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parents, either both or but one of them, professing faith in Christ and obedience to him, are, in that respect, within the covenant, and to be baptized (0).
Q. 167. How is our baptism to be improved by us ?
A. The needful but much neglected duty of improving our baptism, is to be performed by us all our life long, especially in the time of temptation, and when we are present at the administration of it to others (P); by serious and thankful consideration of the nature of it, and of the ends for which Christ instituted it, the privileges and benefits conferred and sealed thereby, and our solemn vow made therein (9); by being humbled for our sinful defile
they went on their way, they holy. Mat. 28. 19. Go ye, there came unto a certain water: and fore, and teach all nations, baptithe eunuch said, See, here is zing them in the name of the Fawater; what doth hinder me to ther, and of the Son, and of the be baptized ? And Philip said, If Holy Ghost. Luke 18. 15, 16. And thou believest with all thine heart, they brought unto him also infants thou mayest. And he answered that he would touch them ; but and said, I believe that Jesus when his disciples saw it, they reChrist is the Son of God. Acts 2. buked them. But Jesus called 38. Then Peter said unto them, them unto him, and said, Suffer Repent, and be baptized every little children to come unto me, one of you in the name of Jesus and forbid them not : for of such Christ, for the remission of sins, is the kingdom of God. Rom. 11, and ye shall receive the gift of 16. For if the first-fruit be holy, the Holy Ghost.
the lump is also holy : and if the (0) Gen. 17. 7. And I will es. root be holy, so are the branches. tablish my covenant between me 6 Col. 2. 11. In whom also and thee, and thy seed after thee ye are circumcised with the cirin their generations, for an ever cumcision made without hands, lasting covenant; to be a God unto in putting off the body of the sins thee, and to thy seed after thee. of the flesh, by the circumcision And with Acts 2. 38, 39. Then of Christ. Peter said unto them, Repent, ( Rom. 6. 3—5. Know ye and be baptized every one of you not, that so many of us as were in the name of Jesus Christ, for baptized into Jesus Christ, were the remission of sins, and ye shall baptized into his death. Therefore receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. we are buried with him, by bapFor the promise is unto you, and tism, into death : that like as to your children, and to all that Christ was raised up from the are afar off, even as many as the dead by the glory of the Father, Lord our God shall call. i Cor. 7. even so we also should walk in 14. For the unbelieving husband newness of life. For if we have is sanctified by the wife, and the been planted together in the like. unbelieving wife is sauctified by ness of his death, we shall be the husband; else were your chil- also in the likeness of his resurdren unclean; but now are they rection.
ment, our falling short of, and walking contrary to, the grace of baptism, and our engagements (r); by growing up to assurance of pardon of sin, and of all other blessings sealed to us in that sacrament (8); by drawing strength from the death and resurrection of Christ, to whom we were baptized, for the mortifying of sin, and quickening of grace (t); and by endeavouring to live by faith (v), to have our conversation in holiness and righteousness (w), as those that have therein given up their names to Christ (x); and to walk in brotherly love, as being baptized by the same Spirit into one body (y).
Q. 168. What is the Lord's supper 2
A. The Lord's supper is a sacrament of the New Testament (2), wherein, by giving and receiving bread and
(r) 1 Cor. 1. 11-13. For it doth also now save us, (not the " hath been declared unto me of putting away of the filth of the you, my brethren, by them which flesh, but the answer of a good are of the house of Chloe, that conscience towards God) by the there are contentions among you. resurrection of Jesus Christ. Now this I say that every one of (t) Romans 6. 3, 4, 5. (See you saith, I am of Paul, and I of above in o). Apollos, and I of Cephas, and I (v) Gal. 3. 26. For ye are all of Christ. Is Christ divided ? was the children of God by faith in Paul crucified for you? or were Christ Jesus. v. 27. For as many ye baptized in the name of Paul ? of you as have been baptized into Rom. 6. 2, 3. God forbid ; how Christ, have put on Christ. shall we that are dead to sin live (w) Romans 6. 22. But now any longer therein ? Know ye not, being made free from sin, and be that so many of us as were bap- come servants to God, ye have tized into Jesus Christ, were bap- your fruit unto holiness, and the tized into his death?
end everlasting life. (s) Rom. 4. 11, 12. And he re- x) Acts 2. 38. Then Peter ceived the sign of circumcision, said unto them, Repent, and be a seal of the righteousness of the baptized every one of you in the faith which be had vet being un- name of Jesus Christ, for the res eircumcised: that he might be the mission of sins, and ye shall refather of all them that believe, ceive the gift of the Holy Ghost. though they be not circumcised; (y) 1 Cor. 12. 13. 25. For by that righteousness might be impu- one Spirit are we all baptized into ted unto them also. And the fac one body, whether we be Jews or ther of circumcision to them who Gentiles, whether we be bond or are not of the circumcision only, free; and have been all made to but also walk in the steps of that drink into one Spirit. That there faith of our father Abraham, should be no schism in the body; which he had being yet uneircum- but that the members should have eised. 1 Pet. 3. 21. The like the same care one of another. figure whereunto, even baptism, (z) Luke 22. 20. Likewise
wine according to the appointment of Jesus Christ, his death is shewed forth; and they that worthily communicate feed upon his body and blood, to their spiritual nourishment and growth in grace (a); have their union and communion with him confirmed (b); testily and renew their thankfulness (c) and engagement to God (d), and their mutual love and fellowship each with other, as members of the same mystical body (e).
Q. 169. How hath Christ appointed bread and wine to be given and received in the sacrament of the Lord's supper?
A. Christ hath appointed the ministers of his word, in the administration of this sacrament of the Lord's supper, to set apart the bread and wine from common use, by the word of institution, thanksgiving, and prayer; to take and break the bread, and to give both the bread and the wine to the communicants : who are, by the same appointment, to take and eat the bread, and to drink the wine; in thankful remembrance, that the body of Christ was broken and given, and his blood shed for them (f).
also the cup after supper, saying, Christ? The bread which we This cup is the New Testament break, is it not the communion in my blood, which is shed for of the body of Christ ? you.
(c) 1 Cor. 11. 24. (See aoove ra) 1 Cor. 11. 23–26. For in a). I have received of the Lord that (d) 1 Cor. 10. 14. 21. Wherewhich also I delivered unto you, fore, my dearly beloved, flee from That the Lord Jesus, the same idolatry. Ye cannot drink the cup night in which he was betrayed, of the Lord and the cup of devils: took bread. And when he had ye cannot be partakers of the given thanks, he brake it, and said, Lord's table and of the table of Take, eat; this is my body, which devils. is broken for you : this do in re- re) i Cor. 10. 17. For we membrance of me. After the being many are one bread, and same manner also he took the one body : for we are all partakcup, when he had supped, saying, ers of that one bread. This cup is the New Testament (f) Luke 22. 19, 20, And he
my blood : this do ye, as oft as took bread, and gave thanks, and ye drink it, in remembrance of brake it, and gave unto them, me. For as often as ye eat this saying, This is my body which is bread, and drink this cup, ye do given for you: this do in rememshew the Lord's death till he brance of me. Likewise also the come.
cup after supper, saying, This (6) 1 Cor. 10. 16. The eup of cup is the New Testainent in my blessing which we bless, is it not blood, which is shed for you. the communion of the blood of
Q. 170. How do they that worthily communicate in the Lord's supper feed upon the body and blood of Christ. therein ? · A. As the body and blood of Christ are not corporally or carnally present in, with, or under the bread and wine in the Lord's supper (g); and yet are spiritually present to the faith of the receiver, no less truly and really than the elements themselves are to their outward senses (h): so they that worthily communicate in the sacrament of the Lord's supper, do therein feed upon the body and blood of Christ, not after a corporal and carnal but in a spiritual manner; yet truly and really (i), while by faith they receive and apply unto themselves Christ crucified. and all the benefits of his death (k).
Q. 171. How are they that receive the sacrament of the Lord's supper to prepare themselves before they come unto it?
A. They that receive the sacrament of the Lord's supper, are, before they come, to prepare themselves thereunto, by examining themselves (1) of their being in Christ (in), of their sins and wants (n); of the truth and
c) Acts 3. 21. Whom the the body of Christ ? heavens must receive, until the (1) 1 Cor. 11. 28. But let a times of restitution of all things, man examine himself, and so let which God hath spoken by the him eat of that bread, and drink mouth of all his holy prophets, of that cup. since the world began.
rm 2 Cor. 13. 5. Examine ch) Mat. 26. 26. 28. And as yourselves, whether ye be in the they were eating, Jesus took faith ; prove your own selves : bread, and blessed it, and brake know ye not your own selves, how it, and gave it to the disciples, and that Jesus Christ is in you, except said, Take, eat; this is my body. ye be reprobatés ? For this is my blood of the New r n 1 Cor. 5. 7. Purge out, Testament, which is shed for therefore, the old leaven, that ye many, for the remission of sins. may be a new lump, as ye are un* ri) 1 Cor. 11. 24. And when leavened. For even Christ our he had given thanks, he brake it, passover is sacrificed for us. Comand said, Take, eat ; this is my pared with Exod. 12. 15. Seven body, which is broken for you: days shall ye eat unleavened this do in remembrance of me. bread, even the first day ye shall
(k) 1 Cor. 10. 16. The cup put away leaven out of your of blessing which we bless, is it houses : for whosoever eateth not the communion of the blood leavened bread, from the first day of Christ ? The bread which we until the seventh day, that soul break, is it not the communion of shall be cut off from Israel.
measure of their knowledge (o), faith (p), repentance (9); love to God and the brethren (r), charity to all men (8), forgiving those that have done them wrong (1); of their desires after Christ (V), and of their new obedience (90); and by renewing the exercise of these graces (x), by serious meditation (y), and fervent prayer (2). ..
TO) 2 Cor. 11. 29. For he rt) Mat. 5. 23, 24. Therethat eateth and drinketh unwor- fore, if thou bring thy gift to the thily, eateth and drinketh damna- altar, and there rememberest that tion to himself, not discerning the thy brother hath ought against Lord’s body.
thee ; Leave there thy gift before co) 1 Cor. 13. 5. (See above the altar, and go thy way ; first in ins Mat. 26. 28. For this is be reconciled to thy brother, and my blood of the New Testament, then come and offer thy gift. which is shed for many, for the (o) Isa. 55. 1. Ho, every one remission of sins.
that thirsteth, come ye to the ro) Zech. 12. 10. And I will waters, and he that' hath no pour upon the house of David, money ; come ye, buy and eat, and upon the inhabitants of Je- yea, come, buy wine and milk rusalem, the Spirit of grace and of without money, and without price, supplications, and they shall look (w) 1 Cor. 5. 7. Parge out, upon me whom they have pierc- therefore, the old leaven, that ye ed, and they shall mourn for him, may be a new lump, as ye are unas one mourneth for his only son, leavened. For even Christ pur and shall be in bitterness for iiim, påssover is crucifieù for us. as one that is in bitterness for his ro) Heb. 10. 21. 24. And first-born. 1 Cor. 11. 31. For if having an high priest over the we would judge ourselves, we house of God; Let us draw near should not be judged.
with a true heart, in full assurance (n) Acts 2, 46, 47. And they of faith, having our hearts sprinkcontinuing daily with one accord led from an evil conscience, and in the temple, and breaking bread our bodies washed with pure from house to house, did eat their water. And let us consider one meat with gladness and singleness another, to provoke unto love, of heart: Praising God, and hav- and to good works. Psal. 26. 6. I ing favour with all the people. will wash mine hands in innocenAnd the Lord added to the church cy : so will I compass thine altar, daily such as should be saved. O Lord.
is) 1 Cor. 5, 8. Therefore cy) 1 Cor. 11. 24, 25. And let us keep the feast, not with old when he had given thanks, he leaven, neither with the leaven of brake it, and said, Take, eat; this malice and wickedness; but with is my boily, which is broken for the unleavened bread of sincerity you: this do in remembrance of and truth. 1 Cor. 11. 18. For first me. After the same manner also of all, when ye come together in he took the cup, when he had the church, I hear that there be supper, saying, This cup is the divisions among you; and I partly New Testament in my blood : this believe it. When ye come to- do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in regether therefore into one place, membrance of me. this is not to eat the Lord's sup- ( ) 2 Chron. 50. 18. For a per.
multitude of the people, even