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$ 9. How will relatives meet the relatives their unholy conduct has ruined ! how will unholy parents meet their injured children, at the tremendous bar of final judgment! A pious writer observes, “ Who has so much to dread in the prospects of judgment, as the parent, whose child may rise up, and, addressing the Judge, may say, “ Lord ! this father, this mother, of mine, never warned me of this day; or warned me with so little solicitude, that I thought the danger could not be great. Hence I followed the multitude to do evil, and neglected my everlasting interests till I find it now proves too late. But ah, Lord ! are there no mitigating circumstances in my case? If I had been faithfully warned and entreatedif an anxiety similar to what was felt when my body was in danger, had been manifested towards my soul, surely I should not have been in these circumstances. O Lord ! it is, in a great measure, chargeable upon my father, upon my mother, who conversed with me upon every subject except my soul, that I am now doomed to hear the sentence, Depart, thou

Every motive that affection can urge, should lead you to labour and pray to promote the best interests of those with whom you are connected in the strongest ties of nature. Else, if you enjoy religion and they are strangers to it, how soon a day of dreadful and eternal separation will arrive! Ah, in that day friends, united here in nature's strongest, dearest ties, but not united in the ties of grace, must part asunder to meet no more for ever. Families that once met around the same hearth, sat around the same table, and passed the best and happiest years of life beneath the same roof, must separate to an infinite and eternal distance. One part rising high in glory in the blissful climes of heaven, the other sunk deep in eternal despair in the pit of fire and woe.

The parents in heaven, and their once beloved children in hell; or, perhaps, the children welcomed by the Judge of all to life and bliss, and their unholy, unhappy parents doomed to all the horrors of eternal night. Brothers and sisters, husbands and wives, here much and mutually beloved, when they leave this world must frequently separate for ever. One crowned with glory will join the family of the first-born, the other sink beneath a load of unforgiven sin to. misery and despair. They

* Ward's Sermon on the Design of the Death of Christ.


239 who once were united in such fond attachment, now united no more. They part, and part for ever. They pursued their journey in union through the little span of time, but now, while some exult in all the light, and love, and joy of life eternal, their once beloved associates, swept into the gulf of perdition, feel nothing but guilt, remorse, despair, and wretched

ness; and anticipate not one bright moment in the dreary ages (of an eternal night. O, my friend, can you bear the thought

of such a separation between yourself and those you hold most dear? Do you not tremble at the idea of so dismal a parting from the child you tenderly love? or the dear parent

you revere? or the brothers or sisters, who have been the afEfectionate companions of your youthful hours ? or the hus: band, or the wife, that is now the fond soother of your care?

Yet, if you are devoted to Jesus, and they are not, it must come. s How should the dreadful idea add fervour to your prayers,

and life to your endeavours, to snatch them as brands from the burning ! But perhaps they are consecrated to the Saviour, and you are not O can you bear to be the wretched outcast ?" to see your child, or your parent, your brother, or your sister, your husband, or your wife, ascend to heaven, while you, with a broken heart, look after them in vain ? to see them rise to glory and eternal life, while you sink to darkness, mie sery, and despair ? If the thought is dreadful, what will be the reality? Flee from the dreadful heart-breaking woe, and make their God and Father yours.

* Perhaps a brief but impressive narrative may add force to these remarks. "I have known,” said a pious father, “the grace of God for nearly thirty years ;” but in spite of all my advice, my five sons and two daughters, all grown up, ran on in the broad way to destruction. This cost me many a prayer and tear; yet I saw no fruit of all my labours. In January last, I dreamed that the day of judgment was come: I saw the Judge on his great white throne, the holy angels sitting around him, and all nations gathered before him. I and my wife were on the right hand, but I could not see my children.

“I then thought that I must go and seek them; so I went to the left hand, and found them all standing together ; tearing their hair, beating their breasts, and cursing the day that they were born. As soon as they saw me, they all caught hold of me, and said," O father! we will part no more !'-1 said, - My dear children, I am come to try, if possible, to get you out of this dismal situation.' So I took them all with me; but when we were come within a bowshot of the Judge, I thought he cast an angry look, and said,

What do thy children with thee now they would not take thy warning when upon earth : they shall not share the crown with thee. Depart, ye cursed !' At these words, I awoke, bathed in sweat and tears. A few days after this, as we were sitting altogether on a sabbath evening, I related my dream to them: no sooner did I begin, but first one, then another, yea, all of them, burst into tears; and God fastened conviction on their hearts. Five of them are now rejoicing in God their Saviour. I believe God is at work with the other two; so that I doubt not that he will give them also to my prayers.

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$ 10. How happy is that family where all, united in the Saviour's love, are travelling together to eternal life! What prayers, what labours of love will not such a prospect recompense! It is true, death will tear that family asunder, and snatch one by one, till all the once happy circle are snatched away; yet they are cheered with the bright prospect of forming a family again, where adieus and farewells are a sound unknown. How sweet is their united devotion, when

“ Kneeling down to heaven's eternal King,
“The saint, the father, and the husband prays,
Hope springs exulting on triumphant wing,
“That thus they all shall meet in future days.
“ There ever bask in uncreated rays;
“No more to sigh or shed the bitter tear,
“ For ever singing their Redeemer's praise,
" In such society, but still more dear,

“While circling time moves round in one eternal sphere." How sweet will be their future union! O blessed day, when they who associated below, shall meet in realms above! Blessed day, when they who mingled sorrows here, shall meet to mingle raptures there! when they who shared together the trials of earth, shall share in sweeter union the triumphs of heaven! For ever safe! for ever and for ever blest! far from every evil ! far from every grief! No longer soothers of each other's woe, but partakers of each other's felicity! Assaulted by temptation, afflicted by calamity, stained by sin, humbled by imperfection, alarmed by danger, never more! Security is their privilege, as happiness is their portion. The boisterous storms of time cannot follow them, sheltered safe from every storm. The blasts of affliction shall beat no more on their now peaceful home. The inroads of disease shall no more alarm, nor the assaults of death break their eternal union. The time for these things will be no longer. These began and ended in the field of mortal existence; but the peaceful mansions of the blest are for ever sheltered from them. Happy tranquillity, which nothing through eternal ages can disturb ! lasting harmony, which nothing can dissolve! delightful security, which nothing through eternity shall ever alarm! and happy, happy union, which shall continue unbroken, while the infinite periods of an eternal day are rolling for ever along! Blessed family! with what melody will they join the everlasting song, “ Worthy is the Lamb that was slain, to receive power, and -This good old saint, before he exchanged time for eternity, had the happi. ness of seeing the remainder of his children converted to the truth as it is in Jesus, and adorning the doctrine of God our Saviour, by useful lives.".


241 riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing. Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto HIM that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the LAMB, for ever and ever!"

O, iny friend, with such inducements, who that feels the Saviour's love, and true affection for his beloved connexions, would not wish to show piety at home!



§ 1. Of all the institutions designed by heavenly mercy to

promote the temporal and eternal welfare of mankind, there is no one of such immense importance, and productive of such immense benefits, as the sabbath. “Whereever the sabbath is not, there is no worship, no religion. Man forgets God, and God forsakes man." Where the sabbath is not regarded, man degenerates to a brute, a heathen, an infidel, or an atheist; and hastens, with a rapid step, to the scene where he will' bear all the character, and all the

features, of a fiend. Where the sabbath is loved, venerated, é and improved, peace smiles, hope blooms, piety matures and

ripens, and the soul hastens onward to the period, when the sabbaths of time shall be exchanged for the long sabbath of eternity.

$ 2. God, at the beginning of time, appointed a sabbath. This solemn season for rest and religion he ordained should then be the seventh day. “ God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it; because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made."'a There is reason to believe that this day was regarded as sacred by the patriarchs, and it is decisively clear, that it was esteemed holy be

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(a) Gen. ii. 3.



242 fore the time when the law was given at Sinai. For some time before that period, Moses is described as speaking to the Israelites respecting it, and speaking of it not as if it were a new institution, but one well known to them.

" He said unto them, This is that which the Lord hath said, To-morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the Lord.”b

When the Lord, with appalling and terrible majesty, gave the law from Mount Sinai, the observation of the sabbath was the subject of one of the ten precepts that he delivered on that tremendous occasion. “Remember the sabbath day to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: but the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God : in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates : for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it."

This solemn law of the Most High does not appear to have been introduced at this time as a new law, but as a law refer. ring to a subject, with which the Israelites were well acquainted. REMEMBER the sabbath day. This phraseology im. plies, that they were acquainted with the day and with the saw which they were now solemnly commanded to regard.

$ 3. With respect to the change of the sabbath from the seventh day of the week to the first, it may be observed, that

The Lord Jesus Christ was Lord of the sabbath, and consequently possessed authority to alter the day on which the sabbath is to be observed. * The Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath day."d

That the Lord Jesus Christ communicated to his apostles so large a measure of his Spirit, and such authority in settling his church, that a change of the sabbath from the seventh day to the first, appointed by them, would be as binding on his disciples, as such a change expressly spoken of by him. self. Verily, I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatsoever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven."

“ I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye

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cannot bear them now. (6) Exod. xvi. 23, 26.

(c) Exod. xx. 8–11. (e) Matt. xviii. 18.

(d) Matt. xii. 8.

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