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act of Congress action adopted appointed Articles of Confederation authority bill Bill of Attainder charge charter Chief Justice Marshall Circuit Court citizens Civil claim clause colonies commerce common law Confederation Constitution Continental Congress contract Convention convicted crime criminal debts decided decision declared defendant direct tax District due process duty election electors enacted enforce established executive exercise Federal courts Fifth Amendment foreign Fourteenth Amendment G. P. Putnam's Sons Georgia grant habeas corpus imposed indictment Judge judgment judicial power jurisdiction jury land legislation legislature levied liberty means ment obligation offence opinion party Pennsylvania person political power of Congress present President privileges process of law prohibited protection punishment purpose question railroad reason regulate rule Senate statute Supreme Court territory thereof tion treaty trial U. S. Rep Union United vested vote Wallace's Rep Wheaton's Rep words York
Sivu 168 - We admit, as all must admit, that the powers of the government are limited, and that its limits are not to be transcended. But we think the sound construction of the Constitution must allow to the national legislature that discretion, with respect to the means by which the powers it confers are to be carried into execution, which will enable that body to perform the high duties assigned to it, in the manner most beneficial to the people.
Sivu 239 - And, in the just preservation of rights and property, it is understood and declared that no law ought ever to be made or have force in the said Territory that shall, in any manner whatever, interfere with or affect private contracts, or engagements, bona fide, and without fraud previously formed.
Sivu 107 - It is the power to regulate; that is, to prescribe the rule by which commerce is to be governed. This power, like all others vested in Congress, is complete in itself, may be exercised to its utmost extent, and acknowledges no limitations, other than are prescribed in the constitution.
Sivu 366 - If two laws conflict with each other, the courts must decide on the operation of each. So if a law be in opposition to the constitution ; if both the law and the constitution apply to a particular case, so that the court must either decide that case conformably to the law, disregarding the constitution; or conformably to the constitution, disregarding the law; the court must determine which of these conflicting rules governs the case. This is of the very essence of judicial duty.
Sivu 184 - Martial rule can never exist where the courts are open, and in the proper and unobstructed exercise of their jurisdiction.
Sivu 253 - It appears to me the worst instrument of arbitrary power, the most destructive of English liberty and the fundamental principles of law, that ever was found in an English law book.
Sivu 186 - A bill of attainder is a legislative act which inflicts punishment without a judicial trial. If the punishment be less than death, the act is termed a bill of pains and penalties.
Sivu 239 - The inhabitants of the said territory, shall always be entitled to the benefits of the writ of habeas corpus, and of the trial by jury; of a proportionate representation of the people in the legislature, and of judicial proceedings according to the course of the common law.
Sivu 51 - Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New-York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South...
Sivu 214 - But the object and end of all government is to promote the happiness and prosperity of the community by which it is established; and it can never be assumed that the government intended to diminish its power of accomplishing the end for which it was created.