Volume IV: The Age of Achievement A.D. 750 to the End of the Fifteenth Century
Part One: The Historical, Social and Economic SettingDuring the eight centuries covered in this volume, the new faith of Islam arose in Arabia and gradually spread eastwards and northwards, eventually affecting much of Central Asia, the southern fringes of Siberia and the eastern regions of China. These were also the centuries in which nomadic and military empires arose in the heart of Asia, impinging on the history of adjacent, well-established civilizations and cultures (China, India, Islamic Western Asia and Christian eastern and central Europe) to an unparalleled extent. Lamaist Buddhism established itself inthe Mongolian region and in Tibet and Islam among the Turkish people of Transoxania, southern Siberia and Xinjiang. It was in Eastern Europe, above all in Russia, that the Turco-Mongol Golden Horde was to have a major, enduring influence on the course of the region's history.
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Central Asia under the Umayyads and the early Abbasids
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Abu Muslim Afghanistan Ahmad al-Din Muhammad amirs appanage Arab army Arslan Balkh Barthold became Bosworth Bukhara cAbbasid caliph cAbd cAla cAli caliph campaign capital Central Asia Chaghatay China Chinese Chinggis Khan coins copper cultural death defeated Delhi dinars dirhams dynasty eastern empire Ferghana Ghazna Ghaznavid Ghiyath al-Din Ghur Ghurid governor Herat Hindu Husayn Ibrahim imam India iqtdcs Iran Iranian lands Iraq Islam Ismacili Kaghan Kara Khitay Karakhanids Karluk Kashmir Khan's Khurasan Khwarazm Khwarazm Shah Khwarazmian Kimek Kipchak Kitan later leaders Mahmud Malik Mascud Merv military minting Mongol Mongolia Mucizz al-Din Nasr Nishapur Nizam nomadic northern Oghuz Oxus Persian political provinces region reign religious rule ruler Samanid Samarkand Sanjar Sarbadars Sayyid Seljuq Shah Rukh Shicite silver Sistan Sogdian steppes Sufi Sultan Syr Darya Tangut Tegin Tekish tenth century territories throne Timur Timurids Toghril towns trade Transoxania tribal tribes Turkic Turkish Turkmens Turks Uighur Ulugh Beg vassal western