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of the rapids of the Miami of the lake: and from thence to Detroit. Again from the mouth of Chikago, to the commencement of the portage, between that river and the Illinois, and down the Illinois river to the Mississippi, also from Fort Wayne along the portage aforesaid which leads to the Wabash, and then down the Wabash to the Ohio. And the said Indian tribes will also allow to the people of the United States the free use of the harbours and mouths of rivers along the lakes adjoining the Indian lands, for sheltering vessells and boats, and liberty to land their cargoes where necessary for their safety.

ARTICLE IV. In consideration of the peace now established and of the cessions Relinquishand relinquishments of lands made in the preceding article by the said ment of certain tribes of Indians, and to manifest the liberality of the United States,

lands by U.S. as the great means of rendering this peace strong and perpetual; the United States relinquish their claims to all other Indian lands northward of the river Ohio, eastward of the Mississippi, and westward and southward of the Great Lakes and the waters uniting them, according to the boundary line agreed on by the United States and the king of Great-Britain, in the treaty of peace made between them in the year 1783. But from this relinquishment by the United States, the following tracts of land, are explicitly excepted. Ist. The tract of one hundred

Exceptions. and fifty thousand acres near the rapids of the river Ohio, which has been assigned to General Clark, for the use of himself and his warriors. 2d. The post of St. Vincennes on the river Wabash, and the lands adjacent, of which the Indian title has been extinguished. 3d. The lands at all other places in possession of the French people and other white settlers among them, of which the Indian title has been extinguished as mentioned in the 3d article; and 4th. The post of fort Massac towards the mouth of the Ohio. To which several parcels of land so excepted, the said tribes relinquish all the title and claim which they or any of them may have. And for the same considerations and with the same views as above

Annual allow. mentioned, the United States now deliver to the said Indian tribes a ance to be made quantity of goods to the value of twenty thousand dollars, the receipt

to the Indians. whereof they do hereby acknowledge; and henceforward every year forever the United States will deliver at some convenient place northward of the river Ohio, like usefull goods, suited to the circumstances of the Indians, of the value of nine thousand five hundred dollars; reckoning that value at the first cost of the goods in the city or place in the United States, where they shall be procured. The tribes to which those goods are to be annually delivered, and the proportions in which they are to be delivered, are the following.

1st. To the Wyandots, the amount of one thousand dollars. 2d. To the Delawares, the amount of one thousand dollars. 3d. To the Shawanese, the amount of one thousand dollars. 4th. To the Miamis, the amount of one thousand dollars. 5th. To the Ottawas, the amount of one thousand dollars. 6th. To the Chippewas, the amount of one thousand dollars. 7th. To the Putawatimes, the amount of one thousand dollars. 8th. And to the Kickapoo, Weea, Eel-river, Piankashaw and Kaskaskias tribes, the amount of five hundred dollars each.

Provided, That if either of the said tribes shall hereafter at an annual Proviso. delivery of their share of the goods aforesaid, desire that a part of their annuity should be furnished in domestic animals, implements of husbandry, and other utensils convenient for them, and in compensation to usefull artificers who may reside with or near them, and be employed for their benefit, the same shall at the subsequent annual deliveries be furnished accordingly.

ARTICLE V. Indians have To prevent any misunderstanding about the Indian lands relinquished right to hunt on by the United States in the fourth article, it is now explicitly declared, lands relinquished by U.S.

that the meaning of that relinquishment is this: The Indian tribes who &c.

have a right to those lands, are quietly to enjoy them, hunting, planting, and dwelling thereon so long as they please, without any molestation from the United States; but when those tribes, or any of them, shall be disposed to sell their lands, or any part of them, they are to be sold only to the United States; and untill such sale, the United States will protect all the said Indian tribes in the quiet enjoyment of their lands against all citizens of the United States, and against all other white persons who intrude upon the same. And the said Indian tribes again acknowledge themselves to be under the protection of the said United States and no other power whatever.

ARTICLE VI. Indians may

If any citizen of the United States, or any other white person or expel settlers persons, shall presume to settle upon the lands now relinquished by the from their

United States, such citizen or other person shall be out of the proteclands.

tion of the United States; and the Indian tribe, on whose land the settlement shall be made, may drive off the settler, or punish him in such manner as they shall think fit; and because such settlements made without the consent of the United States, will be injurious to them as well as to the Indians, the United States shall be at liberty to break them up, and remove and punish the settlers as they shall think proper, and so effect that protection of the Indian lands herein before stipulated.

ARTICLE VII. Indians may

The said tribes of Indians, parties to this treaty, shall be at liberty to hunt on lands hunt within the territory and lands which they have now ceded to the ceded to U. S. United States, without hindrance or molestation, so long as they demean

themselves peaceably, and offer no injury to the people of the United States.

ARTICLE VIII. Trade to be

Trade shall be opened with the said Indian tribes; and they do hereopened with the by respectively engage to afford protection to such persons, with their Indians.

property, as shall be duly licensed to reside among them for the purpose of trade, and to their agents and servants; but no person shall be permitted to reside at any of their towns or hunting camps as a trader, who is not furnished with a license for that purpose, under the hand and seal of the superintendant of the department north-west of the Ohio, or such other person as the President of the United States shall authorise to grant such licences; to the end, that the said Indians may not be imposed on in their trade. And if any licensed trader shall abuse his privilege by unfair dealing, upon complaint and proof thereof, his licence shall be taken from him, and he shall be further punished according to the laws of the United States. And if any person shall intrude himself as a trader, without such license, the said Indians shall take and bring him before the superintendant or his deputy, to be dealt with according to law. And to prevent impositions by forged licences, the said Indians shall at least once a year give information to the superintendant or his deputies, of the names of the traders residing among them.

Retaliation restrained.

ARTICLE IX.
Lest the firm peace and friendship now established should be inter-
rupted by the misconduct of individuals, the United States, and the said
Indian tribes agree, that for injuries done by individuals on either side,

no private revenge or retaliation shall take place; but instead thereof, complaint shall be made by the party injured, to the other : By the said Indian tribes, or any of them, to the President of the United States, or the superintendant by him appointed; and by the superintendant or other person appointed by the President, to the principal chiefs of the said Indian tribes, or of the tribe to which the offender belongs; and such prudent measures shall then be pursued as shall be necessary to preserve the said peace and friendship unbroken, until the Legislature (or Great Council) of the United States, shall make other equitable provision in the case, to the satisfaction of both parties. Should any Indians to give İndian tribes meditate a war against the United States or either of them, notice of designs and the same shall come to the knowledge of the before-mentioned against U.S. tribes, or either of them, they do hereby engage to give immediate notice thereof to the geneial or officer commanding the troops of the United States, at the nearest post. And should any tribe, with hostile intentions against the United States, or either of them, attempt to pass through their country, they will endeavour to prevent the same, and in like manner give information of such attempt, to the general or officer commanding, as soon as possible, that all causes of mistrust and suspicion may be avoided between them and the United States. In like manner the United States shall give notice to the said Indian tribes of any harm that may be meditated against them, or either of them, that shall come to their knowledge; and do all in their power to hinder and prevent the same, that the friendship between them may be uninterrupted.

ARTICLE X. All other treaties heretofore made between the United States and the Former treasaid Indian tribes, or any of them, since the treaty of 1783, between ties void. the United States and Great Britain, that come within the purview of this treaty, shall henceforth cease and become void. In Testimony whereof, the said Anthony Wayne, and the Sachems

and War-Chiefs of the before-mentioned Nations and Tribes of Indians, have hereunto set their Hands, and affixed their Seals. Done at Greeneville, in the Territory of the United States, northwest of the river Ohio, on the third Day of August, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-five.

ANTHONY WAYNE.

Wyandots.

Ame-na-he-han, (or Captain Crow) Tar-hé, (or Crane)

Que-Shawk-sey, Cor George Washington) J. Williams, jun.

Wey Win-quis, (or Billy Siscomb) Tey-yagh-taw,

Moses,

Shawanoes.
Ha-ro-en-you, (or half King's Son)
Te-haaw-to-rens,

Mis-qua-coo-na-caw, (or Red Pole)
Aw-me-yee-ray,

Cut-the-we-ka-saw, (or Black Hoof) Stayé-tah,

Kay-se-wa-e-se-kah, Sha-tey-ya-ron-yah, (or Leather Lips) Wey-tha-pa-mat-tha, Daugh-shut-tay-ah,

Nia-nym-se-ka, Sha-aw-run-the,

Way-the-ah, (or Long Shanks)

Wey-a-pier-sen-waw, (or Blue Jacket)
Delawares.

Ne-que, taugh-aw,
Teta-boksh-ke, (or Grand Glaize King) Hah-goo-see-kaw, (or Captain Reed)
Le-man-tan-quis, (or Black King)
Wa-bat-thoe,

Ottawas.
Magh-pi-way, (or Red Feather)

Au-goosh-away, Kik-tha-we-nund, (or Anderson)

Kee-no-sha-meek, Bu-kon-ge-he-las,

La Malice, Pee-kee-lund,

Ma-chi-we-tah,
Welle-baw-kee-lund,

Tho-wo-na-wa,
Pee-kee-télé-mund, (or Thomas Adams) Se-caw,
Kish-ko-pe-kund, (or Captain Buffaloe)

Chippewas.

Geo-que, (for himself and brother SheMash-i-pi-nash-i-wish, (or Bad Bird) win-se) Nah-sho-ga-she, (from lake Superior)

Putawatames of Huron. Ka-tha-wa-sung,

O-ki-a, Ma-sass,

Cha-mung, Ne-me-kass, (or Little Thunder)

Se-ga-ge-wan, Pe-shaw-kay, (or Young Ox)

Na-naw-me, (for himself and brother Nan-guey,

A-gin) Mee-ne-doh-gee-sogh,

Mar-chand, Pee-wan-she-me-nogh,

We-na-me-ac, Wey-me-g was,

Miamis.
Gob-mo-a-tick,

Na-goh-quan-gogh, (or Le Gris)
Ottawa.

Me-she-kun-nogh-quoh, (or Little Turtle) Che-go-nickska, (an Ottawa from San

Miamis and Eel-River. dusky)

Pee-jee-wa, (or Richard Ville)
Putawatames of the River Saint Joseph. Coch-ke-pogh-togh,
Thu-pe-ne-bu,

Eel-River Tribe.
Naw-ac, (for himself and brother A-si- Sha-me-kun-ne-sa, (or Soldier)

me-the) Ne-nan-se-ka,

Miamis. Kee-sass, (or Sun)

Wa-pa-man-gwa, (or the White Loon) Ka-ba-ma-saw, (for himself and brother

Weea's, for themselves and the PiankaChi-sau-gan)

shaws. Sug-ga-nunk,

A-ma-cun-sa, (or Little Beaver)
Wap-me-me, (or White Pigeon)
Wa-che-ness
, (for himself and brother A-coo-la-tha, Cor Little Fox)

Francis,
Pe-da-go-shok)
Wab-shi-caw-naw,

Kickapoos and Kaskaskias.
La Chasse,

Kee-aw-hah, Me-she-ge-the-nogh, (for himself and bro- Ne-migh-ka, (or Josey Renard) ther Wa-wa-sek)

Pai-kee-ka-nogh,
Hin-go-swash,
A-ne-wa-saw,

Delawares of Sandusky.
Naw-budgh,

Haw-kin-pum-is-ka, Mis-se-no-go-maw,

Pey-a-mawk-sey, Wa-we-eg-she,

Reyn-tue-co, (of the Six Nations, living Thaw-me, (or le Blanc)

at Sandusky) In presence of, (the word “goods” in the 6th line of the 3d article ; the word « before" in the 26th line of the 3d article ; the words “ five hundred” in the 10th line of the 4th article; and the word “ Piankashaw” in the 14th line of the 4th article, being first interlined.)

H. De Butts, first A. D. C. and Sec'y to M. G. Wayne. Wm. H. Harrison, Aid-de-camp to M. G. Wayne. T. Lewis, Aid-de-camp to M. G. Wayne. James O‘Hara, Quarter-Master Genl. John Mills, Major of Infantry, and Adj. Genl. Caleb Swan, P. M. T. U. S. Geo. Demter, Lieut. Artillery. Vigo. P. fris La Fontaine. Ant. Lasselle. H. Laselle. Jn. Beau Bien. David Jones, Chaplain U. S.L. Lewis Beufait. R. Lachambre. Jas. Pepen. Baties Coutien. P. Navarre.

Sworn Interpreters. Wm. Wells. Jacques Lasselle. M. Morins. Bt. Sans Crainte. Christopher Miller. Robert Wilson. Abraham x Williams. Isaac x Zane.

To the Indian names are subjoined a mark and soal.

2

AT A TREATY

Held at the city of New York, with the Nations or Tribes of In- May 31, 1796. dians, denominating themselves the Seven Nations of Canada; Proclamation, Abraham Ogden, Commissioner, appointed under the Authority Jan. 31, 1797. of the United States, to hold the Treaty; Ohnaweio, alias Good. stream, Teharagwanegen, alias Thomas Williams, two Chiefs of the Caghnawagas; Atiatoharongwan, alias Colonel Lewis Cook, a Chief of the St. Regis Indians, and William Gray, Deputies, authorized to represent these Seven Nations or Tribes of Indians at the Treaty, and Mr. Gray, serving also as Interpreter; Egbert Benson, Richard Varick and James Watson, Agents for the State of New York; William Constable and Daniel M.Cormick, Purchasers under Alexander Macomb :

The agents for the state, having, in the presence, and with the appro- Cession of bation of the commissioner, proposed to the deputies for the Indians, lands to state the compensation hereinafter mentioned, for the extinguishment of of New York. their claim to all lands within the state, and the said deputies being willing to accept the same, it is thereupon granted, agreed and concluded between the said deputies and the said agents, as follows: The said deputies do, for and in the name of the said Seven Nations or tribes of Indians, cede, release and quit claim to the people of the state of New-York, forever, all the claim, right, or title of them, the said Seven Nations or tribes of Indians, to lands within the said state: Provided nevertheless, That the tract equal to six miles square, reserved in the sale made by the commissioners of the land-office of the said state, to Alexander Macomb, to be applied to the use of the Indians of the village of St. Regis, shall still remain so reserved. The said agents Consideration do, for, and in the name of the people of the state of New York, grant

paid therefor. to the said Seven Nations or tribes of Indians, that the people of the state of New-York shall pay to them, at the mouth of the river Chazy, on Lake Champlain, on the third Monday in August next, the sum of one thousand two hundred and thirty-three pounds, six shillings and eight-pence, and the further sum of two hundred and thirteen pounds six shillings and eight-pence, lawfull money of the said state, and on the third Monday in August, yearly, forever thereafter, the like sum of two hundred and thirteen pounds six shillings and eight-pence: Provided nevertheless, That the people of the state of New-York shall not be held to pay the said sums, unless in respect to the two sums to be paid on the third Monday in August next, at least twenty, and in respect to the said yearly sum to be paid thereafter, at least five of the principal men of the said Seven Nations or tribes of Indians, shall attend as deputies to receive and to give receipts for the same: The said deputies having suggested, that the Indians of the village of St. Regis have built a mill on Salmon river, and another on Grass river, and that the meadows on Grass river are necessary to them for hay; in order, therefore, to secure to the Indians of the said village, the use of the said mills and meadows, in case they should hereafter appear not to be included within the above tract so to remain reserved; it is, therefore, also agreed and concluded between the said deputies, the said agents, and the said William Constable and Daniel M'Cormick, for themselves and their associates, purchasers under the said Alexander Macomb, of the adjacent

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