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Out of my weakness and my melancholy,
A CT III.
SCENE, the PALAGE. Enter King, Queen, Polonius, Ophelia, Rosincrantz,
Guildenstern, and Lords.
Guil. Nor do we find him forward to be founded;
Queen. Did he receive you well?
Rof. Niggard of question, but of our demands
Queen. Did you affay him to any pastime?
ROS. Madam, it so fell out, that certain Players
Pol. 'Tis most true :
King. With all-my heaff, sand it doth much content me
Qucen. I shall obey you:
King. Oh 'tis too true.
9. [Exeunt all but Ophelia.
aon, 's Enter Hamlet.
The heart-ache, and the thousand natural shocks
(33) Or to take Arms againft a Sea of Troubles;
And by oppofing end them ??] I once imagin'd, that, to preserve the Unje formity of Metaphor, and as it is a Word our Author is fond of using elsewhere, he might have wrote ;-a Siege of Troubles. So, in Midsummer Night's Dream.
War, Death, or Sickness did lay Siege to:it; » stopil
Death, having prey'd upon the outqvård Parts,
Leaves them ; invisible bis Siege is now ;; &c.'.posti
Betro:b'd, and would have married ber, &c.
Not evin Nature,
But by Contempt of Nature.
against a 'Say of Troubles,
Makes Vow before his Uncle, never more
To give th’ Assay of Arms against your Majesty.
Galling the gleaned Land with hot: Aflays.
-their Malady convinces
Arid that thy Tongue fome 'Say of Breeding breathes, &c. &c.
But, perhaps, any Correction whâtever may be unnecessary; considering the great Licenciousness of our Poet in joining heterogeneous Metaphors;
Devoutly to be wilh’d. To diet neep- (34)
Sept. cont. Thebas, v. 64.
Κύμα γάρ περί πόλιν
hid. v. 116.
Δόκιμος. δ' εις υσες ας
I was of late as petty to his Ends,
To:bis grand Sea.
Tho' I know,
Muft yield their Tribute there.
To die, to sleep ; To sleep? perchance, to dream :) This admirable fine Reflexion seems, in a paltry Manner, to be freer'd at by Beaumont. and Fletcher in their Scornful Lady.
Rog: Have patience, Sir, until our Fellazo Nicholas, be deceas'd, that is, slike to sleep, to dye ; to dys, to sleep i. 4 very Figuse, Siro
That makes Calamity of fo long life,
pang of despis'd love, the law's delay,
and sweat under a weary life?
(35) That undiscover'd Country, from whose Bourne
No Traveller returns.). As some fuperficial Criticks have, without the least Scruple, accused the Poet of Forgetfulness and Self-Contradiction from this Passage ; seeing that in this very Play he introduces a Character from the other World, the Ghost of Hamlet's Father : I have thought this Circumstance worthy of a Juftification. 'Tis certain, to introduce a Gholt, a Being from the other World, and to say, that no Traveller returns from those Confines, is, literally taken, as absolute a Contradiction as can be fuppos'd & facto & terminis. But we are to take Notice, that Shakespeare brings his Ghost only from a middle State, or local Purgatory : a Prison-house, as he makes his Spirit call it, where he was doom'd, for a Term only, to expiate his Sins of Nature. By the undiscover'd Country here mention'd, he may, perhaps, mean that last and eternal Refidence of Souls in a State of full Blits or Misery; which Spirits in a middle State could not be acquainted with, or explain. So that if any Latitude of Sense may be allow'd to the Poet's Words, tho' he admits the Possibility of a Spirit returning from the Dead, he yet holds, 'that the State of the Dead cannot be communicated ; and, with that Allowance, it remains Aill an unidisordered Country. We are to observe too, that even his Ghost, who comes from Purgatory, for, whatever has been signified under that Denomination) comes under Restrictions : And tho' he confesses himself subject to a Vicissitude of Torments, (yét he says, at the same time, that he is forbid to tell the Secrets of his Prison-house. The Antients had the fame Notion of our obfcure and twilight Knowledge of an After-being. Valerius Flaccus, I remember, (if I may be indulg'a in a fhort Digreffion) speaking of the lower Regions, and State of the Spirits there, tias an Expreshon, which, in one Sente, comes clole to our Author's undiscover'd Country; Superis incognita Tellus.