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GARRETT'S PATENT HORSE HOE. Of the Scarifiers, that called Earl Ducies Prize Drag Harrow, or Uley SCARIFIER and CultivATOR, of which a cut is given, appears to be a very effective and highly useful implement. It has an iron frame fitted with five tines, each covering a space of eight inches, and so placed as to be two feet from each other: this, with their curved shape and length, prevents the drag clogging in the foulest weather. The points or grubbers are for breaking the land, and the broad shares for scarifying or working stubble land, with an extra set of steel shares for paring. The machine is quickly raised and lowered, by turning a handle, the axle of which has a worm fixed upon it, worked into the cranked axle of the back wheels. By simply turning the handle to the right, the drag is Kfted up, and to the left let down. A dial plate indicates the number of inches in or out of the ground.
This implement is in very extensive use, and for working over stubble land, whether light or heavy land, and however full of
grass or weeds, will thoroughly pulverize and clean it, and will, it is said, leave the land in a far better condition for a crop than bythe ordinary method
of plowing and harrowing, and with a ÜLEY SCARIFIER. very considerable saving of expense, performing the work of a drag and scarifier most successfully. It can be adopted here, I think, with advantage, and may be constructed at a price, probably, that will secure its introduction into practical use.
There were various drill machines, very perfect in their construction and arrangement, yet too complicated and expensive for introduction into this country. They do not possess any material advantages over our own drills, which are afforded at one-third the price of the best English drill.
A drill called the “ SUFFOLK DRILL” which has been awarded many prizes in England, was fitted with a steerage arrangement that renders its work very perfect. A swing steerage in front guided by hand, enables the man to keep the rows perfectly parallel with the preceding course of the drill. This is done by the man's holding the steerage handle as it is shown in the annexed cut, and keeping the small fore wheel in the track of the former large one. This insures perfect regularity, and prepares the whole field, so that the horse hoe can be used to great advantage and without injury to the grain. This arrangement could very easily be adapted to any of the other drills, and would greatly add to their usefulness.
A Prize Medal was awarded for a BELGIAN DRILL, which was a very simple one in its arrangement, the seed delivered by flat ircn paddles and not by cups. The coulters are fixed to the beam, and do not work on levers, but a small coulter to cover in the seeds does. It is so arranged that the quantity of seed delivered can be varied without stopping the machine. As it costs only $12, it had certainly advantages over many drills exhibited.
Ransoms & May of Ipswich, England, exhibited a cheap drop drill, for depositing seed similar to a hand drill, at equal distances, which it accomplishes with great exactness. A Prize Medal was awarded, and it appeared to me for certain purposes superior to any exhibited. The feeding cups are so arranged that their action ceases when the machine stops. The quantity of the seed deposited may be varied from 3) to 5 pecks per acre by a change of the cups. The depositors have a motion independent of the coulters, which enables them to adapt themselves to any inequality in the surface of the soil.
A HAY Making machine, though somewhat complicated, has received the Prize from the Royal Agricultural Society, and is
undoubtedly a very valuable improvement for England, and may be made useful in this country; one man can work it, and raise or lower it to its work instantly, and throw it in or out of
gear or reverse its action. It is claimed for it to do the work of twenty men, and from seeing it in use, I doubt not, it is a great labor-saving machine, and a very efficient helper in the field.
Of manure distributors for liquid or solid manures, there was a very great variety, some of them very effective. One exhibited by Croskill, holding about eight bushels of manure, has a motive power which passes the manure to a revolving notched rollers which regulates its equal delivery in a dry or moist state without clogging, and is so arranged as to increase or decrease the quantity sown to any number of bushels per acre; price about $50.
The Norwegian Harrow is used immediately after plowing. It breaks and pulverizes the furrow, leaving three or four inches depth of fine mold, admirably prepared for seed. It saves the use of the ordinary sized harrow, a very light implement only being used after sowing. It thoroughly pulverizes without consolidating the soil, and it prepares the roughest land, whether moist or dry, without clogging. This implement was originally introduced from Norway, has been much improved and is very valua. ble and effective one, and although too expensive, (costs $65.00,) for general use in this country, it seems very desirable for our stiff soils, and I have no doubt, it could be very much lessened in price here. Having seen it in use, and obtained the testimony of many practical farmers who have it on their farms, I cannot doubt its great utility.
A very valuable implement in use in England is CROSKILL’s RolLER and Clod Crusher. It consists of cast metal discs or roller parts, placed loosely upon a round axle so as to revolve independently of each other. The outer surface of each roller part is serrated and has a series of sideway projecting teeth, which act perpendicularly in breaking clods. The size, 6 feet wide by 2 feet in diameter, consists of 23 roller parts. Each alternate ring is made larger in the eye, and in revolving causes an up and down motion along the entire surface of the roller, thereby increasing its power and effecting the best means of self cleansing. It is used only when the land is dry. When taken to the field, dig a hole under each travelling wheel, until the roller part rests upon the ground, then take off the road wheels.
By the use of this roller crops of Wheat, Turnips, Beets, &c., are annually grown in England upon land which without its use cannot be cultivated; and a very beneficial effect is produced upon the grain plant by its seasonable application, and it causes a more healthy plant and a larger yield per acre. It ensures the destruction of the wire-worm and the grub, which are so detrimental, often destroying the entire grain crop. Its use on many varieties of grass land is most beneficial. It works admirably. The number in use in Great Britain, in 1850, was about 2,500.
I had an opportunity of witnessing this roller in use on several farms, and became satisfied of its great utility, and its introduction to this country, would prove of immense advantage to our farmers. The following testimonial from a practical Scotch farmer shows in what estimation it is held :
« The deep indented points of this ponderous machine penetrate and crush the hardest clods; reduce big masses of clay baked soil into a fine mold, and rapidly converts many acres of land into the finest condition for the reception of grain or the smallest seeds. It is not only valuable as a pulverizer, but is unequalled as a compressing roller for rolling young grain crops when the plant is from three to eight inches out of the ground. The practice of driving