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rent (g), profane (h), superstitious (i), or wicked mentioning or otherwise using his titles, attributes, ordinances (k), or works (1), by blasphemy (m), perjury (n), all sinful cursings (0), oaths (P), vows (9), and lots (r), violating of our
and deny thee, and say, Who is 11. And the Israelitish woman's the Lord? or lest I be poor, and son blasphemed the name of the steal, and take the name of my Lord, and cursed: and they God in vain.
brought him unto Moses. (9) Mal. 1. 6. A son honour (n) Zech, 5. 4. I will bring it eth his father, and a servant his forth, said the Lord of hosts, and master: if then I be a father, it shall enter into the house of the where is mine honour ? and if I thief, and into the house of him. be a master, where is my fear ? that sweareth falsely by my name: saith the Lord of hosts unto you, and it shall remain in the midst of O priests, that despise my name. his house, and shall consume it,
ch) Mal. 1. 12. But ye have with the timber thereof, and the prophaned it, in that ye say, The stones thereof. Zech. 8. 17. And table of the Lord is polluted, and let none of you imagine evil in the fruit thereof, even his meat is your hearts against his neighbour, contemptible. Mal. 3. 14. Ye have and love no false oath : for all said, It is in vain to serve God; these are things that I hate, saith and what profit is it, that we have the Lord. kept his ordinance, and that we (0) 1 Samuel 17. 43. And the have walked mournfully before Philistine said unto David, Am I the Lord of hosts.
a dog, that thou comest to me (i) Jer. 7. 4. Trust ye not in with staves ? and the Philistine lying words, saying, the temple of cursed Dávid by his gods. 2 Sam. the Lord, the temple of the Lord, 16.5. And when king David came the temple of the Lord are these. to Bahurin, behold, thence came Col. 2. 20. Wherefore if ye be out a man of the family of the dead with Christ from the rudi- house of Saul, whose name was ments of the world; why, as Shimei the son of Gerar; he though living in the world, are ye came forth, and cursed still as he subject to ordinances ?
came. (k) Psal. 50. 16. But unto the
Jer. 5. 7. How sball I wicked God saith, What hast pardon thee for this ? thy children thou to do to declare my statutes, have forsaken me, and sworn by or that thou shouldest take my them that are ng gods; when I covenant in thy mouth?
had fed them to the full, they (1) Isa. 5. 12. And the harp then committed adultery, and asand the viol, the tabret and pipe, sembled themselves by troops in and wine are in their feasts : but the harlots' houses. they regard not the work of the a) Deut. 23. 18. Thou shalt Lord, neither consider the opera- not bring the hire of a whore, or tion of his hands.
the price of a dog, into the house ( m ) 2 Kings 19. 22. Whom of the Lord thy God for any vow : hast thou reproached and blas- for even both these are abomiphemed ? and against whom last nation unto the Lord thy God. thou exalted thy voice, and lift up Acts 22. 12. And when it was thine eyes on high ? even against day, certain of the Jews banded the holy one of Israel. Lev. 34. together, and bound themselyes
oaths and vows, if lawful (8), and fulfilling them, if of things unlawful (t); murmuring and quarrelling at (v), curious prying into (w), and misapplying of God's decrees (x), and providences (y); misinterpreting (2), misapplying (a), or any way perverting the word, or any part of it (b), to profane jests (c), curious or unprofitable questions, vain janglings, or the maintaining of false doctrines (d); abusing it, the creatures, or any thing contain
under a curse, saying, That they taketh vengeance ? (I speak as a would neither eat nor drink till man). For if the truth of God they had killed Paul.
hath more abounded through my ir) Esth. 3. 7. In the first lie unto his glory; why yet am I month (that is, the month Nisan) also judged as a sinner? Rom. 6. in the twelfth year of king Aha- 1. What shall we say then ? shall suerus, they cast Pur, that is, the
we continue in sin, that grace may lot, before Haman, from day to abound? God forbid. day, and from month to month, (y) Eccl. 8. 11. Because sento the twelfth month, that is the tence against an evil work is not month Adar. Psal. 22. 18. They executed speedily ; therefore the part my garments among them, heart of the sons of men
fully and cast lots upon my vesture. set in them to do evil.
(8) Psal. 24. 4. He that hath (z) Mat. 5. 21. To the end. clean hands and a pure heart : (See Question 99, letter o.) who hath not lift up his soul unto ca) Ezek. 13. 22. Because vanity, nor sworn deceitfully. with lies ye have made the heart Ezek. 17. 19. Therefore thus of the righteous sad, whom I have saith the Lord God, As I live, not made sad, and strengthened surely nine oath that he hath de- the hands of the wicked, that he spised, and my covenant that he should not return from his wickhath broken, even it will I recom- ed way, by promising him life. pence upon his own head.
(b) 2 Peter 3. 16. As also (t) Mark 6. 26. And the king in all his epistles, speaking in was exceeding sorry, yet for his them of those things : in which oath's sake, and for their sakes are some things hard to be unwhich sat with him, he would not derstood, which they that are unreject her.
learned and unstable wrest, as (V) Rom. 9. 14. What shall they do also the other scriptures, we say then ? Is there unrighte- unto their own destruction. ousness with God? God forbid. (c) Isa. 22. 13. And behold,
(w) Deut. 29. 29. The secret joy and gladness, slaying oxen, things belong unto the Lord our and killing sheep, eating flesh, God : But those things which are and drinking wine ; let us eat revealed, belong unto us, and to and drink, for to-morrow we shall our children for ever, that we die. may do all the words of this law. (d) 1 Timothy 1. 4. Neither
(x ) Rom. 3. 5,7. But if our give heed to fables, and endless unrighteousness commend the genealogies, which minister quesrighteousness of God, what shall tions, rather than godly edifying, we say? Is God unrighteous who which is in faith.
ed under the name of God, to charms (e), or sinful lusts and practices (f); the maligning (g), scorning (h), reviling (i), or any wise opposing of God's truth, grace, and ways (k); making profession of religion in hypocrisy, or for sinister ends (1); being ashamed of it (m), or a shame to it, by uncomfortable (n), unwise (0), unfruit
(e) Deut. 18. 10–14. There ed not, but spake evil of that way shall not be found among you any before the multitude, he departed one that maketh his son or his from them, and separated the dis. daughter to pass through the fire, ciples, disputing daily in the or that useth divination, or an ob- school of one Tyrannus. 1 Thess. server of times, or an enchanter, 2. 16. Forbidding us to speak to or a witch, or a charmer, or a the Gentiles, that they might be consulter with familiar spirits, or saveu, to fill up their sins alway : a wizard, or å necromancer. For for the wrath is come upon them all that do these things are an to the uttermost. Heb. 10. 29. Of abomination unto the Lord, &c. how much sorer punishment, supActs 19. 13. Then certain of the pose ye, shall he be thought vagabond Jews, exorcists, took worthy, who hath trodden under upon them to call over them foot the Son of God, and hath which had evil spirits the name counted the blood of the covenant of the Lord Jesus, saying, We wherewith he was sanctified, an adjure you by Jesus whom Paul unholy thing, and hath done depreacheth.
spite unto the Spirit of grace? (f) 2 Tim. 4. 3. For the (1) 2 Tim. 3. 5. Having a time will come when they will form of godliness, but denying not endure sound doctrine ; but the power thereof; from such after their own lusts shall they turn away. Mat. 23. 14. Wo anto heap to themselves teachers, have you, scribes and Pharisees, hypoing itching ears.
crites! for ye devour widows' (s) Acts 13. 45. But when houses, and for a pretence make the Jews saw the multitudes, long prayers ; therefore ye shall they were filled with envy, and receive the greater damnation. spake against those things which (m) Mark 8. 38. Whosoever, were spoken by Paul, contradict- therefore, shall be ashamed of ing and blaspheming.
me, and of my words, in this rh) Psal. 1. 1. Blessed is the adulterous and sinful generation, man that walketh not in the coun- of him also shall the Son of man sel of the ungodly, nor standeth be ashamed, when he cometh in in the way of sinners, nor sitteth the glory of his father with the in the seat of the scornful. 2 Pet. holy angels. 3.3. Knowing this first, that there Ĉn) Psal. 73. 14, 15. For all shall come in the last days scof- the day long have I been plagued, fers, walking after their own lusts. and chastened every morning. If I
(i) 1 Pet. 4. 4. Wherein they say, I will speak thus: behold, I think it strange that you run not should offend against the generawith them to the same excess of tion of thy children, riot, speaking evil of you.
ro) 1 Cor. 6. 5. I speak to (k) Acts 19. 9. But when your shame. Is it so that there is divers were hardened, and believ- not a wise man amongst you ? no
ful (P), and offensive walking (9), or backsliding from it (r).
Q. 114. What reasons are annexed to the third command ment?
A. The reasons annexed to the third commandment, in these words (The Lord thy God), and (For the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain (s), are, because he is the Lord and our God, therefore his name is not to be profaned, or any way abused by us (t); especially because he will be so far from acquitting and sparing the transgressors of this commandment, as that he will not suffer them to escape his righteous judgment (v), albeit many such escape the censures and punishments of men (w).
Q. 115. Which is the fourth commandment ?
A. The fourth commandment is, Remember the sabbathday to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy man-servant, nor thy maid-sernot one that shall be able to judge (8) Exod. 20, 7. between his brethren?
rt) Lev. 19. 12. () Isa. 5. 4. What could shall not swear by my name false. have been done more to my vine- ly, neither shalt thou profane the yard, that I have not done in it? name of thy God: I am the Lord. Wherefore, when I looked that (0) Ezek, 36. 21, 22. But I it should bring forth grapes, had pity for mine holy name, brought it forth wild grapes ?" 2. which the house of Israel had Pet. 1. 8. For if these things be profaned among the heathen, in you, and abound, they make whither they went. Therefore you that ye shall neither be bar- say unto the house of Israel, ren, nor unfruitful in the know. Thus saith the Lord God, I do ledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. not this for your sakes, O house
(9) Rom. 2. 23. Thou that of Israel, but for mine holy maketh thy boast of the law, name's sake, which ye have through breaking the law, dis- profaned among the heathen, honourest thou God?
whither ye went. (r) Gal. 3. 1. 3. O foolish (w) 1 Sam. 2. 12. Now the Galatians, who hath bewitched sons of Eli were sons of Belial; you, that you should not obey the they knew not the Lord. Com. truth, before whose eyes Jesus pared with 1 Sam. 3. 13. For I Christ hath been evidently set have told him, that I will judge forth, crucified among you ? Are his house forever, for the iniquity ye so foolish ? having begun in which he knoweth : because his the Spirit, are ye now made per- sons made themselves vile, and fect by the flesti?
he restrained them not.
vant, nor thy catlle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gales. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherea fore the Lord blessed the Sabbath-day, and hallowed it (a).
Q. 116. What is required in the fourth commandment?
A. The fourth commandment requireth of all men the sanctifying or keeping holy to God such set times as he hath appointed in his word, expressly one whole day in seven; which was the seventh from the beginning of the world to the resurrection of Christ, and the first day of the week ever since, and so to continue to the end of the world; which is the Christian Sabbath (y), and in the New Testament, called the Lord's day (2).
Q. 117. How is the Sabbath, or the Lord's day, to be sanctified ?
A. The Sabbath, or Lord's day, is to be sanctified by an holy resting all the day (a), not only from such works as are at all times sinful, but even from such worldly employments and recreations as are on other days lawful (b), and making it our delight to spend the whole time (except
rir) Exodus, chap. 22, verses it: that keepeth the Sabbath from 8, 9, 10 and 11.
polluting it, and keepeth his hand (y) Deut. 5. 12. Keep the from doing any evil. Sabbath-day to sanctify it, as the (2) Rev. 1. 10. I was in the Lord thy God hath commanded Spirit on the Lord's day, and thee. Gen. 2. 2. And on the heard behind me a great voice, as seventh day God ended his work of a trumpet. which he had made: and he rest- ra, Exod. 20. 8. Remember ed on the seventh day from all the Sabbath-day, to keep it boly. his work which he had made. v. 10. But the seventh day is the Acts 20. 7. And upon the first Sabbath of the Lord thy God: in day of the week, when the disci- it thou shalt not do any work, ples came together to break bread, thou, nor thy son, &c. Paul preached unto them, ready (6) Exod. 16. 25. And Mo. to depart on the morrow, and ses said, Eat that to-day; for tocontinued his speech until mid- day is a Sabbath unto the Lord : night. Mat. 5. 17, 18. Think not to-day ye shall not find it in the that I am come to destroy the law field. Neh. 13. 15. In those days or the prophets : I am not come saw I in Judah, some treading to destroy, but to fulfil. For verily wine-presses on the Sabbath, and I say unto you, Till heaven and bringing in sheaves, and lading earth pass, one jot or one tittle asses; as also wine, grapes, anci shall in no wise pass from the law, figs, and all manner of burdens, till all be fufilled. Isa. 56. 2. Bless- which they brought into Jerusaed is the man that doth this, and lem on the Sabbath-day: and I the son of man that layeth hold on testified against them.