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COMMENTARIES

ON

The Laws of England:

IN FOUR BOOKS;

WITH

AN ANALYSIS OF THE WORK.

BY

SIR WILLIAM BLACKSTONE, KNT.

ONE OF THE

JUSTICES OF THE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS.

VOL. III.

The Nineteenth Edition.

WITH THE LAST CORRECTIONS OF THE AUTHOR, AND COPIOUS

NOTES.

BY J. E. HOVENDEN, ESQ.

OF GRAY'S INN, BARRISTER AT LAW.

LONDON:
S. SWEET, 3, CHANCERY LANE;
A. MAXWELL, 32, AND STEVENS & SONS, 39, BELL YARD,

Law Booksellers & Publishers:
AND MILLIKEN & SON, GRAFTON STREET, DUBLIN.

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A N A L Y SIS

OF

BOOK III.

OF PRIVATE WRONGS.

CHAPTER I.

OF THE REDRESS OF PRIVATE WRONGS, BY THE MERE ACT OF

THE PARTIES.

1. Wrongs are the privation of right; and are, I. Private. II. Public..

Page 2 2. Private wrongs, or civil injuries, are an infringement, or privation, of the civil rights of individuals, considered as individuals.

2 3. The redress of civil injuries is one principal object of the laws of England.

3 4. This redress is effected, I. By the mere act of the parties. II. By the mere operation of law. III. By both together, or suit in courts.

3 5. Redress by the mere act of the parties, is that which arises, I. From the sole act of the party injured. II. From the joint act of all the parties.

3 6. Of the first sort are, I. Defence of one's self, or relations. II. Recaption of goods. III. Entry on lands and tenements. IV. Abatement of nusances. V. Distress - for rent, for suit or service, for amercements, for damage, or for divers statutable penalties—made of such things only as are legally distreinable; and taken and disposed of according to the due course of law. VI. Seizing of heriots, &c.

3-15 7. Of the second sort are, I. Accord. II. Arbitration 15, 16

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CHAPTER II.

OF REDRESS BY THE MERE OPERATION OF LAW.

1. REDRESS effected by the mere operation of law, is, I. In case of retainer ; where a creditor is executor or administrator, VOL. III,

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