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according advantage affairs alliance allowed ally ambassador appears arms assistance authority become belongs BOOK bound called carried cause CHAP citizens civil claim common condition conduct consent consequence considered contracting court custom danger depend deprive determine duty effect enemy engagements enter equally established evident express favour force foreign former France give given grant hand honour hostilities human important independent individuals injury instance interest judge justice king land latter law of nations law of nature less liberty manner means minister nature necessary necessity obliged observed obtain occasion officers particular parties peace perfect person possession present preserve prince principles prisoners promise proper punishment question reason received refuse relates religion render requires respect Romans rule safety society sovereign suffer sufficient taken things tion treaty true unjust violation whole
Sivu 59 - Nations composed of men, and considered as so many free persons living together in a state of nature, are naturally equal, and inherit from nature the same obligations and rights. Power or weakness does not in this respect produce any difference. A dwarf is as much a man as a giant ; a small republic is no less a sovereign state than the most powerful kingdom.
Sivu 253 - ... within the jurisdiction of the court from which it issues. The garnishee is safe by paying under the judgment of the court; but the objection that the cause of action did not arise within the jurisdiction of the court, if properly taken, must prevail.
Sivu 343 - When a deed is worded in clear and precise terms, — when its meaning is evident, and leads to no absurd conclusion, — there can be no reason for refusing to admit the meaning which such deed naturally presents. To go elsewhere in search of conjectures, in order to restrict or extend it, is but an attempt to elude it. If this dangerous method be once admitted, there will be no deed which it will not render useless.
Sivu 353 - which would render a treaty null and inefficient cannot be admitted;" and again, "it ought to be interpreted in such a manner as that it may have its effect, and not prove vain and nugatory.
Sivu 445 - I stand with confidence upon all fair principles of reason — upon the distinct authority of Vattel — upon the Institutes of other great maritime countries, as well as those of our own country, when I venture to lay it down, that by the law of nations, as now understood, a deliberate and continued resistance to search, on the part of a neutral vessel to a lawful cruiser, is followed by the legal consequence of confiscation.
Sivu 224 - Things being now become property, there is no obtaining them without the owner's consent, nor are they usually to be had for nothing; but they may be bought, or exchanged for other things of equal value. Men are therefore under an obligation to carry on that commerce with each other, if they wish not to deviate from the views of nature; and this obligation extends also to whole nations or states.
Sivu 285 - The tranquillity of the people, the safety of states, the happiness of the human race, do not allow that the possessions, empire, and other rights of nations should remain uncertain, subject to dispute and ever ready to occasion bloody wars. Between nations, therefore, it becomes necessary to admit prescription founded on length of time as a valid and incontestable title.
Sivu 67 - They will form together a federal republic : the deliberations in common will offer no violence to the sovereignty of each member, though they may, in certain respects, put some restraint on the exercise of it, in virtue of voluntary engagements.
Sivu 426 - This is the theory of all governments, and the best writers on the law of nations concur in the doctrine, that when the sovereign of a state declares war against another sovereign, it implies that the whole nation declares war, and that all the subjects of the one are enemies to all the subjects of the other.
Sivu 379 - The Swiss have had the precaution in all their alliances among themselves, and even in those they have contracted with the neighboring powers, to agree beforehand on the manner in which their disputes were to be submitted to arbitrators, in case they could not adjust them in an amicable manner.