« EdellinenJatka »
Darkness, and the Moon into Blond, before the great and terrible day of the Lord come. And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call upon the Name of the Lord shall be deliver’d. v. 30, 31, 32. These words do evidently relate to the Destrudion of Jerusalem, and that remarkable escape therefrom which the Christians should make; and they are exactly parallel to Matt. 24. 16, &c. 29, &c. Mark 13. 14, &c. 24, &c. Luke 21. 11, 20, &c. wherein the same dismat overthrow, and the delivery of the Christians, are foretold. This prophecy therefore is limited to that very time, and cannot be extended beyond the Destruction of Jerusalem; and consequently our Adversaries cannot prove from hence, that every true Chri. stian does enjoy immediate Revelation, or may lay claim to any thing promised therein.
And accordingly St. Peter assures us, that Joels words were verifyed in that plentifull effusion of the Extraordinary Gifts of the Holy Ghost on the day of Pentecost, Acts 2. 17. when the Gift of Tongues, and of working Miracles, &c. were bestowed on the Church. And consequently the Gift of Tongues, and of working Miracles, &c. were as certainly promised in these Words of Joel, as immediate Revelation. So that, if all true Christians may lay claim to immediate Revelation, by virtue of Gods promise made by Joel; then they may for the same reason lay claim also to the Gift-of Tongues, and of working Miracles, &c.
But will our Adversaries dare to say, that all true Christians can now adaies speak with Tongues, work Miracles, &c. These words therefore, as I have already said, must relate to that space of time, between the beginning of the Gospel and the
Destruction of Jerusalem; and consequently the promises contained therein cannot possibly belong to all true Christians in general.
If it be objected, that God promises to pour out his Spirit upon all flesh; I answer, that the Words all fies must be understood in a limited fenfe, and signify all forts, or all manner of flesh. Thus the Word All frequently signifies in Scripture. For instance, our Savior healed (mãvar varor sej Toas Morda závy) all sickness and all Diseases, that is, as our translation has it, all manner of fickness and all manner of Disease, Matt. 4. 23. Thus also in the Sheet which St. Peter faw let down from Heaven, there were ( NÉVTEC Teteg modre) all four-footed beasts, or as we read it, all manner of four-footed beasts, Acts. 10.12. Nay, Mr. (a) Barclay himself faies, that All sometimes is taken with a restriction, I deny not. And accordingly, by all flesh in this place is meant, not every individual Perfon, but only fome Persons of each Nation. In this sense was the Prophecy fulfilled in those early times. For some Persons of every Nation under Heaven, where the Gospel was planted, had the Spirit poured out upon them, and did partake of some one or more of the Extraordinary Gifts of it.
19. St. Paul faies, But what faith it? The Word is nigh thee, even in thy Mouth, and in thy Heart, that is, the Word of Faith which we preach, Rom. 10. 8. From hence our Adversaries conclude, that God teaches Christians by Immediate Revelation. Because the Word of Faith is said to be in the Mouth and Heart of a Christian. But if the con. text be consider'd, the weakness of this objection will easily appear.
For no sooner had the Apo
Ale quoted Dent. 30. 14. saying, But what faith it? that is, that Holy Scripture in which 'tis written that the Word is nigh thee, even in thy
Mouth, and in thy Heart; and told us, that that i Scripture is to be understood of the Word of Faith which we preach: but he adds in the
very words, 7 hat if thou shalt confess with thy Mouth the Lord Jesus, and salt believe in thine Heart, that God hath raised him from the Dead, that Malt be saved, v.g.and he gives this reason in the following verse, for with the Heart Man believeth unto Righteousness, and with the Month Confession is made unto Salvation, v. 10. From whence it is manifest, that a Mans having the Word of Faith in his Mouth does here signify his Confefsing it; and that his having it in his Heart signifies his believing it. And à Man may both believe and confess the Word of Faith, without an immediate Revelation of it; as has been already proved.
20. The next Argument is built upon Col. 1. 23. Where the Apofle faies, that the Gospel was preached ú néoy rõ xliod, that is, say our Adversaries, not to every Creature, as our Translation reads it, but in every Creature ; and consequently 'tis preached by an immediate Revelation of it to their Minds. But to this I answer, that the preaching bere mentioned is not an inward manifestation of the Gospel to their Soul, but an outward declaration of it to their bodily Ears, For, 1. 'Twas such as they had heard, as the Apostle assures them in the same Verse, and consequently 'twas the Preachers Speech to them. 2. the word ningúca, which is here used, signifies to preach or declare with the Voice. Thus the Apostles are frequently said ( angússer) to preach the Gospel,
that is, by a Vocal Declaration of it. Nor can our Adversaries produce so much as one single instance, where xnguasa fignifies to make a thing known by immediate Revelation.
And as for the preposition ci which is the only strerigth of this Argument, it alwaies signifies as moning or to, when 'tis join’d with xngbaar. Thus 2. Cor. 1. 19. For the Son of God Jesus Christ, who was preached (cs üni) among you by us, even by me and Silvanus, and Timotheus, &c. again, I went up by Revelation, and communicated unto them that Gospel; which "I preach (c tis 191801) among the Gentiles, Gal. 272. You see the Apostles and other Persons did preach “, that is, not in Men by immmediate Revelation, but among them, or to them, viz. by speaking to them. And according: ly in this place the Gospel is said to be preached á miogzýrl'os, not in, but to every Creature, or
all Mankind. If it be objected, that the Gospel is the Power of God unto Salvation, Rom. 1.16. and confequently 'tis not an outward, but an inward thing, whichi must be inwardly preached by Immediate Revelation; I answer, that tho' the Gospel be what St. Paul calls it, yet it may be declared and made known to be the Power of God unto Salvation, by the voice of Man. For why may not outward words declare or make known that Truth? The effect indeed must be wrought upon the heart of believers, before it can avail to their Eternal Happiness; but the notice of it may be communicated to their understandings by an outward Voice, as well as by an immediate Manifestation of the Spirit of God. Nay farther, the Apostles are oftentimes said to preach the Gospel. Now the Apostles could not preach by vouchfafing immediate
Revelation to their Heaters; and consequently, tho’ the Gospel be the Power of God unto Salvation, yet it may be outwardly preached.
If it be objected also, that the Words Creature are so very comprehensive, as to include every individual Person in the Whole World; and consequently, that if the Gospel was then preached to every Creature, then it was then preached to every individual Person in the whole World: whereas every individual Person in the Whole World had not then heard the outward preaching of the Gospel, and therefore the preaching here meant, and which was then vouchsafed to every individual Person in the World, must be immediate Revelation; I say, if this be objeEted, I answer, that the Words every Creature must be understood in a limited sense, and do signify, nor every individual Person then living in the World, but only a great number of Persons of Different Nations, or all sorts of Persons, viz. both Jewsand Gentiles. Now Mr. Barclay himself(b) confesses that the Word Every is not taken alwaies universally. But I shall prove the same by several parallel texts of Scripture.
For instance, Christ faies to his A postles, Go je into all the World, and preach the Gospel to every Creature, Mark. 16. 15. And we need not doubt, but that the Apostles perform'd this Command in the same sense in which Christ gave it. But did the Apostles preach the Gospel in every corner of the World, and to every individual Person in it? 'Tis confessed on all hands, that they did not. Wherefore all the World and
every Creature do not
(6) Quakerism confirmed, Sect. 1. p. 609,