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Present and annuty.

for the passing and securing of vessels and boats, and liberty to land their cargoes where necessary for their safety.

ARTICLE VI. In consideration of the peace and friendship hereby established, and of the engagements entered into by the Six Nations; and because the United States desire, with humanity and kindness, to contribute to their comfortable support; and to render the peace and friendship hereby established, strong and perpetual ; the United States now deliver to the Six Nations, and the Indians of the other nations residing among and united with them, a quantity of goods of the value of ten thousand dollars. And for the same considerations, and with a view to promote the future welfare of the Six Nations, and of their Indian friends aforesaid, the United States will add the sum of three thousand dollars to the one thousand five hundred dollars, heretofore allowed them by an article ratified by the President, on the twenty-third day of April, 1792; making in the whole, four thousand five hundred dollars; which shall be expended yearly forever, in purchasing cloathing, domestic animals, implements of husbandry, and other utensils suited to their circumstances, and in compensating useful artificers, who shall reside with or near them, and be employed for their benefit. The immediate application of the whole annual allowance now stipulated, to be made by the superintendant appointed by the President for the affairs of the Six Nations, and their Indian friends aforesaid.

Retaliation restrained.

ARTICLE VII. Lest the firm peace and friendship now established should be interrupted by the misconduct of individuals, the United States and Six Nations agree, that for injuries done by individuals on either side, no private revenge or retaliation shall take place; but, instead thereof, complaint shall be made by the party injured, to the other : By the Six Nations or any of them, to the President of the United States, or the Superintendant by him appointed: and by the Superintendant, or other person appointed by the President, to the principal chiefs of the Six Nations, or of the nation to which the offender belongs: and such prudent measures shall then be pursued as shall be necessary to preserve our peace and friendship unbroken; until the legislature (or great council) of the United States shall make other equitable provision for the purpose.

Note. It is clearly understood by the parties to this treaty, that the annuity stipulated in the sixth article, is to be applied to the benefit of such of the Six Nations and of their Indian friends united with them as aforesaid, as do or shall reside within the boundaries of the United States: For the United States do not interfere with nations, tribes or families, of Indians elsewhere resident.

In Witness whereof, the said Timothy Pickering, and the Sachems

and War-chiefs of the said Six Nations, have hereto set their hands and seals.

Done at Kon-on-daigua, in the state of New York, the eleventh day

of November, in the Year one thousand seven hundred and ninetyfour.

TIMOTHY PICKERING.

O-no-ye-ah-nee,
Kon-ne-at-or-lee-ooh, or Hand-

some Lake.
Te-kenb-you-hau, alias Capt. Key.
O-nes-bau-ee,

Hendrick Aupaumut,
David Neesoon huk,
Kanatsoyh, alias Nicholas Kusik,
Soh-hon-le-o-quent,
Oo-duht-sa-it,

Ko-nooh-qung,

Ken-jau-au-gus, or Stinking Fish.
Tos-song-gau-lo-lus,

Soo-noh-quau-kau,
John Sken-en-do-a,

Twen-ni-ya-na,
O-ne-at-or-lee-ooh,

Jish-kaa-ga, or Green Grass-hop-
Kus-sau-wa-tau,

per, alias Little Billy.
E-yoo-ten-yoo-tau-ook,

Tug-geh-shot-ta,
Kohn-ye-au-gong, alias Jake

Teh-ong-ya-gau-na,
Stroud.

Teh-ong-yoo-wush,
Sha-gui-e-sa,

Kon-ne-yoo-we-sot,
Teer-oos, alias Capt. Prantup.

Ti-ooh-quot-ta-kau-na, or Woods
Soos-ha-00-wau,

on Fire.
Henry Young Brant,

Ta-oun-dau-deesh,
Sonh-yoo-wau-na, or Big Sky.

Ho-na-ya-wus, alias Farmer's
0-na-ah-hah,

Brother.
Hot-osh-a-henh,

Sog-goo-ya-waut-hau, alias Red
Kau-kon-da-nai-ya,

Jacket.
Non-di-yau-ka,

Kon-yoo-ti-a-yoo,
Kos-sish-to-wau,

Sauh-ta-ka-ong-yees, (or Two
00-jau-geht-a, or Fish Carrier.

Skies of a length.)
To-be-ong-go,

Oun-na-shatta-kau,
Oot-a-guas-so,

Ka-ung-ya-neh-quee,
Joo-non-dau-wa-onh,

Soo-a-yoo-wau,
Ki-yau-ha-onh,

Kau-je-a-ga-onh, or Heap of Dogs.
Oo-lau-je-au-genh, or Broken Axe. Soo-nooh-shoo-wau,
Tau-ho-on-dos, or Open the Way.

T-ha-00-wau-ni-as,
Twau-ke-wash-a,

Soo-nong-joo-wau,
Se-qui-dong-quee, alias Little

Kiant-whau-ka, alias Cornplanter.
Beard.

Kau-néh-shong-goo.
Kod-je-ote, or Half Town.
WITNESSES :— Israel Chapin, James Smedley, Augustus Porter, Wm. Ewing,
Wm. Shephard, jun. John Wickham, James K. Garnsey, Israel Chapin, jun. Inter-
preters, Horatia Jones, Joseph Smith, Jasper Parish. Henry Abeele.

To the Indian pames are subjoined a mark and seal.

A TREATY

Between the United States and the Oneida, Tuscorora, and Stock- Dec. 2, 1794. bridge Indians, dwelling in the Country of the Oneidas.

Proclamation,

Jan. 21, 1795. Whereas, in the late war between Great-Britain and the United States of America, a body of the Oneida and Tuscorora and the Stockbridge Indians, adhered faithfully to the United States, and assisted them with their warriors; and in consequence of this adherence and assistance, the Oneidas and Tuscororas, at an unfortunate period of the war, were driven from their homes, and their houses were burnt and their property destroyed : And as the United States in the time of their distress, acknowledged their obligations to these faithful friends, and promised to reward them: and the United States being now in a condition to fulfil the promises then made: the following articles are stipulated by the respective parties for that purpose; to be in force when ratified by the President and Senate.

ARTICLE I. The United States will pay the sum of five thousand dollars, to be $5000 to be distributed among individuals of the Oneida and Tuscorora nations, as distributed for a compensation for their individual losses and services during the late pastlosses and war between Great-Britain and the United States. The only man of the Kaughnawaugas now remaining in the Oneida country, as well as some few very meritorious persons of the Stockbridge Indians, will be considered in the distribution.

ARTICLE II. Mills to be For the general accommodation of these Indian nations, residing in erected by the

the country of the Oneidas, the United States will cause to be erected United States.

a complete grist-mill and saw-mill, in a situation to serve the present principal settlements of these nations. Or if such one convenient situation cannot be found, then the United States will cause to be erected two such grist-mills and saw-mills, in places where it is now known the proposed accommodation may be effected. Of this the United States will judge.

ARTICLE III. Millers to be The United States will provide, during three years after the mills provided. shall be completed, for the expense of employing one or two suitable

persons to manage the mills, to keep them in repair, to instruct some young men of the three nations in the arts of the miller and sawer, and to provide teams and utensils for carrying on the work of the mills.

ARTICLE IV. $1000 given to

The United States will pay one thousand dollars, to be applied in build a church. building a convenient church at Oneida, in the place of the one which was there burnt by the enemy, in the late war.

ARTICLE V. Indians relin.

In consideration of the above stipulations to be performed on the part quish further

of the United States, the Oneida, Tuscorora and Stockbridge Indians claims.

afore-mentioned, now acknowledge themselves satisfied, and relinquish all other claims of compensation and rewards for their losses and services in the late war. Excepting only the unsatisfied claims of such men of the said nations as bore commissions under the United States, for any arrears which may be due to them as officers.

Head Sachems of the Oneidas.

War chiela.

EHest war

chief.

Bachem.

IN WITNESS whereof, the chiefs of those nations residing in the coun

try of the Oneidas, and Timothy Pickering, agent for the United States, have hereto set their hands and seals, at Oneida, the second day of December, in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-four.

TIMOTHY PICKERING. Wolf tribe.

Bear tribe. 0-dot-saihte,

Lodowik Koh-sau-we-tau, Konno-quen-yau.

Cornelius Kauhiktoton,

Thos. Osauhataugaun-lot.
{ John Skenendo
Turtle tribe.

Tuscorora.
War chief. { S,ho-noh-le-yo.

< Peter Konnauterlook. Bachem. { T,Haulondauwaugon.
S Daniel Te-ounes-lees,

Ş Kanatjogh, or Nicholas son of Skenendo.

Cusick. Witnesses to the signing and sealing of the agent of the United States, and of the chiefs of the Oneida and Tuscorora nations.

S. KIRKLAND,

JAMES DEAN, Interpreter. Witnesses to the signing and sealing of the four chiefs of the Stockbridge Indians, whose names are below.

SAML. KIRKLAND,

JOHN SERGEANT.
Stockbridge Indian chiefs.
Hendrick Aupaumu,

John Konkapot,
Joseph Quonney,

Jacob Konkapot.
To the Indian names are subjoined a mark and seal.

Wer chief

{

War chi

A TREATY OF PEACE

Between the United States of America and the Tribes of Indians, Aug. 3, 1795. called the Wyandots, Delawares, Shawanoes, Ottawus, Chipe- Proclamation, was, Putawatimes, Miamis, Eel-river, Weea's, Kickapoos, Pian- Dec. 2, 1795. kashaws, and Kaskaskias.

To put an end to a destructive war, to settle all controversies, and to restore harmony and a friendly intercourse between the said United States, and Indian tribes; Anthony Wayne, major-general, commanding the army of the United States, and sole commissioner for the good purposes above-mentioned, and the said tribes of Indians, by their Sachems, chiefs, and warriors, met together at Greeneville, the head quarters of the said army, have agreed on the following articles, which, when ratified by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate of the United States, shall be binding on them and the said Indian tribes.

ARTICLE I. Henceforth all hostilities shall cease ; peace is hereby established, and Peace estab

lished. shall be perpetual; and a friendly intercourse shall take place, between the said United States and Indian tribes.

ARTICLE II. All prisoners shall on both sides be restored. The Indians, prisoners Prisoners on to the United States, shall be immediately set at liberty. The people both sides to be

restored. of the United States, still remaining prisoners among the Indians, shall be delivered up in ninety days from the date hereof, to the general or commanding officer at Greeneville, Fort Wayne or Fort Defiance; and ten chiefs of the said tribes shall remain at Greeneville as hostages, until the delivery of the prisoners shall be effected.

ARTICLE III. The general boundary line between the lands of the United States, Boundary line and the lands of the said Indian tribes, shall begin at the mouth of established. Cayahoga river, and run thence up the same to the portage between that and the Tuscarawas branch of the Muskingum; thence down that branch to the crossing place above Fort Lawrence; thence westerly to a fork of that branch of the great Miami river running into the Ohio, at or near which fork stood Loromie's store, and where commences the portage between the Miami of the Ohio, and St. Mary's river, which is a branch of the Miami, which runs into Lake Erie; thence a westerly course to Fort Recovery, which stands on a branch of the Wabash; then south-westerly in a direct line to the Ohio, so as to intersect that river opposite the mouth of Kentucke or Cuttawa river. And in consideration of the peace now established; of the goods formerly received from the United States; of those now to be delivered, and of the yearly delivery of goods now stipulated to be made hereafter, and to indemnify the United States for the injuries and expences they have sustained during the war; the said Indian tribes do hereby cede and relinquish forever, all their claims to the lands lying eastwardly and southwardly of the general boundary line now described; and these lands, or any part of them, shall never hereafter be made a cause or pretence, on the part of the said tribes or any of them, of war or injury to the United States, or any of the people thereof. 7

E (49)

Cession of par

And for the same considerations, and as an evidence of the returning ticular tracts of friendship of the said Indian tribes, of their confidence in the United land by the Indians.

States, and desire to provide for their accommodation, and for that convenient intercourse which will be beneficial to both parties, the said Indian tribes do also cede to the United States the following pieces of land; to wit. (1.) One piece of land six miles square at or near Loromie's store before mentioned. (2.) One piece two miles square at the head of the navigable water or landing on the St. Mary's river, near Girty's town. (3.) One piece six miles square at the head of the navigable water of the Au-Glaize river. (4.) One piece six miles square at the confluence of the Au-Glaize and Miami rivers, where Fort Defiance now stands. (5.) One piece six miles square at or near the confluence of the rivers St. Mary's and St. Joseph's, where Fort Wayne now stands, or near it. (6.) One piece two miles square on the Wabash river at the end of the portage from the Miami of the lake, and about eight miles westward from Fort Wayne. (7.) One piece six miles square at the Ouatanon or old Weea towns on the Wabash river. (8.) One piece twelve miles square at the British fort on the Miami of thé lake at the foot of the rapids. (9.) One piece six miles square at the mouth of the said river where it empties into the Lake. (10.) One piece six miles square upon Sandusky lake, where a fort formerly stood. (11.) One piece two miles square at the lower rapids of Sandusky river. (12.) The post of Detroit and all the land to the north, the west and the south of it, of which the Indian title has been extinguished by gifts or grants to the French or English governments; and so much more land to be annexed to the district of Detroit as shall be comprehended between the river Rosine on the south, lake St. Clair on the north, and a line, the general course whereof shall be six miles distant from the west end of lake Erie, and Detroit river. (13.) The post of Michillimackinac, and all the land on the island, on which that post stands, and the main land adjacent, of which the Indian title has been extinguished by gifts or grants to the French or English governments; and a piece of land on the main to the north of the island, to measure six miles on lake Huron, or the streight between lakes Huron and Michigan, and to extend three miles back from the water of the lake or streight, and also the island De Bois Blanc, being an extra and voluntary gift of the Chipewa nation. (14.) One piece of land six miles square at the mouth of Chikago river emptying into the south-west end of Lake Michigan, where a fort formerly stood. (15.) One piece twelve miles square at or near the mouth of the Illinois river, emptying into the Mississippi. (16.) One piece six miles square at the old Piorias fort and village, near the south end of the Illinois lake on said Illinois river: And whenever the United States shall think proper to survey and mark the boundaries of the lands hereby ceded to them, they shall give timely notice thereof to the said tribes of Indians, that they may appoint some of their wise

chiefs to attend and see that the lines are run according to the terms of Cession of pas

And the said Indian tribes will allow to the people of the United Bages in certain States a free passage by land and by water, as one and the other shall places by the Indians.

be found convenient, through their country, along the chain of posts herein before mentioned; that is to say, from the commencement of the portage aforesaid at or near Loromie's store, thence along said portage to the St. Mary's, and down the same to Fort Wayne, and then down the Miami to lake Erie: again from the commencement of the portage at or near Loromie's store along the portage from thence to the river Au-Glaize, and down the same to its junction with the Miami at Fort Defiance: again from the commencement of the portage aforesaid, to Sandusky river, and down the same to Sandusky bay and lake Erie, and from Sandusky to the post which shall be taken at or near the foot

this treaty.

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