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ent with the state of true | Fathers, the “salve for sin," Christianity, that there is į and the “medicine of the no person who reads and “soul :" hence it follows, seriously considers them, “ Forgive us our trespasses, can reasonably call himself “ as we forgive," &c." And a member of Christ, or ac- “ lead us not into temptaceptably call upon God as “ tion.” The connection of such, and yet still continue which petitions declares the his neglect of this blessed great benefits of this blessSacrament.
ed Sacrament: 1. for the 6. “ Give us this day our pardon of our sins; 2. for daily Bread,” is interpreted the maintenance of charity; by St. Cyprian, St. Ambrose, 3. for ghostly fortitude in St. Augustine, St. Jerome, the resistance of all tempand several other Fathers, tations ; 4. for our deliverto be chiefly meant of this ance from all evil, both of Sacramental Bread ; for the sin and punishment. words ó óptos & LOLOLOS, sig- 2. “Our daily Bread," nify Supersubstantial Bread, because daily received by or Bread Celestial, such as the devout Christians of is the food of Angels, and the Primitive Church ; by all immortal souls stamped the strength of which Bread, after the image of God. their souls were inflamed
He then that hungers not with such holy fiery zeal after this Bread, but wil | through the love of God, lingly and wilfully declines that they spared no pains, its participation, makes a no labour, to disseminate mock of God, in saying | the truth of the Gospel, this petition, when he prays fearing no want, no persefor “ daily Bread;" for he cution ; but passed through declares that he desires not affliction, through“ perils from his heart to obtain | by sea, and perils by land, what he prays for with his perils by robbers, and perils mouth.
by false brethren, perils in It is called our “ daily | the city, and perils in the Bread," because, l. it is a country ; in weariness and present remedy and sup- | painfulness, in watchings port against our daily in- often, in hunger and thirst, firmities and failings; as it in fastings often?" is frequently styled by the l 7. Those blessed souls
9 2 Cor. xi. 26.
being nourished and fed will so feed his body upon with this celestial food air, open and empty air every day, rendered them i alone, without substantial by so many degrees as there meats and drinks to nourare days in the year, to ex- | ish the same : and there is ceed in religious zeal, di- the same reason for the vine charity, and devotion, feeding of the soul in the that of our modern people, real participation of the who think it sufficient to Body and Blood of Christ, receive the Sacrament but and not spiritually and in once in the year. But woe fancy only, which is too and alas ! the matter is yet generally no other but a far worse, there being many groundless presumption upthousands who never re on the mercies of God, ceive this blessed Sacra- | | through the merits of Christ. ment scarce once in their | 8. The sinful neglect of lives. Indeed, some through this Blessed Sacrament, is ignorance, and some through one of the greatest causes negligence, but very many of so great a decay of piety, that pretend to some know- of so much dulness and ledge and sense of religion, | deadness of heart of all rewill say, that they do re- ligious performances, of so ceive this blessed Eucha- much averseness from the rist every day, as did the public worship of God, in good Christians in the be- | His House of prayer, and of ginning, but then it is spi- so much irreverence and ritually, though not sacra- profaneness therein. It is mentally.
the cause of so many spiThere is no doubt but ritual diseases in the souls there is a spiritual feeding of men, of so much weakupon Christ by faith, obe-ness against temptations, of dience, holy prayers, and so much wavering in opimeditations; and that the nion, of so many errors, sacramental without this schisms, factions—even bespiritual eating, is but a cause the souls of all such form of godliness, without are not fed, nourished, the power thereof; but yet strengthened, and refreshto presume upon the one, ed, quickened and confirmin the wilful neglect of the ed with the precious Body other, is to make void the and Blood of Christ : the efficacy of both. No man which, being rightly and re
verently received, illumin- | subsistence as Man of a reaates the understanding, pu- sonable soul and human rifies the will, cleanses the flesh subsisting ; 1. Mystiheart, rectifies the affec cal, 2. Doctrinal, 3. Sacrations, and renders the whole mental. And not to disman apt and active to every cern the Lord's Body in any good work of the Lord. of these three meanings
II. The second general | thereof, makes unworthy duty, in order to this holy receivers. Sacrament, is, To use all 1. The mystical Body of possible means and endea- Christ is His Church s. And vours to receive the same he discerns not this Body worthily.
of Christ, who rightly beThere will need no other lieves not “the Holy Cathoreasons to enforce this duty, lic Church, the Communion than the terror of those of Saints." known words of the Apo- It is one of the names stle, “ He that eateth and whereby this holy Sacradrinketh unworthily, eateth ment is called, The Holy and drinketh damnation to Communion ; excluding himself.” And this unwor- thence as unworthy all that thiness consists in “not dis- are not within the pale cerning the Lord's Body," and communion of Christ's as it immediately follows r. Church, both unbelievers
Here then every man and misbelievers, heretics that hath any care of his and schismatics; all disosoul, will desire to know bedient, factious, contentious what it is not to discern 'spirits, with all sorts of sethe Lord's Body,” which paratists from the Church of makes a man liable to dam- Christ, whether in faith or nation, by being an unwor- charity, doctrine or worship. thy communicant at the For all worthy communiLord's Table.
| cants, “ being many, are one To understand this fully body in Christ, and every and clearly, we must use one members of one anothe light of a distinction. | ther." For there is a three-fold 2. The doctrinal Body of Body of Christ abstracted Christ, is the doctrine of from that of His personal | Christianity, or the “ body of
* 1 Cor. xi. 29. Eph. 1. 22, 23; Col. i. 24. Rom. xii. 5; 1 Cor. xii, 12, 13.
faith,” wherein all sound, or- / of the Lord's Supper, from thodox Christians do agree, whence all ignorant and and are united as members careless, foolish and sottish of the foresaid mystical persons are excludeds, with Body of Christ, the Church : all such as hold not fast which is therefore called “ the first principles of the the “ common faith 9;" and oracles of God.” it is “ that faith which was 3. The Sacramental Body once given to,” or rather by, of Christ, is the consecrated “ the saints "," the holy elements of Bread and Wine Apostles of our Lord.
in the Sacrament. This is He discerns not this Body expressly affirmed by our of the Lord, who under- Lord, saying, “This is My stands not the principles of Body, This is My Blood.” his religion, which are sum- | Who then dare say, (as the med up in the vow or cove- Fathers frequently observe,) nant which every person, | This is not His Body, but a rightlychristened, hath made | figure of His Body only ? with God in his Baptism. He discerns not this Body The positive parts where- of our Lord, 1. who sees not of (besides the negative) with the eye of faith, Christ are, 1. The Apostles' Creed ; | really present, under the 2. The Ten Commandments, species of Bread and Wine, with what is implied therein, though he conceive not the and depends thereupon ; manner thereof : who doth 3. viz. The Lord's Prayer, not with all grateful acand 4. The Doctrine of the knowledgment and divine Sacraments. Not to know love, and with the greatest these general heads of reli- humility and devotion, adore gion, which be plainly and the infinite wisdom, power, fully delivered in the Church mercy, goodness, and condeCatechism; or, having learn- scension of this Presence of ed them by heart when chil- our Lord ; not curiously dren, not frequently to re questioning, much less pragmember, and consider them matically defining the way when come to age, so as to and manner of His Presence, understand and hold them as being deeply mysterious fast as the essentials of and inconceivable. Christianity, is the second Those old verses expressgeneral kind of unworthiness / ing the faith of the wisest
4 Tit. I. 4. Jude 3. Jer. xxiv. 7; Heb. viii. 11. • Heb. v. 12.
of our first Reformers, may tion, of love and devotion, satisfy every modest, hum- of obedience and charity. ble, and sober-minded good' And hereunto all the Christian in this great mys- i parts and kinds of true tery of godliness :
repentance do necessarily It was the Lord that spake it, concur: for there can be He took the Bread and brake it; And what the Word did make it, | purity of heart, if the naSo I believe and take it.
turally stiff and proud heart 2. He discerns not this be not first humbled, and Sacramental Body of the its stiffness broken with Lord, who knows not in godly sorrow for sin, and some measure the nature, its filthiness washed off with ends, uses, and benefits of the devout tears of true this Sacrament, with what penitence, through faith in is required of them that the Blood of Christ. come thereunto : all which And he that receives being plainly, fully, and yet Christ's holy Body and very briefly taught in our Blood into his soul, not first Church Catechism, to be emptied of all his sins by therefore ignorant of these holy faith, and all the sathings, which every child is cred offices of true repentbound to learn and say, is ance, doth, with Judas, beanother species of an un tray his Master into the worthy communicant. hands of His enemies, even
3. He discerns not this those very enemies which Sacramental Body of the crucified Him: for those Lord, who prepares not him- were our sins. And thereself to receive the same with fore it is said of such unall “reverence and godly worthy receivers, that“ they fear";” with “hands washed are guilty of the Body and in innocencyX;” and into | Blood of Christ.” a “pure and clear hearty;" | To avoid such a horrid into a soul “cleansed from sina, and damnation followall filthiness both of flesh ing the sameb, betwixt both and spirit”;” and perfumed | verses it is commanded", (as was our Lord's crucified “ let a man examine himBody) with the sweet odours self, and so let him eat,” &c. of humility and compunc- ! Self-examination, as it is u Heb. xii. 28. * Psalm xxvi. 6. y Isa, i. 16; Psalm xxiv. 4. 2 Cor. vii. 1.. 21 Cor. xi 27. - b Ver. 29.
. Ver. 23.