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("ON TENTS.

PA (, i. GENERAL INTRODUCTION................................................... l

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - MINOS ....................................... 163 ---- ... ALCIBIADES II. . . ... 165 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - GORGIAS. ................................. 169 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - THEAETETU.S. ........................... 189 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - MENO ....................................... 204 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - EUTHYDEMU.S........................... 210 --------- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - CRATYLUS. .............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SOPHIST........ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - STATESMAN

BANQUET .................................
PHAEDON. ...........

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ..... ALCIBIADES I. ........................ 326 or MENEXENUS. ........................... 337 ... LARGER HIPPIAS..................... 34 I - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - CLITOPHON .............................. 347 - . . . . . . --- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - REPUBLIC ................................. 3.50

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INTRODUCTIONS

TO THE

DIALOGUES OF PLATO. told and deformed trifles, or epigrammatic answers, even were they of undoubted authenticity—especially as, in the case of such an Author, the intelligent reader undertakes to learn the sentiments from the works themselves. And as regards the more important circumstances of his life, those more accurate relations, from a knowledge of which, probably, a more thorough understanding of many details in his writings might be developed, seem to be for ever so far withdrawn without the range of modern investigation, that any supposition which one might feel inclined to contribute upon these subjects, would be made at a venture; and very often in his writings we can point out, in the most decisive manner, where an allusion exists to some personal relation, without however being able to guess what it is. Nay, even with regard to the more well-known circumstances of his life, his remarkable travels for instance, so little that is definite can be with certainty made out, that no particular use can be made of them for the chronology and arrangement of his writings, and the most we can do is, here and there to guess, with a degree of probability, at the place where the former interrupt the series of the latter. Such particular conjectures, therefore, will be brought forward to more advantage in those places immediately in which they may perhaps spread some light around them. It would certainly be more to the purpose, provided it were possible within the prescribed limits, to adduce something relative to the scientific condition of the Hellenes at the time when Plato entered upon his career, to the advances of language in reference to the expression of philosophical thoughts, to the works of this class at that time in existence, and the probable extent of their circulation. For upon these points there is not only much to explain more accurately than has been hitherto done, and some quite new matter to investigate, but there may perhaps still be questions to throw out, which, though to the professor in these subjects they must be anything but indifferent, have, however, up to the present time, been as good as not thought of at all. But to pursue in connexion what is new and ambiguous in such investigations, would not be adapted to this place; and some particulars even in this province, whether in the way of illustration, or of suspicion tending to confute what has been hitherto assumed, are better by all means to remain reserved for the particular places to which they refer. And what is common and well known is, moreover, pertinently set forth in the works of German writers illustrative of the history of that period of philosophy, as far as is absolutely necessary to prepare the way for the reading of the Platonic writings, so as not to grope about in the dark, and thus completely to miss, from first to last, the right point of view for the understanding and estimation of them. For these writings are throughout full of clear and covert references to almost every thing, both earlier and cotemporary. And in like manner, also, whoever does not possess a competent knowledge of the deficient state of the language for philosophical purposes, to feel where and how Plato is cramped by it, and where he himself laboriously extends its grasp, must necessarily misunderstand his author, and that, for the most part, in the most remarkable passages. Of the Philosophy itself we are here purposely to avoid giving any preliminary account, even were it ever so easy to do so, or possible to dispatch it in ever so small a space, inasmuch as the whole object of this new exposition of his works is to put it within the power

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