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when he was baptized or, inheritance is promised and christened. And by this, bequeathed; but not to be as St. Gregory observes m, obtained, as St. Augustine every man may try the observes', except, as in all truth of his faith in Christ. | other testaments, we observe For as no man can be said the will of the testator : to be faithful, who keeps nor is there any thing more not his promise ; so neither clearly expressed in the recan any Christian be said vealed will of God, than to have any true faith to- | this, That the benefits of wards God, if he performs the Covenant of Grace benot the promise he hath long only to them, who keep made unto Him : for herein the condition therein redoth his righteousness con- quired P. sist, and hereupon his ever- 7. Every wilful sin is a lasting salvation depends, breach of this covenant, through the merits of Ohrist. I and contracts therewith the
5. This Baptismal vow, sin of perjury, and incurs is the condition upon which the forfeiture of all the we are admitted into the precious benefits of the Covenant of Grace, and members of Christ, children “made members of Christ, of God, and heirs of Heachildren of God, and heirs ven: so that no man can of the Kingdom of Heaven.” | reasonably conclude himself And therefore they who within the Covenant of perform not this condition, Grace, until the leaven of but slight, neglect, or negli- wickedness, which is a gently observe the same, do | | breach of its condition, be uncovenant themselves, and strictly searched out and return again to their natu- | expurged 9. ral state of sin and misery; According therefore to “ become children of wrath, this covenant, which we enemies of God, and heirs have every one (rightly of eternal damnation.” christened) made with God,
6. The holy Christian re it concerns every man to ligion we all profess, is no examine himself, who hath other but God's Will and any care of his soul. Testament, wherein a goodly l 8. This condition con
m Gregor. Hom. 19. Heb. x. 23. 26–29. Aug. Ser. de Tem. 167. P Deut. vii. 9, 10; Psalm xxv. 10; lxxxix. 28–32; ciii. 17, 18; cxxxii. 11, 12; Jer. xi. 3—5; Heb. ii. 2, 3. 91 Cor v. 7, 8.
sists of three general heads, ' BY THE FIRST PART, called in Holy Writ by the
To forsake the devil and all three names of, 1. Repentance, 2. Faith, 3. Obedi
his works ; ence, containing thereunder And it highly concerns the whole duty of a Chris- | us surely to do this, since tian man.
they are the children of the 9. Repentance consists devil, who do his works. not only in confession, with The devil's first and genesorrow for sin past ; but in ral work was apostasy : he performance for the future abode not in the truth ;" he of that grand evangelical kept not his first estate 2.” duty whereby we forsake Here then, in the first place, sin, renounce all“ fellow-l consider seriously and imship with the unfruitful partially, how frequently, works of darkness?.” “ deny nay, daily, if not hourly, ungodliness and worldly thou hast yielded to the lusts :" the which, with suggestions of Satan, and several more expressions of become like unto him, by the same nature, are the swerving from thy first provery same in sense with the fession of the holy Christian first part of our Baptismal faith, and vow of obedience vow; viz. “ To forsake the to God's commands when devil and all his works, the admitted into covenant with pomps and vanities of this God in Baptism. wicked world, and all the The more particular works sinful lusts of the flesh," of the devil, are, which is frequently re- ! 1. Pride ; whereby he fell membered to be one of the from being an angel of light, two main ends of all that to be a spirit of darknessa. Christ hath done and suffer- 2. Lying; for “he is a ed for us!
liar, and the father of it b." 10. This being therefore 3. Malice, hatred, envy, “the preparation of the with all the degrees of murGospel of peace",” and “the der both in will and deed : foundation of religion," is “ he was a murderer from the first general rule of self-| the beginning.”. examination,
4. Slander, backbiting,
Luke x. 17–19; Col. i. 13; Tit. ii. 12; and “accusing of the bre- / vents itself by boasting and thren d;" from whence he bragging of vain things" takes the name of devil. of the world which profit
* Eph. v. 11. Tit. ii. 12. Heb. ii. 14, 15. u Eph. vi. 15. · Jude 6. a Isaiah xiv. 14, 15.
Heb. vi. 1. y John viii. 44. b John viii. 44. Ibid.
5. Tempting unto sin : not", by over-costly and that is the incessant work garish apparel, high vauntof the devil, who “continu- | | ing, imperious language, ally goes about like a roar strutting gait, affected gesing lion, seeking whom he tures, supercilious and may devoure.”
scornful looks, affecting Examine then, whether, and “receiving the honour according to thy promise which is from man, more made unto God, thou hast than the honour which manfully fought under the cometh from God only' ?? banner of Christ, against the 2. Have you not esteemed crafts and assaults of the yourself more than others devil, tempting thee to any your equals, if not supeof these sins, or to any other riors m; either in respect of . miscarriage either in judg- your worldly wealth and esment or practice ; and hast tate, place of credit and sunot rather suffered thyself, periority", greatness of wit, oftener than thou canst pos readiness of elocution, boldsibly imagine, to be taken ness to outvie, cunning to in his “snares, and led cap | overreach your neighbour, tive by him at his will ?.” or in any other of those The pomps and vanities of
worldly qualifications and
endowments, which usually this wicked world.
swell the vain minds of These are, in other words, worldly men with conceit“the pride of life,” and “the eờness of their own worth, lust of the eyes,” which and makes them “ love the are positively affirmed to be praise of men more than inconsistent with the love the praise of Godo?” of Gods.
3. Have no idle and lewd Upon this head examine | company, nor yet the ill
example of others, allured 1. Hath not thine heart you to follow any of those been puffed up with the sinful customs of the world, wind of vain-glory, which | which have some outward
d Rev. xii. 10. 1 Pet. v. 8. 2 Tim. ii. 26. & 1 John ii. 16. h Pealm xii. 2. ' Isaiah iii. 16, &c. * Ecclus. xix. 29, 30. John V. 44. m Phil. ii. 3. Psalm xlix. 6. John xii. 43.
shew of pomp and seem- , resies, envyings, murders, ing bravery, but are really drunkenness, revelling, &c.s vain and empty of all true 2. If upon the strict exworthp? Have you not de-amination of your heart and lighted yourself in such life, you find yourself guilty “ lying vanities,” and loved in any of these respects, even to be cozened both of then remember what folyour time and treasure in lows, that “they who do pursuance of them 9 ? such things, shall not inhe
4. Have you not loved rit the Kingdom of God":" and served mammon more | and such surely are not than God", by preferring within the Covenant of the sordid service of your Grace, neither have they any worldly ends and interests, title to the promises thereof, before the sacred service of whilst they continue in any God, and the interests of of the forementioned sins your soul's health and hap- unrepented; for the promise piness?
only appertaineth “to him And all the sinful lusts of
that overcometh u,” nameW LUSTS of ly, “ the devil and all his the flesh.
works, the pomps and vani1. Hath not the cor- ties of this wicked world, rupt seed of carnal lust and all the sinful lusts of taken root in your heart, i the flesh.” and brought forth in your The more particular life any of those sinful breaches of this first part of “ fruits of the flesh,” which your Covenant with God, are reckoned by St. Paul will appear upon examinato be these ; Adultery, for- tion of yourself by those nication, uncleanness, las- particular commands of civiousness, idolatry, witch-God, which they do recraft, hatred, variance, emu- j spectively transgress. lations, strifes, seditions, heP Psalm cxliv. 11 ; Prov. i. 10, &c. Psalm iv. 2. Matt. vi. 24.
• Gal. v. 19-21. i Gal. v. 21. u Rev. ii. 7. 11.
CHAP. III. THE RULE OF SELF-EXAMINATION BY THE CREED ; OR, BY
THE SECOND PART OF THE VOW IN BAPTISM,“ TO BELIEVE ALL THE ARTICLES OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.”
“ He that believes” (all , the same; “ earnestly conthe fundamental articles of tending for that faith which the Christian faith) “shall was once given to (or by) be saved; but he that the Saints," the holy Apobelieveth not, shall be stles of our Lord k ? damnedo.”
3. Dost thou not only
believe with the heart, but Here then examine,
also frequently confess this 1. If you have learned, | faith with the mouth ? for being young, what are these as “with the heart man articles or points of Chris- believeth unto righteoustian faith whereunto youness,” so, “ with the mouth were baptized or christen- | confession is made unto ed ; and if you can now | salvation!." give a ready account of 4. Have neither the your faith ; and this both senseless neglect of some, in the very words of your | nor the profane scoffs of Creed, and also in the full | others, made thee also negsense and true meaning of lect or be ashamed to coneach article thereofh.
fess thy faith in public ? 2. Do you stedfastly be- | And if so, thy faith is not lieve the infallible truth of sincere : for he that trueach article, though per- ly “ believeth in God will haps you understand it not not be ashamed m” openly in its full extent? Are to profess it; rememberyou zealously affected withing that there is a dismal them all, resolved to die in shame and confusion of this faith, and, if occasion face threatened to him that be, to die for it, "resisting is “ ashamed of Christ and even unto blood'," what- His words "," which are ever may oppose or infringe | summed up in the Creed.
& Mark xvi. 16; John xii. 48. b 1 Pet. iii. 15. 1 Tim, vi. 12; 2 Tim. iv. 7. * Jude 8. 1 Rom. x. 10.
Rom. X. 11. Mark viii. 88.