« EdellinenJatka »
Yet must not we put the strong law on him:
Ros. Where the dead body is bestow'd, my lord,
But where is he?
Enter Hamlet and GUILDENSTERN.
Ham. Not where he eats, but where he is eaten: a certain convocation of politick worms are e'en at him. Your worm is your only emperor for diet: we fat all creatures else, to fat us; and we fat ourselves for maggots: Your fat king, and your lean beggar, is but variable service; two dishes, but to one table; that 's the end.
King. Alas, alas!1
Ham. A man may fish with the worm that hath eat of a king; and eat of the fish that hath fed of that worm.
King. What dost thou mean by this?
Ham. Nothing, but to show you how a king may go a progress through the guts of a beggar.
King. Where is Polonius?
Ham. In heaven; send thither to see: if your messenger find him not there, seek him i' the other place yourself. But, indeed, if you find him not within this month, you shall nose him as you go up the stairs into the lobby.
1 Alas, alas ! ] This speech, and the following, are omitted in the folio. Steevens.
2 — go a progress-] Alluding to the royal journeys of state, always styled progresses; a familiar idea to those who, like our author, lived during the reigns of Queen Elizabeth and King James I. Steevens.
King. Go seek him there... [To some Attendants. Ham. He will stay till you come. (Exeunt Attendants.
King. Hamlet, this deed, for thine especial safety,
Ham. For England?
Good. King. So is it, if thou knew'st our purposes.
Ham. I see a cherub, that sees them.But, come; for England !-Farewel, dear mother.
King. Thy loving father, Hamlet.
Ham. My mother: Father and mother is man and wife; man and wife is one flesh; and so, my mother. Come, for England.
[Exit. King. Follow him at foot; tempt him with speed
3 [Exeunt Ros, and Guil. And, England, if my love thou hold’st at aught, (As my great power thereof may give thee sense; Since yet thy cicatrice looks raw and red After the Danish sword, and thy free awe Pays homage to us,) thou may'st not coldly set Our sovereign process ;5 which imports at full,
3 With fiery quickness :] These words are not in the quartos. We meet with fiery expedition in King Richard III. Steevens.
_ the wind at help, ] I suppose it should be read
The bark is ready, and the wind at helm. Johnson.
at help,] i. e. at hand, ready,-ready to help or assist you. Ritson. Similar phraseology occurs in Pericles, Prince of Tyre:
“ - 'll leave it
" At careful nursing.” Steevens. 5 thou may'st not coldly set
Our sovereign process ;] I'adhere to the reading of the quarto and folio. Mr. M. Mason observes, that, “ one of the common acceptations of the verb set, is to value or estimate ; as we say to set at nought; and in the sense it is used here.” Steevens.
By letters cónjuringo to that effect,
Our poet has here, I think, as in many other places, used an elliptical expression: “ thou may'st not coldly set by our sove. reign process ;” thou may'st not set little by it, or estimate it lightly. “ To set by,” Cole renders in his Dict. 1679, by æstimo. " To set little by," he interprets parvi-facio. See many other instances of similar ellipses, in Cymbeline, Act V, sc. v. Malone. 6 By letters cónjuring -] Thus the folio. The quarto reads:
By letters congruing - Steevens. The reading of the folio may derive some support from the following passage in The Hystory of Hamblet, bl. 1: “ – making the king of England minister of his massacring resolution ; to whom he purposed to send him, (Hamlet] and by letters desire him to put him to death.” So also, by a subsequent line:
5. Ham. Wilt thou know the effect of what I wrote ?
“ Ham. An earnest conjuration from the king,” &c. The verb to conjure (in the sense of to supplicate) was formerly accented on the first syllable. So, in Macbeth :
“ I conjure you, by that which you profess,
“Howe'er you come to know it, answer me.” Malone.
- like the hectick in my blood he rages,] So, in Love's Labour's Lost:
“ I would forget her, but a fever, she
“ Reigns in iny blood." Malone, Scaliger has a parallel sentiment:--Febris hectica uxor, & non nisi morte avellenia. Steevens.
8 Howe'er my haps, my joys will ne'er begin.) This being the termination of a scene, should, according to our author's custom, be rhymed. Perhaps he wrote:
Howe'er my hopes, my joys are not begun. If haps be retained, the meaning will be, 'till I know 'tis done, I shall be miserable, whatever befal me. Johnson. The folio reads, in support of Dr. Johnson's remark:
Howe'er my haps, my joys were ne'er begun. Mr. Heath would read:
Howe'er 't may hap, my joys will ne'er begin. Steevene. By his haps, he means his successes. His fortune was begun, but his joys were not. M. Mason.
Howe'er my haps, my joys will ne'er begin.] This is the reading of the quarto. The folio, for the sake of rhyme reads:
Howe'er my haps, my joys were ne'er begun. But this, I think, the poet could not have written. The King is speaking of the future time. To say, till I shall be informed
A Plain in Denmark.
Enter FORTINBRAS, and Forces, marching.
I will do ’t, my lord.
How purpos’d, sir, I pray you?
Can. Against some part of Poland.
Cap. The nephew to old Norway, Fortinbras.
Ham. Goes it against the main of Poland, sir,
Cap. Truly to speak, sir, and with no addition,
that a certain act has been done, whatever may befal me, my joys never had a beginning, is surely nonsense. Malone.
9 — Craves - ] Thus the quartos. The folio-Claims. Steevens.
1 We shall express our duty in his eye,] So, in Antony and Cleopatra:
- -tended her i the eyes." In his eye, means, in his presence. The phrase appears to have been formularly. See The Establishment of the Household of Prince Henry, A. D. 1610: “ Also the gentleman-usher shall be careful to see and informe all such as doe service in the Prince's eye, that they perform their dutyes” &c. Again, in The Regu. lations for the Government of the Queen's Household, 1627: " all such as doe service in the Queen's eye." Steevens.
? Gooit sir, &c.] The remaining part of this scene is omitted in the folio. Steevens.
To pay five ducats, five, I would not farm it;
Ham. Why, then the Polack never will defend it.
Ham. Two thousand souls, and twenty thousand ducats,
[Exit Cap. Ros.
Will’t please you go, my lord? Ham. I will be with you straight. Go a little before.
Exeunt Ros. and GUIL. How all occasions do inform against me, And spur my dull revenge! What is a man, If his chief good, and market of his time,3 Be but to sleep, and feed? a beast, no more. Sure, he, that made us with such large discourse, Looking before, and after, gave us not That capability and godlike reason To fust in us unus'd. Now, whether it be Bestial oblivion, or some craven scruple5 Of thinking too precisely on the event, A thought, which, quarter'd, hath but one part wisdom, And, ever, three parts coward, I do not know Why yet I live to say, This thing 's to do; Sith I have cause, and will, and strength, and means, To do 't. Examples, gross as earth, exhort me: Witness, this army, of such mass, and charge, Led by a delicate and tender prince; Whose spirit, with divine ambition puff’d, Makes mouths at the invisible event;
3 — chief good, and market of his time, &c.] If his highest good, and that for which he sells his time, be to sleep and feed.
Fohnson. Market, I think, here means profit. Malone.
4 large discourse, ] Such latitude of comprehension, such power of reveiwing the past and anticipating the future. Johnson.
5— some craven scruple — ] Some cowardly scruple. See Vol. VI, p. 68, n. 7. Malone. So, in King Henry VI, P. I:
“ Or durst not, for his craven heart, say this.” Steevens.