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enjoy union and communion with him in grace and glory (e).
Q. 66. What is that union which the elect have wiih Christ?
A. The union which the elect have with Christ is the work of God's grace (f), whereby they are spiritually and mystically, yet really and inseparably joined to Christ as their Head and Husband (g); which is done in their offectual calling (h).
Q. 67. What is effectual calling ?
A. Effectual calling is the work of God's almighty power and grace (i), whereby (out of his free and special love to his elect, and from nothing in them moving him thereunto (k), he doth, in his accepted time, invite and draw them to Jesus Christ, by his word and Spirit (1),
re) John 17. 21. That they whom ye were called unto the all may be one, as thou, Father, fellowship of his Son Jesus Christ art in me, and I in thee; that our Lord. they also inay be one in ys: that Ci) 2 Tim. 1. 8, 9. Be not the world may believe that thou thou therefore ashamed of the hast sent me.
testimony of our Lord, nor of me Cf Eph. 1. 22. And hath put his prisoner : but be thou partak all things under his feet, and gave er of the afflictions of the gospel, him to be the head over all things according to the power of God, to the church. Eph. 2. 6. And Who hath saved us, and called nis hath raised us up together, and withi an holy calling, not according made us sit together in heavenly to our works, but according to his places in Christ Jesus.'
own purpose, and grace" which 3) 1 Cor. 6. 17. But he that was given us in Christ Jesus, beis joined unto the Lord, is one fore the world began.. spirit. John 10. 28. And I give (k) Tit. 3. 4. 5. But after that unto them eternal life ; and they the kindness and love of God our , shall never perish ; neither shail Saviour toward. man appeared, any pluck them out of my hand. Not by works of righteousness Eph. 5. 23, 30. For the husband which we have done, but accord. is the head of the wife, éven ás ing to his mercy he saved us by Christ is the head of the church; the washing of regeneration, and and he is the Saviour of the body. renewing of the Holy Ghost. For we are members of his body, rl 2 Cor. 5. 20. Now ther of his fesh, and of his bones. we are ambassadors for Christ, as
(h) 1 Peter 5. 10. But the though Gou did beteech you liv God of all grace, who hath called us : we pray you in Cruist's stead, us unto his eternal glory by Christ be ye reconeiled to Ged. 2 Thess. Jesus, after that ye hare sufiered 2, 13, 14. But we are bound to a while, make you perfect, stab- give thanks alway to Grad for Tol, lish, strengthen, settle you. i brethren, beloved of tllie Lord, Cor. 1. 9. God is faithful, by because God hath from the be
savingly enlightening their minds (m), renewing and powerfully determining their wills (n), so as they, (although in themselves dead in sin) are hereby made willing and able freely to answer his call, and to accept and embrace the grace offered and conveyed therein (0).
Q. 68. Are the elect only effectually called ?
Å. All the elect, and they only, are effectually called (P); although others may be, and often are, outwardly called by the ministry of the word (q), and have some common operations of the Spirit (r); who, for their wilful neglect and contempt of the grace offered to them, being justly left in their unbelief, do never truly come to Jesus Christ.(s).
Q. 69. What is the communion in grace which the members of the invisible church have with Christ?
A. The communion in grace, which the members of
ginning chosen you to salvation, thy soul, that thou mayest live. through sanctification of the Spirit CD) Acts 13. 48. And when and belief of the truth. Where the Gentiles heard this, they were, unto he called you by our gospel, glad, and glorified the word of the to the obtaining of the glory of Lord : anil as raany as were orour Lord Jesus Christ.
dained to eternal life believed. rm) Acts 26. 18. To open (9) Mat. 22. 14. For many their eyes, and to turn them are called, but few are chosen. from darkness to light, and from (r) Mat. 7. 22. Many will say the power of Satan' unto God, to me in that day Lord, Lord, that they may receive forgiveness have we not prophesied in thy of sins, and inheritance anong name? and in thy name hare cast them which are sanctified by out devils ? and in thy name done faith that is in me.
many wonderfc) works? in) Ezek. 11. 19. I will give rol Acts 28. 25, 26, 27. And them one heart, and I will put a when they agreed not among new spirit within you ; and I will themselves, they departed, after take the stony heart out of their that Paul had spoken one word, ilesh, and will give them an heart Well spake the Holy Ghost by
Esaias the prophet unto our fa(0) Eph. 2. 5. Even when we thers, Saying, 'Go unto this peo, were dead in sins hath quickened ple, and say, Hearing ye shall u together with Christ, (by grace hear, and shall not understand ; ye are saved). Phil. 2 13. For and seeing ye shall see, and not it is God which worketh in you perceive. For the heart of this both to will and to do, of his good people is waxed gross, and their pleasure.. Deut. 30. 6. And the cars are dull of hearing, and their Lord thy God will circumcise eyes have they closed ; lest they thine heart, and the heart of thy should see with their eyes, and seed, to love the Lord thy God hear with their ears, and underwith all thine heart, and with all stand with their heart, and should
the invisible church have with Christ, is their partaking of the virtue of his mediation, in their justification (t), adoption (v), sanctification, and whatever else, in this life, manifests their union with him (w).
Q: 70. What is justification ? !. A. Justification is an act of God's free grace unto sinners (x), in which he pardoneth all their sins, accepteth and accounteth their persons righteous in his sight (9) not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them (z); but only for the perfect obedience and full satisfaction of Christ, by God imputed to them (a), and received by faith alone b).
Q. 71. Hon is justification an act of God's free grace!
A. Although Christ, by his obedience and death, did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to God's justice in the behalf of them that are justified (c); yet, in as much as God accepteth the satisfaction from a Surety, be converted, and I should heal might be made the righteousness them.
of God in him. ro) Rom. 8. 30. Moreover, (2) Tit. 3. 5. Not by works whom he did predestinate, them of righteousness which we have he also called i and whom he call. done, but according to his mercy ed, them he also justified ; and he saved us by the washing of rewhom he justified, them he also generation, and renewing of the glorified.
Holy Ghost. ro) Eph. 1. 5. Having prea Pa Rom. 5. 17. For if, by destinated us unto the adoption of one man's offence, death reigned children by Jesus Christ to him by one ; much more they which self, according to the good plea. receive abundance of grace and sure of his will.
of the gift of righteousness shall w ) 1 Cor. 1. 30. But of him reign in life by one, Jesus Christ. are ye in Christ Jesus, who of Acts 10. 43. To him give God is made unto us wisdom, and all the prophets witness, that; righteousness, and sanctification, through his name, whosoever be
lieveth in him shall receive re. ca i Rom. 3. 24. Being jus mission of sins. tified freely by his grace, through. (c) Rom. 5, 8, 9, 10, 19. But the redemption that is in Christ Goul commendeth his love towards Jesus.
us, in that while we were yet sin. Cyl 2 Cor. 5. 19, 21. To wit, ners Christ died for us. Much that God was in Christ, reconcil- more then, being now justified by ing the world unto himself, not his blood, we shall be sayed from imputing their trespasses unto wrath through him. For it when them; and hath committed unto we were enemies, we were re us the word of reconciliation. conciled to God by the death or For he hath made him to be sin his Son ; much more, being re: for us, who knew no sin ; that we conciled, we shall be saved by his
which he might have demanded of them, and did provide this Surety, his own only Son (d), imputing his righteousness to them (e), and requiring nothing of them for their justification but faith (f), which also is his gift (g), their justification is to them of free grace (h).
Q. 72. What is justifying faith ? - A. Justifying faith is a saving grace (i), wrought in the heart of a sinner by the Spirit (lc) and word of God (1), whereby he, being convinced of his sin and misery, and of the disability in himself and all other creatures, to recover him out of his lost condition (m), not only assentath to the truth of the promise of the gospel (n), but re
life. For as by one man's disobe. we have redemption through his dience many were made sinners,' blood, the forgiveness of 'sins, ao80 by the obedience of one shall cording to the riches of his grace. many be made righteous... () Heb. 10. 39, But we are • (d) Romans 8. 32. He that not of them who draw back unto spared not his own Son," but de- 'perdition; but of them that belivered him up for us all, how lieve to the saving of the soul. shall he not with him also freely (k) 2 Cor. 4. 13. We having give us all things ! . 1 Pet. 1. 18, the same Spirit of faith, according 19. Forasmuch as ye know that as it is written, I believed, and ye were not redeemed with cor- therefore have I spoken : we also ruptible things, as silver and gold, believe, and therefore speak. from your vain conversation re- () Romans, 10. 14, 17, How eeived by tradition from your fa- then shall they call on him in thers. But with the precious whom they have not believed ? blood of Christ, as of à Lamb and how shall they believe in him without blemish and without spot. of whom they have not heard ?
re) 2 Cor. 5. 21. For he hath and how shal) they hear without a made him to be sin for us, who preacher ? So then. faith cometh knew no sin ; that we might be by hearing, and hearing by the made the righteousness of God word of God.. in him. ..
(m) Acts 2. 37. Now when CA Rom. 3. 24, 25. Being they heard this, they were prickjustified freely by his grace, ed in their heart, and said unto through the redemption that is Peter and to the rest of the apos* in Christ Jesus; Whom God hath tles, Men and, brethren, what set forth to be a propitiation shall we do? Eph. 2. 1. And through faith in his blood, to de- you hath he quickened who were clare his righteousness for the re- dead in trespasses and sins. Acts mission of sins that are past, 4. 12. Neither is there salvation through the forbearance of God. in any other : for there is none
(3) Eph. 2. 8. For by grace other name under heaven given are ye saved, through faith; and among men whereby we must be that not of yourselves : it is the saved. gift of God.
(12) Eph, 1. 13. In whom ye th) Eph. 1.-7. In whom also trusted, after that ye heard
ceiveth and resteth upon Christ and his righteousness therein held forth, for pardon of sin (0), and for the accepting and accounting of his person righteous in the sight of God for salvation (p).
Q. 73. How doth faith justify a sinner in the sight of God ?
A. Faith justifies a sinner in the sight of God, not because of those other graces which do always accompany it, or of good works that are the fruits of it (9), nor as if the grace of faith, or any act thereof, were inputed to him for his justification (r); but only as it is an instrument by which he receiveth and applieth Christ and his righteousness (8).
Q. 74. What is adoption ?
A. Adoption is an act of the free grace of God (t), in and for his only Son Jesus Christ (V), whereby all those that are justified are received into the number of his children (n), have his name put upon them (x), the Spirit of
the word of truth, the gospel of him that justifieth the ungodly, your salvation : in whom also, his faith is counted for righteousafter that ye believed, ye were ness. Compared with Rom. 10. sealed with that holy Spirit of 10. For with the heart man bepromise.
lieveth unto righteousness, and ro) Acts 10. 43. To him give with the mouth confession is all the prophets witness, that made unto salvation. through his name, whosoever be- ( 8 ) John 1. 12. But as many lieveth in him shall receive re- as received him, to them gave he mission of sins.
power to become the sons of God, (P) Phil. 3. 9. And be found even to them that believe on his in him, not having mine own name. righteousness which is of the law, (t) 1 John 3.1. Behold, what but that which is through the faith manner of love the Father hath of Christ, the righteousness which bestowed upon us, that we should is of God by faith. Acts 15. 11. be called the sons of God. But we believe that through the ro) Eph. 1. 5. Having pre. grace of the Lord Jesus Christ destinated us to the adoption of we shall be saved even as they children by Jesus Christ to him.
(9) Gal. 3. 11. But that no self, according to the good plea. man is justified by the law in the sure of his will. sight of God, it is evident for, (w) John 1. 12. But as many The just shall live by faith. Rom. as received him, to them gave he 3. 28. Therefore we conclude power to become the sons of God, that a man is justified by faith even to them that beliere on his without the deeds of the law. name.
pp Roni. 4. 5. But to him ( x ) 2 Cor. 6. 18. And will be that worketh not, but believeth on a Father unto you, and ye shall