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ease and facility to the plow, as well as securing a permanent fence. Thirty-five acres of wheat, ten of corn, thirteen of meadow, a fair quantity of cattle, horses, sheep and hogs on the farm, not particularly enumerated at the time; the dwelling house and out buildings were good.
The next farm examined (partly adjoining the one last described,) was that of Charles Lee, Esq., virtually the father of this society; he was the first president at the organization in 1851, and for sereral successive years. His farm contains 218 acres, sixty of which is wood land, and lies on Maple ridge, so called, being a ridge extending a number of miles east and west, with a road running east and west through about the middle, and known by the name of Lee-street. On our arrival at the house, which is a large two story one, with a wing, built of stone, in the best manner, and after being refreshed with tea and other good things of this life, so common among gentlemen farmers at the usual hour in the afternoon, we took up the line of march to view the south half of the farm, by going to a barn on the south side of he street, well filled with wheat, of his favorite quality, White Flint, and then throngh a wheat stubble field, which from the appearance of the product and soil, was in a high state of cultivation, where we saw some very fine swine of an improved variety, called the Sussex breed. We then passed through a very pleasant grove of sugar maples, all in full view of the house, and then to the fields south and east, which showed the power of industry, by clearing the land of stone, (being a handsome limestone ridge,) and the erection of long strings of superior stone wall, about five feet high; the teams were in the field plowing the summer fallow, preparatory to seeding; the soil appeared to be rich, perfectly free from weeds or grass, and every thing wore the appearance of scientific farming; the orchard was large, with a variety of good fruit; we then crossed the east and west road, which divides the farm nearly in the middle, and found some excellent meadows, and land well adapted to wheat, corn, barley, oats, grass, &c., and also a superior string of stone wall, five feet high. The farm is well and uniformily divided into lots at right angles; the fences of wood and stone were uniformily good;
bome blind drains had been laid with good success, and water conducted in logs to a penstock at the barn yard, an accommodation to be highly prized by every farmer, who consults his own convenience, and the comfort of his stock.
The crops and stock on the farm the present year are as follows: 27 acres of wheat now in the barn, which Mr. Lee says will yield at least 27 bushels per acre, (his wheat averages from 25 to 30 bushels to the acre per annum,) five of corn, six of oats, five of barley, thirty of meadow, five of orcharding, nine neat cattle of superior grade, 274 merino sheep, excellent in size, model ana fineness of wool. Barns, sheds, carriage-house and stable, cornhouse, and all the necessary appendages, were in good order and well arranged. I think Mr. Lee observed he never had “a rat or mouse to take up their abode in his corn-house," from the fact they could not get into it. It was elevated nearly three feet from the ground, six columns were set up and a large flat stone laid on the top of each and the sills rested on the stone, and the steps were always detached from the house except when in actual use.
The dwelling house has a most excellent cellar, a very impor-, tant pre-requisite in this latitude, (especially when the thermometer stands eight degrees below zero, as it was a few days ago, in this place;) the arrangements around the house and on the premises are such as will attract the attention of the traveller; and I may say with propriety of Mr. Lee and his lady, they have a place for every thing and every thing in its place.
The next farm inspected was Mr. Artemas Loveland's, lying also in Barre, about two miles south-west of this village, containing 109 acres, beautifully situated, the rail-road from Rochester to Lockport runs through the north end, which adds nothing to the beauty or convenience of the farm, but rather detracts from both. The soil is almost wholly of a sand and gravel loam; the surface is handsomely diversified, the soil good, and lots well arranged; all the stone gathered up and mostly laid in one string of full wall; the fences in general are built of cedar, of good height,
staked and capped ; the water from a fine spring in the central part of the farm is so disposed of as to water a number of the lots; an orchard of good fruit; the dwelling house and barns, and all of the out buildings are good. A perfect system of economy and neatness is visible in every department, on the farm, as well as with and about the buildings, but one deficiency was visible and that was the want of shade trees around the house. I consider forest and fruit trees around a house to answer a three fold purpose : first, to protect the house and the occupants from the rays of a scorching sun; also from the storm and the severity of a cold winter's wind ; lastly and not the least, good delicious fruit, handy for family use, and also for the comfort and pleasure of those who may be your guest.
The crops on the farm the present year, are 28 acres of wheat, and 10 of corn; there are 20 head of fine cattle, 30 sheep, horses, &c. There were 14 acres of woodland. Mr. Loveland has been a successful grain grower, and has sustained his farm well by a proper rotation of crops, and the application of manures, and to him was awarded the only premium offered for the best improved farm in the county, $10.
In review, the committee have to say that Mr. Raymowe's farin was under common improvement, Mr. Ora Lee's farm somewhat in advance of that, and although Mr. Loveland meritoriously received the premium awarded to him, yet I am of opinion the science practically applied to farming, by Charles Lee, Esq., of Barre, entitles him to a preference amongst the farmers in this town, and is rarely excelled by any in the county.
Although I have extended this communication far beyond what I had designed, yet I cannot refrain from penning a few lines more. I have heretofore remarked that along the range of the Erie canal, and between that and the great ridge road, is the best horticultural district in the county. The villages on the range of the canal, commencing on the east side of the county, are Holley, Hulberton, Hindsburgh, Albion, Eagle Harbor, Knowlsville, Medina, and Shelby Basin. Large quantities of appies, green and dried, also
dried peaches, and some dried plums have been shipped from this county, to the east as well as west, and there is no town in this county but has some very fine fruit growers. Abijah Reed, Esq., of Hulberton, has an extensive garden for the cultivation of fruit, vegetables and flowers, including his green house for fruit and plants. He is not excelled by any gentleman in western New-York, for his variety consists of plants and flowers from the four quarters of the globe.
In Albion, which is the county seat, our corresponding secretary, don. B. L. Bessac has as extensive and well cultivated garden and fruit orchard, as there is within the bounds of this corporation, but there are so many that are worthy of notice, it is superfluous to discriminate. I will only add, in this little county are cultivated apples of all kinds in great abundance, peaches also, quinces in great abundance of the largest size and finest quality I have ever found in the United States, pears, plums, cherries, and grapes of a most excellent quality; and in this village, abundant in quantity. I had almost forgotten to say that the best stone wall in the county, has been erected by Horatio N. Hews and William Soul, of Shelby, Hon. Silas M. Burroughs, (vice President of State society,) Ridgeway; Charles Lee, Esq., and Horace W. Chaffee, of Barre, The first premium was awarded to Charles Lee, Esq.,.... $300 Second to Horace W. Chaffee,....
2 00 I will here observe that Messrs. Hews, Burrows & Soul did not apply for premiums. First premium on blind ditching to Jarvis M. Skinner, Barre, $3 00 Second, to John Young of Gaines, ....
Should the farmers continue to improve in agricultural science, and its practical application, for twenty years to come, as they have since the organization of this society, those living to see that day, I think, might with propriety say, truly, Orleans county is the garden of Western New-York.
JONATHAN EDGECOMB, Chairman.
REPORT. William DAVISON, PRESIDENT. The Annual Fair of the Otsego county Agricultural Society, was held in Cooperstown, on the 1st and 2d of October. The weather was fortunately fine and pleasant, and consequently a very numerous assemblage present, especially on the 1st day; there being 10 doubt, a greater collection of people, than at any former fair ever held in this county. The exhibition of cattle, horses, sheep and swine, was as good, if not better, than at any other previous year. Some of the Morgan breed of horses were exhibited, which added much to the show. There were also some fine French Merinos, which attracted much attention. The exhibition of domestic manufactures was held in the tent, which the society had recently purchased, and which arrived only the day before, and was not put np until the day of the fair; but, although it was quite late before all was arranged, yet there was taken in at the door of the tent, 73 dollars; admittance being only 123 cents each, to those who were not members, while members with their families were admitted without any charge. The ladies had not forgotten the fair, they brought of their handy work a great variety of useful as well as ornamental articles. In butter and cheese, it was difficult to decide between some twenty competitors; their samples all being of the first quality. At 10 o'clock, A. M., on the second day, the plowing match took place; the piece of land selected for plowing, had never before been plowed; the sod was very tough, rendering it difficult to be plowed, yet the plowmen did their work well. At two o’oclock P. M., the society met in the tent, where they were addressed by the Rev. Dr. Miller, of Hartwick Seminary, who delivered a very appropriate and excellent address on the science of Agriculture. The address was afterwards, by the request of the society, published in the county papers. The Annnal Meeting was held on the 20th December; there was quite a number of competitors on field crops, more perhaps, than at any previous year, which shows that the people are beginning to take more interest in this important branch of science. thought best to unite into one, the two agricultural societies, which