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Coaches, first establishment of, 392.

Cool, consumption of, 330. Cost of
conveyance, 391.

Coffee houses, 381. 384. 405.

Coldstream Guards, 306.

Coleman, Edward, 243.

Colepepper, 103. 111.

College, trial and execution of, 275.

Collier, Jeremy; his Essay on Pride,
342. note. Preacher at Gray’s Inn,
344.

Comines, his opinion of English govern-
ment, 38.

Commission, the High, 92. Abolished
at the Restoration, 101.
Commoners, distinguished families of,

39.

Commons, House of ; its first sittings,
17. How constituted, 40. Com-
mencement of its contest with the
Crown, 87. See Parliament.

Commonwcalth proclaimed, 133.

Conduit Street, 373.

Constantinople, ambassador at, 319.

Convocation, subject to royal authority,
59.

Cornwall, tin of ; copper, 328.

Cosmo, Grand Duke ; his travels, 340.
note, 365. note. His praise of Eng-
lish inns, 399. note.

Cotton manufacture, 354.

Covenanters, Scotch, 193.

Covent Garden, 372.

Coventry, Sir John, Charles II.’s revenge
on, 212.

Country gentlemen, 331. Their rude-
ness of manners, 332. Their loyalty
and attachment to the Church, 334
—336.

“Country party,” the, 211. Opposes
the Cabal, 228. Difliculties of, 236.
Its dealings with France, 237.

Cowley, 415. His Ode to the Royal
Society, 423.

Cranmer, Archbishop ; his character,
53. His opinions of royal supre-
macy, 57.

Cresset, John ; his pamphlet against
siege coaches, 395. note.

Cromwell, Oliver, 121. At Marston
Moor, ‘22. At Naseby, 123. Cha-

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racter of his army, 125. Suppresses
risings, 127. Leaves Charles I. to
his fate, 131. Combination of parties
against ; his conquest of Ireland,
134. Of Scotland, 135. His design
on the crown, 138. His Protectorate,
139. His House of Commons, 140.
His Upper House, 141. His energy,
142. His toleration ; his foreign
policy, 143. His death, 145. Treat-
ment of his remains, 161. Honour
paid to his memory, 199.

Cromwell, Richard; his accession and
character, 145. Calls a Parliament,
146. Unpopular With the army, 147
His fall, 148.

“ Cromwellinns ” in Ireland, 194.

Crusades, productive of good, 8.

Cndworth, 344.

Cumberland, wild state of. 296.

Customs, prOduce of, 298. of Liver-
pool, 357. Of London, 362.

Cutlery, 355.

Danby, Thomas Osborn, Earl of (after-
wards Duke of Leeds); becomes mi-
nister of Charles 11. ; his character,
233. His policy, 234. His foreign
policy, 235. Disgraced, 241. Im-
peached, 245 His financial good
faith, 300. His official gains. 322.

Dunes; their struggle with the Saxons,
10.

Dangerfield; witness in the Popish plot,
268.

Davenant, Charles ; his calculations of
agricultural produce, 326. Of mi-
neral produce, 328. note. His esti-
mate of clerical incomes, 337

Derby, 352.

Derbyshire, roads in, 389.

De Ruyter, 227.

Devonshire, wages in, 431.

De Witt, John, Grand Pensionary 01
Holland, 210. Murdered, 227.

Dispensing power, 32. Questions as to
the extent of, 230.

Dissent, secret (time of Charles 1.), 92

Dockwray, William; his penny post, 402

Domains, royal, 30.

Dort, Synod of, 79. 82

Dover, treaty of, 218.

Drama, the, under Charles 11., 417.

Dryden, John; his sneers at the militia,
303. note. His testimony to Arch-
bishop Tillotson, 345. note. At Will’s
Coffee House, 384. His Fables; price
of the copyright, 418. His Absalom
and Achitophel, 420. His Annus
Mirahilis, 423.

Dugdale, a witness against Lord Stafford,
270. Against College, 275.

Dunkirk, sale of, 197.

Dave], Claude, 398.

Eachard, 340. note, 343. note.

Election of 1660, 153. Of 1679, 245.
259.

Elizabeth, Queen ; her supremacy, how
defined, 58. Difficulties at her ac-
cession, 60. The leader of Protes-
tantism, 63._ Grants monopolies; her
abandonment of them; her death, 65.

Enfield Forest, 323.

England, early Christian, 6. 9. Danish
invasions, 10. Under the Normans,
13. Power of (14th century), 18—
20. The laws binding on the Crown,
32. But violated by the Kings, 33.
The effects of the civil wars partial,
36. Union with Scotland and Ireland,
65, 66. Diminished importance, 71.
Long internal peace, 95. Origin
and character of parties, 101. 105.
Origin of the two great parties, 104.
Their first conflict, 110. The civil
war, 117—123. Militarydomination,
124. Commonwealth, 133. Under
Cromwell, 143. Under Charles 11.,
186—190. War with the Dutch,
199. Indignation against Charles
11., 200. Forms Triple Alliance
with Holland and Sweden, 210. Its
loss of power, 239. State of, in 1685,
290 e443. Changes, 292. Popu-
lation in 1685, 293—295. Rude
state of the northern counties, 295.
Rapid progress, 297. Revenue in
1685, 298. Military system, 301.
The Kings Captains-General of
Militia, 302. Army, 305—308.
Navy, 309—316. Ordnance 317

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Agriculture, 322. Wild animals,
323, 324. Agricultural produce,
326. Domestic animals, 327. Mi-
neral produce, 328—330. Rent of
land, 330. Growth of towns, 348.
Country towns, 352. Manufacturing
towns, 353—356. Watering places,
358—361. Kings of, after the Re-
volution, 378, 379. Travelling,
386—391. First stage coaches, 392.
Neglect of female education, 409
Decline of learning. 410. Scientific
movement, 422—426. Fine arts,
427—429. State of common people,
430—440. Cost of food, 436.
Pauperism, 436, 437. Fierceness
softened by civilisation, 440. Past
and present times, delusions regard-
ing, 441, 442.

England, Church of ; its origin, 52.
Was a compromise, 53—55. Its
liturgy, 53. Vestments, 55. Its re-
lation to the Crown, 56. Its loyalty,
59. Its increased dislike of Puritans,
76. Its papistical tendencies, 79. It;
ritual, how regarded by Reformers,
77. By Churchmen under James L,
80. Its condition at the Restoration,
163. Its zeal for hereditary mo-
narchy, 185.

English architecture, early, 20.

English constitution, 17. Development
of, 25. Gradual growth, 26. Not
accurately defined, 31. Ancient and
modern, compared, 35—38. Good
government under, 38.

English history, early, misrepresented,
26. The causes of this, 28.

English Kings ; their prerogatives, 29.
Evade the limitations of them, 32, 33.
Their excesses tolerated, 34, 35. Of
the House of Tudor, 40, 41. De-
clared heads of Church, 56. Their
ecclesiastical authority, 58. Irre-
gularities in their succession, 74.

English language, formation of, 18.
Early authors in, 20.

English literature (under Charles II.) ;
French taste in, 412. Its immora-
lity,413,414. Comedies 417. De-
dications. 419

English navy, origin of, 18.

English people, formation of, 17. Their
military eminence, 19. Early great-
ness, 20.

“ Englishman,” a term of reproach, 17.

Essex, wages in, 432.

Essex, Robert Devereux, Earl of, Par-
liamentary general ; his incompe.
tency, 119.

Essex, Arthur Capel, Earl of, 252. Com-
mits suicide, 279.

Euston House, 322.

Exchequer closed, 224.

Excise, produce of, 298.

Exclusion Bill, 259. Violent discus-
sions upon, 266. Passes the Commons,
268. Rejected by the Lords, 269.

Exeter, 352.

Fairfax, Thomas, Lord, 122.

Falkland, Viscount, 103. 108.

Farquhsr’s Rocruiting Officer, 353.
note.

Filmer : his system, 72. His doctrines
adopted by the University of Oxford,
280.

Finch, Lord Keeper, suggests the raising
of ship money, 93. His impeach-
ment and flight, 101.

Finlaison, on English population, 294.

Finsbury, 363.

Five Mile Act, 184.

Flamsteed, John, Astronomer Royal,
426.

Flanders, horses from, 327. _

Fleetwood, 147.

Fowler, Dr. Edward, 344.

Fox, George ; his doctrines, 171.

France, the conquest of, would have
been ruinous to England, 15.
lish wars in, 18. Successful resist-
ance of, 21. Papal authority in,
limited, 50. State of, under Lewis
XIV., 206. War with Spain, 208.
Power of, under Lewis X1V., 287.
Ascendency of(1685), 412.

Franche Comte, retained by France,
238.

French language and literature, influ-
ence of, 412.

VOL. I.

Eng- '

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Garrawsy’s Coffee House, 384.

“ Gazette, the London,” 404.

George, Prince of Denmark, marries
the Princess Anne, 280.

Gibbons, Grinling, 429.

Gloucester, siege of, 120. Population
of, in 1685, 352.

Godfrey, Sir Edmondsbnry, murder of,
243.

Godolphin, Sidney ; his character, 256
Supports the Exclusion Bill, 268.
His conduct in oflice, 286.

Golden Square, 371.

Graunt’s observations on bills of mor-
tality, 293. note.

Greek learning, 411.

Greenwich Observatory, 426.

Grey, Lady June, 262.

Grindal, Archbishop, 52.

Guards of Charles IL, 305, 306.

Guildford, Francis North, Earl of, Lord
Keeper ; his character, 284, 285-
His scientific pursuits, 423.

Habeas Corpus Act, 258.

Halifax, George Savile, Viscount, chap
racter of, 252—2 55. A “ Trimmer,”
254. Remains in office, 268. His
speeches against the Exclusion Bill,
269. Resists the arbitrary measures
of the Court, 282. His advice to
Charles II., 283. French intrigues
against, 287.

Hall, Joseph, 79. note.

Hallamshire, 355.

Halley, Edmund, 426.

Halstead, Robert ; his “ Succinct (rene-
alogies," 269. note.

Ham House, 322.

Hampden, John, resists levy of ship
money, 94. Impeached, 112.

Harrison, William; his description of
English inns, 399.

Hawcubites, 375.

Hearth money, 298.

Hectors, 375.

Heming, Edward ; his patent for light-
ing London, 376.

Henrietta, Queen; popular feeling to-
wards, 106.

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Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans, 214.
Her death, 218.

Henry 1., Beauclerc, 14.

Henry VIII., retracts his breach of
he laws, 41. His Anglican Church,
51. His views of supremacy, 56.

Hereditary right, not authorised by
Scripture, 73. Nor by English his-
tory, 74. ‘

Highwaymen, 396.

Hobbes, Thomas, 137.

Hogarth’s Morning, 372. note.

Holland, war with (1667), 199. Pros-
perity of, 209. A member of the
Triple Alliance, 210. Coalition of
France and England against; Govern-
ment of. 225. Repulses French inva-
sion, 228. Makes peace with Eng-
land, 233.

Hollis, Denzil, impeachment of, 112.

Hooker; his tenets, 82.

Hooper, Bishop, 52.

James 1.; his zeal for English Church,
69. His extended dominions, 70.
Diminished importance ; his charac-
ter and administration, 71. Conse-
quences of his conduct, 72. Adopts
doctrine of divine right, 73. His
kingcraft, 75. His death, 86.

James, Duke of York. afterwards James
11.; his character, 178. Becomes a
Roman Catholic, 232. Resigns post
of Lord High Admiral, 232. Marries
Mary of Modena, 241. Retires to
Brussels, 248. Sent into Scotland,
263. Attempt to exclude him from
the succession (see Exclusion Bill).
His government of Scotland, 281.
His advice to Charles 11., 286.

Jefi'reys, Sir George, afterwards Lord;
his charge to the Bristol magistrates,
350. note.

Jenkyn, William, 407-

Jermyn Street, 371.

Jesus, Order of (Jesuits), statements
of Oates regarding, 242.

Jews, tolerated by Cromwell, 143.

Inclosure Acts, 325.

Independents, 120.

“ Indulgence ” the 193.

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Ind ulgence, Declaration of (under Chm-1 es
11.), 224. Its nnpopularity, 229.
Revnked, 331.

Inns, 398—400.

Investiture, lay, contests about, 59.

John, King ; his loss of Normandy, 16.

Johnson, Michael, the bookseller, 356.

Ireland, Norman conquest of, 13. Union
of, with England, 65. Long strug-
gle in, 66. Celtic population of, 67
Treated as subject, 68. Continues
Roman Catholic, 70. Acknowledges
Charles 11.; Cromwell's conquest of,
134. Under Charles 11., 193,194.
Lord Lieutenancy of, 322.

Irish Church, 70.

Irish rebellion, 108.

Iron works, 329.

Islington, 364.

Kidnapping at Bristol, 349.

King, Augustin, his last confeson, 397
note.

King, Gregory, on the population of
England, 294. His calculations of
agricultural produce, 326. His esti-
mate of clerical incomes, 337. His
estimate of population and food, 436.
note. Of paupers, 437, 438. note.

Kneller, Sir Godfrey, 429.

Knights' service, tenure by, abolished,
159.

Lagnerre, Lewis, 429.

Lambert, John; his ambitious views
148. Abandoned by his troops, 152.
Failure of his enterprise, 155.

Lambeth Articles, 81.

Lancashire, Presbyterianism in, 164.
Increase of population 298.

Latin language, partial prevalence of,
in Britain, 4. Languages derived
from, 69.

Latin scholarship (time of Charles 11.),
41 1.

Land, Archbishop; his character, 91.
His system of espionage, 92. His
Liturgy for Scotland, 97.

Lauderdale, 222. His administration
in Scotland, 232. 281 His ofl'icial
gains, 322.

“League and Covenant, the Solemn,"
123.

Leeds, 354.

Lely, Sir Peter, 428.

Lestrange, Roger, 407.

Levees, 380.

Lewis XIV.; his character, 207. His
power alarming to the Dutch, 208.
Triple Alliance against, 210. His
views with respect to England, 214.
His ambitious projects, 215. His
policy towards England, 216. His
league with Charles 11., 217. Invades
Holland, 228. Repulsed, 228. His
intrigues against Danby, 241. F0-
ments English factions, 267. 287.

Lincoln’s Inn Fields, houses in, 370.
Centre of, 372.

Liturgy, Land’s, for Scotland. 97.

Liverpool, 357.

Loans, antiquity of, 300.

Lollards ; their movement premature,
46. -

London, indignation in, against Charles
1., 113. The Plague and Fire. 200.
Proceedings against the corporation,
275. Distrancliised, 279. Con-
sumption of coal in, 330. The Lon-
don clergy, 344.
time of Charles IL, 362—384. Po-
pulation; customs, 362. The city;
architecture ; the streets, 364. The
merchants; change in their habits,
865. Festivities, 867. Power of
the city, 368. The trainbands, 369.
Fashionable part of. 370. Shop signs;
by night, 375. Police; lighting, 376.
Cofi‘ee houses, 381—384. Sanitary
improvement, 425. 439.

London Bridge, Old, 364.

Londoners; their attachment to London,
367.

Luxemburg, besieged by Lewis X1V.,
287

Mackintosh, Sir James; his collection
of Newsletters and other documents,
406. and note.

Magdalene College, Cambridge, MSS. at,
317. note. See Pepys-inn Library.

ilanchester, 353.

London in the.

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Manufactories, wages in, 433. Ballads
regarding, 434. note. Children‘s
labour in, 435.

Marlborough, mound at, 301. note.

Marston Moor, battle of, 122.

Mary, Princess (afterwards Queen) ;
educated a Protestant, 219. Marries
William of Orange. 236. Specimen
of her English, 409. note.

Marylebone, 363.

Massachusetts, charter of, question re-
garding. 283.

Maurice, Prince. of Orange, 225.

Mayor, Lord, of London ; his state, 368.

Medicine, science of, 425.

Middlesex, Presbyterianism in, 164.

Militia, system of, 302. 304. Dryden’s
satire on, 303. note.

Milton, John ; his remonstrance against
censorship of the press, 258. His
political works burned at Oxford,
280. His Paradise Lost, 416.

Mings, Sir Christopher, 315.

Mohawks, 375.

Monarchies, medieval, general character
of, 29. Limited by facility of resist-
ance, 35. Become absolute, 43.

Monasteries, benefits of, 8. Abolished,
338.

Monk, George. See Albemarle.

Monmouth, James, Duke of, married to
Anne Scott, 259 His titles and
popularity ; rumoured legitimacy of,
260. Supported by the Protestant
party, 261. His disgrace, 279. His
house in Soho Square, 370.

Montague, Ralph; his share in the
French intrigues against Danby, 241.

Montague House, 371.

More, Henry, 344.

Morton, Judge. 398.

Muggleton, Lodowick, 170.

Mnlgrave, John Sheffield, Earl of, 318

Muns, 375.

Narborough, Sir John, 316

Naseby, battle of, 123.

Nassau, House of, 225.

Nevison, William, :1 Yorkshim high-
wayman, 397.

Newaletters, 405.

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