Sivut kuvina

vits, and that the quantity of grain, was one hundred and nine bushels, as stated in the affidavit of Samuel L. Thompson.

HENRY KRANKINK. Sworn to before me, this 15th day of December, 1851,

Jonas B. BLYDENBURGH, Justice.


E. M. Bradley, East Bloomfield, Ontario County.

.. The field upon which this crop of wheat was grown, of five acres fis, was in the spring of 1849, manured with about forty loads of barn yard manure and planted to corn. In the spring of 1850, it . was plowed without manuring and sowed to oats, barley and peas. The fall of 1850, it was once plowed, without manuring, eight inches deep, and sowed the 10th of September with two bushels per acre of Soule's wheat, and thoroughly harrowed in. No further culture. The soil is of a sandy loam mixed with gravel, and lays gently undulating.

The 25th of July, it was just going out of the milk, and was cut with a common hand cradle, bound in small sheaves and set up in open stooks to dry. As soon as dry it was hauled into the barn, thrashed, cleaned and marketed the 15th of September, and found, to yield 226*bushels of fine quality of wheat. The crop was plastered the first of May with 100 lbs. of plaster per acre.

The cost of crop' was as follows: Five days work plowing and harrowing, hand and team,. $10 00 Eleven bushels seed, 8s. per bushel, .

11 00 Sowing seed, 38.,) ......

38 One quarter ton plaster, $4 per ton; sowing plaster, 8s.g. 2 00 Six days cutting and putting up,

6 00 Securing, three days, thrashing, cleaning and marketing, twenty-four days,

27 00 Interest on land at 100 dollars per acre,....

38 50

$94 88

The value of crop was : 22647 bushels wheat at 91 cts. per bushel, . Ten tons straw at 12s. per ton, ...

$206 16

15 00

$221 16

Balance in favor of crop, $126.28–equal to $23.00 per acre.

ELISHA M. BRADLEY. Proofs as required by the Society given, as in the preceding case of Mr. Thompson.

James McCready, 2d, Plattsburgh, Clinton County. The land has been under cultivation about thirty-five years, the soil clay and muck, land level, descending a little to the east; summer fallowed, no manure used on this or the previous crop, which was spring wheat; one and half bushel seed to the acre, sown broad cast the last week in August; red chaff wheat; harvested with sickle, thrashed in the month of December with a machine, cleaned with a fan mill; two acres and 130 rods; yield, 121 bushels, 60 pounds to the bushel; worth one dollar per

bushel. 121 bushels at $1.00 per bushel,

$121 00 Straw,

6 00

$127 00 Expenses of Cultivation. Six days plowing three times, $1.50 per day, .... $9 00 One and a half day's dragging at $1.50,.

2 25 47bushels seed at $1.12} per bushel, ...,

4 75 Reaping at $2.00 per acre, ..

5 62 Binding and shocking,

2 13 Thrashing, at 9 cts per bushel,.

10 89 Carting,....

1 50 Interest on land at $50 per acre.......

7 00

$43 14

Net profit,

$83 86

JAMES MCCREADY, 2D. (Proofs as required by the Society.)

SPRING WHEAT. Charles W. Eells, Westmoreland, Oncida County. Statement of the method of cultivation of a crop of spring wheat raised by Charles W. Eells,of Westmoreland, Oneida county.

The previous crop was corn, which was about one half manured in the hill, and the other half was coarse manure plowed in; no manure the present season. The soil is gravelly loam, in good condition. The farm is situated in the town of Westmoreland, on an elevation inclining to the east; the land was plowed eight inches deep about the middle of April. April 24, sowed four bushels Siberian spring wheat, broad-cast, previously prepared by soaking in strong brine, and adding as much lime as would adhere to the wheat while wet, and covered deep as possible with a large steel-tooth cultivator. The crop was harvested in the usual manner, about the middle of August; thrashed with a flail in November and December. The market price of wheat at Clinton, is one dollar a bushel. Yield 66 in

or bushels upon two acres.

Expense of cultivation and interest on land, .
Proceeds of crop, at $1.00 per bush.,....

(Proofs as required by the Society.)

$28 00 61 66

Benjamin Enos, De Ruyter, Madison County.

24 acres—118bushels—5237 bushels per acre. Soil a gravelly loam with a slight admixture of sand. Last year crop barley, 86bushels—plowed ten inches deep. Last of April, 1851, harrowed and plowed the lot; and first week in May sowed six bushels of two rowed (Hess) barley and harrowed it in and rolled with a heavy roller. Harvested middle of August, and thrashed as soon as the grain was dry.

Expense and interest on land at $50.00 per acre,...... $15 87 Proceeds at 65 cts. per bushel,.....

76 86 (Proofs as required by the Society.)

Eli R. Dix, Vernon, Oneida County. Two acres, 94 rods117

bushels, three pecks Barley. Soil mostly alluvial, gravelly loam, (three-fourths of an acre gravelly and rolling land,) thirty loads of manure of thirty bushels each, used. Plowed once, ten to twelve inches deep. Sowed eight bushels seed ; 25th April, seeded to grass and roller passed over the field; harvested in August; thrashed last December. A small stream of water was turned on the upper corner of the alluvial part of the land the winter before sowing and continued on until about the time of plowing, and was decidedly advantageous, the yield being much larger than on the other portions of the field. Previous crops corn, two years on part, and on the alluvial soil, flax, hemp, barley and potatoes for thirty-five years past. The manure used for two seasons was long barn-yard


Expenses of cultivation and interest on land at $50.00 per acreg...

$35 36 Proceeds, 117 bushels three pecks. at 70 cts.............. 82 42

The barley by standard weighs exceeded the measurement considerably. (Proofs as required.)

William Davison, Hartwick, Otsego County. Two acres and two

fifths of harley, 110: bushels. Soil dark loam ; plowed seven inches deep; field in meadow for five years previous to 1850, when it was plowed six inches deep and planted to potatoes; no manure applied to either crop; sown 7th April ; harvested 30th July; thrashed 1st November.

Expenses and interest on land g...
Proceeds at 65 cts. per bushel,....

(Proofs as required.)

$30 00 71 82

INDIAN CORN. Elisha M. Bradley, East Bloomfield, Ontario County. Two acres of

Corn-Ninety-three buhels per acre. The field upon which this crop was raised; was formerly à part of two fields; last year one half of the field was a corn stubble, and the other half a clover lay of some years standing. The part of the field upon which corn was grown a year ago, was a clover lay in the spring of 1850, when it was manured with forty loads of manure per acre, once plowed, and planted with corn; yield, about 80 bushels shelled corn per acre.

In the spring of 1851, the field was manured with thirty loads of common barn yard manure per acre, once plowed the first week in May, to the depth of nine inches, (the field having been deeply tilled before,) thoroughly harrowed, and marked out in rows three feet apart each way, with a common corn marker. The 19th of May it was planted with eight rowed corn, (the variety known as the “ Yellow Vermont,” five kernels being planted in each hill, and all allowed to remain; the quantity of seed per acre, ten quarts. The soil is a gravelly loam, and the field lies gently undulating.

As soon as planted, poles were placed four rods apart around the field, and twine placed thereon, about seven feet from the ground (so as to allow a horse to pass under it) to protect the corn from crows. The corn began to make its appearance above ground the 18th of May, when it was ashed with a teaspoon full of common wood ashes to each hill (or two bushels per acre.) The last of May it was cultivated each way with a common corn cultivator, and thoroughly hoed; and plastered with one bushel of plaster per acre, applied directly to the hill. The middle of June it was again cultivated, and hoed as at first, and again ashed as before. The last of June it was plowed each way with a common shovel plow, and hoed the third time; when it was plastered the second time; no further culture. The middle of September it was glazed ; when it was out up by the roots, and set up in small

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