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MISSIONS IN INDIA
not have been presented to any one, who The Rev. Charles Buchanan, A. M. wished to investigate the state of the naVice Provost of the college of Fort Wil. tives of India, with a view to their moral liam), has lately published a memoir con. and religious improvement." cerning ecclesiastical establishments in “Under the auspices of Marquis Wel. India, which contains much curious and lesley, who, by favour of Providence, nos valuable information. The subject is no presides in the government of India, a less than that of giving christianity, and version of the holy Scriptures may be er. with it civilization, to myriads of human pected, not in one language alone, but in beings, now sunk in the grossest igno. seven of the Oriental tongues; in the rance, and abased by the most atrocious Hindoostanee, Persian, Chinese, and Ma. superstitions. For the promotion of this lay; Orissa, Mahratta, and Bengalese; object, Mr. B. divides his tract into three of which the four former are the primary principal parts: the first relates to the and popular languages of the Continent care and preservation of the christian and Isles of Asia. faith among his own countrymen settled “In the centre of the Pagan world, and in India ; the second treats of the prac- at the chief seat of superstition and idol. ticability of civilizing and converting the atry, these works are carried on; and the natives; and the third states the progress unconverted natives assist in the translaalready made in that civilization, and in tions. The Gospels have already been the planting of christianity. Under each translated into the Persian, Hindowostanee of these headls is contained many articles, Mahratta, Orissa, and Malay languages; which deserve the attention of every per. and the whole Scriptures have been trans. son anxious to promote the progress of lated into the Bengalee language. One the Redeemer's kingdom; and which fur- edition of the Bengalee Bible has been nish motives for encouragement for mis- distributed amongst the natires; and a sionary men to proceed in their labours. second is in the press for their use. A
The following facts are stated in the version of the Scriptures in the Chinese dedication:
language (the language of three hundred “ New sources of information on all millions of men) has also been undertaOriental subjects, have been opened by ken; and a portion of the work is already the College of Fort William in Bengal. printed off.” Those persons who have held official situ- The second division of this memoir ations in that institution during the last treating of the practicability of civilizing four years, have had constant opportuni. and christianizing the natives of Hindosties of observing the conduct, and of learn- tan, will be read with increasing interest. ing the opinions, of the most intelligent The following are some of his observanatives. There are attached to the col- tions on this subject lege, at this time, upwards of one hundred " To civilize the Hindoos will be conlearned men, who have arrived from dif- sidered, by most men, our duty; but is it ferent parts of India, Persia, and Arabia, practicable? and if practicable, would it In such an assemblage, the manners and be consistant with a wise policy? It has customs of remote regions are distinct. been alleged by some, that no direct ly described; and their varying sen- means ought to be used for the moral timents, religious and political, may be improvement of the natives; and it is not accurately investigated and compared. considered liberal or politic to disturb
“Of the learned Hindoos who have their superstitions. been emploved as teachers, there were " Whether we use direct mears or lately two from the Decan, who profess not, their superstitions will be disturbati the Christian faith; and comport them- under the influence of British civilization. selves according to Christian manners. But we ought first to observe that there Two Protestant missionares have also are multitudes who have no faith at all. been attached to the institution; one of Neither Hindoos nor Mussulmans, outwhom is lecturer in the Bengalee and casts from every faith; they are of themShanscrit department; and has been for selves fit objects for our beneficence. many years employed in preaching in the Subjects of the British empire, they sees Bengalee language to the natives in the a cast and a religion, and claim from & North of Hindoostan. The other is a just government the franchise of a human teacher of the Tamul or Malabar lan- creature. guage; and has been long attached to a “ And as to those who have a faith, mission in the south of the Peninsula. that faith, we aver, will be disturbed,
“ More desirable means of obtaining whether we wish it or not, under the in. accurate and original intelligence could fluence of British principles: this is a truth confirmed by experience. Their “ You will sometimes hear it said that prejudices weaken daily in every Euro. the Hindoos are a mild and passive peopean settlement. Their sanguinary rites ple. They have apathy rather then mild. cannot now bear the noonday of English ness; their hebetude of mind is, perhaps, observation: and the intelligent among their chief negative virtue. They are a them are ashamed to confess the absurd race of men of weak bodily frame, and principles of their own casts. As for ex- they have a mind conformed to it, timid treme delicacy towards the superstitions and abject in the extreme. They are pas. of the Hindoos, they understand it not. sive enough to receive any vicious imTheir ignorance and apathy are so ex- pression. The English government found treme, that no means of instruction will it necessary lately to enact a law against give them serious offence, except positive parents sacrificing their own children. In violence*.”
the course of the last six months, one " The moral state of the Hindoos is re. hundred and sixteen women were burnt presented as being still worse than that alive with the bodies of their deceased of the Mahometans. Those, who have husbands within thirty miles round Cal. had the best opportunities of knowing cutta, the most civilized quarter of Benthem, and who have known them for the gal*. But, independently of their superlongest time, concur in declaring that stitious practices, they are described by neither truth, nor honesty, honour, grati- competent judges as being of a spirit vinuude, nor charity, is to be found pure in dictive and merciless; exhibiting itself at the breast of a Hindoo. How can it be times in a rage and infatuation, which is otherwise? The Hindoo children have no without example among any other peomoral instruction. If the inhabitants of the plet" British isles had no moral instruction, would they be moral? The Hindoos have no moral books. What branch of their ted as systematic into any religion on mythology has not more of falschood and earth, may be considered as the last ef. vice in it, than ot truth and virtue? They fort of mental depravity in the invention have no moral gods. The robber and the of a superstition to blind the understand. prostitute lift up their hands with the in- ing, and to corrupt the heart. fant and the priest, before an horrible idol of clay painted red, deformed and *“ From April to October, 1804. disgusting as the vices which are practi. sed before itt.
† “ Lord Teignmouth, while President of the Asiatic Society in Bengal, deli.
vered a discourse, in which he illustrated *“ The Christian missionary is always the revengeful and pitiless spirit of the followed by crowds of the common peo. Hindoos, by instances which had come ple, who listen with great pleasure to the within his own knowledge while resident disputation between him and the Brah- at Benares. mins; and are not a little amused when “In 1791, Soodishter Meer, a brahthe Brahmins depart, and appoint another min, having refused to obey a sommons day for the discussion. The people somc. issued by a civil officer, a force was sent times bring back the Brahmins by con- to compel obedience. To intimidate them, straint, and urge them to the contest or to satiate a spirit of revenge in himagain."
self, be sacrificed one of his own family.
On their approaching his house, he cut † " The Hindoo superstition has been off the head of his deceased son's widow denominated lascivious and bloody. That and threw it out. it is bloody, is manifest from the daily “ In 1793, a brahmin, named Balloo, instances of the female sacrifice, and of had a quarrel with a man about a field, the commission of sanguinary or painful and by way of revenging himself on this rites. The ground of the former epithet man, he killed his own daughter. I be. may be discovered in the description of came angry, said he, and enraged at his their religious ceremonies: • There is in forbidding me to plough the field, and most sects a right-handed or decent path; bringing my own little daughter Apmun. and a left-handed or indecent mode of ya, who was only a year and a half old, I Worship.'
killed her with my sword.'" ." See Essay on the Religious Ceremo. “ About the same time, an act of ma. nies of the Brahmins, by H. T. Colebrooke, tricide was perpetrated by two brahEs} Asiat. Res. vol. vii. p. 281. That mins, Beechuk and Adher. These two such a principle should have been admit. men conceiving themselves to have been “ No truth has been more clearly de- 8 times, and admitted 5 persons to church . monstrated than this, that the communi- fellowship; assisted in embodying 3 small cation of christian instruction to the na. churches; heard 16 sermons, and one tives of India is easy; and that the bene. chapter expounded; addressed 2 compafits of that instruction, civil as well as nics of militia, and prayed with them, moral, will be inestimable; whether we while under arms, at 2 several times, consider the happiness diffused among so catechised children once, and spent one many millions, or their consequent at. day in a church fast, where there was tachment to our rovernment, or the ad. no preaching. vantages resulting from the introduction In most places the people are tolerably of the civilized arts. Every thing that can ready to hear, and in some places uncom. brighten the hope or animate the policy monly attentive. At Schoodic, Robinsof a virtuous people organizing a new em. town, Peasant River, Steuben, Paris, &c. pire, and seeking the most rational means there is some attention. On Penobscot under the favour of heaven, to ensure its river also there are hopeful appearances. perpetuity; every consideration, we arer, God has been pleased, I have reason to would persuade us to diffuse the blessings think, to make his word, through my un. of christian knowledge among our Indian worthy lips, a means of quickening his subjects.” , the habitation of thy house the place ment.” He felt the pangs of separation where thine honour dwelleth, I have ha- from those he loved on earth; his feelings ted the congregation of evil doers, to sit were not those of a stoick; yet he met with such I have shunned. Gather not death with the fortitude of a Christian my soul with sinners." When his disor. He always spoke with calmness of his ap. der had affected his head, and his mind proacbing dissolution: and to one of his seemed deranged with respect to every friends he gave directions respecting his thing else, it was not so with regard to funeral, and the place in which he wished religion; happy proof, that those ideas his flesh to rest in hope. Humility was : had made a deep impression. Death could leading trait in the character of this good not separate him from the love of God. man. Though he always heard with a One or two evenings before his death, dent pleasure the experience of others, one of his family asked him, if he now pos. and with great faithfulness pointed out to sessed a confidence in the peculiar love those committed to his care, what ought of God to his soul; he answered, “Yes, to be the exercises of their minds, he sel. though not in that degree or with that dom spoke of his own religious experience. fervour I could wish.
dear children, awakening sinners, and of
the bopeful conversion of a few. All the The following is an abstract from the
glory is due to his holy name. I spent six Journal of Reo. Mr. Sewall, a missiona.
Sabbaths in Eastport, and received for ry from the Massachusetts missionary
the use of the society 30 dollars. I spent
also seven Sabbaths in Hampden, Bangor, society. Chesterville, May 14, 1806.
and Orrington, on Penobscot river, and From Mar, 1805, to May 1806. I spent
lectured on week days in tbe destitute
places in the vicinity, and received of thirty-eight weeks in the service of the Massachusetts missionary society. In the
those towns 42 dollars. On the whole, I time I travelled 2587 miles, preached 330
think the prospect of good being done sermons, made 169 family visits, (besides
by missionary labours in this district looks the places where I lodged) expounded
quite as favourable as last year. That God chapters to small assemblies 12 times,
may direct and prosper the exertions of
· the Massachusetts society, is the prayer attended 11 conferences, 9 church meet. ings, 6 'prayer meetings, 2 associations, 01
of one of their servants in the gospel. and 5 funerals; visited 26 sick persons
JOTHAM SE WALL. and 4 schools; baptized 7 adults and 60 children; administered the Lord's supper
November 20th, 1805. The Presbytery injured by some persons in a certain vil.
of New-Castle, being met, at Church. lage, they brought their mother to an ad.
Hill church (Maryland), ordained Mr. jacent rivulet, and calling aloud to the
CHARLES WALLACE to the work of the people of the village, ‘ Beechuk drew his
gospel ministry, and installed him pastor scymetar, and, at one stroke, severed his
of the congregations of Church-Hill and mother's head from the body; with the
Jarmin's Bridge. The Rev. Dr. Thomas professed view, as avowed both by parent
Read preached the ordination sermon, and son, that the mother's spirit might
and presided, and the Rev. John E. Latta forever haunt those who had injured sune
ed gave the charge. them.' Asiat. Res. vol. iv. p. 337.
« Would not the principles of the April 2d, 1806. Being met at the Rock christian religion be a good substitute for Church, ordained Mr. John Waugh to the principles of these brahmins of the the work of the gospel ministry, sine titulo. province of Benares ?
The Rev. John Burton preached the op. .« It will, perhaps, be observed, that dination sermon, the Rev. Alexander these are but individual instances. True: Mitchel presided, and the Rev. John E. but they prove all that is required. Is Latta gave the charge. there any other barbarous nation on carth Attest, JOHN E. LATTA, which can exhibit such instances !"
OBITUARY. DEPARTED this life, March 12, 1806, with him without receiving edification, - Joseph MAGOFFIN, Esq. late merchant conviction or comfort. Of himself, and of this city, in the seventieth year of his his attainments, he ever spake with moage. His remains were interred the fol. desty and diffidence; and it was his prelowing day in the burial ground of the vailing disposition to esteem others (i. e. first presbyterian church.
other christians) better than himself. He • Joseph Magoffin was a native of Ire. had a peculiarly happy mode of adminis
land. His mother and maternal grand. tering reproof, and in this respect he father were eminently pious; of the for- was a faithful friend. By many his samer he cherished, through life, the most voury admonitions will long be rememaffectionate remembrance, and spoke in bered. In his views of religious truth, he his last hours with the tenderest feeling. was fixed and unwavering; he had from Early in life he emigrated to this country; a child known the holy scriptures, “which and, after twice re-crossing the Atlantic, are able to make wise unto salvation," and he settled in Baltimore, where he com- he had long held and professed his faith menced business, and in a short time ac. in the doctrines of grace through the allquired a moderate fortune. About the atoning merit and righteousness of the commencement of the revolutionary war, lord Jesus Christ. He was however no he married, and soon after removed to sectarian; his charity and regards exYork county in this state. He was a repre. tended to all who love the Lord Jesus sentative of that county in the state le. Christ in sincerity; and like the great gislature during the greater part of the apostle of the gentiles he was willing to struggle between the colonies and mother become all things to all men where there country. At the conclusion of the war he was a prospect of meeting in Jesus as removed to Philadelphia, where he resi. their common Lord and Saviour. The ded till his death. Wherever he lived he severity of the winter of 1804, and the did not fail to gain the confidence of the sufferings of the poor are not yet forgotwise and good. In the years 1793 and ten; contributions were made for their 1794, he was a member of the legislature relief, and distributing committies apfor the county of Philadelphia: after pointed. He was placed on the committee serving two years in the common council, of the extensive ward in which he lived. he declined being re-elected on account His indefatigable exertions amidst cold of increasing years and infirmities. In and wet, produced a disorder in his breast these and some subordinate situations, which, tho' in some measure alleviated, he always acted with that attention and was never removed, & finally put a period fidelity which could defy the tongue of to his mortal life. By an act of benevolence malice; and was so fortunate to the last, he laid the foundationof his death, and duas not only to deserve, but to retain a ring his confinement he enjoyed as much character wholly unsullied.
freedom from pain as could well be supHe was tender and sympathetic unto posed, where the silver cord was graduall, and affectionate to christian brethren; ally loosening; and at length he expired he knew well how to make allowances for without a struggle. “ Blessed is he that "poor human nature,” as he was wont considereth the poor,” “the Lord will to express himself, even in the best of strengthen him upon the bed of languish. men. Few perhaps have been better qua. ing. Thou wilt make all his bed in his lified to act the part of a friend than he sickness." The most fewent wishes he exwas. His deep sense of unworthiness, pressed were for resignation to the divine induced him to expect but little from will, and of this grace he exhibited a others; and for any marks of kindness bright example. Naturally of a despond. he reccived, he was ever grateful, but to ing disposition," and disposed to view those who were among his friends, he every thing on the darkest side, he had was a friend indeed: in their afflictions his fears and doubts. Indeed he well knew he bore a part. He could rejoice with that a mistake nowwould be irremediable. those that rejoiced, and weep with those “ Yet I know said he,” it is the legality that wept. His conversation was such as of my heart which sets before me the sins became the gospel, and it is the testi- of my youth, and the unprofitableness of mony of one who was favoured with his my life.” He declared he had no doubt acquaintance, and his confidence, for of his sincerity in serving God. He could twelve years, that he seldom conversed say with confidence, “Lord I have loved
He was early initiated into the doctrines To a particular friend, who was with of the gospel, and evinced in after life the him shortly before his death, he express truth of the wise man's observation, 'traja sed himself as follows. “You and I have up a child in the way he should go, and long professed faith in Christ. Oh, we do when he is old he will not depart from it' not believe, we do not trust him lialf Here he was jealous of himself, with a enough; keep close to Christ my friend; godly jealousy; and be frequently ex. you are safe no where else. Tell the breth. pressed his fears; that as he had been an ren of our little society* (a pleasing one observer of religious duties, his religion it hath been to me) to keep close to the had in it something of chance, especially Redeemer; let his excellency, suitable. as he found not in his change those regu. ness, and ability as a Saviour be the be. lar steps laid down by some. But tho'these ginning and end of your meetings; and were often the desponding exercises of let brotherly love continue. Pray for me his own mind, to those who knew him that I may not be left in the critical mo. best, bis manner of life left no room to
doubt that for him to live was Christ, to
die gain!' * The society here alluded to is com
During the last seven or eight years of posed of male communicating members his life it was his custom to retire three from different Presbyterian Churches, and times a day for secret devotion; which at meets once every week in private houses particular scasons he accompanied with for social conference on relicious subjects religious fasting. Though free from the and for praver.
least appearance of superstition, he was The following is an extract of a letter a strict observer of the Sabbath, sancti. written by him to that society, (for which fying it with all those over whom he poshe deservedly obtained the name of a sessed authority. To the souls of such he father) during his illness. " Resignation is endeavoured faithfully to discharge his a very different thing, from what we are duty; the priest of his family, he taught apt to think, when matters seein to go them to offer the
Ở them to offer the morning and erening well with us. IVe think we have attained sacrifice, and when visited by any of hus it; but let distress come upon us in per- relatives, he alway
:relatives, he always took the opportunity son, family,character, and substance, that of impressing their minds with what bewill try us. The whole secret may be longed to their eternal peace. He sighed found in these few words. " Let him deny at abounding iniquity, and while in stahimself, and take up the daily cross and tions of public confidence earnestlv esertfollow me.” We are all divided be. ed himself for the suppression of theattween God and self, and self has many rical exhibitions, and murder by duel. He. Ways to work in us: If we could get clear was an example of our Saviour's precept of self, we would do. I have heard there “if you love me, keep my commandseems a kind of apathy to have fallen on ments.” us, but my dear brethren let me just ask, Early devoted to his Saviour's cause, can we not watch with Christ one hour! He sought with zeal the honour of his It seems to be a time of falling ofi, even laws, here, but can we not hear him who is Through life a champion for the faith he saying, will ye also go away, shall we not stood, rather say with good Nchemiah, shall In death his peace, his hope, his rest was such a man as I fee?