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1. The grave.

Out of the belly of hell cried I. Jon. ii. 2.
2. The place of departed spirits. [See note.]

3. The state of future torment.
In hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments. Luke xvi. 23.
Thou wilt not leave my soul in hell. Ps. xvi. 10. Acts ii. 27.
Having loosed the pains of death, because it was not possible

that he should be holden of it. Acts ii. 24. His soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption.

Acts ü. 31. He descended into the lower parts of the earth. Eph. iv. 9. Why did Christ thus descend into hell ? That through death he might destroy him that had the power

of death, that is the devil. Heb. ii. 14. Where was the soul of the Redeemer while his body remained

in the grave? In paradise, (Luke xxiii. 43,) where the souls of the righteous, separated from their bodies, remain till the day of resurrection. They will then have their “perfect consummation and bliss both in body and soul” in the “eternal and everlasting glory” of God. Let us so live that such may be our resurrection, and that we rise not to shame and everlasting contempt.

NOTE.

THE PLACE OF DEPARTED SPIRITS.

THESE words are from the American Prayer Book, in which the article of the Creed last considered, (he descended, &c.) are said to be "of the same meaning? with these : "he went into the place of departed spirits.” This being

the sense in which this article is received by the Protestant Episcopal Church, it is desirable to add a few words for its further explanation.

In the original of the New Testament, there are two words which the translators of the English version render hell. These are gehenna and hades. The former of these always means the place of punishment, the latter "was among Greek authors used indifferently for the place of all departed souls, whether good or bad; and by it were meant the invisible regions where those spirits were lodged.(Bishop Burnet.) We know that the souls of men after death are in a separate state, and must so continue until the resurrection. What that state is we do not know, except the general fact that the righteous enjoy happiness and the wicked misery, but neither so complete as they wilt be after the re-union of the soul and body. Our knowledge on this point being thus limited, we can not follow our Lord into "the place of departed spirits,” and ascertain th precise manner in which his soul existed there, nor are we required make the attempt. All that is designed by this article of the creed probab is, that Christ suffered death fully, not only in its effects upon the body, bu the soul. That" while his body was laid in a grave as ordinarily the bo dies of dead men are, his soul was conveyed into such receptacles as the souls of other persons use to be."-Bishop Pearson on the Creed.

ON THE CREED.

$ 3. ON THE DIVINITY OF CHRIST. Jesus Christ has been considered as the Saviour, and as the Anointed of God; we must now consider him as the “ Only Son" of God, and as “ Our Lord ;” a part of our belief of such importance as to demand a distinct and separate discussion. What evidence have we that Jesus Christ is the only Son of

God ?* 1. We have the witness of men. Thou art Christ, the Son of the living God. Matt. xvi. 16. We beheld his glory, as of the only begotten of the Father.

John i. 14. The only begotten Son, &c. John i. 18. I saw and bare record that this is the Son of God. John i. 34. Nathaniel said, Thou art the Son of God. John i. 49. I believe that thou art the Christ, the Son of God. John xi. 27. I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. Acts viii. 37. God sent his only begotten Son into the world. 1 John iv. 9. We have a great High Priest, Jesus the Son of God. Heb. iv. 14.

2. We have the witness of Christ himself. Art thou the Son of the Blessed? and he said, I am. Mark

xiv. 61, 62. God gave his only begotten Son. John iii. 16. He that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath

not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. John iii. 18. The Son of God--is he that talketh with thee. John ix. 35. 37. I said, I am the Son of God. John x. 36.

3. We have also the witness of God the Father. Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee. Ps. . 7. Acts

xii. 33. Heb. i. 5; v.5. This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Matt. iii.

17; xvii. 5. That holy thing shall be called the Son of God. Luke i. 35.

Jesus Christ is also our Lord. The Lord said unto my Lord, &c. Ps. cx. 1. Matt. xxii. 44. That every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord.

Phil. ii. 11. Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. 2 Pet. iii. 18. Who is King of kings, and Lord of lords. 1 Tim. vi. 15. Rev.

xvii. 14; xix. 16. (See also John xiii. 13.] Remember, that he that honoureth not the Son, honoureth not the Father which hath sent him. John v. 23. And think not to honour him with your lips, and call him Lord,

* See note at the end of the section, page 53.

Lord, while you do not the things which he commands you. Luke vi. 46. Join in the confession, Thou only art holy; thou only art the Lord ; thou only, O Christ, with the Holy Ghost, art most high in the glory of God the Father;' and while you believe that Jesus is God, and has made a full, perfect, and sufficient sacrifice, oblation, and satisfaction, for the sins of the whole world,' pray that you may receive forgiveness of sins, and an inheritance among them that are sanctified by faith that is in him.' Acts xxvi. 18.

In order that our faith in him may be strengthened, let us examine the proofs of his Divinity.

It appears from many passages of the New Testament, that our Lord Jesus Christ directed both his disciples and the Jews to the Prophecies of the Old Testament as pointing out the Messiah to be such a character as they saw him to be. Luke xxiv. 25–27. 44–46. John v. 39. 46. And that the Apostles frequently referred to the Scriptures of the Old Testament for proofs of his Divinity. John i. 45. Acts iii. 22. 24; xiii. 27-30; xvii, 2, 3 ; xxvi. 22 ;

xxviii. 23. 1 Pet. i. 10, 11.
To him give all the prophets witness. Acts X. 43.
COMPARE

WITH
COMPARE

WITH Gen. 3. 15, Rom. 16. 20. Ps. 40. 6–8, Heb. 10. 1-14. 12. 1-3,

45. 6, 7,
Matt. 1.1.

1. 8, 9.
22. 18,
Acts 3. 25, 26.

47,
26. 25,

Applied by the

Jews.
Gal. 3. 8–16.
28. 13, 14,

68. 18,

Eph. 4.7, 8. 14. 18, 19, Heb. 7. 1, 2.

69.9,

John 2. 17.
Mal. 3. 1.

21,

Matt. 27. 34.
48. 15, 16, Acts 7. 30. 35. 72. 17,

Rev. 15. 4.
Rev. 10. 1. 6. 78. 56,

1 Cor. 10. 9.
49. 10,
Luke 1. 33.

88. 15,

Mark 14. 33. Exod. 17.7, 1 Cor. 10. 9.

89. 20.

Luke 1. 69. Lev. 16. 2, Heb. 4. 14. 16.

97. 7.

Heb. 1. 6. Numb. 21. 8, 9, John 3. 14.

102. 25, 26,

1. 10-12
24. 17,
Rev. 22. 16,

106. 14, 1 Cor. 10.9.
35. 25,
Heb. 6. 18.

109.4-20. Acts 1. 15-20. Deut. 18. 15—19, Acts 3. 22.

Matt. 22. 44.

110. 1 Sam. 2. 10, 10. 38.

Heb. 1. 13. 2 Chron. 6. 18, 17. 24.

Mark 12. 10. Job 19.25—27,

118. 22, 23,
Rev. 5. 9.

Acts 4. 11.
Ps. 2
Acts 4. 25-2.

132. 11, Luke 1. 69, 70.
8
Heb. 2. 6-9. Prov. 8. 22. 31, John 1.1, 2.

30.4,

3. 13.
16. 10,

{Acts 23.335
. Cant. I. 4, and ?

6. 44.
22,
Matt. 27. 46.

elsewhere,

Isa. 7. 14, Matt. 1. 23.
John 10. 14.
80. 1,

S Rom. 9. 33.

8. 13–15, 24. 7-10, Tit. 2. 13.

(1 Pet. 2. 7, 8.

9. 26,

3. 5,

49. 6,

COMPARE

WITH
COMPARE

WITH Isa. 9. 6, 7, Luke 1. 32, 33. Dan. 2. 44, 45, Rev. 11. 15. 11. 1–10, Rom. 15. 12.

7. 13, 14, 1 Cor. 15. 24.
28. 16,
9. 33.

Luke 24. 26.
35. 4-6,

Matt. 11. 2-6. Hos. 1.7—11, Matt. 1. 21-23 40.3–5, 3. 1-3.

Acts 15. 16. 40. 10, 11, John 10. 11. 16.

11. I,

Matt. 2. 15. 42 1-4, Matt. 12. 17-21. 12. 3. 5, Acts 7. 30—35. 44. 6, Rev. 1.8. Joel 2. 28–32,

2. 16-21. 45. B, Rom. 14. 11. Ainos 9. 11, 12

15. 15-17. Acts 13. 47. Obad. ver. 21. Rev. 11. 15. 50. 6, Matt. 26. 67. Jon. 1. 17,

Matt. 12. 40. 52. 14,

27. 29, 30.
Mic. 5. 2-4,

2. 5, 6,
53,
26 and 27. Nah. 1. 15,

Acts 10. 36. 54. 5,

Jobn 3. 29. Hab. 3. 18, Luke 2. 30. 55. 4,

18. 37. Zeph. 3. 15–17, Rev. 21.3. 59. 20,

Rom. 11. 26. Hag. 3. 6-9, Heb. 12. 25, 26. 61. I, Luke 4. 18. Zech. 2. 10,

John 1. 14. 62. 1-3, Acts 26. 23.

3. 8,

Luke 1. 78. 63. 1-6, Rev. 19. 13.

6. 12, 13, Heb. 6. 20. 65. 1, 2 Rom. 10. 20.

9. 9,

Matt. 21.5. Jer. 23. 5, 6,

11. 8–13,

27.7-10. 2 Cor. 5. 21. 33. 15, 16,

12. 10,

John 19. 37. 31. 22, Luke 1. 34, 35.

13. 7, Matt. 26. 31. Ezek. 17. 22-24, Matt. 13. 32.

14. 5,

25. 31. 34. 23, 24, Rev. 22. 16. Mal. 3. 1-3,

11. 10. 37. 24, 25, ILuke 1. 32.

4. 2–6,

Mark 9. 11, 12 In what passages of Scripture is Christ spoken of as God? Thy throne, o God, is for ever. Ps. xlv. 6. Heb. i. 3. The mighty God, the everlasting Father. Isa. ix. 6. Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord of Hosts. Isa. vi. 3. These things said Esaias, when he saw his glory, and spake jo

him, (Christ.) John xii. 41. Awake, o sword, against the man that is my fellow. Zech. xii. 7. Emmanuel, which being interpreted, is, God with us. Matt. i. 23. The Word was God. The word was made flesh, &c. John i. 1.4. The Jews sought to kill him, because he made himself equal

with God. John v. 18. Thou, being a man, makest thyself God. John X. 33. Feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own

blood. Acts xx. 28. Christ, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Rom. ix. 5. Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be

equal with God. Phil. ii. 6. In him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. Col. ü. 9. God was manifest in the flesh. 1 Tim. jii. 16. The great God and our Saviour, Jesus Christ. Tit. ü. 13. His Son Jesus Christ; this is the true God. 1 John v. 20. The only wise God our Saviour. Jude 25.

There are certain attributes or perfections which belong to none but the Supreme Being. Wherever, therefore, we find these perfections ascribed to any being in the Scrip

tures, we have the fullest assurance that this being is God : for He will not give his glory to another. Isa. xlii. 8.

1. God existed from eternity. I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God.

Isa. xliv. 6. The same declaration is made by Christ. I am the first, and I am the last. Rev. i. 17; xxii. 13. Out of thee shall he come forth--whose goings forth have been

from of old, from everlasting. Mic. v. 2. Before Abraham was, I am. John viii. 58.

(By which name God revealed himself to Moses. Exod. iii. 24.) I camé forth from the Father, and am come into the world.

John xvi. 28.
The glory which I had with thee before the world was. John

xvii. 5.
Melchisedec, having neither beginning of days, nor end of

life, but made like unto the Son of God. Heb. vii. 3.
Jesus Christ, the same yesterday, and to-day, and for ever.

Heb. xiii. 8.
If David call him Lord, how is he his son ? Matt. xxii. 45.
I am the root and the offspring of David. Rev. xxii. 16.

2. God created all things.
I am the Lord that maketh all things, alone, by myself. Isa.

xliv. 24.
I, even my hands, have stretched out the heavens. Isa. xv. 12.
We find creation ascribed to Christ.
All things were made by him. John i. 1. 3. 10.
All things were created by him and for him. Col. i. 16.
Thou Lord in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the

earth. Heb. i. 10.
For whom-and by whom are all things. Heb. ü. 10.
Thou hast created all things. Rev. iv. 11.

3. God supports and sustains all things.
In whose hand is the soul of every living thing, and the breath

of all mankind. Job xii. 10.
Thou takest away their breath, they die. Ps. civ. 29

The same is said of Christ.
Upholding all things by the word of his power. Heb. i. 3.
By him all things consist. Col. i. 17.

4. God is omnipresent.
The eyes of the Lord run to and fro through the whole earth.

2 Chron. xvi. 9.
We find that Christ is also present everywhere.
Where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am

I in the midst of them. Matt. xviii. 20.
I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Matt.

xxviii. 20.
While conversing with Nicodemus, he called himself “the Son

of man, which is in heaven.” John iii. 13.

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