Sivut kuvina

At the same time she enjoins him to exercise justice with mer. cy, and not to permit his subjects of the smallest size or degrec to be oppressed by those of superior strength or dignity. This part of her charge to the Lion, she closes with the following beautiful stroke, which indicates the moral tenderness of the poct's heart:

“And let no bougles with his beesteous hornis
The meek pluck ox oppress for all his pryd,
“But in the yok go peaceable him besyd.

The Eagle is next crowned king of fowls, and his talons being sharpened like darts of steel, he is ordered to govern great or small, the Wren or the Peacock, with an uniform and equal im. partiality. Nature now calls the flowers, and observing the THISTLE to be surrounded with a bush of spears, and on that ac. count qualified for war, she gives him a crown of rubies, and says, “ In field go forth and fend the laif;" that is, defend the rest. Dunbar continues elegantly to picture other parts of the royal arms; in ordering the Thistle, who is now king of vegetables, to prefer all herbs and flowers of rare virtue and rich odour, nor ever to permit the Nettle to associate with the Flower-de-lys, nor any ignoble weed to be ranked in competition with the Lily.

In the following stanza, where Nature directs the THISTLE TO honour the Rose, above all other flowers, our poet with much address, insinuates to king James the fourth, an exhortation to conjugal fidelity, drawn from the high birth, beauty, and accomplishments of the royal bride. Nature next addresses the Rose, whose lineage she exalts above that of the Lily. This was intended to express a preference of the house of Tudor to the house of Va. lais. The Rose is then crowned by Nature with clarified gems, the lustre of which illumines all the land, and is hailed queen by the flowers. Last of all her praises are sung by the universal chorus of birds. The sound of which having awakened the poet from his delightful dream, the fairy scene is vanished, and he calls on the Musé to perpetuate, in verse, the wonders of the splendid vision.

The next poem of consequence is the “Golden Targe;" the design of which is to show the gradual and imperceptible influences

of love, when too far indulged, over reason. The cast of this poem is tinctured with the morality and imagery of the Romaunt of the Rose, and the Floure and Leafe of Chaucer: but even an abstract of Warton's analysis of this allegorical poem would swell this biographical article to an improper length. For many illustrations, which Mr. Warton gives of Dunbar's next important piece, called “The Daunce,” he acknowledges himself obliged to the learned and elegant editor of " Ancient Scottish Poems," (lord Hailes,) published in 1770. From the “ Daunce” it appears that Dunbar's imagination was not less suited to satirical than to sublime allegory; and that he was the first poet who displayed any degree of spirit in this way of writing after Pierce Plowman.

It is observable, that the measure of the “ Daunce” is partly that of “Sir Thopas”in Chaucer; from which it may be collected that “ Sir Thopas” was anciently viewed as a ludicrous composition. The pageants and interludes of Dunbar's age, must certainly have quickened his invention in forming his grotesque groups; for the exhibition of moralities was then in high vogue among the Scotch. A morality was played at the marriage of James the fourth and the princess Margaret; and mummeries called Gysarts, and which are composed of moral personifications are still known in Scotland. Even till the beginning of the present century, especially among the festivities of Christmas, itenerant maskers were admitted into the houses of the Scotch nobility.

It may be added, that Dunbar wrote occasionally in the way which has been called Macaronic poetry, of this species of composition is his “ Testament of Maister Andro Kennedy," which re. presents the character of an idle, dissolute scholar, and ridicules the funeral ceremonies of the Roman communion.

From what Mr. Pinkerton has already done, it is ardently to be desired, that he may give a complete edition of “ Dunbar's Poems,” with his own notes. The writer, who has been denominated by a Gibbon as the Muratori of his country, may be supposed to be capable, if he had not already given evidence of his ability, to illustrate both the history, the poetry, and the manners of his countrymen in former times. A valuable present to the lovers of elegant and classical literature, as well as to the historian and antiquarian, would thus be obtained. The “flytings” of Kennedy and Dunbar, with many minor pieces, both of them and of their eotemporaries are now laid by as obsolete; because, without the aid of such literary lore as that of a Hailes or a Pinkerton, they will become as unintelligible to their posterity as the Edda and other Scandinavian productions of former times are, at present, to the inhabitants of Northern Europe.


Mr. Editor,

I send you a free translation of a part of the first Canto of L'abbé De Lille's beautiful poem Le Malheur et La Pitié.

0! gentle. Pity, how I love thy name!
Thou, nobly indigent, art dearer far,
To me, than all the pomp and pride of wealth,
Which spreads abroad its desolating stores
To nourish Vice,-corrupt the human he rt.
'Tis thus the impetuous mountain stream descends,
And carries ruin o'er the cultur'd field;
Whilst in its'silent course some modest rill
Spreads o'er its native plains its little stores,
And fertilizing many a meadow green,
Makes woods, and fruits, and flow'rets flourish round-
Thus scattering wide abroad her heavenly stores,
Celestial Pity feeds the field of life.

Yet-'uis not to our dearest friends alone,
That Pity's tender cares should be confined;
The stranger has his claims on generous hearts-
Remember too, Misfortune shuns the day,
Locks her sad secrets deep within her breast:
She has her modest blush, her noble pride:
This bids her shun the gaze of vulgar eyes,
And seek a lonely refuge in the shade.

Then seek her, Pity!—find her dark retreat! Seize on the happy moment as it fliesFor thou, like Genius and Victory, Hast happy moments pointed out by heavenKnow then to seize them-Dost thou not behold A wretched mortal, whose distracted look Bespeaks him standing o'er some dark abyss? He pauses--trembles-half recedes from crime! A sudden movement urges him to theft, With which he blushes to have soild his hand He flies—pursue him-enter thou his door;— Oh what a sight!-Half naked on the ground, Benumb'd with cold, by famine worn away, His helpless children lie-Menac'd with death, So near the wretched hour that gave them birth, They know no pleasing playful infant sports. 'Tis silence, grief, and desolation all A mute despair forbids the tear to flow The wretched father stands beside them pale, Tormented less by famine than by crime. He turas away, distracted, from the scene, And turning throws to them the guilty food, For which their feeble anxious hands dispute. Now with an air, a look, an accent deep, Expressing all the conflict of his soul, The excess of wo, the horror of his crime; He speaks“ Who chus invades Misfortune's drear abode? “O stranger! dost thou come to learn my woeg? “Well-see these children-there their mother lies “ I am a man-a husband, and a father!"Is this enough?-My lot, before this day, “Was less severe; misfortunes had assail'd, “But ne'er till now my soul was stained with crime! “Go and reveal it-I will bless the blow“Will bless your law that punishes my guilt; "I know not what may be-my dreadful fate “May arm a robber's hand with murderous

“Go! rid ine of the world and of myself!"-
Exhausted nature fails he faints-he falls!

Oh! Pity! soften down the wretch's bed!
Pour forth thy gold, pour forth thy balmy tears;
Console his misery, and repair his fault,
And teach this useful lesson to the world:-
That he who wishes to prevent a crime,
Should first prevent the want from which it flows.



BY MRS. LLOYD.-1784.

Near to the foot of some decaying tree
A honey suckle fair doth often grow,
And twining round, hides, with its fresh green leaves,
The wither'd boughs,—gives all it's sweet perfume,
And shields it from each rude high swelling blast.
Thus, dear Maria, in her bloom of youth
And beauty gay, with fond affection bends
Her soul to mine, and gives her sweetest smiles
To drooping age, and still declining years:-
Those years, e're long, must fail:-Life's feeble sap
No more shall rise;-the dull eye slow will turn,
And not perceive Maria's gentle tear,
Nor see that look of love, which softens pain:
Yet may it not be lost!—when my last breath,
Through cold and pale grown lips, unheard, shall pass,
A keener pang, than thy soft breast can know,
Will ask relief:-Thy debt of gratitude
Then, dear Maria, with it pay, and sooth,
With tender care, *his pain, who long hath strewed
Thy path, and mine, with sweet and chosen flow'rs:-
Still kind protection meet, and ev'ry aid,
Thy virtue claims from Friendship's warmest glov!

* The late Dr. Lloyd, dean of Norwich.

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