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ficulty of getting on the artillery so great, that it was day-light before they came up with the enemy, who had full time to be alarmed, and immediately retreated, skirmishing the whole way with our troops, to Oliveira, a distance of 8 miles, where the English halted for the day on the 11th, the enemy took upamost advantageous position on the hights of Grijon, ten miles from Oporto. They were attacked and defeated with great loss, and they then retired to the heights of Villa Nova, immediately opposite to Oporto: they retreated into the town in the course of the night, and at 3 in the morning of the 19th they blew up the bridge over the Douro. The English arrived on the banks of the river about 12 o'clock of that day: the Germans under General Murray had already been sent to cross it about four miles above porto: two or three small boats had also been collected at a ferry about a mile above the town. The banks of the river here were remarkably steep, so that the troops, as they landed, formed under them, just below a large building called the Collegio do Bispo unseen by the enemy: General Paget had the management of this, and when the troops were landed in sufficient force, they moved forward. Marshal Soult, in person, attacked them repeatedly, and with excessive fury; but they stood their ground. In the meantime, the 29th regiment of the Guards crossed the Douro in a few small boats between Villa Nova and Oporto, ran up the streets at full speed as the regiments formed, and attacked the enemy on the right. General Murray coming down on their left, they were then between three fires, and immediately fled in the greatest possible confusion, leaving the road covered with baggage, cannon, horses, &c. &c Every thing considered, the passage of the Dourois certamly one of the most billiant at. chievements on record. The troops had made a forced march of above 80 miles from Coimbra in 5 days,
and the whole of the artillery was got on, though some parts of the road were so excessively bad, that it scems wonderful how the guns ever got thro' them, from the heat of the weather, and the great length of time which the stoppage of the artillery forced us to be op the different marches. The fatigues which the troops underwent was extreme; the current of the Douro is very rapid, the opposite banks were high and steep, in possession of the enemy, and we were ignorant of his force and defences. There was no means of crossing the river, except in such small Portuguese boats as the enthusiasm of the people brought to us, at their own peril, from the French side of the river; and the troops that first passed had to wait till these boats went backwards and forwards, and successively brought over the remainder. Notwithstanding such difficulties, Sir Arthur Wellesley did not delay one moment in crossing the river. The animation and bravery of the troops seconded his activity and presence of mind; the enemy's batteries were soon taken, himself defeated at all points, a vast number of prisoners made; and when the pursuit was ordered to cease, one sentiment of regret pervaded all. The bridge over the Douro being destroyed, there was no means of getting over the artillery, and only about sixty of the dragoons had already cros sed. Under these circumstances, Sir Arthur durst not, in prudence, pursue, tho' we have since learned from some English officers, who were prisoners with the French army, and afterwards made their escape, that the confusion was so great, and the troops so entangled with baggage, guns, &c. &c. that the greatest part of them must have been taken prisoners if we had continued the pursuit. The country was so hostile to the French, that they could not get any information of our movements: the advance from Coimbra was therefore unexpected, and it was so very rapid, that they were completely
pletely taken by surprise. Seven hundred sick were by this means left in the hospital. Marshal Soult's dinner was preparing, and was actually eaten by Sir Arthur Wellesley. Some of the captured generals were taken in the streets of Oporto. Many men were killed in the streets by the 29th regiment, and General Laborde's baggage was taken just beyond the entrance of the city. The scene was altogether most beautiful, and perfectly unique. The day was very fine, and, the tide being in, the river was quite full. Immediately opposite to Oporto is the town of Villa Nova, where we embarked to cross the river. Here on the beach was raised an immense standard of white cloth, on which the sign of the cross was embroidered; the opposite walls of Oporto were lined with people waving white handkerchiefs to us, expressing, by their signs and gestures, their extene anxiety for our passing the river: the Portuguese rowed their own boats, and the animation these poor fishermen displayed, and their exertions to get us quickly over, were very striking. The houses in Oporto are very lofty, and there is a range of balconies to each floor: as we passed through the streets, the houses were chiefly shut, from fear of being pillaged by the French in their retreat; but the balconies were full of people, chiefly women, and from one end of the street to the other there was a continued line of white handkerchiefs waved to us from the balconies.
As we ran up the town, there was a continued cheering and greeting from the people: bread, wine, and handkerchiefs, to wipe their faces, from the excessive heat, were stretched out to the soldiers from the people as they passed; and if we halted for a moment, the women literally came and embraced us. There were not many persons in the streets; but the same feelings pervaded every indivi
On our march from the Vouga to Oporto, a distance of near 60 miles, we scarcely met with one inhabited house. The country was all sown, and in great luxuriance, but the crops were uncut, and we hardly ever saw a living creature, except now and then some very old man, or a very old woman, who, standing at the road side, stretched out their hands to heaven, and, by their mute and expressive attitudes, demonstrated as well the extent of their misery as their thankfulness for our arrival. The effect of this sad and desolate scene was heightened by the objects we met with along the road; these were either unfortunate peasants, whom the French had hung up, and being refused burial, were in the last state of corruption; or else the dead bodies of the French soldiers, which the Portuguese had universally stripped, and had dishonoured and mutilated, in a manner too shocking to mention or think of.
(To be concluded in our next.)
Report of the Number and Value of the Stipends of the SCOTCH CLERGY under 1501. per annnum :
Made out under the Inspection of the Moderator of the General Assembly of the CHURCH of SCOTLAND ;
And ordered, by the House of Commons, to be printed, 23d March 1810.
(Notes, explanatory of the General Statement.
1. IN preparing this Account of Stipends, the Corn and Meal deliverable in kind, have been calculated in money, at the average value of these articles for the last eight years, according to the fiar prices of the respective counties; and in estimating other articles in the Orkney and Zetland Islands, their average prices for the same eight years have been the rule of calculation.
2. In those cases in which there is no separate allowance for the purchase of Communion Elements, the sum of 87. 6s. 8d. being what is now ordinarily allowed for this purpose by the Teind Court, is deducted from the amount of the Stipends.
3. In all those cases in which it has been found impossible to ascertain the state of the Tiends without a Process in the Teind Court, the column for unexh usted Teinds is left blank; but as there is reason to presume that in a considerable number of such cases there will ultimately be found some inexhausted Teinds, the allowance for augmentation wanted is likely to be thereby dimi nished.)