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3d District-Counties of Monroe, McMinn, Meigs, Polk, Bradley, James, Hamilton, Marion, Franklin, Sequatchie, Grundy, Bledsoe, Van Buren, Warren and White.
4th District-Counties of Fentress, Pickett, Overton, Putnam, Jackson, Clay, Macon, Trousdale, Wilson, Smith and Sumner.
5th District-Counties of Lincoln, Moore, Coffee, Bedford, Marshall, Cannon, Rutherford and DeKalb.
6th District-Counties of Davidson, Cheatham, Robertson, Montgomery, Humphreys, Houston and Stewart.
7th District-Counties of Dickson, Hickman, Williamson, Lewis, Maury, Giles, Lawrence and Wayne.
8th District-Counties of Henry, Carroll, Benton, Perry, Decatur, Henderson, Madison, Chester, McNairy and Hardin.
9th District-Counties of Lake, Obion, Weakley, Gibson, Dyer, Lauderdale, Crockett and Haywood.
10th District-Counties of Tipton, Shelby, Fayette and Hardeman.
Wisconsin as redistricted in 1890:
1st District-Counties of Kenosha, Racine, Walworth, Rock, Green and Lafayette.
2d District-Counties of Jefferson, Dodge, Dane and Columbia,
3d District-Counties of Grant, Iowa, Crawford, Richland, Sauk, Vernon, Juneau and Adams.
4th District-County of Milwaukee.
5th District-Counties of Waukesha, Washington, Ozaukee and Sheboygan.
6th District-Counties of Marquette, Green Lake, Fond du Lac, Manitowoc, Calumet, Winnebago, and Waushara.
7th District-Counties of LaCrosse, Monroe, Jackson, Trempealeau, Buffalo, Pepin and Eau Claire.
8th District-Counties of Wood, Portage, Waupaca, Outgamie, Brown, Kewaunee and Door.
9th District-Counties of Clark, Taylor, Pierce, Ashland, Oneida, Lincoln, Marathon, Shawano, Langlade, Forest, Florence, Marinette and Oconto.
10th District-Counties of Bayfield, Douglass, Sawyer, Washburn, Burnett, Chippewa, Barron, Polk, St. Croix, Dunn and Pierce.
THE principal changes made by the fifty-first in the rules of the former House were these:
1. In new Rule VIII., it was required that every member shall be present within the hall of the House during its sittings, unless excused or necessarily prevented, and shall vote on each question put, unless he has a direct personal or pecuniary interest in the event of such question. The old rule required him to be present and to vote "unless on motion made before division or the commencement of the roll-call and decided without debate, he shall be excused," or unless he has a direct personal or pecuniary interest in the event of such question. The provision within quotation marks gave opportunity for frivolous and dilatory motions.
2. As to questions of privilege, the new rules gave them "precedence of all other questions, except motions to adjourn." The old rules gave them precedence of "all other questions except motions to fix the day to which the House shall adjourn, and for a recess.
3. The new rules required that "all proposed action touching the rules, joint rules and order of business shall be referred to the Committee on Rules." The old rule did not contain the clause "and order of business," and left the struggle over precedence of business to go on under the general rules in the House.
4. The new rules struck from the rule touching committees the old provision that "any commission authorized by law to report by bill to the House shall have leave to report such bill at any time and may call the same up for consideration, as provided in the fifth clause of Rule XXIV.” Their report, it was intended under the new rules, should come in as reports from the committees of the House.
5. The new rules established three calendars, and provided that "all reports of committees, except as provided in clause 51 of Rule XI., together with the views of the minority, shall be delivered to the clerk for printing and reference to the proper calendar under the direction of the Speaker, in accordance with the foregoing clause, and the titles or subjects thereof shall be entered on the Journal and printed in the Record." The old rules permitted the reporting of bills and their reference in open session, with the reference of them in certain prescribed cases to be determined by vote of the House.
6. The new rules added this clause to Rule XV.: "On the demand of any member, or at the suggestion of the Speaker, the names of members sufficient to make a quorum in the hall of the House who do not vote, shall be noted by the clerk and recorded in the Journal, and reported to the Speaker with the names of the members voting, and be counted and announced in determining the presence of a quorum to do business."
7. The new rules (XVI., clause 4) reduced the number of motions in order when a question is under debate, by striking out the motions "to fix the day to which the House shall adjourn, and to take a recess." Motions to adjourn, to lay on the table, for the previous question, to postpone to a day certain, to refer or amend, or to postpone indefinitely were left.
8. The new rules struck out the clause that "a motion to fix the day to which the House shall adjourn, å motion to adjourn and to take a recess shall always be in order."
9. The new rules inserted as clause 10 of Rule XVI. the words: "No dilatory motion shall be entertained by the Speaker."
10. The new rule struck out the old clause which required that the pre
vious question should extend only to the engrossment and third reading of a bill, and then be renewed so as to reach the question of passage; and inserted a clause that it may be made to "include the bill to its passage or rejection."
11. The new rules struck out as motions having preference of a motion to reconsider a vote, the motion "to fix the day to which the House shall adjourn or to take a recess."
12. The new rule extended to bills, the old rule relating to memorials and petitions, and provided for the introduction of all by handing them to the Speaker or clerk for appropriate reference to committees.
13. The new rule changed the old rule so as to fix "one hundred members" as a quorum in the Committee of the Whole. The old rule had no provision on the subject, but a quorum in Committee of the Whole was treated the same as a quorum in the House.
14. The new rules required that all propositions involving a tax or charge upon the people "originating either in the House or Senate," shall be first considered in a Committee of the Whole. The words within quotation marks were not in the old rule.
15. The new rule changed the "order of business" so as to conform to the other changes made; but these variations are of minor consequence and are not stated.
16. There were several other unimportant changes to make the plan harmonious.
THE ACTION OF THE HOUSE.
The new rules came up for debate and action in February, 1890.
On the 13th, pending the clause to insert the words: "No dilatory motion shall be entertained by the Speaker," a motion to add the words: "But a demand for the yeas and nays shall not be considered dilatory," was rejected-yeas, 119 (Republicans 2, Democrats 117); nays, 149 (Republicans 147, Democrats 2). A motion to add the words: "And the Speaker shall not in any case refuse to entertain an appeal from his decision," was rejected -yeas, 114 (all Democrats); nays, 140 (all Republicans). A motion on the 14th to strike out the clause was rejected—yeas, 140 (all Democrats); nays, 155 (all Republicans).