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ern newspaper outside of Illinois to do so; and its influence caused the election of a Lincoln delegate to the Republican Convention from the Xenia district, thus strengthening the break in the Ohio column which Governor Chase at the time so bitterly resented, After Mr. Lincoln's famous speech at the Cooper Institute in New York and his return to the West, Mr. Reid went to Columbus to meet him, formed one of his escort to Xenia, and introduced him at the railroad station to the citizens. Subsequently he entered ardently into the business of the campaign, making speeches and acting as secretary of the Greene County Republican Committee. His exertions were too much for his health, and he was compelled to withdraw from the political arena and take a vacation. He travelled through the Northwest, visiting the extreme headwaters of the Mississippi and St. Louis rivers, and returned across the site of the present town of Duluth. The following winter he spent in Columbus as a legislative correspondent on an engagement with the " cinnati Times." His letters from the Northwest in the "Cincinnati Gazette " during the summer of 1860 were favorably received, and, after a few weeks of his engagement with the "Times" had elapsed he obtained an offer at a higher figure from the "Cleveland Herald," to be followed by a yet better offer from the “Cincinnati Gazette." Mr. Reid undertook all three engagements, and by them was put in receipt of a good income for a journalist in those days, some $38 a week; but the task of writing daily three letters, distinct in tone, upon the same dreary legislative themes was a species of drudgery which severely tried even his versatility and courage. Such discipline, however, rendered his later journalistic labors comparatively light and attractive.
SERVICES AS A WAR CORRESPONDENT.
At the close of that session of the Ohio Legislature the "Gazette" offered him the post of city editor, and this position, so full of varied training, he accepted until, at the beginning of the Civil War, McClellan, then a captain in the Regular Army and stationed at Cincinnati, was sent to West Virginia. With this movement, Mr. Reid, by order of the "Gazette" Company, took the position of its war correspondent. Gen. Morris had command of the advance, and Mr, Reid, as representative of the then foremost journal in Ohio, was assigned to duty as volunteer aide-de-camp, with the rank of captain. Then over the signature of “Agate " began a series of letters which attracted general attention and largely increased the demand for the "Gazette." After the West Virginia campaign terminated in the victory over Garnet's army and the death of General Garnet himself at Carrick's Ford, on Cheat River, Mr. Reid returned to the "Gazette" office, and for a time wrote editorial leaders. He was sent back to West Virginia, and given a position on the staff of General Rosecrans. He served through the second campaign that terminated with the battles of Carnifex Ferry and Gauley Bridge. These battles he wrote an account of and then returning to the "Gazette " office resumed his editorial duties and helped organize the staff of correspondents the publishers of that journal had found it necessary to employ. Fairly established as a journalist of much promise, only brief mention can be made of the brilliant service which marked his subsequent career in the West. In 1861-'62 he went to Fort Donelson, recorded the Tennessee campaign, arrived at Pittsburg Landing weeks in advance of the battle fought there, and, leaving a sick-bed, was the only correspondent who witnessed the fight from its beginning to its close. It was his account of this battle, one of the most important of the war, that stamped him as a newspaper correspondent of the first class. Those ten columns of the "Gazette were widely copied and published in extras by St. Louis and Chicago papers, and their writer was complimented by an advance in his already liberal salary,
At the siege of Corinth Mr. Reid was appointed chairman of a committee of the correspondents to interview General Halleck upon the occasion of the latter's difficulty with "the gentlemen of the press," which ended in their dignified withdrawal from the military lines.
EXPERIENCES AS A WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENT AND AS A PLANTER.
Mr. Reid went to Washington in the spring of 1862, where he was offered the management of a leading St. Louis newspaper. On hearing of this offer the proprietors of the "Gazette" offered to sell him a handsome interest in their establishment at a fair price. This he accepted, and his share of the profits for the first year amounted to two-thirds of the cost and laid the foundation of his fortune. As the correspondent of the "Gazette" at the National Capital he soon distinguished himself, and attracted by his literary and executive ability the notice of Horace Greeley, who from that time became his highly appreciative and unswerving friend. A visit to the South in 1865, as the companion of Chief Justice Chase on the trip made by the latter at the request of President Johnson, resulted in the production of Mr. Reid's first contribution to literature in the form of a book, entitled "After the War: A Southern Tour." This book is a fair reflex of its author's independent and healthful mind and practical experience of men and things, and an excellent record of the affairs of the South during the years immediately following the war. During this tour the business of cotton-planting appeared so remunerative that, in partnership with General Francis J. Herron, Mr. Reid engaged in it in the spring of 1866; but when the crop looked most promising the army worm detroyed three-fourths of it. Even what remained, however, prevented the loss of their investment, and induced Mr. Reid to try his fortune subsequently in the same business in Alabama; but after two years, though not a loser, his gain was principally in business experience. During these years, however, he was otherwise engaged than in growing cotton. His "Ohio in the War," two large volumes of more than a thousand pages each, was produced during the years when cotton-planting was his ostensible business. This work is a monument of industry and a model for every other State work of the kind. After the publication of this work Mr. Reid in 1868 resumed the duties of a leader-writer on the "Gazette."
On the impeachment of President Johnson he went to Washington and reported carefully that transaction. That summer Mr. Greeley renewed an invitation, two or three times made before, to Mr. Reid, to connect himself with the political staff of the "Tribune." Mr. Reid finally accepted, and took the post of leading editorial writer, with a salary next in amount to that of Mr. Greeley and responsible directly to him. He wrote many of the leaders throughout the campaign that ended in the first election of Grant. Shortly afterward a difficulty between the managing editor and the publishers resulted in the withdrawal of the former, and Mr. Reid was installed in the managing editor's chair. In this advancement he retained the affection and unbounded confidence of his venerated chief, who since the withdrawal of Mr. Dana to make his venture in Chicago and then to get the "Sun," had not failed to observe the uncertainties and dangers attending this most arduous of journalistic positions. By a bold expenditure in 1870 Mr. Reid surpassed all rivals at home and abroad in reports of the Franco-Prussian war, and from that time, with full power to do so, gradually reorganized and strengthened the staff of the Tribune.
ASSUMING THE EDITORSHIP OF THE “TRIBUNE."
After the nomination of Mr. Greeley for President in 1872, Mr. Reid was made editor-in-chief of the "Tribune -an office accepted by him with genuine reluctance, but with courage and determination. Untrammeled by tra
dition, he made the "Tribune" the exponent of a broad and catholic Americanism. In this he failed not to rally to his support scholarly and sagacious veterans of the "Tribune" establishment. After the disastrous close of the campaign of 1872, that which astonished friend and foe alike was the enormous amount of resources Mr. Reid's conduct had gained for him in the shape of capital freely and confidently placed at his disposal. He was thus enabled to obtain entire control of the "Tribune."
Mr. Reid's public services as a journalist led his friends repeatedly to urge him to enter other departments of public life. President Hayes and President Garfield offered him the position of American Minister to Germany, but on both occasions he declined it. In 1878 the New York Legislature elected him for life a Regent of the State University. Finally, in March, 1889, he was prevailed upon to accept from President Harrison the appointment of Minister to France, and thereupon resigned the editorship of the “Tribune." After securing the repeal of the French decree prohibiting the importation of American meats, and negotiating rociprocity and extradition treaties, he resigned office and came home in April, 1892. On his return he was honored with dinners by the Chamber of Commerce, the Ohio Society, and the Lotos Club. In 1881 Mr. Reid married the daughter of D. O. Mills, and they have two children.
SPEECH OF GENERAL HORACE PORTER OF NEW YORK IN SECONDING THE NOMINATION OF HON. WHITELAW REID FOR THE VICEPRESIDENCY, JUNE 10, 1892.
"MR. CHAIRMAN and gentlemen of the Convention, I rise on behalf of the New York delegation to commend to you the distinguished gentleman whose name has just been pronounced as a candidate for the Vice-Presidency by the chairman of that delegation. This gentleman by his private work and public services has well commended himself, not only to the people of the Empire State, but the people of all the States throughout the Union.
"His name and character and services will give an assurance that he will carry out the policy of the party; that he will stand strong in the affections of his fellow citizens; that he will command the unqualified respect of all the civilized globe.
"He is prominently to-day New York's favorite. In our side of politics we have not been as prolific in favorite sons as the Democracy. New York has given birth to two favorite sons. There we have twins, but, unlike other twins, even the parents who begot them cannot trace any marked resemblance between them.
THE SUCCESSOR OF GREELEY.
"Mr. Reid began his career and continued his service in the broad and instructive field of American journalism. He became the legitimate and worthy successor to that great creator of modern journalism, Horace Greeley. So broad were Mr. Reid's views, so thoroughly was he informed in everything pertaining to the country's success, that the people demanded, and in recognition of their wish the appointing powers selected him as Minister to France in a very important crisis in the diplomatic relations of the two countries. We were glad to see him serve as Minister from the oldest Republic of the New World to the newest Republic of the Old World.
"Scarcely had he been installed in office when there fell upon him for solution the most complicated, the most intricate questions that had ever
arisen in diplomacy between the two countries. That he solved them successfully and met them boldly, is a mark of inexpressible pride to every one who honors the American flag.
"In the exhibits at the French Exposition he brought order out of chaos. He negotiated a most important extradition treaty. He succeeded in securing France as the first nation to accept onr nation's invitation to the International Columbian Fair. He secured France as the first nation to give her consent to the terms of our international copyright. He regotiated there an important reciprocity treaty, and last, he achieved his greatest triumph in that warfare of intellectual giants in securing the repeal of the prohibitory duties put upon American pork.
"He showed himself the master of modern diplomacy throughout these complicated transactions, and he retained the absolute confidence of his own government, and secured the respect of the French government, to which he was accredited. His duty done, he resigned the office which he never sought, and made manifest his feeling that the post of honor is the private station.
"When he returned to our shores all the honors in the land were heaped upon him. He was made an honorary member of the Chamber of Commerce and of many important societies. Everywhere banquets were given in his honor. His name is one which stands without reproach. There is no blot on his escutcheon. He has not had to learn that reproach is a concomitant to greatness.
'He is an eminently practical man. He has always tried to perform, not what he knows, but what he can do. He has been a loyal party man. He has always placed loyalty to his party next only to loyalty to his nation.
'He believes, as you, Mr. Chairman, and as every delegate, I think, on this floor, in the necessity of party, believes, that the end of party is the origin of faction, the abandonment of party is the beginning of anarchy.
ALL RIGHT WITH LABOR.
"It is said Mr. Reid has had difficulties with the typographical union. That has all been amicably and satisfactorily settled. We have that statement from the president of that organization, who was here present to-day, and has placed it in writing. Give us Mr. Reid, and his name and his services will do more than those of any other in assisting in the campaign there. Give us him and we will give you a victory next November.
Bring forth the banners, inscribe them with Harrison and Reid, and with those two marshals in the van we shall enter upon the campaign with no doubts to shake our purpose, with no ill-advised measures to lessen the ardor of the campaign. We shall have no deserters from our ranks. We shall have recruits flocking to our vanguard from every quarter.
"With all our battalions in the field, with all our columns on the march, with our banners inscribed with the proud record of past successes, we shall move on to final triumph and fall not until our banners sound the glad notes of victory."