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and Sicilian gun-boats made a general attack upon the French gun-boats and batteries; the enemy retreated among the rocks, and hauled up their boats, of which many were knocked to pieces. We lot 4 men killed in this affair, and 17 were wounded.
Another very brilliant action was fought on the 25th of July. The enemy's convoy, confifting of 60 vessels, under the protection of fix heavy gun-boats, was proceeding along fhore from Naples to Scilla, and was intercepted off Amantea, about 20 leagues from the Straits of Messina, by his Majefty's frigate Thames, the Hon. Captain Waldegrave, and a divifion of the Sicilian flotilla. The enemy, apprised of the failing of our flotilla, took fhelter under a ftrong battery, where he thought himself fecure; but in that advantageous pofition he was attacked with fuch vigour and effect, that, in five hours, the whole of the convoy was funk, burnt, or captured. The captured veffels, 37 in number, were brought into Meffina. They were deeply laden with ammunition, ftores, and provifions, for the army in Calabria.
Murat has confeffed that the above flotilla was abfolutely neceffary for carrying into effect the invafion of Sicily; and the last accounts from his head quarters inform us that the invafion has been postponed for fome time, if not altogether abandoned.
The British fhips of war at Sicily, on the 28th July, were the Canopus, Cumberland, Victorious, Warrior, Thames, Succefs, Termagant, Weazle, Swallow, Pilot, Buftard, Halcyon, and Orenza.
His Majefty the King of the two Sicilies, having been informed by his Excellency Lieutenant-General Denaro, of the zeal and activity with which his Excellency Lieutenant-General Sir J. Stuart has provided for the security of the city of Meffina, and the defence of this country against the common enemy, has charged LieutenantGeneral Denaro, not only to exprefs to Lieutenant-General Stuart his Majesty's unqualified approbation of all the measures adopted for that purpose, but also to make it known to the public at large.
this island defended by the British forcesbut the General exults that we can reply to the vauntings of our adverfary, by dif playing to his view the calm with which we prepare to meet his approaches.
The British officers commanding at the different pofts will be often obliged to appropriate the local resources of the country for the fervice of the troops, to the partial privation and inconvenience perhaps of the inhabitants; but the neceffity of circumftances, and the reflection that our measures are only for their own fecurity, and to sustain them in defending the rights and interefts of their lawful Prince, again an enemy thirsting for violence and rapine, will, no doubt, enfure a continuance of that zealous and friendly affiftance which the British troops have ever habitually experienced from the friendfhip of the Sicilian people, but which the objects our common caufe may require from them more actively at this moment.
Messina, July 4, 1810. Lieutenant-General Sir John Stuart is aware that it is unneceffary to call the attention of the army to the great equipments at prefent of the enemy in our front, with the avowed declaration to the world ef intended enterprise upon the part of
The General, however, defires that it may fill be remembered by officers in command, that every requifition from the population fhall be made as heretofore, where poffible, through the channel of the legal magiftrates; and that all fupplies, whether of article or labour, are to be duly and regularly paid for.
Meanwhile the fuccefsful gallantry of the combined British and Sicilian flotillas, attached to the fervice of the army, have already proved anew to the enemy their impotency in every attempt to operate upon an element on which the enterprizes of their nation have been only recorded by ignominious flights, or by discomfitures; and fhould any of their disordered divisions reach the thores which his Sicilian Majesty has, in his flattering confidence, committed to British protection, they will be received by troops, in whom the language of menace excites no emotion but that of contempt; and who never as yet have met their boafted legions on any terms of equality but to be victorious.
T. CAMPBELL, A. G.
SPAIN AND PORTUGAL.
On the state of affairs in Spain we are
On the 4th July, Sir John Stuart iffued totally unable to form any correct judg to the army the following ment. While we are told by the French, that the people of Madrid are diverting themselves with bull fights, and other amufements; that the French troops are every where favourably received by the inhabitants, and are abundantly fupplied with provisions and every necessary-the intelligence received through the Spanish papers, and private letters from that country,
try, present quite a different picture. They all concur in representing the country as the fcene of perpetual commotion, the Spaniards deftroying the French as their oppreffors, and rifing in infurrection in every quarter where there is not a powerful military force to keep them in awe.
The fiege of Cadiz proceeds very flowly, From that quarter we learn, that all the works necefary for the defence of the town and the iland of Leon, had been completed; that the garrifon was numerous, healthy, and well fupplied with provifions; and that the Spaniards were daily improv ing in military difcipline and appearance. The French force there, including a reinforcement of 4000 that lately joined, amounts to 19,000, a number not more, it is faid, than a quarter fufficient to reduce Cadiz, if the Spaniards ftand true to their canfe. There are 8000 British, 1500 Portuguese, and 17,000 Spanish regular troops, in the ifle of Leon, independent of militia, volunteers, and many thousand idlers, or lookers on. General Graham has propofed feveral times to attack the French in their intrenchments, but the Junta are fo timid, they are afraid to try the iffue.
The activity and vigour that has been difplayed in the naval department, fince the arrival of Sir R. Keats and Captain Cockburn at Cadiz, deferves high praife. Sir
R. Keats had not taken the command above a fortnight, when he completely fucceeded in fhewing to the Regency the prudence of removing the large Spanish fhips from the roads, and in completing them for removal.
Fourteen fail of the line in Cadiz Road, were thus difpofed of, August 12, 1810.
Falgenefo and Lorenzo, 74 guns eachto the Havannah, with the Bulwark.
Algeziras, 74-at Portsmouth.
Gloriofo, 74, Justo, 74, Paulo, 94, Neptuno, 74, and America, 74-gone to Mahon, with the Norge and Blake, Auguft 10.
Principe and St Anna, 112 guns eachto the Havannah, with an escort, about the 14th of Auguft.
Afia, 64-on her paffage to Plymouth. Montanez, 74-at the Caraccas, floating battery.
St Elmo, 74-In Cadiz Road, under orders for Minorca.
Minho, 50-under orders for Vera Cruz. In confequence of the removal of the Cadiz fleet, our naval force at that port has been reduced. The Temeraire, Admiral Pickmore, had failed for Palermo, to relieve the Canopus; the Zealous, 74, Captain. Boys, for Lifbon; the Eagle, 74, Captain Rowley, to join Sir Charles Cotton,
off Toulon; and the Norge and Blake had failed with five of the Spanish fhips to Mi norca; leaving at Cadiz the Implacable, Atlas, Achille, and Rodney, besides bombs and smaller veffels.
Matters in Portugal appear to be drawing to a crifis. Difpatches have been res ceived from Lord Wellington, announcing the fall of Almeida, on the 27th of Auguft, after a defence of only two days; thus giv ing the French General the full command of his troops; and it will now fhortly ap pear, whether he means to carry on his war of fieges, or to commit the fate of the campaign to one decifive blow, by an attack upon Lord Wellington's army.
It appears, that during the fiege of AL meida, the magazine of the besieged blew up, by which accident about 500 men were killed and wounded, and the church, and nearly half of the buildings, were destroyed. General Cox, the Governor of the place, alfo loft an arm by the explosion.
Lord Wellington continues, in the meantime, to occupy nearly the fame position as formerly. His head-quarters are at Celo rico, and the out-posts of his cavalry at Alverca. On the 28th fome fkirmishes took place with the enemy's cavalry, in one of which Captain Lyon, of the 16th, was wounded; and a small party of the royal dragoons made a fuccessful charge, killing feveral of the enemy, and taking some prifoners.
A letter from an officer of high rank in Lord Wellington's army, contains this remarkable paffage:"No man can doubt the courage of the British army; but no man can say that the physical strength of one man, opposed to ten men, can overcome fo great a fuperiority in numbers."
Some letters, written from the British army to a naval officer at Oporto, ftating the great danger to which they were expofed from the accumulating numbers of the French forces, and indicating that our army was on the eve of retreating from Portugal, produced great alarm, and caufed a requifition to the admiral on the station to provide for the efcape of the British refidents at Oporto, Lord Wellington, in confequence, iffued the following proclama
"It having come to my knowledge that certain perfons have been fent by the enemy into the interior of the kingdom, with letters and messages for different individuals, cities, and towns; all fuch perfons fhall be arreted as criminal, and fent, with the letters with which they may be charged, to my headquarters.
"Thofe who fhall receive letters from the
the enemy's army, and not apprehend the bearers of them, fhall be confidered as accomplices, and subjected to the most rigorous punishment.
"WELLINGTON. * Headquarters, Aug. 1, 1810."
From the following prociamation it would appear, that the Portuguese are no difpofed to risk much for the common caufe; and Lord Wellington, accordingly, threatens to "compel the careless and indolent to make the neceffary efforts to preserve themselves from the dangers which threaten them, and to fave their country."
PROCLAMATION BY LORD WELLINGTON, "Lord Viscount Wellington, Marshal General, &c.
"The time which has elapfed during which the enemy has remained on the frontiers of Portugal, must have proved to the Portuguese nation what they have to expect from the French. The inhabitants of fome villages have remained in them, confiding in the promises of this enemy, and hoping that by treating the enemies of their country, they might conciliate and mollify them, and infpire them with humane fentiments, that their property would be refpected, their females preferved from brutal violation, and their lives fecured.
"Vain hopes! the inhabitants of these fubmiffive places have fuffered all the evils which a cruel enemy could inflict; their property has been plundered, their habitations burnt, the women atrociously violated, and those whofe age and fex did not provoke the brutal violence of the foldiers, have fallen victims to the imprudent confidence which they placed in promises made only to be broken.
"The Portuguese must now fee that no other means remain, to avoid the evils with which they are threatened, but a determined and vigorous resistance, and a firm refolution to obftruct, as much as poffible, the advance of the enemy into the interior of the kingdom, by removing out of his reach all fuch things as may contribute to his fubfiftence, or facilitate his progrefs. This is the only and most certain means to prevent the evils with which this country is threatened. army under my command will protect as The large a portion of the country as is poffible; but it is obvious that the people alone can deliver themfelves by a vigorous refiftance, and preserve their goods by removing them out of the reach of the enemy. The duties, therefore, that bind September 1810.
me o his Royal Highness the Prince Re705 nation, oblige me to make use of the gent of Portugal, and to the Portuguese power and authority with which I am furnished, and compel the careless and indolent to make the neceffary efforts to prethreatens them, and to fave their country. ferve themselves from the danger which
and declare, that all magiftrates, and per"In conformity with this, I make known villages or towns after having received fons in authority, who shall remain in the orders from the military officers to remove from them; and all perfons, of whatever clafs they may be, who fhall maintain the least communication with, or aid and affift fidered as traitors to the State, and tried in any manner, the enemy, fhall be conrequires. and punished as fuch an enormous crime
"WELLINGTON. "Headquarters, Aug. 4, 1810."
FRANCE AND HOLLAND.
decree, (a copy of which we inferted in We are informed, by letters from France, that the ports into which, by the Trianon nial produce is permitted, are Oftend, our last number), the importation of coloRouen, Rochelle, Nantes, and Bourdeaux. The following is a copy of the licenfes, by which the French Government allows fuch importation :
[From Aug. 1810-for fix months.] "To fail from [the name of the port the ports of the north, and return; the captain veffel is lying at], for England, and the and confignees to fulfil the regulations of the cuftoms, and paying the ufual duties.
fift, 1-6th of her tonnage, or 1-8th of the "The veffel's cargo, on failing, to convalue of the cargo in wines and brandies; the remainder 5-6ths optional in wines, fruits, and of any kinds of articles of brandies, vinegar, feeds, vegetables, and French manufacture, or of the French foil, allowed to be exported.
"Returning, he may bring timber for fhip building, the fame as before allowed: ing materials; pepper, nutmegs, cinnamon, Further, mahogany, indigo, and other dyeported or to be exported from France. together, to the amount of the cargo exThe price of the goods fo exported to be regulated according to their price at the place of deftination, and the value of the return cargo to be regulated at the curtaken in," rent price of the place where it has been
In the licenfes granted by Bonaparte to the American veffels, the following are the chief paragraphs:
"We have authorised, and do authorife by these prefents, figned with our own hand, and delivered under the numbers the American veffel named -(name of the veffel, and quantity and qualities of each commodity to be here specified) to carry into any of our ports of France, cotton, fish oil, dye ftuffs, falt fish and cod, coffees and fugars of French iflands in America and Afia, cocoa, fpices of all kinds of the Durch islands, all the merchandizes and colonial productions of the two Indies, with the exception of tobacco and all arti cles whereof the importation into France is prohibited; under the obligation that there fhall be exported by the faid veffel from any of our ports of France, an equal value to that of the faid produce and merchandize, and according to the price current at the port where the veffel fhall arrive; the value to be exported fhall principally confift of half at leaft of French wines and brandies, and the other half in woollens, fiks, hemp, and linen cloths, and other productions of our manufactures.
"Be it understood, 1. That the faid velfel fhall be exempted from the formality of the certificate of origin.-2. That the captain be the bearer of a letter from our conful to our minifter of foreign relations. 3. That he fhall bring with him the American journals of the day of his departure from the United States.-4. 1 hat previous to the landing of the produce and mer chandize in France, the prefent permit fhail be fent from the port of arrival, of verification, to our Board of the General Direction of the customs."
An imperial decree of the 12th September, in regulation of the currency of France, orders, that, from the date of the decree, the gold coin of 48 livres Tournois fhall be valued at 47 francs 20 cents.; the gold coin of 24 livres Tournois at 23 f. 55 c.; the filver coin of 5 livres Tournois at 5 livres 60 cents.; and the filver coin of 3 livres at 2 francs 75 cents.
In addition to the reftraints on the prefs in France, to the liberty of which, Bonaparte is of neceflity an enemy; an order was
fued on the 3d Auguft, limiting the num ber of news-papers to one in each depart ment, with the exception of that of the Seine. The following is a copy of this order, which could not be relifhed in any country poffeffing even the fhadow of free
1.-There fhall be only one journal in
In recent communications from Holland, it is ftated that at Antwerp there are at prefent twenty fhips of the line, 15 of which are ready for fea, and the others in a state of great forwardnefs. Admiral De Winter had been at that port for fome time, fuperintending or pushing forward the operations. On the 3d Seember three new gun-boats were launched, of the largest fize. A great number of men were employed in building these vessels, and were working extra hours in order to proceed with the greateft rapidity.
The number of French troops in Holland are ftated to be but few, and it is said they conduct themselves most exemplarily; returning to quarters regularly at nine o'clock in the evening. In fome of the principal
towns there are no foldiers, but their abfence is fupplied by the douaniers. The Dutch troops, it is ftated, have all been marched out of their native country to Spain, with the exception of a few regiments, who only wait to be completed in order to follow their companions.
The collection of the duty of 50 per cent imposed on colonial produce in Holland, which has been reduced to 40 per cent, has been commenced with fome feverity; not a place in the country is left unexamined by the custom-houfe agents, as they are allowed half the value if they difcover any goods of this description concealed.
In order to prevent articles of colonial produce rifing to an exorbitant height in Holland, the government has thought proper to publish a price current, according to which, all thefe commodities are to be fold. The best roasted coffee, cols 44 flivers per Ib.; beit raw coffee, 33 thivers; hyfon tea, 6 guilders; and other kinds, 4 guilders the
Ib.; Carolina rice, from 7 to 8 flivers per lb.
TURKEY AND RUSSIA.
The intelligence we received leaves us ftill uninformed as to the aqual fate of the war at prefent carrying on between these two countries. The articles dated Peterfburgh reprefent the Ruffians as conftantly victorious, while the accounts from Conftantinople as uniformly lay claim to success on the part of the Turks.
Some German papers, received lately, hold out a profpect of peace being speedily concluded between the belligerents, by the Porte ceding to Ruffia the provinces on the left bank of the Danube.
It is reported that Alexander has taken alarm at the late election of a French Marfhal as fucceffor to the throne of Sweden, and that confiderable changes has already, or is about to take place in the cabinet of St Petersburgh. It has been even stated, that overtures have been made from that court to this country. This, however, for the prefent, appears to have no other foundation than mere conjecture, and is only cherished by thofe who feel interested in hearing of new allies, and fresh fubfidies; and we doubt very much, whether the Emperor of all the Ruffias will ever again be recognised in this country as the magnanimous Alexander.
We feel much fatisfaction in communicating the intelligence contained in the following extract, refpecting this celebrated traveller. We trust that the hopes which it holds forth will be speedily realized :
Extract of a letter from Colonel Maxwell,
dated Government-house, Senegal, 6th July 1810, to the Secretary of the African Institution.
"I have just received information from Goree, that Mr Laporte, of that island, was, on the 27th of March laft, at C-and had there met with a Toucaloor, who informed him, that a month before, he had feen Mr Mungo Parke, in a village, the name of which has efcaped the memory of Mr Laportes that he was very well, but alone, having loft all his companions; that he intended to return to the coaft by Galam to Senegal, it being a fhorter route from where he was than by the Gambia, If he really is in existence, and had been feen by the Toucaloor, he probably adopted this refolution owing to the disturbed
ftate in which the upper part of Gambia is, on account of war between the
"It is much lamented that Mr Laporte was not more precife in his inquiries; there was another inhabitant of Goree with him, who, he says, has more particulars than himfelf, as he fpeaks the language of the Toucaloor; this perfon, Mr Pignand, has not yet returned from Gambia. I will tranfmit to you the earliest intelligence on the fubject which I receive. If this rumour is true, I fhall feel particularly delighted to have the pleasure of receiving Mr Parke, aud to forward him to his native land."