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rest of the building a flat roof with skylights. The area of the galleries in the second story is 118,546 square feet, or 2.7 acres. The east and west central pavilions are composed of towers 168 feet high. From each upper pilaster is a pedestal bearing a lofty mast for the display of banners by day and electric lights by night. In the centre of the attic niche is a colossal statue of Franklin.

Art Palace.-The Art Palace is oblong in shape, and is of the classic Grecian Ionic style of architecture. In size it is 500 x 320 feet, and it is 125 feet in height to the top of the dome. It is intersected on all sides by a nave and transept, 100 feet wide and 70 feet high, and the dome, 60 feet in diameter, is surmounted by a colossal statue of Winged Victory. Around the entire building are galleries 40 feet wide. The interior and exterior of the building are ornamented with wall paintings, sculptures and portraits in basrelief of the masters of ancient art. The main building is entered by four large portals ornamented with sculptured designs. The wall paintings illustrate the history and progress of the arts. The building is located in the northern portion of the park with the south front facing the lagoon. It cost between $500,000 and $600,000.

Naval Exhibit.-The United States Naval Exhibit is an imitation battleship building erected on pilings on the lake front, in the northeast portion of Jackson Park. The structure is made to represent a battle-ship of the new navy for coast-line defense, designed by the Bureau of Construction and Repairs, the battle-ships now under construction to cost $1,000,000 each. The structure is surrounded by water and has all the guns, turrets, torpedo tubes, torpedo nets, booms, anchors, chain cables and all other fittings and appliances of a regular battle-ship. During the exhibition, the ship will be manned by the customary contingent of officers, sailors and marines, and all explanations in regard to the mode of life upon a man-of-war will be made, and the modus operandi of handling the vessel during an engagement. The dimensions of the structure are: length, 348 feet, width amidships, 69 feet 3 inches, and from the water-line to the top of the main deck 12 feet, or the exact dimensions in detail of a battle-ship. The battery is mounted the same as on a regular ship.*

* For most recent legislation, etc., on this subject, up to the moment of going to press, see Addenda, preceding Index.

PREVIOUS to an important State or National election it frequently occurs that many persons are naturalized and given thereby citizenship and the right of suffrage. This right is conferred by the Judges of Courts of States and Territories after having heard testimony as to the length of time the applicant for franchise has been in this country, his moral character, etc. If it shall appear to the satisfaction of the Court to which the alien or foreigner has applied, that he has resided continuously within the United States for at least five years and within the State or Territory where such Court is at the time held, one year at least; and that during that time "he has behaved as a man of good moral character, attached to the principles of the Constitution of the United States, and well disposed to the good order and happiness of the same," he will be admitted to citizenship after having subscribed to the following oath, administered by the Clerk of the Court: "That he will support the Constitution of the United States, and that he absolutely and entirely renounces and abjures all allegiance and fidelity to every foreign prince, potentate, State or Sovereignty, and particularly by name to the prince, potentate, State or Sovereignty of which he was before a citizen or subject." These proceedings are regularly entered upon the records of the Court. If the applicant has borne any hereditary title or order of nobility, he must make an express renunciation of the same at the time of his application.


An alien of twenty-one years and upward, who has been in the armies of the United States and has been honorably discharged therefrom, may become a citizen upon his petition, without any previous declaration of intention, provided that he has resided in the United States at least one year previous to his application, and is of good moral character.

An alien under twenty one who has resided in the United States three years next preceding his arriving at that age, and who has continued to reside therein to the time he may make application to be admitted a citizen thereof, may, after he arrives at the age of twenty-one years, and after he has resided within the United States, including the three years of his minority, be admitted a citizen; but he must make a declaration on oath and prove to the satisfaction of the Court that for two years next preceding it has been his bona fide intention to become a citizen.

The children of persons who have been duly naturalized, being under the age of sixteen years at the time of the naturalization of their parents, shall if dwelling in the United States be considered as citizens thereof. The children of persons who now are or have been citizens of the United States are, though born out of the limits and jurisdiction of the United States, considered as citizens thereof.

Section 2000 R. S. U. S. declares that all naturalized citizens of the United States while in foreign countries are entitled to and shall receive the same protection of persons and property which is accorded to native-born citizens. Even after five years' residence and due naturalization of an alien he is not entitled to vote unless the laws of the State confer the privilege upon him. In one State (Minnesota) he may vote four months after landing, if he has immediately declared his intention, under the United States law, to become a citizen. Naturalization is a Federal right and is a gift of the entire Union, but the right to vote comes from the State and is a State gift.

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