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at home and abroad.” His death, on the 6th of April, 1625, in the 59th year of his age, was certainly considered by most persons as a happy event, and very few presaged that the indestructible germs of greater convulsions would soon spring into life with redoubled energy.


(1) Page 421. Queen Anne was likewise even profuse in her expenditure; and in 1610 there were 297 persons receiving salaries in the establishment of Prince Henry. Lingard, vol. IX., p. 120. (2) Page 422. Arabella, daughter of Charles Earl of Lennox, was descended in the third degree from Henry VII. Respecting her hard fate, see Spisame Lettres et Dépêches, St. Germain, vol. DCCLXV., pp. 207–209—210. Biogra. Britann. Johnston, pp. 372–458. Sawyer, vol. II., p. 8. Wilson's Life of James, p. 10. Lodge's Illustrations, vol. III., pp. 178—217. Respecting Raleigh's and Cobham's plan, see Miscell. State Papers, vol. I., p. 377. (3) Page 422. On the 11th of July, 1604, the Scotch Parliament gave directions for the examination of the plan. Acts of Parl., vol. IV., pp. 263—366. (4) Page 425. Le fait de sorciers et sorcières a fort importuné le roi. Un grand nombre a €té pris et en partie est exécuté, comme au dit Aberdeen 57, sans plus grand nombre à exécuter. Epistolae theological praestantium virorum. Ep. 21. (5) Page 429. Parliam. History, vol. I., pp. 1210–1244 —1249. Pecuniam sine modo, sine judicio dissipavit. Non potest dici satis quantum in illo vanitatis, quantum iniquitatis fuerit. Johnston, p. 530. Wilson, James, p. 158. He said himself, “I find matter sufficient and full both to move me to desert my defence, and to move your lordships to condemn and censure me.” Aikin, vol. II., pp. 203, 214–220. Bacon died on the 9th of April, 1626, six years after his fall, and in indigence, at the age of 65. State Trials, vol. II., pp. 308– 314. Howell, vol. IV., p. 8. (5) Page 429. The King, the favorite, and all who possessed the power of aiding his return to public life, were besieged with letters, characterised to an almost incredible extent, by abject entreaty and unprincipled adulation. Vaughan's Mem. of the Stuarts, vol. I., p. 288. Lingard, vol. IX., p. 252. (6) Page 430. The Countess confessed her guilt; the Earl persisted in denying it. Both were condemned to be hanged. State Trials, vol. II., pp. 269–290. Howell's Letters, vol. I., p. 3. (8) Page 436. There arose such a stench in the house of the Spanish ambassador, in London, that the neighbours complained, and an investigation took place. There were found quarters of beef, mutton, and other meat, buried in the dunghill, which they would neither sell nor give away to poor heretics. Nor would they suffer any diminution of the daily supply, from pride and covetousness. The people loudly blamed this conduct, and said, “that two Spaniards belonging to the Legation had killed themselves by excess in eating.” Rusdorf, vol. I., p. 115. (9) Page 440. It is certainly an exaggerated statement that on the Prince's departure all his letters to the Infanta were returned to him unopened. Mem. pour servir à l’Histoire de France. Paris, 1756, vol. III., p. 244. Only the last letters were sent back unopened. Vallaresso, MSS. de St. Germain, vol. DCCXLI., p. 1208; and MSS. de la Bibliothèque Royale. According to Gonçalo de Cespedes, p. 331, the parting of Charles and the King of Spain was polite on both sides. Many presents were distributed, and Charles received among others, a Madonna by Correggio, and a Venus by Titian.

(10) Page 440. He threatened punishment, and confiscation of property, if the people did not elect according to his directions. Aikin, vol. I., p. 182. May's History of the Parliament, p. 6. Hume, vol. VIII., p. 72. (11) Page 441. The House of Commons justly said to the King, “your Highness's power is absolute, either negatively to frustrate, or affirmatively to confirm, but not to institute, without Lords and Commons.” Vaughan, vol. I., p. 117. (12) Page 446. Thuanus, CXXIX., p. 15. When the Earl of Northumberland and some other counsellors recommended greater toleration, even Edward Coke said, “this was very like treason, because it was contrary to the rights and dignity of the crown.” Lingard, vol. IX., p. 216. (13) Page 447. May's Parliam. History, p. 5. To the Bishop of Ambrun, who came to England incognito in 1618, James spoke favorably of the Pope and religious toleration, but would hear nothing of the Jesuits and the restoration of the church property. Deagant, p. 119. (14) Page 447. According to Welwood, p. 19, Sully had made the first discovery in France, and Henry IV. communicated it to King James. (15) Page 448. Aikin, vol. I., pp. 239, 274. Johnston, p. 402–425. Sawyer, vol. II., p. 170. Collier, vol. II., p. 690. Khevenhüller, under the year 1606, p. 3102. History of James I., p. 274. Neal, vol. II., p. 47. Lingard, vol. IX., p. 36 and 433, endeavours to prove that the Jesuits were much less guilty than is generally supposed. On the ill treatment of the Catholics in Ireland, ibid. p. 191, and especially Carey's Vindicia Hibernica. (16) Page 457. Macaulay, vol. I., p. 134. Hist. of James I., p. 160. Rushworth, vol. I., p. 5. Aikin, vol. II., p. 101. Vol. I., p. 165, 175. Thompson's Life of Raleigh. According to Lingard, vol. IX, p. 231, James had no knowledge of Raleigh's enterprise, and by a royal declaration of June, 1618, (Dyson's Proclamat., vol. I.,) he was expressly forbidden to attempt any thing against other States, and especially Spain. (17) Page 457. James had never expressly pardoned Raleigh, but said, “he would keep this as a curb, to hold him within the bounds of his commission, and good behaviour.” Howell's Letters, vol. I., p. 6.

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