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my Lord, for taking this Occasion of telling all the World how ardenely I Love and Honour You; and that I am, with the utmost Gratitude for all Your Favours,
Qualis ubi andito venantum murmure Tigris
BOUT the Middle of laft Winter I went to see an Opera at the Theatre in the HaryMarket, where I could not but take Notice of two Parties of very fine Women, that had placed themselves in the opposite Side
Boxes, and seemed drawn up in a kind of Battle-Array one against another. After a short Survey of them, I found they were Patched differently, the Faces on one Hand, being spotted on the right side of the Forebead, and those upon the other on the Left. I quickly perceived that they caft hoftile Glances upon one another zand that their Patches were placed in those different Situations, as Party-Signals to distinguish Friends from foes. In the Middle-Boxes, between these two opposite Bodies, were several Ladies who Parched indifferently on both Sides of their Faces, and seemed to fit there with no other Intention but to see the Opera, Upon Enquiry I found, that the Body of Amazons on my right Hand were Whigs, and A 4
those on my left, Tories : And that those who had placed themselves in the Middle-Boxes were a Neutral Party, whose Faces had not yet declared themselves. These last, however, as I afterwards found, diminished daily, and took their Party with one side or the other; insomuch that I observed in several of them, the Patches, which were before dispersed equally, are now all gone over to the Whig or Tory Side of the Face. The Censorious say, That the men whose Hearts are aimed at, are very often the Occasions that one Part of the Face is thus dishonoured, and lies under a kind of Disgrace, while the other is fo much set off and adorned by the Owner; and that the Patches turn to the Right or to the Left, aceording to the Principles of the Man who is most in Favour. But what. ever may be the Motives of a few fantastical Coquets, who do not Patch for the publick Good so much as for their own private Advantage, it is certain, that there are several Women of Honour who patch out of Principle, and with an Eye to the Interest of their Country. Nay, I am informed that some of them adhere so stedfastly to their Party, and are so far from facrificing their Zeal for the Publick to their Passion for any particular Person, that in a late Draught of Marriage Articles a Lady has stipulated with her Husband, That, whatever his Opinions are, the fhall be at Liberty to patch on which Side fhe pleases.
I must here take notice, that Rosalinda, a famous Whig: Partizan, has moft unfortunately a very beautiful Moleon the Tory Part of her Forehead; which being very con. fpicuous, has occafioned many Mistakes, and given an Handle to her Enemics to misreprefent her Face, as tho' it had revolted from the Whig Intereft.. But, whatever this natural Patch may seem to intiinate, it is well known that her Notions of Government are ftill the same. This unlucky Mole, however, has mil-led several Coxcombs; and-like the hanging out of false Colours, made some of them converfe with Rosalinda in what they thought the Spirit of her Party; when on a sudden Ihe has given them an un xpected Fire, that has sunk them all at once. If Rosalinda is unfortunate in her Mole, Nigranilla is as unhappy in a Pimple, which forces her, against her Inclimations, to patch on the Whig Side.
I am told that many virtuous Matrons, who formerly have been taught to believe that this artificial Sporting
of the Face was unlawful, are now reconciled by å Zeal for their Cause, to what they could not be prompted by a Concern for their Beauty. This way of declaring War upon one another, puts me in mind of what is reported of the Tygress, that several Spots rise in her Skin when she is angry, or as Mr. Cowley has imitated the Verses chat ftand as the Motto of this paper,
She swells with angry Pride, And calls forth all her. Spots on ev'ry side. WHEN I was in the Theatre the Time above-mena tioned, I had the Curiosity to count the Patches on both Sides, and found the Tory Patches to be about Twenty stronger than the Whig; but to make Amends for this small
Inequality, I the next Morning found the whole Puppet-shew filled with Faces spotted after the Whiggith Manner. Whether or no the Ladies had retreated hither in order to rally their Forces I cannot tell; but the next Night they came in so great a Body to the Opera, that they out-numbered the Enemy.
THIS Account of Party-Patches will, I am afraid, appear improbable to those who live at a Distance from the tashionable World: but as it is a Distinction of a very sin-' gular Nature, and what perhaps may never meet with a Parallel, I think I should not have discharged the Office of a faithful SPECTATOR, had I not recorded it. : I have, in former Papers, endeavoured to expose this Party-Rage in Women, as it only serves to aggravate the Hatreds and Animofities that reign among Men, and in a great measure deprives the Fair Sex of those peculiar Charm's with which Nature has endowed them." : WHEN the Romans and Sabines were at War, and just upon the Point of giving Battel, the Women, who were allied to both of them, interposed with so many Tears and Intreaties, that they prevented the mutual Slaughter which threatned both Parties, and united them together in a firm and lasting Peace,
I would recommend this noble Example to our British Ladies, at a Time when their Country is torn with so many unnatural Divisions, that if they continue, it will
be a Misfortune to be born in it. The Greeks thought it so improper for Women to interest themselves in Competitions and Contentions, that for this Reason, among others, they forbad them, under Pain of Death, to be present at the Olympick Games, notwithstanding these were the publick Diversions of all Greece.
As our English Women excel those of all Nations in Beauty, they should endeavour to outshine them in all other Accomplishments proper to the Sex, and to diftine. guish themselves as tender Mothers, and faithful Wives, rather than as furious Partizans. Female Virtues are of a Domestick Turn. The Family is the proper Province for private Women to shine in. If they must be fhewing their Zeal for the Publick, let it not be against those: who are perhaps of the fame Family, or at least of the fame Religion or Nation, but against those who are the open, professed, undoubted Enemies of their Faith, Liberty, and Country. When the Romans were pressed! with a Foreign Enemy, the Ladies voluntarily contributed all their Rings and Jewels to allist the overnment under a publick. Exigence, which appeared fo laudable an Action in the Eyes of their Countrymen, that from thence forth it was permitted by a Law to pronounce publick Orations at the Funeral of a Woman in Praise of the de. ceafed Perfon, which till that Time was peculiar to Men.. Would our English Ladies, inftead of ficking on a Patch: against those of their own Country, sew themselves fa truly publick-spirited as to facrifice every one her NeckJace against the Common Enemy, what Decrees ought not to be made in Favour of them!
SINCE I am recolle&ing upon this Subject fuch Pa fages as occur to my Memory out of ancient Authors, I cannot omit a Sentence in the celebrated Funeral Oras rion of Pericles, which he made in Honour of those brave Athenians that were bain in a Fight with the Lacedemanjars. After having addreffed himself to the feveral Ranks and Orders of his Countrymen, and shewn them how they should behave themselves in the Publick Cause, he turns to the Female Part of his Audience; • And as
for you flays he) I shall advise you in very few Words o Aspire only to those Virtues that are peculiar to your Sexy follow your natural Modefty, and think it your