Sivut kuvina
PDF
ePub

Chokasatahe, Chickasaw Killer Tasonta, Kowetatahee, in Frog-Town,
Onanoota, of Koosoatce,

Keukuch, Talkoa,
Ookoseta, or Sower Mush of Kooloque, Tulatiska, of Chaway,
Umatooetha, the Water Hunter, Choika- Wooaluka, the Way-layer, Chota,
mawga,

Tatliusta, or Porpus of Tilassi,
Wyuka, of Lookout Mountain,

John, of Little Tallico, Tulco, or Tom of Chatuga,

Skelelak, Will, of Akoha,

Akonoluchta, the Cabin, Necatee, of Sawta,

Cheanoka, of Kawetakac, Amokontakona, Kuteloa,

Yellow Bird.

Witness:— Wm. Blount. Saml. Taylor, Major. John Owen. Jess Walton. Jno. Cowan, Capt. Commandant. Thos. Gegg. W. Hazzard. Sworn Interpreters, James Madison, Arthur Coodey.

To the Indian names are subjoined a mark and seal.

ARTICLES OF A TREATY

Concluded at Hopewell, on the Keowée, near Seneca Old Town, Jan. 3, 1786.

between Benjamin Hawkins, Andrew Pickens and Joseph Martin, Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, of the one part; and Yočkonahoma, great Medal Chief of Soonacoha; Yockehoopoie, leading Chief of Bugtoogoloo; Mingohoopoie, leading Chief of Hashooqua ; Tobocoh, great Medal Chief of Congetoo"; Pooshemastubie, Gorget Captain of Senayazo; and thirteen small Medal Chiefs of the first Class, twelve Medal and Gorget Captains, Commissioners Plenipotentiary of all the Choctaw Nation, of the other part.

The Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America give peace to all the Choctaw nation, and receive them into the favour and protection of the United States of America, on the following conditions :

ARTICLE I. The Commissioners Plenipotentiary of all the Choctaw nation, shall Indians to rerestore all the prisoners, citizens of the United States, or subjects of store prisoners. their allies, to their entire liberty, if any there be in the Choctaw nation. They shall also restore all the negroes, and all other property taken during the late war, from the citizens, to such person, and at such time and place as the Commissioners of the United States of America shall appoint, if any there be in the Choctaw nation.

ARTICLE II.
The Commissioners Plenipotentiary of all the Choctaw nation, do

They acknow. hereby acknowledge the tribes and towns of the said nation, and the ledge the prolands within the boundary allotted to the said Indians to live and hunt tection of 'U. S. on, as mentioned in the third article, to be under the protection of the United States of America, and of no other sovereign whosoever.

ARTICLE III.
The boundary of the lands hereby allotted to the Choctaw nation to

Boundaries. live and hunt on, within the limits of the United States of America, is and shall be the following, viz. Beginning at a point on the thirty-first degree of north latitude, where the Eastern boundary of the Natches

district shall touch the same; thence east along the said thirty-first degree of north latitude, being the southern boundary of the United States of America, untill it shall strike the eastern boundary of the lands on which the Indians of the said nation did live and hunt on the twenty-ninth of November, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-two, while they were under the protection of the King of Great-Britain; thence northerly along the said eastern boundary, untill it shall meet the northern boundary of the said lands; thence westerly along the said northern boundary, untill it shall meet the western boundary thereof; thence southerly along the same to the beginning : saving and reserving for the establishment of trading posts, three tracts or parcels of land of six miles square each, at such places as the United States) in Congress assembled shall think proper; which posts, and the lands annexed to them, shall be to the use and under the government of the United States of America.

ARTICLE IV. No citizen of

If any citizen of the United States, or other person not being an U. S. shall set. Indian, shall attempt to settle on any of the lands hereby allotted to the tle on Indian lands.

Indians to live and hunt on, such person shall forfeit the protection of the United States of America, and the Indians may punish him or not as they please.

ARTICLE V. Indians to de

If any Indian or Indians, or persons, residing among them, or who liver up crimi. shall take refuge in their nation, shall commit a robbery or murder or nals.

other capital crime on any citizen of the United States of America, or person under their protection, the tribe to which such offender may belong, or the nation, shall be bound to deliver him or them up to be punished according to the ordinances of the United States in Congress assembled : Provided, that the punishment shall not be greater than if the robbery or murder, or other capital crime, had been committed by a citizen on a citizen.

ARTICLE VI. Citizens of If any citizen of the United States of America, or person under their U.S. commit. protection, shall commit a robbery or murder, or other capital crime, ting crimes

gainst Indians on any Indian, such offender or offenders shall be punished in the same to be punished. manner as if the robbery or murder, or other capital crime, had been

committed on a citizen of the United States of America; and the punishment shall be in presence of some of the Choctaws, if any will attend at the time and place; and that they may have an opportunity so to do, due notice, if practicable, of the time of such intended punishment, shall be sent to some one of the tribes.

Retaliation restrained.

U. S. to regu.

ARTICLE VII. It is understood that the punishment of the innocent, under the idea of retaliation, is unjust, and shall not be practised on either side, except where there is a manifest violation of this treaty; and then it shall be preceded, first by a demand of justice, and if refused, then by a declaration of hostilities.

ARTICLE VIII. For the benefit and comfort of the Indians, and for the prevention of injuries or oppressions on the part of the citizens or Indians, the United States in Congress assembled, shall have the sole and exclusive right of regulating the trade with the Indians, and managing all their affairs in such manner as they think proper.

ARTICLE IX. Untill the pleasure of Congress be known, respecting the eighth article, all traders, citizens of the United States of America, shall have

ate trade.

Special provision for trade.

liberty to go to any of the tribes or towns of the Choctaws, to trade with them, and they shall be protected in their persons and property, and kindly treated.

ARTICLE X. The said Indians shall give notice to the citizens of the United States Indians to give of America, of any designs which they may know or suspect to be notice of designs formed in any neighbouring tribe, or by any person whosoever, against against U.S. the peace, trade or interest of the United States of America.

ARTICLE XI. The hatchet shall be forever buried, and the peace given by the United Peace and States of America, and friendship re-established between the said states friendship per

petual. on the one part, and all the Choctaw nation on the other part, shall be universal ; and the contracting parties shall use their utmost endeavours to maintain the peace given as aforesaid, and friendship re-established. In Witness of all and every thing herein determined, between the

United States of America and all the Choctaws, we, their underwritten Commissioners, by virtue of our full powers, have signed this definitive treaty, and have caused our seals to be hereunto affixed.

Done at Hopewell, on the Keowée, this third day of January, in the

year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-six.

[blocks in formation]

Witness:-Wm. Blount, John Woods, Saml. Taylor, Robert Anderson, Benj. Lawrance, John Pitchlynn, James Cole, Interpreters.

To the Indian names are subjoined a mark and seal.

ARTICLES OF A TREATY,

Jan. 10, 1786.

Indians to restore prisoners and property.

Acknowledge protection of United States.

Concluded at Hopewell, on the Keowće, near Seneca Old Town,

between Benjamin Hawkins, Andrew Pickens, and Joseph Martin, Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, of the one Part; and Piomingo, Head Warrior and First Minister of the Chickasaw Nation ; Mingatushka, one of the leading Chiefs; and Latopoia, first beloved Man of the said Nation, Commissioners Plenipotentiary of all the Chickasaws of the other Part.

The Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America give peace to the Chickasaw Nation, and receive them into the favour and protection of the said States, on the following conditions :

ARTICLE I. The Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the Chickasaw nation, shall restore all the prisoners, citizens of the United States, to their entire liberty, if any there be in the Chickasaw nation. They shall also restore all the negroes, and all other property taken during the late war, from the citizens, if any there be in the Chickasaw nation, to such person, and at such time and place, as the Commissioners of the United States of America shall appoint.

ARTICLE II. The Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the Chickasaws, do hereby acknowledge the tribes and the towns of the Chickasaw nation, to be under the protection of the United States of America, and of no other sovereign whosoever.

ARTICLE III. The boundary of the lands hereby allotted to the Chickasaw nation to live and hunt on, within the limits of the United States of America, is, and shall be the following, viz. Beginning on the ridge that divides the waters running into the Cumberland, from those running into the Tenessee, at a point in a line to be run north-east, which shall strike the Tenessee, at the mouth of Duck river; thence running westerly along the said ridge, till it shall strike the Ohio; thence down the southern banks thereof to the Missisippi; thence down the same, to the Choctaw line or Natches district; thence along the said line, or the line of the district eastwardly as far as the Chickasaws claimed, and lived and hunted on, the twenty-ninth of November, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-two. Thence the said boundary, eastwardly, shall be the lands allotted to the Choctaws and Cherokees to live and hunt on, and the lands at present in the possession of the Creeks; saving and reserving for the establishment of a trading post, a tract or parcel of land to be laid out at the lower port of the Muscle shoals, at the mouth of Ocochappo, in a circle, the diameter of which shall be five miles on

river, which post, and the lands annexed thereto, shall be to the use and under the government of the United States of America.

Boundaries.

the *

* The name of the river is not in the original.

ARTICLE IV. If any citizen of the United States, or other person not being an No citizen of Indian, shall attempt to settle on any of the lands hereby allotted to the U.S. shall settle Chickasaws to live and hunt on, such person shall forfeil the protection on Indian lands. of the United States of America, and the Chickasaws may punish him or not as they please.

ARTICLE V. If any Indian or Indians, or persons residing among them, or who Indians to deshall take refuge in their nation, shall commit a robbery or murder, or liver up crimiother capital crime, on any citizen of the United States, or person under nais. their protection, the tribe to which such offender or offenders may belong, or the nation, shall be bound to deliver him or them up to be punished according to the ordinances of the United States in Congress assembled : Provided, that the punishment shall not be greater, than if the robbery or murder, or other capital crime, had been committed by a citizen on a citizen.

ARTICLE VI. If any citizen of the United States of America, or person under Citizens of their protection, shall commit a robbery or murder, or other capital V. S. commitcrime, on any Indian, such offender or offenders shall be punished in ting crimes: the same manner as if the robbery or murder or other capital crime had to be punished. been committed on a citizen of the United States of America; and the punishment shall be in presence of some of the Chickasaws, if any will attend at the time and place, and that they may have an opportunity so to do, due notice, if practicable, of such intended punishment, shall be sent to some one of the tribes.

ARTICLE VII, It is understood that the punishment of the innocent under the idea Retaliation of retaliation is unjust, and shall not be practised on either side, except restrained. where there is a manifest violation of this treaty; and then it shall be preceded, first by a demand of justice, and if refused, then by a declaration of hostilities.

ARTICLE VIII. For the benefit and comfort of the Indians, and for the prevention of injuries or oppressions on the part of the citizens or Indians, the United late trade. States in Congress assembled shall have the sole and exclusive right of regulating the trade with the Indians, and managing all their affairs in such manner as they think proper.

ARTICLE IX. Untill the pleasure of Congress be known respecting the eighth Special provi. article, all traders, citizens of the United States, shall have liberty to sion for trade. go to any of the tribes or towns of the Chickasaws to trade with them, and they shall be protected in their persons and property, and kindly treated.

ARTICLE X. The said Indians shall give notice to the citizens of the United States Indians to give of America, of any designs which they may know or suspect to be notice of designs

against U.S. formed in any neighbouring tribe, or by any person whosoever, against the peace, trade or interests of the United States of America.

ARTICLE XI. The hatchet shall be forever buried, and the peace given by the Peace and United States of America, and friendship re-established between the friendship per

petual said States on the one part, and the Chickasaw nation on the other part, shall be universal; and the contracting parties shall use their utmost

U.S. to regu.

« EdellinenJatka »