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From and to whom.
the measure could not be repeated; there is no apparent danger to the seal species; the zone proposed is more extensive than that mentioned by Mr. Blaine on March 16, 1891; the anticipation of conflicts, considered in the note of May 4, 1891, has been met by the provisions of the Behring Sea act of Parliament and order in council.
Mr. Wharton to Sir J. Paunce- Mar. 8 The President regrets that Great Britain fote.
should decline to agree to an effective mode of protecting a property the title to which is being submitted to arbitration, a course demanded by common equity. The simile of grass cutting refuted. If Great Britain declines, as shown by quotations from previous correspondence, to assume responsibility for acts of her subjects she should restrain the same from committing such acts. The prohibition of seal killing was a matter of comity before arbitration was agreed upon; it is now a matter of obligation. The killing under the restrictions of last year was four times that made on land: it would become enormous in the absence of any restriction. The impracticability of a 30-mile zone, now proposed by Lord Salisbury, was pointed out by himself when the proposal came from this government. The United States can not be expected to forego protecting its property while the arbitration is proceeding.
For most recent action in this matter, up to the moment of going to press, see Addenda, preceding Index.
THE location at which it is to be held was decided by the United States House of Representatives, the Senate concurring in the same. The contesting cities were Chicago, New York, Washington and St. Louis. Eight ballots were taken, Chicago having the lead in all of them, with New York second and St. Louis a good third. The total vote was 308; necessary for a choice, 154. On the eighth ballot, Chicago received 157 votes, against 107 votes for New York.
The following is the vote in detail at each ballot :
Necessary to choice..
305 309 306 306 312 311 311 308 153 155 154 154 157 156 156 155
At the election in November, 1890, an amendment to the constitution of the State of Illinois, submitted by the Legislature, was adopted by the people, which authorizes the city of Chicago to issue $5,000,000 of thirty-year bonds at 5 per cent. interest, the proceeds to be applied under the direction of the World's Columbian Exposition; said corporate authorities of Chicago to be repaid the same proportionate amount as is repaid to the stockholders on the sums subscribed and paid by them, and to be permitted to take, in whole or in part, of the sum coming to them, any permanent improvements placed on land held or controlled by them. The indebtedness so created by Chicago is to be paid by the city of Chicago alone, and not by the State, or from any State revenue, tax or fund.
The subscriptions and the proceeds of these bonds will fill the requirements of the act as to funds.
The World's Fair act was approved April 25, 1890. It provides for an exhibition of arts, industries, manufactures and products of the soil, mine and sea in 1892 in Chicago, Illinois, in celebration of the four hundredth anniversary of the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus. A commission of two persons from each State and Territory, to be appointed by the President on the nomination of the Governors, and of eight commissioners-at-large and two from the District of Columbia, to be appointed by the President, in all which there shall be one from each of the two leading political parties-with alternates-shall be the World's Columbian commission, with power to accept the site, etc., on condition of their being satisfied that $10,000,000 are secured for the complete preparation for said exposition. The commission is required to appoint a board of lady managers, who may
appoint one or more members of all committees authorized to award prizes for exhibits which may be produced in whole or part by female labor. A naval review is directed to be held in New York Harbor in April, 1893, and the President is authorized to extend to foreign nations an invitation to send ships of war to join the U. S. Navy in rendezvous at Hampton Roads and proceed thence to said review. The buildings shall be dedicated October 12, 1892, and the exposition open not later than May 1, 1893, and close not later than October 30, 1893. The commission shall exist no longer than January 1, 1898. A government building for $400,000 shall be erected, to contain the government exhibits. The United States shall not in any manner, nor under any circumstances, be liable for any of the acts, doings, proceedings or representations of the said corporation organized under the laws of the State of Illinois, its officers, agents, servants or employés, or any of them, or for the service, salaries, labor or wages of said officers, agents, servants or employés, or any of them, or for any subscriptions to the capital stock, or for any certificates of stock, bonds, mortgages or obligations of any kind issued by said corporation, or for any debts, liabilities or expenses of any kind whatever attending such corporation or accruing by reason of the same. The buildings, their dimensions, area and cost are: Woman's, 200 x 400 feet; area, 1.8 acres; cost, $120,000. Electricity, 345 x 700 feet; area 5.5 acres; cost $375,000.
Mines and mining, 350 x 700 feet; area, 5.6 acres; cost, $260,000.
Manufactures and Liberal Arts, 787 x 1,687 feet; area, 30.5 acres; cost, $1,500,000.
Transportation, 250 x 900 feet; area, 5.5 acres; cost, $280,000.
Agriculture, 500 x 800 feet; area, 9.2 acres (cost, $540,000); Annex, 328 x 500 feet; area, 3.8 acres (cost, $200,000); total cost (including Assembly Hall, etc.), nearly $1,000,000.
Machinery, 500 x 850 feet; area, 9.8 acres; Annexes (2), 400 x 551 feet; area, 6.2 acres; total cost, $1,200,000.
Fish and Fisheries, 163 x 363 feet; area, 1.4 acres; Annexes (2), 135 feet in diameter; area, 8 acres; total cost, $200,000.
Fine Arts, 320 x 500 feet; area, 3.7 acres; Annexes (2), 120 x 120 feet; area,
1.1 acre; total cost, $500,000.
Forestry, 200 x 500 feet; area, 2.3 acres; cost, $100,000.
Saw Mill, 125 x 300 feet; area, .9 acres; cost, $35,000.
Dairy, 95 x 200 feet; area .5 acres; cost, $30,000.
Live Stock (3), 65 x 200 feet; area, .9 acres; and Live Stock Sheds, 40 acres; total cost, $150,000.
Casino, 175 x 300 feet; area, 1.2 acres; cost (with pier), $150,000.
United States Government, 350 x 420 feet; area, 3.4 acres; cost, $400,000. Battle-Ship, 348 x 69.25 feet; area, 3 acres; cost, $100,000; Illinois State and State Annexes (2), 160 x 450 feet; area, 1.7, and .3 acres; cost, $250,000. Making a grand total of $6,740,000.
Exclusive of these buildings a large number more will be erected by different States of the Union and foreign governments. These will be located at the north end of the lagoon.
Other foreign features (exclusive of Venice and its gondolas) may be decided upon by the respective committees of gentlemen who went abroad for the purpose of securing the coöperation of foreign countries in the great Columbian Fair.
The foreign participants in the Exposition, and the amounts they have appropriated for that purpose, are :