds and among rubbish : Virginia to
Florida. O. h. June-Aug.

. . v. v. Flowers yel-
low, small.
4. S. foliis oblongo-cordatis acuminatis crenatis summis ses-

silibus, pedunculis solitariis petiolo longioribus fructi.
feris deflexis, capsulis inflatis muticis undulato-crispis.

Willd. sp. pl. 3. p. 747.
Icon. Cavan. diss. 1. t. 7. f. 1. Dill. elth. t. 5. f. 5.
On the sea-coast of Carolina. 0. July-Sept. v.v.

Flowers white, small.
5. S. foliis subrotundo-cordatis acuminatis dentatis tomen.

tosis, pedunculis solitariis petiolo brevioribus, capsulis

biaristatis truncatis. Willd. sp. pl. 3. p. 750.
Icon. Schkuhr handb. 190.
In cultivated grounds : Pensylvania to Carolina. 0.

July, Aug. v.v. A tall plant; flowers dark yellow.
6. S. foliis cordatis 5-lobis glabris, lobis oblongis acumina-

tis dentatis, pedunculis multifloris, capsulis muticis

acuminatis. Willd. sp. pl. 3. p. 766.
Napæa lævis. Syst. veg. 750.
Napæa bermaphrodita. Sp. pl. 965.
Icon. Cavan. diss. 5. t. 132. f. 1. Herm. lugdb. t. 23.
In shady rocky places : Pensylvania to Virginia ; rare.

4. July--Sept. v.v. From two to four feet high ;

flowers white.
7. S. foliis 7-lobo-palmatis scabris, lobis lanceolatis inciso-

dentatis, foribus dioicis corymbosis bracteatis. Willd.
sp. pl. 3. p.766.
Napæa scabra. Syst. veg. 750.
Napæa dioica. Sp. pl. 905.
Icon. Cavan. diss. 5. t. 132. f.2. Ehret. pict. 7 & 8.
In stony ground, in the upper parts of Virginia. 4.

July, Aug. v.v. Flowers white.
8. S. foliis inferioribus triangulo-cordatis incisis, superiori-

bus palmato-multifidis, corymbo terminali, calycibus

hispidis. Mich. fl. amer. 2. p. 44.
In stony fields of Kentucky, Tennassee, &c. 4. July,

Aug. v. s. Resembles in habit Malva Alcea.

dioica.

alcæoides.

553. CRISTARIA. Cavan. ic. 5. p. 10.
1. C. undique cano-tomentosa et pilis stellatis obsita ; foliis

3—5-fidis, laciniis incisis acutis, racemis terminalibus,
caule diffuso.

coccinea.

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