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Q. 172. May one who doubteth of his being in Christ, or of his due preparation, come to the Lord's supper ?
A. One who doubteth of his being in Christ, or of his due preparation to the sacrament of the Lord's supper, may have true interest in Christ, though he be not yet assured thereof (a); and in God's account it hath, if he be duly affected with the apprehension of the want of it (b), and unfeignedly desires to be found in Christ (c), and to depart from iniquity (d): in which case (because promises are made, and this sacrament is appointed, for the relief even of weak and undoubting Christians (e) he is to bewail his unbelief (f), and labour to have his doubts resolved (g); and, so doing, he may and ought to come to the Lord's supper, that he may be further strengthened (h).
many of Ephraim, and Manasseh, but dung that I may win Christ; Issachar, and Zebulun, had not And be found in him, not having cleansed themselves, yet did they mine own righteousness, which is eat the passover, otherwise than of the law, but that which is it was written : but Hezekiah through the faith of Christ, the prayed for them, saying, The good righteousness which is of God Lorü pardon every one, That by faith. prepareth his heart to seek God, rd 2 Tim. 2. 19. Neverthethe Lord God of his fathers, less, the foundation of God standthough he be not cleansed accor- eth sure, having this seal.' The ding to the purification of the Lord knoweth them that are his. sanctuary:
And, Let every one that nameth (a) Isaiah 50. 10. Who is the nanie of Christ depart from among you that feareth the Lord, iniquity. that obeyeth the voice of his ser- (e) Isa. 40. 11. He shall feed vant, that walketh in darkness, his flock like a shepherd : he shall and hath no light? let him trust gather the lambs with his arm, in the name of the Lord, and stay and carry them in his bosom, and upon his God.
shall gently lead those that are rb Isa. 54. 7, 8. For a small with young. moment have I forsaken thee, but C Mark 9. 24. And straight-, with great mercies will I gather way the father of the child cried thee. In a little wrath I hid my out, and said with tears, Lord, I face from thee for a moment; believe ; help thon mine unbelief. but with everlasting kindness will (3) Acts 2. 37. Now, when I have mercy on thee, saith the they heard this, they were prickLord thy Redeemer.
ed in their heart, and said unto ro) Poil. 3.8, 9. Yea, doubt. Peter, and to the rest of the less, and I count all things but lost, apostles, Men and brethren, what for the excellency of the knows shall we do? Acts 16. 30. And ledge of Christ Jesus my Lord, he brought them out, and said, for whom I have suffered the loss Sirs, what must I do to be saved? of all things; and do count them ( Rom. 4. 11. And he re.
Q. 173. May any who profess the faith, and desire to come to the Lord's supper, be kept from it.
A. Such as are found to be ignorant or scandalous, notwithstanding their profession of the faith, and desire to come to the Lord's supper, may and ought to be kept from that sacrament, by the power which Christ hath left in his church (i), until they receive instruction, and manifest their reformation (k).
Q. 174. What is required of them that receive the sacrament of the Lord's supper in the lime of the administration of it.
A. It is required of them that receive the sacrament of the Lord's supper, that, during the time of the administration of it, with all holy reverence and attention they wait upon God in that ordinance (l); diligently observe the sacramental elements and actions (m); heedfully dis
ceived the sign of circumcision, perhaps such a one should be a seal of the righteousness of the swallowed up with overmuch sorfaith which he had yet being un- row. " circumcised : that he might be the (1) Lev. 10. 3. Then Moses father of all them that believe, said unto Aaron, this is it that though they be not circumcised: the Lord spake, saying, I will be that righteousness might be impu. sanctified in them that come nigh ted unto them also. 1 Cor. 11. 28. me, and before all the people will But let a man examine himself, I be glorified. Hebrews 12. 28. and so let liim eat of that bread, Wherefore, we received a kingand drink of that cap.
dom which cannot be mored, let · ri) 1 Cor. 11. 27, to the end. us have grace, whereby we may Wherefore, whosoever shall eat serve God acceptably, with reve. this bread, and drink this cup of * rence and godly fear. Psal: 5.7. the Lord unworthily, shall be But as for me, I will come into guilty of the body and blood of thy house in the multitude of thy the Lord. But let a man examine mercy: and in thy fear will I himself, and so let him eat of that worship toward thy holy temple. bread, and drink of that cup. For 1 Cor. 11. 17. 27. Now in this he that eateth and drinketh un- that I declare unto you, I praise worthily, eateth and drinketh you not, that you come together, damnation to himself, not discern- not for the better, but for the ing the Lord's body. For this worse. For as often as ye cat cause man re weak and sickly this bread, and drink this cup, ye among you, and many sleep. For do shew the Lord's death till he if we would judge ourselves, we come. Wherefore, whosoever aliould not be judged, &c. to the shall eat this bread, and drink this end of the chapter.
cup of the Lord unworthily, shall (k) 2 Cor. 2. 7. So that, con- be guilty of the body and blood trariwise, ye ought rather to for- of the Lord. give him, and comfort him, lest (m) Exod. 24. 8. And Moses
cern the Lord's body (n), and affectionately meditate on his death and sufferings (o), and thereby stir up themselves to a vigorous exercise of their graces (P); in judging themselves (9), and sorrowing for sin (r); in earnest hungering and thirsting after Christ (s), feeding on him by faith (t), receiving of his fulness (V), trusting in his merits (w), rejoicing in his love (20), giving thanks for his grace (y); in renewing of their
took the blood, and sprinkled it salem, the Spirit of grace and of on the people, and said, behold, supplications, and they shall look the blood of the covenant which upon me whom they have pierced, the Lord hath made with you con- and they shall mourn for him, as cerning all these words. Compa- one mourneth for his only son, red with Mat. 26. 28. For this is and shall be in bitterness for him, my blood of the New Testament, as one that is in bitterness for his which is shed for many for the re- first-born. mission of sins.
(s) Rev. 22. 17. And the (11) 1 Cor. 11. 29. For he that Spirit and the bride say, Come. eateth and drinketh unworthily, And let him that heareth, sảy, eateth and drinketh damnation to Come. And let him that is himself, not discerning the Lord's athirst, come: and whatsoever boly.
will, let him take the water of ŠD Luke 22. 19. And he life freely. took bread, and gave thanks and' (t) John 6.35. And Jesus said brake it, and gave unto them, unto them, I am the bread of life ; saring, This is my body which is he that cometh to me shall never given for you : this do in remem- hunger; and he that believeth on brance of me.
me shall never thirst. c) 1 Cor. 10. 3. 14. And did (0) John 1. 16. And of his all eat the same spiritual meat; fulness have all we received, and And did all drink the same spirit- grace for grace. ual drink : (for they drank of that (w Phil. 3. 9. And be found spiritual Rock that followed them. in him, not having mine own and that Rock was Christ). But righteousness, which is of the law, with many of them God was not but that which is through the well pleased : for they were over- faith of Christ, the righteousness thrown in the wilderness. Now which is of God by faith. all these things happened unto (x) Psal. 63. 4. 5. Thus will them for ensamples: and they I bless thee, while I live : I will are written for our admonition, lift up mine hands in thy name : upou whom the ends of the world My soul shall be satisfied as with are come. Wherefore, my dearly marrow and fatness: and my beloved, fiee from idolatry. mouth shall praise thee with joy
(9) 1 Cor. 11. 31. For if we ful lips. would jutge ourselves, we should (y) Psal. 22. 26. The meek , not be judged.
shall eat and be satisfied; they (7) Zech. 12. 10. And I will shall praise the Lord that seek pour upon the house of David, him: your heart shall live for and upon the inhabitants of Jeru- ever.
covenant with God (z), and love to all the saints (a).
Q. 175. What is the duty of Christians, after they have received the sacrament of the Lord's supper 2
A. The duty of Christians, after they have received the sacrament of the Lord's supper, is seriously to consider how they have behaved themselves therein, and with what success (b); if they find quickening and comfort, to bless God for it (c), beg the continuance of it (d), watch against relapses (e), fulfil their vows (f), and encourage themselves to a frequent attendance on that or
(z) Jer. 50. 5. They shall ask and breaking bread from house the way to Zion with their faces to house, did eat their meat with thitherward, saying, Come, and gladness and singleness of heart, let us join ourselves to the Lord Praising God, and having favour in a perpetual covenant that shall with all the people. not be forgotten. Psalms 50. 5. rd) Psal. 36. 10. O continue Gather my saints together unto thy loving kindness unto them me: those that have made a that know thee; and thy rightecovenant with me by sacrifice. ousness to the upright in heart.
(a) Acts 2. 42. And they con- Cant. 3. 4. It was but a little that tinued stedfastly in the apostles' I passed from them, but I found doctrine and fellowship, and in him whom my soul loveth : I held breaking of bread, and in prayhim, and would not let him go, ers.
until I had brought him into my b) Psal. 28.7. The Lord is mother's house, and into the my strength and my shield; my chamber of her that conceived heart trusted in him, and I am me. 1 Chron. 29. 18. O Lord helped: therefore my heart great. God of Abraham, Isaac, and of ly rejoiceth, and with my song Israel our fathers, keep this for will I praise him. Psal. 85. 8. I ever in the imagination of the will hear what God the Lord will thoughts of the heart of thy peospeak : for he will speak peace ple, and prepare their heart unto unto his people, and to his saints: thee. but let them not turn again to fol- (e) 1 Cor. 10. 3—-12. And did ly. 1 Cor. 11. 17. Now in this all eat the same spiritual meat ; that I declare unto you, I praise And did all drink the same spiyou not, that you come together, ritual drink ; (for they drank of not for the better, but for the that spiritual Rock that followed worse. v. 30. For this cause many them, and that Rock was Christ.) are weak and sickly among you, But with many of them God was and many sleep. v. 31. For if we not well pleased : for they were woulu judge ourselves, we should overthrown in the wilderness. not be judged.
Wherefore let him that thinketh (c) Acts 2. 42--17. And they he standeth, take heed lest he continued stedfastly in the apos- fall. tles' doctrine and fellowship, and (f) Psal. 50. 14. Offer unto in breaking of bread, and in pray- God thanksgiving, and pay thy ers. And they continuing daily vows unto the Most High. with one accord in the temple,
dinance (g): but if they find no present benefit, more exactly to review their preparation to, and carriage at, the sacrament (h); in both which if they can approve themselves to God and their own consciences, they are to wait for the fruit of it in due time (i): but, if they see they have failed in either, they are to be humbled (k), and to attend upon it afterward with more care and diligence (1).
Q. 176. Wherein do the sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supper agree?
A. The sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supper agree, in that the author of both is God (m); the spi
(9) 1 Cor. 11. 25, 26. After down, O my soul ? and why art the same manner also he took the thou disquieted in me? hope thou cup, when he had supped, saying, in God, for I shall yet praise him This cup is the New Testament for the help of his countenance. in my blood : this do ye, as oft as (k) 2 Chron. 30. 18, 19. For a ye drink it, in remembrance of multitude of the people, even me. For as often as ye eat this many of Ephraim, and Manasseh, bread, and drink this cup, ye do Issachar, and Zebulun, had not shew the Lord's death till he cleansed themselves, yet did they come. Acts 2. 42. And they con- eat the passover, otherwise than tinued stedfastly in the apostles' it was written : but Hezekiah doctrine and fellowship, and in prayed for them, saying, The good breaking of bread, and in prayers. Lord pardon every one, That v. 46. And they continuing daily preparetí. his heart to seek God, with one accord in the teraple, the Lord God of his fathers, and breaking bread from house to though he be not cleansed accorhouse, did eat their meat with ding to the purification of the gladness and singleness of heart. sanctuary
ch) Cant. 5. 1. I am come (1) 2 Cor. 7. 11. For behold, into my garden, my sister, my this self-same thing, that ye sors spouse; I have gathered my myrrh rowed after a godly sort, what with my spice, I have eaten my carefulness it wrought in you, yea, honey-comb with my honey, I what clearing of yourselves, yea; have drunk my wine with my what indignation, yea, what fear, milk: eat, О friends, drink, yea yea, what vehement desire, yea, drink abundantly, o beloved. what zeal, yea, what revenge ! in
(i) Psal. 123. 1, 2. Unto thee all things ye have approved your Jift I up mine eyes, O thou that selves to be clear in this matter. dwellest in the heavens. Behold, (m) Mat. 28. 19. Go ye, there as the eyes of servants look unto fore, and teach all nations, bapthe hand of their masters, and as tizing them in the name of the the eyes of a maiden unto the Father, and of the Son, and of hand of her mistress ; so our eyes the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. 11. 23. wait upon the Lord our God, un- For I have received of the Lord til that he have mercy upon us. that which also I delivered unto Psal. 42. 5. Why art thou cast you, That the Lord Jesus, the