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ERPLEX'D and troubled at his bad success

The Tempter stood, nor had what to reply,
Discover'd in his fraud, thrown from his hope
So oft, and the persuasive rhetoric
That sleek'd his tongue, and won so much on Eve, 5
So little here, nay loft; but Eve was Eve,
This far is over-match, who self-deceiv'd
And rash, before-hand had no better weigh'd
The strength he was to cope with, or his own:
But as a man who had been matchless held
In cunning, over-reach'd where least he thought,
To salve his credit, and for very spite,
Still will be tempting him who foils him still,
And never cease, though to his shame the more;
Or as a swarm of flies in vintage time,

About the wine-press where sweet must is pour’d,
Beat off, returns as oft with humming sound;
Or surging waves against a solid rock,



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Though all to shivers dash'd, th' assault renew,
Vain batt'ry, and in froth or bubbles end;
So Satan, whom repulse upon repulse
Met ever, and to shameful silence brought,
Yet gives not o'er though desp'rate of success,
And his vain importunity pursues.
He brought our Saviour to the western side

Of that high mountain, whence he might behold
Another plain, long but in breadth not wide,
Wash'd by the southern sea, and on the north
To equal length back'd with a ridge of hills,
That screen'd the fruits of th' earth and seats of men 30
From cold Septentrion blasts, thence in the midst
Divided by a river, of whose banks
On each side an imperial city stood,
With tow'rs and temples proudly elevate
On sev’n small hills, with palaces adorn’d, 35
Porches and theatres, baths, aqueducts,
Statues and trophies, and triumphal arcs,
Gardens and groves presented to his eyes,
Above the highth of mountains interpos’d:
By what strange parallax or optic skill

Of vision multiply'd through air, or glass
Of telescope, were curious to inquire:
And now the Tempter thus his silence broke.

The city which thou seeft no other deem
Than great and glorious Rome, queen of the earth
So far renown'd, and with the spoils enrich'd 46


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Of nations; there the capitol thou seest
Above the rest lifting his stately head
On the Tarpeian rock, her citadel
Impregnable, and there mount Palatine,
Th’imperial palace, compass huge, and high
The ftucture, skill of noblest architects,
With gilded battlements, conspicuous far,
Turrets and terrases, and glitt’ring spires.
Many a fair edifice besides, more like

Houses of Gods, (so well I have dispos'd
My aery microscope) thou may'st behold
Outside and inside both, pillars and roofs,
Cary'd work, the hand of fam'd artificers
In cedar, marble, ivory or gold.
Thence to the gates cast round thine eye, and see
What conflux issuing forth, or entring in,
Pretors, proconsuls to their provinces
Hasting, or on return, in robes of state;
Lictors and rods, the ensigns of their pow'r, 65
Legions and cohorts, turms of horse and wings:
Or emballies from regions far remote
In various habits on the Appian road,
Or on th’Emilian, some from farthest south,
Syene', and where the shadow both way falls,

70 Meroe Nilotic ile, and more to west, The realm of Bocchus to the Black-moor sea; From th’ Asian kings and Parthian among these, From India and the golden Chersonese,



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And utmost Indian ile Taprobane,

Dusk faces with white silken turbants wreath'd;
From Gallia, Gades, and the British welt,
Germans and Scythians, and Sarmatians north
Beyond Danubius to the Tauric pool.
All nations now to Rome obedience pay, ,

To Rome's great emperor, whose wide domain
In ample territory, wealth and

Civility of manners, arts and arms,
And long renown, thou justly may'st prefer
Before the Parthian; these two thrones except, 85
The rest are barb'rous, and scarce worth the sight,
Shar'd among petty kings too far remov’d;
These having shown thee, I have shown thee all
The kingdoms of the world, and all their glory.
This emp’ror hath no son, and now is old,
Old and lascivious, and from Rome retir'd
To Capreæ an iland small but strong
On the Campanian fhore, with purpose there
His horrid lusts in private to enjoy
Committing to a wicked favorite

All public cares, and yet of him suspicious, ,
Hated of all, and hating; with what ease,
Indued with regal virtues as thou art,
Appearing, and beginning noble deeds,
Might'st thou expel this monster from his throne 100
Now made a stye, and in his place ascending
A victor people free from servile yoke?





And with my help thou may'st; to me the power
Is giv'n, and by that right I give it thee.
Aim therefore at no less than all the world, 105
Aim at the high’est, without the high'est attain'd
Will be for thee no sitting, or not long,
On David's throne, be prophecy'd what will.

To whom the Son of God unmoy'd reply'd.
Nor doth this grandeur and majestic show
Of luxury, though call'd magnificence,
More than of arms before, allure mine

Much less my mind; though thou should'st add to tell
Their sumptuous gluttonies, and gorgeous feasts
On citron tables or Atlantic stone,

115 (For I have also heard, perhaps have read) Their wines of Setia, Cales, and Falerne, Chios, and Crete, and how they quaff in gold, Crystal and myrrhine cups

imboss'd with gems And studs of pearl, to me should'st tell who thirst 120 And hunger still: then embassies thou show'st From nations far and nigh; what honor that, But tedious waste of time to sit and hear So many hollow complements and lies, Outlandish flatteries? then proceed it to talk 125 Of th’emperor, how easily subdued, How gloriously; I shall, thou say'st, expel A brutish monster: what if I withal Expel a Devil who first made him such? Let his tormenter conscience find him out; 130

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